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LASTLY, I shall conclude this Differtation with a few. REFLECTIOys on the whole.

1. This subject affords a noble directory for explicit and folemn Covenanting. Jacob turned God's promises into holy refolutions, and folemn professions; and he engaged to improve them to all holy obedience. This transaction affords an idea of vowing and covenanting, vastly different from some modern theories of it: It teacheth us to consider this duty as referring unto divine pronrises, and articles of faith, as well as unto precepts; as including engagements unto such duties as are necessary and moral, as well as those which Were arbitrary and ritual : Whereas, the modern theory seems to confine it to those things which are purely indifferent, or ceremonial. This vow of Jacob's teacheth us, that our engagements should include neither less nor more than God hath promised and enjoined Nor was a famous Christian Council otherways minded : They enacted, That “ no one thing is rightly vowed to God, unless we have received it from his hand ; seeing all things which are offered to him are his own free gift *."

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2. SOLEMN vows should be carefully remenibered, that they may be faithfully performed, and

The Council of Orange, quoted by Calvin, Institut. • Lib, IV. cap. xiii. $ 3:

suitably suitably improved. Jacob not only vowed, but also set up a memorial of his vow : And God afterwards renewed his Bethel visits, and Bethel promises, on the one hand; while Jacob remembered, and fulfilled his engagements on the other. The vows of many, alas! are forgotten almost as soon as they are made : But, where the Spirit brings them to remembrance, their falutary fruits will be found many days hence.


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AS this is one of the most stupendious

and august scenes that was ever open

ed on the stage of this world, we · have much need to exercise an humble dependence on the Father of Lights, when we contemplate it. It is not our purpose to examine the various hypothesises which have been invented on this fubject ; nor exhibit the foundations on which they have been established, farther than the confideration of these things may be requisite for the declaration and confirmation of the Truth.

THAT we may avoid that which has been so fatal to others, wc Mall,-. Shew who are the

•*. Gg : Parties

Parties in this transaction.-II. What are the
Contents of it.-II. How it was Confirmed.
IV. What gave Occasion to it. After which
subjoin a few Reflections on the whole.

FIRST, I am to shew who are the PA RTJES. Covenanting. They are, Jehovah the Son of God; and Moses, with all Israel represented by him. Concerning the Great AUTHOR of this Transaction, I may observe,

1. THOUGH the right of legislation belongs unto God, essentially considered; yet, the publication of the divine laws was executed by the Son, as the Prophet and King of the Old Testament Church. No one of the Sacred Three are excluded, indeed; but the Son must be chiefly intended; seeing this grand legislation, and fæderal transaction with Israel was a part of the execution of his Mediatorial office. This appears froin various testimonies, especially from the writers of the New Testament. Steplien styles this Lawgiver the ANGEL, as well as the LORD God of Abraham, &c. “ I am the God of thy fatliers, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” -" The angel who fpake with him (viz. MoTes) in the mount Sinai *.” The glorious 1peaker is the Most Higli God, whose name alone is Jehovah the Son; for it is competent

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* Arts vii. 32. compared with verse 39.


unto him alone to be denominated THE ANGEL. The Psalmist and the Apostle afford their joint suffrage, likewise, in this matter : Said tlie former, “0 God, when thou wentest forth before thy people, when thou didst march through the wilderness; Selah : The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God; even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of God, the God of Israel."-" The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels : The Lord is among them as in Sinai, in the holy place. Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive : Thou hast received gifts for men; yca, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.” And the latter explains it thus : “But unto every one of us is given grace, according to the measure of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he faith, When he ascended up on · high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men *,” Moreover, the Apostle declares,


* Psal. lxvii. 7, 8. and verses 17, 18. compared with Ephef. iv. 7, 8. The texts have been compared and explained by ZANCHIUS de Tribus Elohim, p. 34, 35, and 29. Dr Owen considers this as one of the most august appearances of the Son of God under that difpenfation. Mr Abraham Taylor as an irrefragable proof of the fupreme Deity of the Son : On the Trinity, p. 219.- A 'certain class of authors, I acknowledge, give a very different account of this party : They represent him as “acting merely as a temporal prince, giving laws rather intended to direct the outward conduct than to regulate the actings of the heart,” Dr Erskine's Differtations, p. 5. The fame author likeways avers, “ God, as hulFf2


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