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are expressly mentioned in an after covenant, and evidently included in this one. In this transaction then, Noah may be considered,— As one of the ancestors of the Messiah, the principal and extraordinary Seed of the Woman *; of consequence, this Covenant had a respect unto the first promise, and was a necessary step towards the accomplishment of it. God saw meet to preserve the true religion in that family and society, in which was the ancestors of the promised Seed; and it was necessary to secure their natural lives until he raised up successors unto them.—-—As one of the "types of that glorious Seed. As to many of t.he ancestors of the Messiah, according to the flefli, it may be justly doubted whether they were types of him or not; but Noah prefigured him in many respects. The very names of the ancient Hebrews were usually expressive of some remarkable quality in the person on whom, or some remarkable incident on the occasion at which they were imposed. Some of them seem likeways to have been imposed by the inspiration of the Holy Ghost. The name Noah seems to have been of this kind: It imports Rest, pointing forward to the p-lorious rest of the MessiahNoah's work at the ark was also an emblem of the work of salvation by Jesus Christ. Both Noah and Jesus were preachers of righteous
* Luke iii. %(>.
neft ness unto impenitent sinners. But Noah was chiefly a figure of oiu- Redeemer, as covenantpromises were made unto him, as the representative of his feed. If Abraham was a tvpe of Christ, as unto Abraham, and his feed, the , promises were made, Why may not Noah be
a type of him, on this account, likeways?
As the father of that family in which the Church of the living God, both visible and invisible, was preserved. As he belonged to the latter, he was eminent in grace; as he belonged to the former, he was no less eminent for a holy profession and an agreeable conversation. In the former view, the sacred historian remarks, " That Noah, a just man, was perfect in his generation." Should any enquire how he obtained- this character; the fame historian answers, "He found grace in the eyes of the Lord." And the Apostle adds, " That he was an heir of the righteousness which is by faith." By this righteousiiess he was justified from all his iniquities, and accepted as righteous in God's sight. He was also a gracious person, being endued with the Holy Ghost, m his gracious influences and saving operations ;' such as, faith, fear, love, and gospel-sincerity, or perfection.—In the latter view, he was an evangelical preacher of that righteousiiess by which he was justified. By his doctrine, he bore a public testimony unto the truths then revealed, as well as against all those errors and immoralities which then prevailed in the world.
I 2 And
And he was as exemplary in his religious deportment as found and pathetic in his sermons .* He Walked Wit H God. Neither the crooked examples nor bitter reproaches of that generation could bias his conduct, or shake his confidence; but he persevered in condemning it, even when he was incessant at a throne of grace for preventing and sparing grace to it. As Job prayed for his friends *, and Daniel for his countrymen j", so did Noah for the old world. Hence he is ranked with them, by the Holy Spirit, as a person whose prayers were gready prevalent at a throne of grace J. Such is the harmony between Condemning fin, both by.profesfion and practice; and, at the sametime, wiihing well to the souls of sinners, by commending them to God! It is highly probable, God used his prayers as a means of keeping off the flood while he was a*building the ai*k.—It is only in this latter respect diat Noah was a pattern for covenanters in gospel days. Happy were it for the Church of God at this time, and this land in particular^ had we many covenanters of his spirit,
SECONDLY, We must now consider the Parts of this Covenant; and, in surveying them, we shall—'Specify the Privileges granted to Noah,—The Duties which God required of him,—The Relation between this Covenant and
* Job aJii. 10. + Dan. ix. 3/- ■■ 31.
those Obligations which the Church was under, antecedent to the making of it:—Then we must enquire, How far these things are for our Direction and Comfort.
I. I Must Specify the Privileges which God granted to Noah at this time. Moses deseribeth them thus, " But with thee will I establish my Covenant: and thou shalt come into the ark; thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons wives with thee." These words, taken in connection, contain a promise both of temporal and spiritual salvation.
1. They contain a promise of Temporal Salvation. The Apostle informs us, That Noah prepared an ark to the saving of his house; and the words of Moses cannot imply less than a temporal salvation: For they stand opposed to a threatening of temporal, as well as spiritual destruction to the rest of mankind: "And J, behold I, bring a stood of waters upon the earth, to destroy aU flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven: and every tiling that is in the earth 'shall die.—But with thee will I establish my covenant," Sec. This promise, then, was a firm security against that approaching desolation; and the event most exactly answered the prediction, as appears from the following chapters of the Mosaic history.
2. They contain a promise of Spiritual Salvation, typified and exhibited to the faith of Noah by this temporal salvation. Some eminent divines have doubted, I grant, whether spiritual salvation might be contained in this fœderal grant: But there is no room, I humbly judge, to hciitate in this matter. For the warning God gave to Noah was a foundation to his faith, even such faith as is the evidence of things not seen, and the substance of things hoped for: It took up with tilings Not Seen As Yet; therefore, the promise, which is the foundation of it, must exhibit things not seen likeways: For faith cannot reach farther than its foundation. And what are these Unseen things? Are they not the things which are Eternal *? Moreover, by this promise, Noah was constituted an
HEIR OF THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF FAITHJ";
which is a most distinguished part of a spiritual salvation. Now, to constitute one an heir, there must be a deed of conveyance, by which the inheritance is transferred. The Apostle Peter also assures us, That the salvation obtained by the death and resurrection of Christ is the antitype of Noah's deliverance: "Few, that is, eight persons, were saved by water. The like figure whereunto baptism doth also now five us, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ |." Though Noah's deliverance is reckoned among the darkest of types; yet, from the apostolic account of
* z Cor. iv. 18. f Hel)> »■ 7- 't ' Pet- iii- 20- 21.