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OF IDE A S.

CHAP. XXIII. : 16. No idea of abstract suba .

stance.

Of the complex ideas of substances. 17. The cohesion of solid

parts, and impulse, the

SECT.

primary ideas of body.

1. Ideas of substances, how 18. Thinking and motivity

made.

the primary ideas of spirit.

2. Our idea of substance in 196 21. Spirits capable of mo-

general.

tion.

3, 6. Of the sorts of substances. 22. Idea of soul and body

4. No clear idea of substance

compared.

in general.

3—27. Cohesion of solid parts in

5. As clear an idea of spirit

body, as hard to be con-

as body.

ceived, as thinking in a

7. Powers a great part of

soul.

our complex idea of sub. 28, 29. Communication of motion

stances.

by impulse, or by thought,

8. And why.

equally intelligible.

9. Three sorts of ideas make 30. Ideas of body and spirit

our complex ones of sub.

compared.

stances.

31. The notion of spirit in. .

10. Powers make a great part

volves no more difficulty

of our complex ideas of

in it than that of body.

substances.

32. We know nothing beyond

11. The now secondary qua.

our simple ideas.

lities of bodies would dis. 33–35. Idea of God.

appear, if we could disco. 36. No ideas in our complex

ver the primary ones of

one of spirits, but those

their minute parts.

got from sensation or re.

12. Our faculties of discovery

flection.

suited to our state.

37. Recapitulation.

13. Conjecture about spiritse

14. Complex ideas of sub.

CHAP. XXIV.

stances.
15. Idea of spiritual sub. Of collective ideas of substances.

stances, as clear as of CT.

bodily substances,

1. One idea.

2. Made

2. Made by the power of CHAP. XXVII. i

composing in the mind. Of identity and diversity.

3. All artificial things are

SECT.

collective ideas.

1. Wherein identity con.

sists.

CHAP. XXV.

2. Identity of substances.

Identity of modes.

of relation.

3. Principium individuati.

onis.

SECT.

4. Identity of vegetables.

1. Relation, what.

5. Identity of animals.

2. Relations, without corre-

Identity of man.

lative terms not easily

7. Identity suited to the

perceived.

idea.

3. Some seemingly absolute

8. Same man.

terms contain relations.

9. Personal identity.

4. Relation different from

10. Consciousness makes per.

the things related.

sonal identity. .

5. Change of relation may

11. Personal identityinchange

be without any change in

of substances.

the subject.

12--15. Whether in the change of

6. Relation only betwixt two

thinking substances.

things.

16. Consciousness makes the

7. All things capable of re-

same person.

lation.

17. Self depends on conscious.

8. The ideas of relation

ness.

clearer often, than of the

18-20. Objects of reward and pu.
subjects related.

nishment.

6. Relations all terminate in 21. 22. Difference between iden.

simple ideas.

tity of man and person.

10. Terms leading the mind

23--25. Consciousness alone makes

beyond the subjects deno.

self.

minated, are relative.

26, 27. Person a forensic term.

1. Conclusion.

28. The difficulty from ill use

of names.

CHAP. XXVI.

29. Continued existencemakes

identity.

. Of cause and effect, and other

relations.

CHAP. XXVIII.

SECT.

Of other relations,
1. Whence their ideas got. SECT.
2. Creation, generation,

1. Proportional.

making alteration.

· 2. Natural.

3, 4. Relations of time.

3. Instituted.

5. Relations of place and 4. Moral.

extension.

S. Moral good and evil.

6. Absolute terms often stand 6. Moral rules.

for relations.

7. Laws.

8. Divine

8. Divine law, the measure 9. Thirdly, or are matable

of sin and duty.

or undetermined.

9. Civil law, the measure of 10. Confusion, without re.

crimes and innocence.

ference to names, hardly

10, 11. Philosophical law, the

conceivable.

• measure of virtue and 11. Confusion concerns al.

vice.

ways two ideas.

12. Its inforcements, com. 12. Causes of Confusion.

mendation, and discredit. 13. Complex ideas may be

13. These three laws the

distinct in one part, and

• rules of moral good and

confused in another. .

evil.

