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if it be still enquired, "Why the birds were not divided, according to the Mosaic institution? It may be answered, That as- the division of quadrupedes may represent the separation of the soul of the great sacrifice from his body; so the non-division of the fowls may be expressive of his undivided person. "Though his foul was separated From his body, yet neither foul nor body was separated from the Son of God: But incomprehensibly, and ineffably united, when in the grave, and in the dust of death*." The solidity of this opinion is submitted to the judgment of the learned and candid reader.

a. Anoth E R rite observed by Abram is, his driving away the birds which came down on the carcases. The birds which came down upon the sacrifice have been deemed emblems of evil spirits, which, like eagles, or birds of prey, come down on the children of God, especially when presenting themselves as living sacrifices unto their heavenly Father, in the duties of his worship: And the patriarch's driving them away, has been considered as expressive of the saints driving away, or resisting the temptations of the devil. Others have explained these ravenous beasts of the Egyptians, who preyed on the feed of Abram, as was

* F. Spanheim, F. F. Obscr. Histor. Typic. et Mor. in Levit. cap. i. Mather on the Types, p. 261.

foretold foretold on this occasion. I fee no reason why both these fenses may not rather be conjoined than opposed. Only I would choose to understand the patriarch's driving away these birds as denoting the special protection, and prevalent. intercession of our Lord Jesus Christ, rather than the faith, and prayer of Abram himself, for the deliverance of his literal feed, as various expositors have insinuated.

■ III. We promised, in the next place, to coil-, sider the dreadful appearance which God made to Abram at this time. The first appearance, recorded by Moses, is called a Vision; but, a* there were various kinds of visions, the nature and species of appearance is not easily determined. Says Dr Owen, "Visions were of two forts: Outward Representations of things unto the bodily eyes of the prophets; and Inward Representations unto their

minds. There were sometimes appearances

of persons, or things, made unto their outward fenses: And herein God made use of the ministry of angels. Thus, three men appeared to Abram, one of whom was the Son of God himself; the other two ministring angels,*as hath been proved elsewhere. So was the burning bush, &c- They were made sometimes only to their minds. So it is expressly said, that when Peter saw his vision of a sheet, knit at the four comers, and let down from heaven to the e arthj he w as in a Trance .—An- E X T A S I ri seized upon him, whereby, for a season, he was deprived of the use of his bodily sen^ ses*," &c.

This vision, I presume, was of the bodily kind; for it does not appear that the patriarch was extatical, but deliberate in all the conferences that ensued. It was the Word of Jehovah who appeared at this time; and this appearance was a renewed confirmation of the covenant which had been granted oftener than once for the ratification of the preceding covenant. The reason of the Son's appearance has been above explained.

The second appearance was more dreadful

and stupendious: " When the fun went down,

and it was dark 5 behold, a smoking furnace

and a burning lamp, which passed between the

pieces." By the institution of God, and the

act: of the sacrisicer, these sacrifices took the

place of the guilty, being substituted in the ■

room of Abram and his feed. The smoking

furnace figured out the dark dispensations of

providence towards the Israelites: Hence we

find the inspired writers not only alluding tin

to this vision, but also explaining it: "But

the Lord hath taken you, and brought you

forth out of the Iron F Urn-ace, even out of

Egypt j to be a people of inheritance, as ye

* Dr Owen on the Spirit, p. 108.

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are this day." Said Solomon, u For they be thy people, and thine inheritance, which thou broughtest forth out of Egypt, from the midst of the Furnace of iron." The Lord also addressed the Jews to the following purpose: *' The covenant which I commanded your Fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the furnace

of iron." ""When the cloud began to break

the smoke went up." The smoke ascended as the ,smoke of a furnace, pointing out the manner in which their deliverance did advance. Each circumstance mentioned in the sacred narrative added to the horror of the scene, however, at this time. The "fun went down; it was dark; smoke added to the horror of the darkness. Hence we need not greatly won* der, if a horror of great darkness fell on Abram, both on account of God's awful Majesty, and also on account of the night season predicted to the Church in his family. The burning lamp denoted God's favourable providences towards the promised Seed: It may also be considered as a prelude of the pillar of sire, and pillar df cloud, which conducted Israel through the wilderness; which were also emblems of the divine presence and majesty dwelling among the Israelites. This vision is not unlike that of Ezekiel: " As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of sire; and like the ap

pearance pearance of lamps *." The former importing adversity, and the latter prosperity. Though the glory of Abram's family might be greatly oblcured; yet their lamp {hall not be utterly extinguished: On the contrary, it shall burn with remarkable splendor; "When God shall judge that nation whom they shall serve, then shall diey come forth with great substance." This promised deliverance prefigured the Redeemer's victory over the devil; as Pharaoh was also an emblem of him: And this burning lamp was a graphical display of the Messiah's victory, when his right hand and his holy arm got unto him the victory. Out of his nostrils came forth a smoke; he hath eyes like a flame of fire; and feet as sine brass, as if they burned in a furnace.

IV. The last thing we promised was, To shew how all these things confirmed this covenant: And these rites confirmed" it,

1. As the Parties covenanting were both included in one sacrifice. Learned men have observed, how Generals and armies both palsed through between the parts of sacrifices "j", to intimate their strict coalescence into one body. Thus believers are one with God through the stain sacrifice, or separated soul and body of eur Lord Jesus Christ. They are one in him.

* Ezek. i. 13. +' Calvi» i» Ceo. xv. 10.

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