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the project of rendering funeral ho- out with provisions, stores, and nours, from motives of gratitude, to whatever they are likely to want on her confessor, whom she understood the voyage, but either agrees to to be massacred at the prison Des give them a share of what they take, Carmee. As she intently dwelt up or pays them certain wages. The on this idea, she heard an extraor- latter, however, seldom exceed five dinary cry in the street, by which or ten rubles for the summer; a she was drawn to the window: she trifing sum, when we consider the saw a cart passing, filled with dead hardships, toils, and dangers attend. bodies, and among tlfem recognized ing this profession. The morsethe person of her confessor! A sur catchers usually take with them geon, one of her neighbours, hap- a year's provisions, as they are of. pened to be with her; pointing out ten obliged to pass the winter on the body, she entreated him to go board their ships. Every vessel and purchase it of the driver. Yield. has an oven for baking bread and ing to her entreaties, the surgeon cooking their victuals, for the supwent to the driver, and telling him ply of which they take the needful his profession, said he wished to pur- stock of wood. The only drink chase one of the bodies for dissec. they carry out with them is water, tion. The driver asked him twenty with which when they go ashore crowns, permitting him to take his they prepare quas. The time of choice. He paid down the money, departure varies according to cirand took the body pointed out to him, cumstances ; some set out at the which he caused to be conveyed into beginning of summer, when the the house of his friend: but what White Sea is free from ice ; others was the surgeon's surprise when he not till autumn, especially if they saw the priest on his feet! Clothes intend to winter on the voyage. The being procured for him, and being greatest peril to which they are ex. in the presence of his benefactress, posed at sea, is that of being hem. he said, “When I saw my brethren med in by the driving masses of massacred at Des Carmes, I ima. ice ; in this case, the ice by its force gined it possible to save my life by beats in the sides of the vessel, and throwing myself among the dead the morse-catchers are then redu. bodies as one of them. I was strip- ced to the dreadful alternative either ped, and thrown into the cart in of being buried in the waves on the which you saw me. I did not re- spot, or of getting on the fields of ceive a single wound; the blood with ice floating at the mercy of the which you saw me covered was that winds, till cold and hunger put an of the carcases with which I was end to their sufferings. And yet it confounded. Receive, my beneface has happened, though very rarely, tress, the most grateful thanks! It is that some of these poor fellows have probable, thai, thrown into a quarry been brought alive to land on their with the bodies of my unfortunate flakes of ice. companions, I should have perished When the morse-catchers are there!” All three then fell on their happily arrived at the place of their knees, and returned thanks to Hea- destination, the first thing they do is ven for this singular deliverance. to conduct their vessels to some safe
anchorage, where they generally find several little huts that have been constructed by their predecessors in this hazardous warfare, and
then commit themselves to the small THE people who go out to catch boats, of which every vessel takes the morse are hired for that pur- with it one or two, to proceed to pose by a master or ship-owner, the conflict with the beasts of who not only furnishes them with the ocean. This is usually done the necessary vessels, but fits them on the first fine day, because then
MORSE FISHING DESCRIBED.
the morses delight in going on the obliged to leave the fat or blubber land or on the ice to repose ; and and
the skins behind. besides, they are at times stimulat But, easy as it is for the captors ed to leave their native element for to conquer the morse by land, so a length of time for the purpose of dangerous is the conflict with these copulation, which business lasts with animals in their own element....... these monsters for a month or two, We have only to recollect that the or to cast their young, or to rescue morse is commonly of the size of a themselves from the bites of the sea- large ox, and that, besides their lice, by which the morse in summer sharp teeth, they are provided with is perpetually tormented, and from two long stout tusks, for judging how which they have no other means of a sea fight of this kind is likely to escaping than by fleeing into an ele. terminate. When any of the morses ment which deprives these insects of escape into the water before they life. All these causes together collect can all be killed, the captors leap them frequently on the beach or upon the ice, and fall upon the anithe fields of ice, in prodigious mum mals with harpoons, which they bers. When the captors discover strive to strike into their breasts or one of these multitudes, they must their belly, and to each of which is have the precaution to approach fastened a long cord. This done, them against the wind, because they drive a stake into the ice, wind these animals have so fine a smell, the other end of the long harpoonthat they perceive the approach of string round it, and are now drawn men with the wind at a great dis- about, on the piece of ice on which tance, and then immediately take they stand, by the animal till he has to the water; whereas in the con lost his strength, when they draw trary case they continue lying un him upon the ice by the cord, and disturbed, though they even see the kill him outright. But when the boat advancing to them. Besides, morses lie so near to the water, that the morse-catchers by this means they can leap in ere the attack behave the advantage of discovering gins, then the captors fasten the sooner the place where the prey cord, when they have thrown the has couched; for these fat animals, harpoon, only to the head of the especially in summer, emit far round boat, which is then drawn by the them a horrid stench.
