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py-sceds with the seed of hemp and and Persians in this, that the pleasome other simples, and drink the sure is very imperfect, unless they water poured upon it, when it has tipple to intoxication. The freeimbibed the virtue of all these in thinkers among the Arabians pregredients. This drink is made use tend, that the prohibition of Moof in Hindostan for the purpose of hammed is not so inviolable a law as depriving those princes of the use of the commandment of circumcision, their understanding, whom they but rather an admonition by which want to render incapable of reigning. he meant to restrain them from per

'The Moors, or Mohammedans of nicious intemperance. The common Hindostan, refrain but little from Arabs smoke hemp-leaves, as tospirituous liquors. But, like all the bacco, in order to intoxicate themorientals, they greatly prefer distill. selves; and the people of rank eat ed waters to wine, which they say opium, among the effects whereof is not strong enough for them. They Arvieux mentions some that I do not even despise arrack as too weak, find noticed by other travellers...... unless it has been three times drawn Persons, says this author, who have off; nay, what is still more incom- long accustomed themselves to the prehensible, says Grose, they affirm, use of opium, fall into such a state of that brandy has a cooling quality, continual drowziness and relaxation, when taken not in too great quanti- that if a man discharge a musket ties, in languors occasioned by vio- within their hearing, or only speak lent exertions, or by the extreme somewhat loud, they shake with fear heat of the sun. The common as if they were in imminent danger Moors, and some sects of the Hin- of death. Another bad consequence doos, intoxicate themselves with an from the taking of opium is this, that infusion compounded of the rind, the it entirely destroys all relish for leaves, and the seeds of hemp. meat, and even inspires a distate for Chardin indeed says, that the Bani- wine, and whatever else has a tenans abstain from this drink, as the dency to exhilirate the spirits. Bramins do in general from all heat The Armenians and Bucharians ing liquors; but professor Pallas took are not less addicted to the use of notice that even the Banians in As- opium, and all the other means of trachan threw leaves of assafædita, inebriation that have been from time or of wild hemp, into their pilau, by immemorial introduced into the east, which they became somewhat in- than the above-mentioned nations..... toxicated and drowsy, and that the Even the Armenian women drink same cffects, in a greater degree, wine, like water, and in the mornare produced when they prepare ing it is their custom to strengthen themselves a drink of the same their stomachs with brandy made leaves. The Bramins and others of hot. The Bucharians intoxicate the Hindoos drink melted butter, as themselves either with opium, or we Europeans take stomachic wine; with little balls made of hemp-blosnay, they drink it, if Antequetil soms, which latter they likewise does not exaggerate, at times even smoke, mixed with tobacco. The to intoxication. But far more pre- Moors of Africa distinguish themcious than all heating liquors and selves from the Arabs and other drugs, used by the orientals, is to eastern nations, in that they neither many of the Hindoos the holy and smoke tobacco, nor drink wine or expiatory water of the Ganges, of any other heating liquors. They which they frequently consume at think, however, that they contione meal as much as costs an hun nue strict mussulmans, though they dred pounds of English money. eat themselves drunk. To this end

A great part of the Arabians like they make use of the seeds of hemp wise scruple not to drink wine or together with the leaves of the same other inflammatory liquors; at the plant, which they either chew in same time agreeing with the Turks their crude state, or boil up with ho

hey and spices. Sometimes they light Besides the betel, a more immothe seeds and leaves of hemp, and derate use of arrack is observable then three or four whiffs are suffi- in the southern Asiatic tribes, becient to make the strongest head yond what the western nations of turn round.

that quarter of the globe indulge in. What opium is to the western Indeed the use of wine and other inAsiatics, that betel is to the southern flammatory liquors is forbidden to Asiatic nations, which is constantly the inhabitants of the southern Asia, used from Hindostan to the extreme who have adopted the religion of boundaries of China, and on all the the Hindoos, as it is to the Bramins, East-Indian and Asiatic islands by and therefore it is said that even persons of both sexes. The betel the emperor of China drinks no consists of three several component wine, or rather ought to drink none; parts : namely, of the quarter of an but this prohibition is still less reareca or arac-nut, which most re- garded in the southern than in the sembles a. moscat-nut; of a betel- western parts of Asia. The Chileaf, which is very like a laurel-leaf, nese, the Siamese, the Tunquinese, and in which the portion of the are- Formosans, and their neighbours, ca-nut is wrapped ; and lastly, of a get intoxicated as often as they can, fine powder, or chalk, of calcined but mostly in secret, towards night, muscle-shells, and sprinkled thinly with arrack. over the betel-leaf. Over all the The relaxed and oppressive state southern Asia it is usual for every of the fibres, and the total languor of one to carry betel-boxes constantly the animal spirits, produced in the about him, and to present betel at torrid zone by the incessant heats, and visits, as wine and coffee are handed the immoderate exhalations thence about in Europe. They believe that arising, soon effect an alteration in betel not only sweetens the breath, the constitution of the Europeans preserves the gums, though it makes transplanted thither, and force them them and the teeth red, and fortifies to have recourse to the hottest spices the stomach, but also that it posses- and the most inflammatory liquors, ses other medicinal virtues. Both without which they could not keep Dampier and Grose assure us, that their stomach and the other organs the areca-nut causes violent giddi- of digestion in order. The French, nesses to such as are in the habit of in the Antilles, and the Spaniards, taking it, but that they do not last as well as the Mestizes, in South so long as the effects of opium, which America, take sugar-brandy in great on the Malayan coast is prohibited quantities betimes in the morning, on pain of death, by reason of the as a stomachic; and the Spaniards, blood-thirsty rage into which it so sober as they are in Europe, give drives many of the Malayan....... themselves up to the greatest exMarsden contradicts, or at least cesses, when they have been some doubts of these dangerous effects of time at Quito, and other provinces opium, and affirms that it is gene- of South America. A similar enerrally smoked by the rich Malayans. vation, or listlessness, arising from He likewise allows the smoking of the heat of the climate, may proopium to be noxious, though not so bably be the reason why the Roman pernicious as is commonly pretend- ladies drink wine without any mix, ed. He says, that the Boygess-sol- ture. diers and others, who are most addicted to the smoking of opium, are indeed generally thin and meagre, but that this may probably proceed from their other excesses; for the gold-dealers who use opium in the PERE CARBASSON brought up same profusion are the strongest and an oran otan, which became so fond healthiest mep on the whole island. of him, that wherever he went, it

