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Time would fait me to delineate the social covenanting which took place in the Protestant Churches, by their mutual subscription of each others Confessions of Faith; yea, and their swearing to maintain the articles contained in them, which they deemed the P R Es Ent Truth. Nor can I stay to insert the various leagues which were formed for the support of the Protestant cause, such as the Evangelic Union, Sec. That love which disposed the children of Christ to surrender themselves unto him, as their rightful Lord, disposed them to risk their life in the cause of their brethren in him. And greater love hath no man than that he Humid lay down his life for the brethren.

minister of the place having, in the forenoon, prayed and preached suitably to the occasion, he proceeded then to read the Covenant; whereunto the aflent of the Churches was then expressed, by the brethren lifting up their hands, and the women only Handing up: Ana many thousands of spectators will testify, that they never law the special presence of the great God our Saviour more notably discovered than on these solemnities." MA T H K R, ut supra.

DISSER

DISSERTATION XIX.

ON THE

FOEDERAL TRANSACTIONS

OF OUR

RELIGIOUS ANCESTORS

I N

BRITAIN AND IRELAND

THERE are no monuments of the Church, in our native land, as far as 1 know, to inform us as to her practice prior to the rife of Antichrist. But, since his begun downfall, the Church of Scotland hath not come behind other Reformed Churches in respect of her Fœderal Transactions. At a time when Mary of Lorrain was violating every tic, and straining every" nerve to wreath «the iron yoke of Antichristian tyranny in the Church, and absolute government in the State, upon the neck of this land, the Lord was pleased to stir up a Kkkk 2 few few friends to the civil and religious liberties of mankind, to form themselves into a ConG Regation ; unto whom, under God, we owe the preservation of our Liberties in the State, and the Reformation of Religion in the Church. To accomplish these purposes, they entered into a solemn Covenant as follows:

"WE, perceiving how Sathan, in his members, the antichrists of our time, cruelly do rage, seeking to overthrow and to destroy the Gospel of Christ and his Congregation, ought, according to our hounded duty, to strive, in our Master's cause, even unto the death, being certain of the victory in him. The which, our duty being well considered, we do promise, before the M'ajestie of God, and his Congregation, that we (by his grace) shall, with all diligence, continually apply our whole power, substance, and our very lives, to maintain, set forward, ■and establish, the most blessed word of God, an,d his Congregation; and shall labour, at our possibility, to have faithful masters, truly and purely to minister Christ's Gospel and Sacraments to his people: We shall maintain them, nourish them, and defend them, the whole Congregation of Christ, and every member thereof, at our whole powers, and waging of our lives, against Sathan and all wicked power that doth intend tyranny or trouble against the forefaid Congregation. Unto the which holy word and Congregation we do joyne us; and so do

-forsake forsake and renounce the congregation of Sathan, with all the superstitious abomination and idolatry thereof; and moreover, ihall declare our selves manifestly enemies thereto, by this our faithful promise before God, testifie I to his Congregation, by our subscription at these presents. At Edinburgh, the 3d day of December 1557 years, God called to witness. A. Earl of Argyle; Glencarne; Mortoun; Archibald Lord of Lome ; John Erlkine of Dun," &c,

The Occasions of the.preceding Covenant were, The Danger of Persecution to which the preachers were exposed, froin the bigotry of the Ojieen Regent •" And the unsteadiness of the Reformers. Add to these, the importance of the Reformation itself: "Their country was in a miserable state of oppression; the bo^ dies and fouls of the people being holdeu in bondage."—." In the cause, which they had embraced (the Reformers rightly judged), they ought to be fervent and strenuous. The Almighty, speaking to their consciences, called upon them to hazard their lives for the deliverance of the nation, Were they to prefer their worldly rest to the.glory of God? Or the friendship of the wicked to the salvation. of their brethren? And, while they were to. receive honour and homage on earth, they expected eternal comfort and joy in heaven *."

* Dv Stuart's History of the Reformation, p. 88.

THK The next Fœderal Transaction rims thus:

"AT Perth, the last day of May, the year of God 1559 years, the Congregations of the West Country, with the Congregations of Fyfe, Perth, Dundee, Angus, Mearns, and Montrose, being conveened'in the town of Perth, in the name of Jesu* Christ, for forth setting of his glory, understanding nothing more necessary for the fame than to keep a constant amity, unity, and fellowship together, according as they -are commaunded by God, are confederat, and become bounden and oblist, in the presence of God, to concur and assist together, in doing all things required of God in his Scrip ture that may be to his glory; and, at their whole powers, to destroy and away put all dungs that doth dilhonour to his name; so that God may be trewly and purely worshipped. And, in case that any trouble be intended against the said Congregations, or any part or member thereof, the whole Congregation fliall concur, assist, and conveen together, to the defence-of the same congregation or person troubled; and fliall not spare labours, goods, substance, bodies and lives, in maintaining the liberty of the whole Congregation, and every member thereof, against whatsoever power that fliall intend the'said trouble, for cause of religion, or any other cause depending thereupon, or lay to their charge, under pretence thereof, although it happen to be coloured with any other outward

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