huge animal so deep into the water, When the captors have reached that the sailors must all run immethis formidable encampment, they diately astern. The morse having immediately quit their karbasses or fruitlessly endeavoured to get loose boats, armed with nothing but their from the cord, rises erect upon the pikes, cut off the way to the sea surface of the water, and makes a from the morses, and then pierce furious attack on his persecutors...... those animals which come first to In this he is sometimes so successful save themselves in the water. As as to shatter the boat with his tusks, it is the way with the morses to or to throw himself suddenly by a scramble over one another in their proportionate leap into the midships. attempts to escape, from the num- Then nothing is left to the crew, bers of the slain there soon arises a but to jump overboard, and to hold bulwark which effectually choaks by the gunnel, till other morse-hunup the passage to the living, and ters come to their assistance in this then the captors proceed with the desperate situation. To mitigate slaughter til they have left not one the danger of these misfortunes, the alive. It sometimes happens, that captors not only take all proper after such an engagement so great measures, but it is even laid down are the heaps of the dead, that the by laws and regulations what convessels can only contain the heads duct every one is to observe during or the teeth, and the people are the voyage, and in the actual en
counter with the morses. Each of before the stall which my father had these companies consists generally formerly used, exposed to the sneers of a master or pilot, two harpooners, of the standers by, and the incletwo barreling people, a steersman, mency of the weather; a penance and several rowers, each of whom by which, I trust, I have propitiated has his appointed duty.
Heaven for this only instance, I believe, of contumacy towards my father.”
ANECDOTE OF DOCTOR JOHNSON.
DURING the last visit which the SPEED OF THE OSTRICH. doctor made to Litchfield, the friends with whom he was staying missed DURING the time that Mr. him one morning at the breakfast Adanson was at Podor, a French table: on enquiring after him of the factory on the south bank of the riservants, they understood he had set ver Niger, he says, that two osoff from Litchfield at a very early triches, which had been about two hour, without mentioning to any of years in the factory, afforded him the family whither he was going. a sight of a very extraordinary naThe day passed without the return ture. These gigantic birds, though of the illustrious guest, and the party young, were nearly of the full size. began to be very uneasy on his ac- They were so tame, that two little count, when, just before the supper blacks mounted both together on the hour, the door opened, and the doc- back of the largest. No sooner did tor stalked into the room. A solemn he feel their weight, than he began silence of a few minutes ensued, no to run as fast as possible, and carbody daring to enquire the cause ried them several times round the his absence, which was at length re village ; as it was impossible to stop lieved by Johnson addressing the him otherwise than by obstructing lady of the house in the following the passage. This sight pleased me
so much, that I wished it to be re“ Madam, I beg your pardon for peated; and, to try their strength, the abruptness of my departure from directed a full-grown negro to mount your house this morning; but I was the smallest, and two others the constrained to it by my conscience. largest. This burthen did not seem Fifty years ago, madam, on this day, at all disproportioned to their I committed a breach of filial piety, strength. At first they went a pretwhich has ever since lain heavy on ty high trot, but when they became my mind, and has not till this day heated a little, they expanded their been expiated. My father, you re wings, as though to catch the wind, collect, was a bookseller, and had and they moved with such fleetness long been in the habit of attending that they seemed not to touch the
market, and opening a stall ground. Every one must, one time for the sale of his books during that or other, have seen a partridge run, day. Confined to his bed by indis- consequently must know that there position, he requested me, this time is no man whatever able to keep up fifty years ago, to visit the market, with it; and it is easy to imagine, and attend the stall in his place. that if this bird had a longer step, But, madam, my pride prevented its speed would be considerably augme from doing my duty, and I gave mented. The ostrich moves like my father a refusal. To do away the partridge, with both these adthe sin of this disobedience, I this vantages; and I am satisfied that day went in a post-chaise to ............, those I am speaking of would have and going into the market at the distanced the feetest race-horses time of high business, uncovered my that were ever bred in England. It head, and stood with it bare an hour is true they would not hold out se
long as a horse, but without all doubt den ; one soon died, bnt the other they would be able to perform the continued to pick up such food as race in less time. I have frequently the place afforded, till winter debeholden this sight, which is capable prived it of its usual supply. Necesof giving one an idea of the prodi-sity soon compelled it to draw nearer gious strength of an ostrich ; and of the house, by which it gradually be. showing what use it might be of, had came familiarized to occasional inwe but the method of breaking and terruptions from the family. At managing it as we do a horse. length one of the servants, when she
had occasion to go into the back. kitchen with a light, observed that
the lapwing always uttered his cry CHARACTER OF THE STORK. of peewit to obtain admitance. He
soon grew more familiar : as the IT has a grave air, and a mourn- winter advanced, he approached as ful visage; yet, when roused by ex. far as the kitchen, but with much ample, it shows a certain degree of caution, as that part of the house gaiety, for it joins the frolics of chil. was generally occupied by a dog and dren, hopping and playing with them. a cat, whose friendship the lapwing “ I saw in a garden," says Dr. Her- at length conciliated so entirely, that mann, “ where the children were it was his regular custom to resort playing at hide and seek, a tame to the fire-side as soon as it grew stork join the party, run its turn dark, and spend the evening and when touched, and distinguish the night with his two associates, sitting child whose turn it was to pursue close by them, and partaking of the the rest so well, as, along with the comforts of a warm fire-side. As others, to be on its guard.”
