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sideringthe calls of both Word and Pro videitcey they proceeded to frame-an Acknowledgment of Sins, consisting of an enumeration of those things which were a violation of former covenant engagements; and, at the lame time, made out a bond, the tenor of which follows:

"WE, ALLAND E V E R Y- ON E 0 F US, though

sensible of the deceitfulness and unbelief of our own hearts, and however frequently perplexed with doubts and fears anent our actual believing, yet desiring to essay, in the Lord's Strength, and in obedience to his command, to glorify God, by believing his word of grace, contained in nis covenant of promise, to devote ourselves unto the Lord in a covenant'of duty; We Do, with our hands lifted up to the MOST HIGH GOD, hereby profess, and, before God, angels, and men, solemnly declare, That, through the grace of God, and according to the measure of his grace given unto us, we do, with our whole hearts, take hold of the LOUD JESUS CHRIST, as the only propitiation for our sins; his RighteOusness, as the only foundation of our access to, and acceptance with God; his CoveNant of free and rich promises, as our only charter for the heavenly inheritance; hisWord,Tor our perfect and only rule of faith and practice ; his SPIRIT, for our alone guide, to lead us into all truth revealed in his holy Word, imto which nothing, at any time, is to

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be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit, or traditions or' men. We avouch the LOUD to be our COD; and, in the strength 6£ his promised grace, we Promise and svtUi by the GREAT NAME OF THE LORD OUR GOD, That we (hall walk in his way, keep his judgments and commandments, and hearken to his voice: And, particularly, that we shall* by the Lord's grace, continue and abide in the profession, faith, and obedience of the fores aid true Reformed religion, in doctrine, worship, Presbyterial Church-government and discipline; and that we sharl, according to our several stations, places, and callings, contend and testify against all contrary evils, errors, and corruptions, particularly, Popery, Prelacy* Deism* Arianism, Arminianiskij and every error subversive to the Doctrine of Grace; as also, Independency, Latitudiharian tenets, and the other evils named in the above confession of sins.

In like manner, vf E p aowis E And Swear, That, by all means, which are lawful and-warrantable /or us, according to the Word of God, the approven and received standards of this Church, and our known principles, we shall, i« our several stations and callings, endeavour the Reformation of religion in England and Ireland, in doctrine, worship, discipline, and government, according to the Word of God j :lnd to promote and advance our covenanted conjunction and uniformity in religion, confes* I'l'PP I'011 fion of faith and catechisms, form of Churclv government, and directory for worship, as these were received by this Church.

And, in regard we are taught by the Word of God, and bound by our covenants, National and Solemn League, to live together in the fear of God, and in love one to another, and to encouraoe one another in the work and cause of the Lord; and that, denying all ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly -in this present world1: Therefore, in a dependence on the Lord's, grace and strength, we, in the fame manner, do Promise And Swear, That we shall, in our several places and callings, encourage and strengthen one "another's hands, in pursuing our end and design of this our solemn oath and covenant; and that we shall endeavour a life and conversation becoming the Gospel of Christ: And that, in our personal callings and particular families, we mail study to be good examples to one another of godliness and righteousness, and of every doty that we owe to God and man; and that we shall not give up ourselves to a detestable indifference and neutrality in the cause of God; but, denying ourselves, and our own things, we shall, above all things, seek the honour of God, and the good of his cause and people; and that, through grace, forsaking the counsels of Hcfli and blood, aud not leaning upon carnal confidences, we fliall endeavour to depend upon

on the Lord, to walk by the rule of his Word, and to hearken to his voice by his servants. In all which, professing our own weakness, we earnestly pray to God, who is the Father of mercies, through his Son Jesus Christ, to be merciful unto us, and to enable us, by the power of his Holy Spirit, that we may do our duty, unto the praise of his grace in the Churches. Amen."

Besides the Confession of Sins, which is usually read before the swearing of this bond, there was also framed a particular one, suited to the case of the ministry; and the ministers themselves set an example unto their congregations. The form of the attestation of their subscription is as follows: ," We under subscribing ministers, members of the Associate Presbytery, do subscribe the above Bond with our hands, at Stirling, the 28th day of December 1743 years;—the. said bond having been this day solemnly sworn by us.

Ebenezer Erskine, Stirling.
Ralph Ers Kine, Dunfermline.
James Thomson, Burnt island.
Alexander Moncrieff, Abernethy.
Thomas Mair, Orwel.
James Fisher, Glasgow.
David Smyton, Kilmaurs.
William Hut Ton, Stow.
Adam Gib, Edinburgh.

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And. Clark Son, Craigmailen. . John ClEland, Balfron.

Georok Brown, Perth. , William Campbell, Ceres.

ThomaS Ba LLaNt Y N E, Sanquhar.

David Horn, Cambufnethan."

Four ministers who were not then prcfent> and another who was not then ordained,—did join, after the fame manner, in that solemn work, at Falkirk, on the 14th day of March ensuing: And subscribed as follows, viz.

"jamils Mair, Limon.
Patrick Matthew, Midholm,
James Scot, Gateshall.
John Why T, Dun fe. ■'■ ''
Henry Erskine, Falkirk*."

Near an hundred congregations have copied the example since that time; and some of them have done it frequently, having had occasion for so doing on account of the numbers who voluntarily offered from time to time

Th E serious part of this nation (some friends to the abdicated family excepted) had always a becoming; reverence for the Covenants, tho' they had not renewed them for near a century. The first opposition made unto diem

* The last of these five subscribers was ordained the day before. All who have 1>eg|i ordained since that thr.e, had previously joined hi (,ovenaat,ui£-'vvork,

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