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2. Another Effect of these Transactions •was Courage and Constancy in Death. Mr Adam, in his controversy with Glas, gives us the following anecdote: "When he (Ire-: næus) was bishop of Lyons, in France, he brought his congregation under a solemn bond to adhere unto' Christianity, not only in opposition to Heathenism; but likeways to the ma-i ny Sects and Heresies which then prevailed; and wrote unto the neighbouring bishops to do the fame: Of which engagements he minds some of his friends, when they Were going together to martyrdom*." For which he quotes Eccl. Epit. p. 58. by I. S. Upon which Mr A-: dam makes this reflection, "So that this Fai ther looks as like an old Scotch Covenanter as any thing I can imagine."

# See Adam's Rcyievr of Letters, p, 50.

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DURING the reign of Antichrist, the Witnesses of Jesus prophesied in sack^ cloth, and Were driven into corners; nevei> theless he still reserved unto himself a feed to do him service in the world. It were a. task sufficiently worth while, to attend unto their Testimony, on the one hand; and unto the image of divine ordinances, which the Man of Sin substituted in the place of Christ's institutions, on the other hand; As also to trace this corruption unto its genuine source; but these things require more room than can be spared in this treatise.—I. I mall survey the Testimony of the \Valdenses and Bohemian brethren, who were a noble prelude of the Reformation.—II. I shall specify some of the • most remarkable Fœderal Transactions which chained hi the Reformed Churches themselves.

FIRST, I (hall survey the Testimony of the Waldenses and Bohemian brethren. The origin of the former has been involved in much obscurity among ecclesiastic historians: And a variety of circumstances have precluded me from investigating it with that care which the subject demands. I shall follow the narrative of Archbishop Usher, who understood the subject as well as any man in his own, or our age; along with the account of F. Spanheim, F. F. and such authors as the reader shall find referred to in the notes. The most certain monuments, respecting them, find them, in the twelfth century, associated under Peter Waldo, a wealthy merchant of Lyons, who gave up his secular employment and commenced Divine, who translated, or caused to be translated, the holy Scriptures into the vulgar language; that is, both the Old and New Testament. This is a sufficient refutation of the Popish calumny, by which they are acculed of the errors of the Manic hees, in reprobating the Old Testament: Yea, a certain inquisitor acknowlegeth, that "the vulgar amongthem had the greater part of the Old and New Testaments by heart*." I find two summaries of their faith preserved by Usst Er: One of them directed against the Church of Rome, and the other against the abominatious of the Manichees, as in favour of the whole Christian system. According to

* Rejnervs De Ilxrcsi Waldcnsiiun, cap. iii.

the the history of Æneas Sylvius, in Usher *, the doctrines of this church are,

"The Pope of Rome is on a level with every other bishop.

There is no difference among Priests; and Presbyters are not of different degrees, on account of dignity in office; but only of usefulness and purity of life.

. When fouls depart out of their bodies, they go immediately, either into eternal punishment or eternal joy.

There is no such thing as the fire of Purgatory.

Prayer for the dead is vanity; and the mere invention of sacerdotal avarice.

Imag Es of God and Saints are to be demolished.

The benedictions of Water and Palm-trees are mere folly.

The Devils invented the Religion of the Mendicants.

Priests should not be rich; but content with the contributions of the people".

Every person should have access to the free preaching of the Gospel.

No Sin ought to be tolerated, though for avoiding greater evil.

He who is guilty of any capital offence

* Æneas Svtvics, De Rebus Bohcm. cap. xxxv.


fought to enjoy neither Secular nor Ecclesiastic

Dignity, neither ought he to be obeyed.

Po p i s H Confirmation, Chrism, Extreme Unction^ are by no means sacraments.

Auricular Conf Ession is mere trifling: It is enough for persons to confess their sins to God, in their closets.

Baptism to be received by water, without the mixture of oil.

Consecrated Burial-places are vain; being invented merely for the fake of gain: And it is of no importance what kind of dust cover the human bodv after it is dead.

The Temple of the Omnipresent God is the whole world; and they limit his Majesty,'who consinc his presence to consecrated churches, monasteries, and oratories, which they build unto him; as if the divine goodness may be found more propitious in them than any where else.

Sacerdotal Vestments and Vessels are of no use.

A Priest may consecrate the sacrament of Christ's Body at any time, and in any place; and it is fuilicient to fay the words of institution.

The Pravcrs of such Saints as are reigning with Christ in heaven are sought in vain; nei^ ther can they help, in ally case.

It is mere spending of time to chant Prayers in certain canonical hours, and at other times to neglect that duty.

Th Ere

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