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Reformed Churches: And shall endeavour to bring the Churches of (rod in the three kingdoms to the nearest conjunction and uniformity in religion, confession of faith, form of church-governinent, directory for worship and catechising; that we, and our posterity after us, may, as brethren, live in faith and love; and the Lord may delight to dwell in the midst of us.

II. That we shall, in like manner, without respect of persons, endeavour the exth-pation of Popery, Prelacy, (that is, church-government by archbishops, bishops, their chancellors and commissaries, deans, deans and chapters, archdeacons, and all other ecclesiastical officers depending on that hierarchy), superstition, heresy, schism, profaneness, and whatsoever shall be found to be contrary to sound doctrine, and the power of godliness; lest we partake in other mens fins, and thereby be in danger to receive of their plagues; and that the Lord may be one, and his name one in the three kingdoms.

III. We shall, with the same sincerity, reality, and constancy, in our several vocations, endeavour, with our estates and lives, mutually to preserve the rights and privileges of the Parliaments, and the liberties of the kingdoms; and to preserve and defend the King's Majesty's person and authority, in the preservation and defence of the true religion and liberties of the kingdoms j that the world may bear

Nnnn 2 witness witness with our consciences of our loyalty, and that we have no thoughts or intentions to diminish his Majesty's just power and greatness.

IV. We (hall also, with all faithfulness, endeavour the discovery of all siich as have been, or shall be incendiaries, malignants, or evil instruments, by hindering the Reformation of religion, dividing the King from his people, or one of the kingdoms from another, or making any faction, or parties, amongst the people, contrary to this league and covenant; that they may be brought to public trial, and receive condign punishment, as the degree of their oifences mall require or deserve; or the supreme judicatures of both kingdoms respectively, or others having power from them for that effect, shall judge convenient.

V. And whereas the happiness of a blessed peace between these kingdoms, denied in former times to our progenitors, is, by the good Providence of God, granted unto us, and hath been lately concluded and fettled by both Par* llaments; we shall, each of us, according ta our place and interest, endeavour that they 3nay remain conjoined in a firm peace and union lo all posterity; and that justice may be done upon the wilful opposers thereof, in manner expressed in the precedent article.

VI. WE.fliall also, according to our places and callings, in this common cause of religion, liberty, and peace of the kingdoms, assist and


defend all those that enter into this league and covenant, in the maintaining and pursuing thereof; and shall not suffer ourselves, directly or indirectly, by whatsoever combination, persuasion, or terror, to be divided or withdrawn from this blessed union and conjunction, whether to make defection to the contrary part, or to give ourselves to a detestable indifferency and neutrality in this cause, which so much conccrncth the glory of God, the good of the kingdoms, and honour of the King; but shall, all the days of our lives, zealously and constantly continue therein, against all opposition, and promote the fame, according to our power, against all lets and impediments whatsoverj and what we are not able ourselves to suppress or overcome, we (hall reveal and make known, that it may be timely prevented or removed. All which we {hall do as in the sight of God.

And because these kingdoms are guilty of many sins and provocations against God, and his Son Jesus Christ, as is too manifest by our present distresses and dangers, the fruits thereof: we profess and declare, before God and the world, our unfeigned desire to be humbled for our own fins, and for the sins of these kingdoms; especially, that we have not, as we ought, valued the inestimable benefit of the Gospel, that we have not laboured for the purity and power thereof, and that we have not endeavoured to receive Christ in our hearts,

nor nor to walk worthy of him in our lives; which are the causes of other sins and transgressions, ib much abounding amongst us; and our true and unfeigned purpose, desire, and endeavour, for ourselves, and all others under our power and charge, both in public and private, in all duties we owe to-God and man, to amend our lives, and each one to go before another in the example of a real'Reformation; that the Lord may turn away his wrath and heavy indignation, and establish these Churches and Kingdoms in truth and peace. And this covenant we make in the presence of Almighty God, the searcher of all hearts, with a true intention to perform the fame, as we shall answer at that day when the secrets of all hearts sliall be disclosed: Most humbly beseeching the Lord to strengthen us by his Holy Spirit for this end, and to bless our desires and proceedings with such success, as may be deliverance and safety to his people, and encouragement to other Christian Churches, groaning under, or in danger of the yoke of Antichristian tyranny, to to join in the fame, or like association and covenant; to the glory of God, the enlargement of the kingdom of Jesus Christ, and the peace and tranquility of Christian kingdoms and commonwealths."

I Shall no\v make some Reflections on the British Fœderal Transactions.

i. These

1. These Covenants were perfectly agreeable to the laws of the country, and the renovation of them no violation of the constitution. There are a class of men, who seem to be sprung from the ancient Samaritans, they suggested, that the covenanters in Nehemiah's day were a parcel of rebels. A branch of the fame tree, haying the fame root of bitterness, seems to have existed in the days of the Primitive Church. Nero and Trajan, however opposite in character, agreed in finding the covenanting Christians enemies to the State. It was upon the fame footing that the Waldenfes were persecuted by the Court of Turin. The patrons of the doctrines of non-resistance and passive obedience seem to have borrowed these Antichristian weapons, to- sight a Covenanted Reformation in this land. This needs not greatly surprise us, as these men did not choose to understand the civil or religious rights of mankind. But we behold, with astonishment, a Reverend Doctor of this enlightened age, standing at the head of the roll in the list of candidates for literary fame, announcing the National oath to have been employed, in 163S, " to promote Violent and UnconstiTutional Measures." There is no other method to account for it, but that polite negligence for which the works of that author are so remarkably distinguished. Had the Reverend Doctor found leisure to consult the lawauthorities quoted in the introduction to the


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