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braham's life :" Twenty-four years after his call from Ur of the Chaldees: And seventeen years after the last covenanting in which Abraham had been engaged. In the interval between the first and second instances of covenanting, God paid many visits to the patriarch; but, between the second and this third instance of it, we read not of so much as one. It is not improbable, that God hid his face from him< for such a long space of time, as a further chastisement of his dissimulation and adultery.

'Now, These things rendered covenant-renovation extremely proper at this time.

To demonstrate, that neither the sin of covenanters, nor God's paternal chastisement of them do make the covenant-promises of none» effect. Though God visit the iniquities of his covenanted children with the rod, and- thafc for' a* very long time; yet he will not remove his loving kindness from them, nor suffer his

faithfulness to fail. To rectify Abraham's

* mistake respecting the promised Seed. Formerly he was suspicious, that the blessed Seed might spring from his steward, and not from himself: Now he might be ready to imagine, that he would spring from the bond-woman, and to take lihmael for his ancestor: But this transaction taught him, to look for the accomplishment of the promise by the free-woman. -The renovation of the covenant was

delayed till this time, and no longer, that the • ■' - - faitk_ faith of Abraham might be tried with waiting God's time, on the one hand; and his impatience also chastised, which impelled him to grasp at comfort, before it was given him, on the other. The patriarch was taught to look over human ability, unto divine sovereignty, for all he had to expect by this covenant. Had the promise of making Sarah a mother been given at an earlier period, less of God would have been seen in the accomplishment of it; but now there is no room to ascribe that event unto any other.


Gen. xxii. 15—18.

IN surveying this Transaction, I shall follow the fame method as in the foregoing Part.

FIRST, I must give a short view of the Parties covenanting.

I. The first party is denominated " THE* Angel Of The Lord." He is the very fame angel who stopt the flaughtef of Isaac: "And the ansrel of the Lord called to him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham.; And he said, Here am I. And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing to him: for now I know that thou fearest God, feeing thou hast not with-held thy son, thine only son from me.—And the angel of the Lord called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time*." He who spake unto Abraham the second time, is the very fame person from whom the patriarch did not withhold his son, even his only son ; of consequence, he can be no other than the uncreated Angel Of The Covenant: For Abraham never intended to offer Isaac unto an inferior ones. The name Angel imports mission; or he who is sent. When it is applied to the Son of God, it denotes his being the sent of God for the

* Gen. xxri. 11, 12. and ver. if.

f Dr Willet imagined it was a created angel who announced this promise unto the patriarch; hut the reasons he assigns for Ids opinion are hy no means decisive: "This angel (fays the Dr) was not Christ; for the angel addeth, hy myself have 1 sworn, faith the Lord, he lpeaketh then in the person of the Lord, as being not the Lord himself; but Christ, being God, would have spoken in his own person." Granting it was the Father who swore, Why might not Christ, as the meflenger of the Father, reveal his purpose I—Why may he not speak in the name of the Father, saying, Thus Saith The Lord? But there is no necessity to understand this swearing of the Father. This was common style when a divine person spoke unto the prophets, Jer. i. 7, 8. For a further illustration of this subject, see Donch. de Tribus Elohim, p..31. Dr Owen on Heb. vi. 13, 14.


salvation of men *. "When this Angel deals with men, by waj of fœdcral transaction, he reveals the Father's will, as a prophet; and they restipulate obedience unto him, as a king.

2. The other party is Abraham, and his son Isaac. Abraham is the only person mentioned in the sacred history, indeed; but Isaac seems to be also included, as he was taken along with his father unto mount Mori ah. Be{ides this, the Psalmist observes, that the covenant was confirmed to Isaac by An Oath *: Now, this is the only instance in which Goes interposed with an oath to him, so far as we know. Isaac had been solemnly declared a covenanter when he was but eight days old; and now, when he had arrived at the age of twenty-five years, it was proper to renew his covenant-engagements in his own person. And, in this respect, he became an example unto every person, early dedicated unto God, in every succeeding period ; teaching them to make a grateful return for their privileges, by a solemn renovation of their engagements unto the Lord. ,

* " Vox TKVOnomen est officii, fignificat enim Lega"Tum, Nuncivm, Missi/M. Qui dam ab "]Vn deducunt, "h. e. iviT, Ambulavit, traiisposita litera n et eadcm "in K mutata, ut sit, qui mandatum habeat a suo Doini. "no, eimdi ad illiquid annunciandum vel efliciendum. "Alii dici putant, quasi "fi JTO Q.cid Tibi ? h. e. quid "novi adfers? Sed hæc allusio potius est, quam vera no"tatio. Commodius sijmificatio a nomine n^N^O dedu"citur (quod ab inusicato "|N7 efl'e volunt) quod fignificat "Opus, INDUSTRIAM, Ministerium. Ad opus enim "mittentis perficiendum "]K7n Legatus mittitur. Tri"buitur autem in scriptura sacra, I. Hoininibus, Gen. "xx_\ii. 3. II. Saccrdotibus, Prophetis, Es. xlii. 19. "Mai. xi. 7. ch. iii. 1. III. Spiritibus Cœlestibus, Gen. "xxviii. 12. ch. xxxii. 1. Psal. xxxiv. 8. IV. Tandem "**t' $«x«> Filio Dei, secundae Trinitatis personæ tri"buitur, ut in allegatis supra locis, notatquc (uti ipsuin "ostendit etymon) luiu'r illinium ejus oslicium, quod scil. "uiiHUs suit a Deo Patre ad exscquendiun redeuitionis "opus, uti explicatio habetur, Esa. lxi. 1. seqq. Cum"que Christus sit iurW, Idem, heri, hodic, et in secula, "Heb. xiii. 8. igitur in veteri etiam Testamento, ejus, "quod obiturus erat, muneris specimen quoddam edidit, "dum patribus et piis V. T. in visibili forma apparens, "divinst voluntatis intcrnuncium egit, operaque divina "Inter illos praestitit." Glass. Onomatolog. Meffiæ Prophet, apud noiaen Angel us.

h*^, • jai Z 2 sides

SECONDLY, The next branch of the subject is the Parts of this Covenant. They consist in a cluster of promises, on the part of God, vyhich are expressed; and correspondent duties, on the part of Abraham and Isaac, which are implied.

As to the divine promises contained in this covenant, they were either,

I. Such as had been made in former transactions, and renewed in this one: For example, The promise of Blessing the patriarchs; as also the promise of .multiplying him, which

* Psal. cv, 9. •]- Gen. xii. 2. comp, -with Gen. xxii. 17


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