14. This, if not heeded, causes

14, 15. Morality is the relation of

confusion in our argu.

actions to these rules.

ings.

16. The denominations of ac. 15. Instance in eternity.

tions often mislead us.

-- Divisibility of mat.

17. Relations innumerable.

ter.

· 18. All relations terminate in

simple ideas.
19. We have ordinarily as CHAP. XXX.

clear (or clearer) notions Of real and fantastical ideas.

of the relation, as of its SECT.

foundation.

1. Real ideas are conforman

20. The notion of the rela-

ble to their archetypes.

tion is the same, whether

2. Simple ideas all r al.

the rule, any action is

3. Complex ideas are volun.

compared to be true or

tary combinations.

false.

4. Mixed modes, made of

CHAP. XXIX.

consistent ideas, are real.

5. Ideas of substances are
Of clear and distinct, obscure and

real, when they agree
confused ideas.

with the existence of
SECT.

things.
1. Ideas, some clear and

distinct, others obscure CHAP. XXXI.

and confused.
2. Clear and obscure, ex.

Of adequate and inadequate
plained by sight.

ideas.
3. Causes of obscurity. SECT.
4. Distinct and confused, 1. Adequate ideas are such
what.

as perfectly represent their

5. Objection.

archetypes.

6. Confusion of ideas, is in 2. Simple ideas all ade.

reference to their names..

quate.

7. Defaults which make con. 3. Modes are all adequate.

fusion. First, complex 4, 5. Modes in reference to set,

ideas made up of too few

tled names, may be in.

simple ones.:

adequate.

8. Secondly, or its simple 6, 7. Ideas of substances, as re.

ones jumbled disorderly

ferred to real essences, not

together,

adequate,

- A 4

8-II.

8-11. Ideas of substances, as

15. Though one man's idea of
collections of their quali.

blue should be different
ties, are all inadequate.

from another's.
12. Simple ideas ÖXTUTA, and 17. Secondly, Modes not
adequate.

false.
13. Ideas of substances are 18. Thirdly, Ideas of sub.
ërtuna, and inadequate.

stances, when false.
14. Ideas of modes and rela 19. Truth or falsehood always
tions are archetypes, and

supposes affirmation or ne.
cannot but be adequate.

gation.

20. Ideas in themselves nei.
CHAP. XXXII.

ther true nor false.

21. But are false, First, when
Of true and false ideas.

judged agreeable to ano.

SECT.

ther man's idea without

1. Truth and falsehood pro-

being so.

perly belongs to propo. 22. Secondly, When judged

sitions.

to agree to real existence,

2. Metaphysical truth con.

when they do not.

tains a tacit proposition. 23. Thirdly, When judged

3. No idea, as an appear.

adequate without being so.

ance in the mind, true 24. Fourthly, When judged to

or false.

represent the real essence.

4. Ideas referred to any 25. Ideas, when false.

thing, may be true or 26. More properly to be call.

false.

ed right or wrong.

5. Other men's ideas, real 27. Conclusion.

existence, and supposed

real essences, are what

men usually refer their CHAP. XXXIII.

ideas to.

6 8. The cause of such re.

Of the association of ideas.'

ferences.

SECT.

9. Simple ideas may be false 1. Something unreasonable in

in reference to others of

most men.

the same name, but are 2. Not wholly from self.

least liable to be so.

love.

10. Ideas of mixed modes 3. Nor from education.

most liable to be false in 4. A degree of madness.

this sense.

5. From a wrong connexion

11. Or at least to be thought

of ideas.

false.

6. This connexion howmade,

12. And why.

7, 8. Some antipathies an effect

13. As referred to real exist

of it.

ences, none of our ideas 9. A great cause of errours.

can be false, but those of 10-12. Instances.

substances.

13. Why time cures some dis.

14, 16. First, Simple ideas in

orders in the mind, which

this sense not false, and

reason cannot.

why.
14-16. Farther instances of the

effects

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