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XVIII. and life, by seeking to mortify all our sms, and labouring to walk more closely with God than ever yet we have done; and will continue to worsliip Goil in public, private, and secret; and this without formality or hypocrisy: And more fully and faithfully than heretofore, to discharge all covenant-duties, one to another, in church-communion.

SECONDLY, To walk , before God in our :: houses with a perfect heart, and that we will uphold the worship of God continually therein, according as he, in his word, doth require; both in respect of prayer and reading the Scriptures, that so the word of God may dwell richly in us: And we will do what in us lies to bring up our children for Christ, that they may be such as have the Lord's name put upon them, as, by a folemn dedication to God in Christ, ought to be: And will, therefore (as need shall be), catechise, exhort, and charge them to the fear of the Lord; and endeavour to set an holy example before them, and be much in prayer for their conversion and salvation.

THIRDLY, To endeavour to be pure from the sins of the times; especially those fins which have been, by the late Synod, folenuly declared and evidenced to be the evils that have brought the judginents of God upon New England ; and, in our places, to endeavour the suppression thereof, and be careful

so to walk as that we may not give occasion to others to sing or speak evil of our holy profession.

Now, that we may observe and keep this sacred covenant, and all the branches of it, inviolable for ever, we desire to deny ourselves, and to depend wholly upon the power of the Eternal Spirit of Grace, and on the free Mercy of God; and Merit of Christ Jesus; and where we shall fail, there to wait upon the Lord Jesus Christ for pardon, acceptance, and healing, for his name's fake*, "


* MATHER ut fupra, p. 95. The Acknowledge iuent of Sins, mentioned in the foregoing bond, confifted of fourteen distinct parts. The duty of confefling the guilt of covenant-violation preceded that of covenant-renovation ; and tlie manner of covenanting is dea scribed, by this historian, in the following terms: “ In

this Renewal of Covenant, there were some Churches, . who, from 1 know not what objections, of there being no

express warrant for it in the New Testament, and their doing it implicitly in every act of divine worship, and the imaginary danger of innovations, would not comply with the advice of the Synod : But all the virgins were not fo sleepy ; and very remarkable was the blera sing of God upon the Churches which did not so fleep. In short, many of the Churches having, on previous days of fasting and prayer, considered the expectations of God concerning them, they were willing, a new to declare their most explicit consent unto the Covenant of Grace, and most explicitly to engage unto a growing watchfulness in such duties of the covenant as were more peculiarly accommodated unto their present cira cumstances. They publicly devoted another day to fasting and prayer, whereat a vast confluence of other neighbours were usually present ; and, on this day, the Kkkk


TIME' would fait me to delineate the social covenanting which took place in the Protestant Churches, by their mutual subscription of each others Confessions of Faith; yea, and their fwearing to maintain the articles contained in them, which they deemed the PRESENT TRUTH. Nor can I stay to insert the various leagues which were formed for the support of the Protestant cause, fuch as the EVANGELIC UNION, &c. That love which difpofed the children of Christ to surrender themselves unto him, as their rightful Lord, disposed them to risk their life in the cause of their brethren in him. And greater love hath no man than that he should lay down his life for the brethren.

minister of the place having, in the forenoon, prayed and preached suitably to the occasion, he proceeded then to read the Covenant ; whereunto the allent of the Churches was then expresled, by the brethren lifting up their hands, and the women only standing up: And many thousands of spectators will teftify, that they never saw the special presence of the great God our Savi. our more notably discovered than on these folemnities.” MATHER, ut fupra,


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THERE are no monuments of the Church,

1 in our native land, as far as I know, to informn us as to her practice prior to the rise

of Antichrist. But, fince his begun downfall, · the Church of Scotland hath not come behind

other Reformed Churches in respect of her Fæderal Transactions. At a time when MARY of Lorrain was violating every tic, and straining every nerve to wreath the irop yoke of Antichristian tyranny in the Church, and absolute government in the State, upon the veck of this land, the Lord was pleased to stir up a . Kkkk 2


few friends to the civil and religious liberties of mankind, to form themselves into a ConGREGATION; unto whom, under God, we owe the preservation of our Liberties in the State, and the Reformation of Religion in the Church. To accomplish these purposes, they entered into a solemn Covenant as follows:

“ WE, perceiving how Sathan, in his members, the antichrists of our time, cruelly do rage, seeking to overthrow and to destroy the Gospel of Christ and his Congregation, ought, according to our bounded duty, to strive, in our MaIter's cause, even unto the death, being certain of the victory in him. The which, our duty being well considered, we do promise, before the Majestie of God, and his Congregation, that we (by his grace) Mall, with all diligence, continually apply our whole power, substance, and our very lives, to maintain, set forward, and establish, the most blessed word of God, and his Congregation; and shall labour, at our possibility, to have faithful masters, truly and purely to minister Christ's Gospel and Sacrainents to his people : We shall maintain them, nourish them, and defend them, the whole Congregation of Christ, and every member thereof, at our whole powers, and waging of our lives, against Sathan and all wicked power that doth intend tyranny or trouble against the foresaid Congregation. Unto the which holy word and Congregation wę do joyne us; and fo do


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