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the most exalted measure of it; How muck better is it to depart, with the crown of* martyrdom, than to, have nothing in expectation, , against the world to come, but unmixed vengeance! and, though in all the affluence which this world can command for the present, driven out from the



* Le Clerc's opinion, that the Presence or Th£ toRD was the name of a particular place, where Adam dwelt, is unworthy of confutation, as it nearly amounts to an express contradiction of the Holy Ghost, V'ho frequently calls his Church hy that name. Joh i. 6.

The sentence which God pasted on Cain deserves more minute investigation. It is expresled to consideiahle disadvantage in our translation, thus, "And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand. When thon tillest the ground, it mail not henceforth yield unto thee her strength. A fugitive and a vagabond malt thou be in the earth." Gen. iv. n, 12. [unius and Tremelius lender it, "Nunc itaque tu maledictus esto: Exul ab ilia terra quae aperuit os suum ad excipiendum sano-uinein sratris a maim tua." i.e. "Be thou accursed: be thou an exile from that [spot] of earth which opened her mouth lo receive thy brother's blood at thy hand." The original is somewhat obscure, being eliptic ; and our translators have been misled by omiting the capital distinctive within the verse, and also by neglecting the supplement which the context affords: But Junius's translation is as properly pointed as supplied. Our translators seenr to have undci stood verse 11. as parallel to Gen. iii. 17. "Cursed be the ground for thy lake." But something more -dreadful is certainly intended, The bar*


By this excifion the old leaven of malice and wickednefs was, for once, purged out of the antediluvian Church; and lhe was fupplied with a new feed in the perfon of Seth. "And flie (Eve) bare a ion, and called his name Seth; For God," laid (he, "hath appointed me another feed, in* (lead of Abel, whom Cain flew." The

feed seed of Cain, though ejected from the presence of the Lord, flourished in the world till the flood. The Church was preserved pure in the families of Adam and Seth; and in many more, perhaps, for more than the space of an hundred years. Some divines imagine, that irreligion and impiety sprang up again, in these families, in the days of Enos, who was born about an hundred and six years after the death of Abel: Yea, lbme have averred, that Enos himself was not only an idolater, but the very founder of idolatry: But upon what grounds this last charge is exhibited, few, besides themielves, can fay. It is ib far from being supported, that it is really overthrown by the Mosaic history of the men of his time: "And to Seth, to him alib, there was born a son; and he called his name Enos. Then began men to call upon the name of the Lord." So our translation has it in the text { but on the margin it is rendered, rt Then began men to call themielves By the name of the Lord." The marginal transtation, I humbly judge, is the just one. They called themselves by the name of the Lord, as Children are called after the name of their father. They called themielves by him in dedicating themselves unto him, and avouching their relation to him as ions: For the discriminating title, by which the religious children of Seth were distinguished from the profane brood of Cain, was that of T H E Sons Of God; and it continued to be the usual designation of the godly until the days of Job *. In the days of Enos then, the Sons of Seth avowed the family to

rennefs and briars of tlie earth are eonfiftent chough ■with enjoying the presence of God through jelua Cfirift; but this was luch a puniihment as included reparation from the fmiles of his reconciled countenance. Beiides, that puniihment which was anounced to .4dain is alfo denounced, but with greater horrors, againft Cain, in verfe 12. already quoted. Accordin 5; to Junias's tranflation, verfe n. contains, First, A Sentence of Excommunication. Secondly, A Sentence of Bauiftimcnt.

1. A Sentence of Excommunication more dreadful than anj church, in ordinary circumftances, can pronouace.—A fentence only competent to God himfelf, or the extraordinary officers of tlie church, who are capable of difierning the fpirits, and of judging the eteniul State. This fentence feeins to be parallel to that in 1 Corinth, xyi. 22. "If any man love not the Lord [efus Chrift, let him be ANATHEMA MARANATHA;'' AcCursed At The Coming or The Lord. Be thou ac

carfed! W"hat is this but the anticipation of the fentence, from a judgment feat ?" Depart from me YE CURSED!"

2. A Sentence of Banifhment, " Be thou an exile from that earth which opened her mouth to receive thy broUw'> bjopd at thy hand:" That is; from that ipot of this

* II »arth earth where thy brother's blood was shed, as the feed of the Church. It was not consistent with the Church's •safety, that her murderer should dwell any longer in the midst of her. God had ends worthy of himself, however, for sparing that life which Cain had forfeited: Probably'he was spared at this time because he had in his loins the nnventors ofthe sine arts. See verses 20, 21. Should any hesitate about the propriety of supplying Kxui from a following verse, I hope he will be satisfied by consulting Glasiii Gram. S%cr. p. 700. In rhetorical speeches, it is nothing uncommon for the Hebrew writers to place the relative before the antecedent, at the distance even of a verse or two: And hence, abrupt lpeeches mult be supplied from the subsequent as well a» from the preceding context. E. G. Song. i. 2. "Let him (the King) kiss me with the kisles of his mouth." Here the term King must be supplied from verse 4. to complete the sense. Psal. Ixxxvii. 1. "His foundation. is in his holy mountain." That is Jehovah's, from ver, 2. And Psal. lxxii. 4. See Glastium, aboye quoted.

» Job i. 6.

H 2 which which they belonged, in opposition to the seed os the serpent. And their avowal was such as cannot imply less than covenantdedication; for the expression is perfectly similar to that of the Prophet, " Another iliall call himself by the name of Jacob." Covenanters were called by The Name Of The Lord, or The Sons Of God, in the antediluvian state; and by the Name Of Jacob, or Israelites, in the period to which the oracle refers. And the connection leaves us no room to doubt, but calling one's self by the name of Jacob is a fœderal action; for it is ranked among other actions confessedly of that kind: "One ihall fay, I am the Lord's: and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob: and another shall subscribe with the hand unto the Lord, and sirname liimself by the name of Israel*,"


* Is. xliv. 5, For confirming the sense of Gen. iv. 26. 1 beg leave to insert whatC. Vitrjnga has advanced on \,hh subject: "Sed ipsiun nollrUin hop Formæ Acti"Vjs cum voce D5&Q constructiun, eodem sensusummitur "_apud Mosen (Gen. iv. 26.) Tum Cæptum Est Atpel'" I.ari DE NOMINE JEHOVÆ. Ojiæ versio hoc tempore '• do'ctis interpretibus incrito probatur. h. e. dici cœpe. "runt filii Dei. Si quistainen hie lervare velit fignifica. "tionem fornix activ* interpvetatio eademerit." In this


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