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CHURCH SOCIETIES. Mr. Editor, I am desirous, through the medium of your excellent miscellany, of calling the attention of Churchmen to a point which appears to me of far greater consequence than common practice seems to consider it.
The insufficiently supported state of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts has been frequently adverted to; not, perhaps, so much as the subject deserves. But there is another Society, which, I hesitate not to say, is more important still : one, too, which we in England are still more bound to patronize, because its objects are so perfectly domestic. Need I specify the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge ?-a Society which, perhaps, has achieved a greater amount of good than any community which has ever existed.
An apathy, in itself inexplicable, but fearfully harmonizing with other signs of the times, never inquires how it comes to pass that some of the provincial reports of this Society exhibit district funds in a state of rapid decay; much less is any measure advanced, at all calculated to arrest this tremendous evil.
The Christian Knowledge Society has never paraded its claims ; no platforms, no speeches ; none of the tinsel and jingle of cant. Quiet and dignified, its reports have attested to its patrons the vast aggregate of good which it has wrought; while every parish pastor who has employed its varied means of edification, has had cheering testimony of its blessed power, and thanked the Divine mercy for its existence. A lending library, under its patronage, and by its munificence, was established in a parish of which I was formerly curate ; and in one year I had the satisfaction to see, in a very rude community, many, in consequence, learn to read ; and many, who could read, become intelligently religious characters. And shall this noble reservoir of “living waters" be allowed to expend itself without any effort to meet the exhaustion?
To discover the cause of a disease is, generally, some approach to a remedy. Now I think I can allege at least a concurrent cause in the present case. The Church Missionary Society has, beyond all question, greatly injured the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. I believe that the Bible Society has had a similar effect on the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Not that the Bible Society deserves the reprehension which justly attaches to the selfstyled Church Missionaries. The objects of the Bible Society are avowedly distinct from those of the Christian Knowledge Society; while the designs of the Church Missionaries are avowedly the same as those of the corresponding institution in our Church. Still the two former Societies frequently clash in a manner very injurious to that which it is the duty of every churchman to prefer.
That such is his duty may, I think, be easily proved. I now set aside all dark doings about the Apocrypha,--all salaries of honorary secretaries, &c. &c., all incumbrances, in short, whi have never clogged the free and honourable course of the Church Society in the century of its noble career. I will suppose the Bible Society freer from imputation than its own reports exhibit it; I will suppose it faithfully to execute the objects which it professes,—the circulation of the Bible without note or comment, ORAL or otherwise. Even then, with the Churchman it ought to rank below the Christian Knowledge Society. They that are of the household of faith have claims above those of the heathen; our own communion above the rest of our countrymen. Now the Christian Knowledge Society circulates not only the Bible, in the languages spoken in these islands, (and that on LOWER TERMS than the Bible Society), but the Prayerbook also, and a vast number of the most useful familiar tracts. It also founds parochial libraries ;-institutions of the most beneficial description. All this the Bible Society cannot do : its exclusive nature may very weil adapt it to general patronage ; but its claims to the particular patronage of the Church must be far less than those of a Society which can effect so wide a range of beneficence. I reside at present in a parish which has its “Bible Association,"--a thing by no means wanted on the spot, since almost every cottage is provided with a Bible. The villagers are constantly making application to the Secretary of that Society to furnish them Prayer-books ; which, (by what rule I know not) he is forbidden, as he states, to supply, even from the resources of the Christian Knowledge Society. What churchman can doubt that a similar Association, in connexion with the Christian Knowledge Society, would be productive of incomparably greater advantage ?
Now, Mr. Editor, the point I here wish to press, is this. Are there any churchmen contributing to the Bible Society, and not to the Church Society? I believe there are few. If these few be genuine churchmen, they are so, because, without passing any judgment on other men, they believe church principles to be the best principles ; and if they be genuine Christians, they will consider their own population before the heathen. They will, therefore, for these reasons, see the propriety of transferring their subscriptions to the Church Society. But there are many churchmen who subscribe to both; and to such I would say, the inadequacy of the resources of that establishment which has the stronger claims on you for its important undertakings is obvious; the PROSPERITY of the other is abundant. Transfer therefore your subscription to those funds where your exertions will be turned to so much better account.