soon as spring appeared, he left off A wild stork was brought by a coming to the house and betook himfarmer, in the neighbourhood of self to the garden ; but on the apHamburgh, into his poultry-yard, to proach of winter he had recourse to be the companion of a tame one he his old shelter and friends, who rehad long kept there; but the tameceived him very cordially. Security stork, disliking the idea of a rival, was productive of insolence; what fell upon the poor stranger, and beat was at first obtained with caution, him so unmercifully, that he was was afterwards taken without recompelled to take wing, and with serve ; he frequently amused himsome difficulty got away. About self with washing in the bowl which four months afterwards, however, was set for the dog to drink out of; he returned to the poultry-yard, re- and while he was thus employed, he covered of its wounds, and attended showed marks of the greatest indigby three other storks, who no sooner nation if either of his companions alighted than they altogether fell up- presumed to interrupt him. He on the tame stork and killed him. died in the asylum he had chosen,
being choaked with something that he picked up from the floor.
SOCIABILITY OF THE LAPWING.
THE following anecdote exhibits THE DIGNITY OF GEESE VINDI: the domestic nature of the lapwing, as well as the art with which it conciliates the regard of animals differ THE following instance of warm ing from itself in nature, and gene- affection in a goose was communi. rally considered as hostile to every cated to the Compte de Buffon, by a species of the feathered tribe. Two man both of veracity and informaof these birds were given to a cler- tion. The following are nearly his syman, who put them into bis gar- owo words ; VOL. II. NO, VII.
“ There were two ganders, a grey addressed the three dames, who failand white one (the latter named ed not to answer him. Immediately Jacquot), with three females. The the grey victor sprung upon Jacquot. two males were perpetually con I left them for a moment; he was tending for the company of these always the stronger; I took part three dames. When one or the other with my Jacquot, who was under; prevailed, it assumed the direction I set him over his rival; he was of them, and hindered the other thrown under; I set him up again. from approaching. He, who was In this way they fought eleven mithe master during the night, would nutes, and by the assistance which not yield in the morning; and the. I gave, he obtained the advantage two gallants fought so furiously, that over the grey gander, and got posit was necessary to run and part session of the three dames. When them. It happened one day, that, my friend Jacquot saw himself masbeing drawn to the bottom of the ter, he would not venture to leave garden by their cries, I found them his females, and therefore no longer with their necks entwined, striking came to me when I passed: he only their wings with rapidity and asto- gave me at a distance many tokens nishing force; the three females of friendship, shouting and clapping turned round, as wishing to separate his wings, but would not quit his them, but without effect; at last the companions, lest, perhaps, the other white gander was worsted, over should take possession. Things went thrown, and maltreated by the other on in this way till the breeding seaI parted them, happily for the white son, and he never gabbled to me but one, as he would otherwise have lost at a distance. When his females, his life. Then the grey gander be, however, began to sit, he left them, gan screaming, and gabbling, and and redoubled his friendship to me. clapping his wings, and ran to join One day, having followed me as far bis mistresses, giving each a noisy as the ice-house, at the top of the salute, to which the three dames park, the place where I must necesreplied, ranging themselves at the sarily part with him, in pursuing same time round him. Meanwhile my way to a wood at half a league poor Jacquot was in a pitiable con- distance, I shut him in the park. dition, and, retiring, sadly vented He no sooner saw himself separated at a distance his doleful cries. It from me, than he vented strange was several days before he recover- cries. However, I went on my ed from his dejection, during which road, and had advanced about a time I had sometimes occasion to third of the way, when the noise of pass through the court where he a heavy flight made me turn round stayed. I saw him always thrust my head: I saw my Jacquot four out from society, and each time I pass- paces from me. He followed me ed he came gabbling to me. One all the way, partly on foot, partly day he approached so near me, and on wing, getting before me, and showed so much friendship, that stopping at the cross paths to see I could not help caressing him, by what way I should take. Our exstroking with my hand his back and pedition lasted from ten o'clock in neck, to which he seemed so sensi- the morning till eight in the evening, ble, as to follow me into the entrance and yet my companion followed me of the court. Next day, as I again through all the windings of the wood, passed, he ran to me, and I gave without seeming to be tired. After him the same caresses, with which this he followed and attended me alone he was not satisfied, but every where, so as to become trouseemed, by his gestures, to desire blesome, I not being able to go to that I should lead him to his mates. any place without his tracing my I accordingly did lead him to their steps, so that one day he even came quarter, and, upon his arrival, he to find me in the church. Another began his vociferations, and directly time, as he was passing by the rec