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Ib lie requires us to receive it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth the word of God. It was one of the distinguishing privileges of the Jewish Church, that unto them were committed the oracles of Cod: The oracles of the Gospel Church are greatly enlarged beyond
these of the Jewish. As the sole Legislator
of the Church has been pleased to institute such ordinances in her as are requisite for the celebration of divine worship, so he has also en» joined the celebration of them. The ordinances of his appointment are, the reading, preaching, and hearing of the word, prayer, and thanksgiving- in the name of Christ: the dispensation aud receiving of the sacraments of .Baptism and the Lord's Supper; Church-go-vernment and discipline; the ministry; main-, tenance of religious fasting; swearing by the name of God, and vowing unto him. We cannot attempt a delineation of each of these ordinances; but refer unto the Directory for Worship, subjoined to the Westminster Confession of Faith. With respect unto the im->
munities which are offered to individuals, they are much the fame as the Old Testament Church enjoyed in kind, though greatly supe^ lior to them in degree. If we take a comparative view of them, we will find a striking resemblance. Did the gospel œconomy contain a promise of the Holy Ghost I so also did that of the Old Testament. Did Jesus Christ auVIlQVi?* his servants to proclaim pardon, and
complete acceptance through his righteousness? so also were the prophets of the Old Testament Church. Did the Son of God offer the privilege of fbnlhip to the members of the New Testament Church? Old Testament saints were also admitted into the family of God. Did the Head of the Church offer sanctification to all his members, in gospel time I so did he also under the first testament. If Christ assures the children of his family of keeping grace, under the New Testament? he also kept them, as in a fortiiied city, under the Old Testament. Does he assure them of support under trials after liis ascension? he likeways upheld them, by the right hand of his righteousness, prior unto that event. Does he bring life and immorta-> lity to light by the gospel, alluring his followers of the eternal inheritance? he likeways persuaded the Old Testament saints, T Mat Ii E
PREPARED FOR THEM A CITY, A CITY,
WHOSE BUILDKR AND MAKER IS God.
The duties enjoined on individuals are, an observance manded.
servance of all things whatsoever he hath cam
3. There was a notable change in the creed which the Apostles proposed to the mem-. bers of the Gospel Church, from that which Was received in the Old Testament Church. The centre of the Old Testament faith was, (1the Messiah To Come:" The centre op the New Testament faith, "Tjif. Messiah
Already Come. The Old Testament Church "was called to believe all those prophesies which foretold the death, resurrection, and ascension of Christ: The New Testament Church, to believe the full accomplishment of these promises in the Son of God. The Old Testament Church was bound to believe, that God would accomplish both the condition and the promises of the New Covenant in his time: The New Testament Church, that the condition of it is already accomplished, in the righteousness and death of Jesus of Nazareth; that he hath accomplished such promises as respected Christ personal, and will accomplish those which respect Christ mystical in his own season.
4. There is also a notable change as to the worstiip and ordinances which are celebrated in the Gospel Church, from what were
observed under the Old Testament. The
place of solemn worship is no longer one, as under the Old Testament1! Said God, by Moses, "But Unto The Place which the Lord your God shall choose, out' of all your tribes, to put his name there; even unto his habitation shall ve seek, and thither thou flialt come." Accordingly, God pitched first upon Shiloh, and then upon Jerusalem. But, under the better ceconomy, no one place is more holy than another: t; Believe me (said Christ) the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain,
nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father."
The The Persons authorised to administer gospel ordinances are no longer taken from one tribe or family. The tribe of Levi and family of Aaron were the sole ministers of the sanctuary, after the giving of the Law; but Jesus chose his Apostles from any tribe he pleased; and gave infallible direction for ordaining Gentiles themselves unto the sacred function of the mi^ nistry. With respect to the Priesthood, in the strict sense of the word, we have no other, under the better oeconomy, than Jesus Christ, the High-priest of our profession: As to the metaphorical priesthood, this honour have all his saints, being made kings and priests unto God,
and his Father. The Law itself, even the
ceremonial law, is like ways abolished. This follows of course upon the change of the priesthood, according to the apostolic reasoning on this subject: "For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity also a change of the law." The law intended must be the law of commandments, contained in ordinances. This he did for incorporating the Gentiles, along with the Jews, into the Abrahamic covenant. "Having abolished, in his flesh, the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances, for to make in himself of twain one new man; so making peace: And that he fnight reconcile both unto God, in one body, by the cross, having stain the enmity thereby." This law was a shadow of good things to conic; and, when these good things
themselves themselves were actually come, the shadow os' them became unnecessary. This law comprehended sacrifices, with all their appendages: Now, it was foretold of the Messiah, that he should make the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, at the same time when he finished transgression and made an end of sin, and brought in an everlasting righteousness. Nor is there any one thing in which the Apostles are more explicit, than in rescinding the Jewish holy-days (all except one whole day in seven, which they, by their practice, determined to be the first day of the week): "But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, How turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whercunto ye desire again to be in bondage? Ye observe days, and irymths, and times, and years." To another church, said the same Apostle, "Let no man, therefore, judge you in meat or in drink, or in respect of an holy-day, or of die new-moon, or of the Sabbaths, which are a shadow- of good things to come; but the body is of Christ." The sacraments, by which the Covenant was ratified in the Old Testament Church, are also changed under the Gospel œcononi)T. Circumcision was continued in the Old Testament Church, as it was a bloody ordinance, and bespake the necessity of shedding the blood of Christ, unto the re mission of sin: But that which rendered it sit for that dispensation rendered it unfit for this: The fountain of Christ's blood being now opened. As circumcision is