But I by no means charge our defective support on the encroachments of the Bible Society. There may be other causes. It is time they should be investigated. Meanwhile, all honest and zealous churchmen should rally in support of the Christian Knowledge Society. District Societies should be formed; new subscriptions made, where none exist already. I shall be happy to hear what the lapse of another month may produce from your correspondents, either in the way of elucidation or direct remedy. I, for my own part, shall be ready to contribute my humble assistance in any way which may be least ineffectual. The past achievements of the Society ought to be known, and the indifference of this liberal age (wo worth the word !) met by a manly remonstrance; it would be at least putting to trial thé boasted liberality of our days, and would either procure ús friends, or discover our enemies :-- perhaps both.
Á REAL CHURCHMAN.
ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCRIPTURAL FACTS AND CUSTOMS,
By analogous Reference to the Practice of other Nations.
SERVITUDE PREVIOUS TO MARRIAGE.
Gen. xxix. 18.-"And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve thee seven years for Rachel, thy younger daughter."
The inhabitants of Haouran, to the east of Jordan, earn their living very hardly. I once met with a young man, who had served eight years for his food only; at the expiration of that period, he obtained in marriage the daughter of his master, for whom he would, otherwise, have had to pay seven or eight hundred piastres. When I saw him, he had been married three years; but he complained bitterly of his father-in-law, who continued to require of him the performances of the most servile offices, without paying him any thing; and thus, prevented him from setting up for his family.—Burckhardts Travels in the Holy Land, p. 297.
THE UNITY OF THE GOD OF THE UNIVERSE, AND WORSHIP OFFERED
ON HIGH PLACES.
Isaiah ii. 3.—“ And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it."
The acknowledgment of one supreme Deity, omnipotent and universal, appears to prevail in the most remote parts of the interior of Africa, from the following anecdote of Selym of Assouan, in Mackrizi's History and Description of Egypt, written in the beginning of the fifteenth century :-“ Selym adds, that he had seen a man in the audience chamber of the chief of Mokra, and had asked him about his country; he replied, that it was three months' journey from the Nile.” When questioned about his religion, he said, My God and thy God, and the God of the universe, and of men, is all one. When asked where God lived, he answered, in heaven, and again declared the unity of the Almighty. He related, that when the rains tarried, or plagues and pestilence visited them or their cattle, they ascended the mountain to pray to the Almighty, &c.—Burckhardt's Travels, p. 501.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.
Huntingdon District Committee. At the General Annual Meeting of
£. 8. d. this Committee, held at the Shire Hall, Receipts
101 10 Huntingdon, on Friday, January 15, Payments
70 10 1830, the Rev. E. Maltby, D.D. in the
Balance in hand £30 19 9 chair, a statement of the receipts and payments, during the last year, having been previously audited, was laid be- After which it was resolved, “ That fore the members present, of which in consideration of this balance, the
sum of 251. be remitted to the Trea
this is a summary:
surers of the Parent Society, as a Donation from this Committee, in addition to 121. 88. 2d., the difference of price of books, &c. sold to non-members of the Parent Society, as required by Rule VIII. for the Regulation of District Committees.''
The Rev. H. Parsons having expressed his wish to resign the office of Assistant-Secretary, on account of his removal to a greater distance from Huntingdon, it was resolved, “ That the thanks of the Committee be given to Mr. Parsons, for his valuable ser
vices; and that the Rey. H. Margetts,
The following books and tracts have.
Edward Edwards, } Secretaries.