THE ORAN OTAN.

always seemed desirous of accompa- tion through the shades where the nying him: whenever, therefore, he muses are slumbering. had to perform the service of his The literary fraternity of Newchurch, he was always under the York, friends of the editor, and of necessity of shutting it up in a room. the editor's friends, are respectfully Once, however, the animal escaped, saluted, and requested not to be unand followed the fatlier to the mindful, in the midst of their prochurch, where, silently mounting on fessional engagements, of their prothe sounding board above the pulpit, mises. he lay perfectly still till the sermon The poem entitled “Self-deluded commenced. He then crept to the Jessy," from our correspondent" Saedge, and overlooking the preacher, bina,” has afforded us very high imitated all his gestures in so gros pleasure. It is inserted in the pretesque a manner that the whole con sent number. The writer will pergregation was unavoidably caused ceive that we have exercised very to laugh. The father, surprised and sparingly the liberty allowed to us. confounded at this ill-timed levity, Such diities as hers, which breathe severely reproved his audience for the true spirit of empassioned and their inattention. The reproof failed pathetic simplicity, we shall always in its effect, the congregation still consider as the most valuable ornalaughed, and the preacher, in the ments of our publication. warmth of his zeal, redoubled his Denville, Valverdi, and Cassanvociferations and his actions : these der, we hope, are not already tired the ape imitated so exactly, that the of our acquaintance. congregation could no longer retain The “Remarks on the Pronunthemselves, but burst out into a loud ciation of the Latin Language," and continued laughter. A friend though somewhat prolix, will apof the preacher at length stepped up pear in our next number. to him, and pointed out the cause of We are sorry that our political this improper conduct; and such was neutrality will not allow us to admit the arch demeanour of his animal, the speculations of “ Demonax." that it was with the utmost difficulty We are ambiticus of treading, in he could command the muscles of his this respect, in the footsteps of that countenance, and keep himself ap sage ancient whose name our corparently serious, while he ordered respondent has assumed, without the servants of the church to take sufficiently considering the senti

ments and conduct belonging to it.

Philo is informerl, that the treatment his essay will receive at our hands will depend upon our judgment of it when we see it. The literary world abounds with projects like his, and his sanguine predictions remind us of “ John Stewart the tra

veller," whose numerous works are THIS work has received such dated from the yearof the publication generous encouragement, that it is of the first of them, called " the Apoproposed occasionally to ornament calypse of Nature.” If a projector the numbers with engravings. cannot stifle the suggestions of va

The editor feels grateful to seve nity in his own heart, he can at ral intelligent and scientific friends least intercept them in their profor the favours which haye been re gress from his heart to his lips. ceived from them. To others.....to The lines of N. N. have been rethe patriot, to the friends of litera- ceived, and will receive a speedy ture, he would still extend his cali; and honourable place. We should he would solicit the aid of the man be proud of any future communicaof science, and brcathe his invita- tions from the same hand.

him away.

KOTES FROM THE EDITOR.

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COMMUNICATIONS.

page page Fashions, luxury, and dress of the A Student's Diary, No. VI. 83 Ladies in Peru

129 Memoirs of Carwin the Biloquist 89 On the benefits of wearing Flannel 131 Domestic Politics

93 | Cartmel Sands, in Lancashire, des. Thoughts on Wealth 95 cribed

134 Remarks on the Pronunciation of On the National Dress

135 the Latin Language

96 || Account of Ifand, the German Anecdotes 103 dramatist and actor

136 Produce of Gold and Silver Mines 104 Mohammedan history of the crea. Account of the Dutch East Indian

tion and fall of man

137 Settlements

105 Account of a mechanical genius 138 General Idea of Peru 110 Latour D' Avergne

139 Critical Notices, No. VII

112 Of some strange customs in use POETRY....ORIGINAL.

among various nations Ruins

117

Why is the Bible divided numeri. Description of Youth

145 ibid.

cally into chapters and verses? Despondency 118

147 On the present state of music SELECTED.

"Remarks on punishment, with se. Old Thomas

119
veral curious examples

149 Varieties

152 An Idea for Satirists

120

Historical sketch of the use of the
SELECTIONS.
affusion of cold water

154 Character of Chaucer, by Godwin 121 | Picture of London

156 Account of the making of Porce Manners of Monkies

158 lain, in Worcestershire 126 | The Vampire

159 The blessings of Mediocrity, in the The Rhinoceros

160 condition of Keswick-men, in Mackerel a cannibal

ibid. Cumberland 128 Anecdote from Poggio

ibid.

140

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