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL IN
I send you the account of our first Much praise is due to all those immeChapel; two others, larger, are nearly diately concerned in the erection of finished, and the ground for three more the Chapel, particularly to Joseph offered. A like spirit is, I trust, rising; Connell, Esq., to whose indefatigable and that already shewn in the erection zeal, and unremitted personal attenof these Chapels most encouraging. tion, it is principally owing that this
On Tuesday, the 15th instant, St. very neat structure has been comMark's Chapel, in the parish of St. pleted with such despatch, and for so John, was consecrated. This is the small a sum. The Chapel is 50 feet second building which has been erected long, 25 feet wide, and 12 feet high in this island for the purpose of public in the exterior dimensions, and is worship, and consecrated by the Lord capable of accommodating 230 perBishop, since his Lordship's arrival in His Excellency the Governor this Diocese. The idea of building a was present on the occasion; and, after Chapel in that vicinity (near Consetts") the
of consecration was conhaving been suggested, for the first cluded, visited Codrington College, in time, on the 10th of September, a site company with the Bishop, and, having for the projected edifice was imme- inspected it, passed on to the Society's diately offered by Forster Clarke, Esq., Chapel on the hill. The children of on part of the lands of the “ Society the Sunday and daily Schools, amountfor the Propagation of the Gospel in ing to 101, with all the grown people Foreign Parts.” The most remark- on the Society's estates, lined the way able circumstances connected with the from the brow of the hill to the Chapel erection of this Chapel are, first, the and the School. His Excellency and very short time in which it has been the Bishop then proceeded to visit the completed - exactly ten weeks from Chaplain's Lodge, and the Codrington the day on which the first stone was Foundation School. The party dined laid, namely, the 6th of October; and, at the Society's estate. The weather secondly, the very moderate sum which was remarkably fine and pleasant, and has been expended on it, being not every thing singularly well arranged quite 300l. currency. Many pecu
and executed; and it may be reasonliarly favourable circumstances, how- ably hoped, that St. Mark's Chapel ever, have concurred to lessen the will prove a blessing to the neighexpenses, and to facilitate the work. bourhood.
NATIONAL SOCIETY. St. Martin's Vestry Room, February 3, dlesex, additional, 2001.; Wigan, Lan1830.
cashire, additional, 502.; Shirenewton, UNIONS. - Holmfirth, Yorkshire; Monmouthshire, additional, 301.; RichNorth Leach,Gloucestershire; Sidbury, mond, Yorkshire, 30l.; North Leach, Devonshire; and Thornton, Yorkshire. Gloucestershire, 801.; Stone, Stafford
GRANTS. — Rochester, Derbyshire, shire, conditional, 150l.; and Sidbury, conditional, 100l.; Clerkenwell, Mid- Devonshire, conditional, 1501.
CLERGY MUTUAL ASSURANCE.
We are requested to inform our readers, that the Directors of the Clergy Mutual Assurance Society, are about to publish a prospectus of their intentions and designs, in such a form
as will serve to point out, in a clear and popular manner, the advantages that are likely to result to the Clergy at large from the formation of such a Society.
Domestic.—The King's health is usurper, by renewing his diplomatic much improved.
relations with Don Miguel; assures According to His Majesty's com- the Commons, that every attention mand, both Houses of Parliament shall be paid to economy, and that a assembled on the 4th of February, considerable reduction will be made for the despatch of public business, in the public expenditure, without diwhen the session was opened, as minishing the efficiency of our naval usual, by the King's speech. In this and military establishments; admits document (generally considered as the the deficiencies of the revenue; proepitome of the affairs of the state, poses the adoption of new regulations which will engage the attention of the for facilitating the administration of Houses,) his Majesty assures his justice, and improving the practice of Lords and Commons of the friendly the courts; asserts the increase of the feelings of foreign powers towards this export of our manufactured goods ; country; notices the conclusion of laments that distress should prevail a treaty of peace between Russia and among the agricultural and manufacthe Porte; declares that his endea- turing classes in some parts of the vours to accomplish the remaining kingdom; and concludes, by expressobjects of the Treaty of the 6th of ing his confidence in their concurrence July, 1827, have been unremitting, in every measure calculated to mainand anticipates an early communi- tain the credit of the government. cation of the measures determined on, The Address, as usual, was moved; for the arrangement of the affairs of it met with a strong opposition, parGreece; announces his inability to ticularly in the lower house; and on effect a reconciliation between the the principle, that the distress of the Princes of the House of Braganza, country is not partial, but universal; and that he remains undetermined as but it was carried by a majority of 62 to the propriety of recognizing the in the Peers, and 85 in the Commons.
VOL. XII. NO. III.