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or the immortality of the soul, rather than forget your authority, and that of the Romish Church ; and, doubtless, this heresy is less dangerous for us than that of the Lutherans. The reason is evident; for, if these Moors neither believe in Christ nor in a future life, at least, they keep silence in general on these subjects; at the worst, they make them the subject of ridicule amongst themselves, but they cease not to obey the Romish Church; whilst the Lutherans, on the contrary, openly declare themselves against it, and make efforts to shake and to overturn the edifice which it has erected.-P. 646.

After this preamble, follow the different means recommended by the three bishops to the Pope, for strengthening his power. The first is, to create in France and in Italy one hundred new bishops, and fifty cardinals, amongst whom there ought to be thirty or forty chosen from the most able and best versed in the knowledge of courts, of politics, and of civil and ecclesiastical power, (... sagaces, inque aulicis publicisque negotiis exercitatissimi, ac Pontificis Civilisque juris peritissimi) as privy-counsellors : the others ought to reside in their dioceses, to amuse the citizens by games, plays, and entertainments of all kinds, (omne genus deliciis); they ought to display great pomp, both in the church and out of it, and appear frequently on horseback in public (assiduè equitando populo sese conspiciendos exhibeant). The result of these truly evangelical measures is thus stated :

It will immediately happen, that the people, who every where admire this pomp and these ceremonies, and at which the presence of rich men furnishes occasion of obtaining wealth, will submit to the yoke of your prelates ; and all at length attracted, some by their own inclinations, others by their interest, will range themselves on your side.---P. 646.

The advice which follows is not less edifying and instructive :

It is right, then, that your Holiness should take care, that the Cardinals and Bishops should prefer the children of citizens to ecclesiastical benefices (civium liberis sacerdotia conferant). That is an admirable way, and the most sure of all, of keeping them in the faith. There are a great number of your flocks who, a long time ago, would have embraced the Lutheran doctrine, if they had not been hindered solely by the motive, which either they or their brethren, their children or their parents, received from the revenues of the Church.-P. 646.

The next thing to be noticed, is the project of sending into France and Italy a great number of priests, of a particular class (ingentem numerum sacerdotum illorum quos vulgò Chietinos vel Paulinos nominant).

For, (continue they,) the ordinary priests and monks have in such a way abused the mass, say it in such a hurry, and lead a life so impure and irregular, that it is with reason men will not allow themselves to be persuaded, in spite of all the efforts of our sophists, that an abominable and impious person (sceleratum et impium aliquem) can make Christ descend upon the altar, dráw souls from purgatory, and give absolution of sins.-P. 646.

Mention is then made of several new monastic orders; these orders having, by confessions, assemblies for worship, and practices which they themselves have introduced, (quos ipsi introduxerunt) contributed much to the strengthening of the papal power. Then follow a multitude of directions, of which these are the principal ;To institute new brotherhoods in honour of this or that saint, as Stella had done successfully ; to introduce into public worship “great pomp, images, statues, wax-tapers, lamps, the playing of organs, and of other instruments; things," add they, “which the people love above all things, and which makes them almost forget that doctrine which is so destructive and perricious.”

[In our next Number, if possible, we will conclude the examination of this precious document; and, in the mean time, beg our readers to carefully consider the conclusions which must be deduced from what we have already stated.]

AMEN. MR. Editor,—It has been observed, you know, by Wheatly, Dr. Bisse, and others, that the “Amen” at the end of the Confession, Lord's Prayer, Creeds, and Doxology in the Liturgy of the Church of England, ought to be pronounced both by the minister and congregation. As a proof of which opinion they remark that, in these forms, the “Amen” is printed in the same character with the forms, as a hint to the minister that he is still to go on, and, by pronouncing the “ Amen” himself, to direct the people to do the same; but at the end of all the collects and prayers, which the priest is to say alone, it is printed in italic, a different character from the prayers themselves, to denote that the minister is to stop at the end of the prayer, and to leave the “ Amen” for the people to respond. In that situation it is to be considered as a part of the form: in this it is subjoined only as an answer.

As a clergyman of the Established Church, - as a sincere admirer of our incomparable Liturgy, -and as one who wishes “ all things to be done decently and in order," allow me to ask you, Sir, or, through your valuable publication, some of your numerous readers, Do not the clergy generally omit the pronouncing of the “ Amen ” at the end of the Confession, &c., and leave it to be repeated by the congregation, or, as is often the case in some churches, by the clerks only? If so, is not this an omission which ought to be corrected? Or can any argument be offered to excuse this neglect? If not, and it appears to be the duty of the minister to pronounce the “Amen" audibly in the places alluded to during the reading of the Liturgy, is it not equally his duty to repeat it with the Lord's Prayer, in the pulpit, before the sermon? I am, Mr. Editor, your constant reader and obedient servant,



MR. EDITOR,– Having lately read with pleasure your very just commendation of Mr. Isaacson's edition of Jewel's APOLOGY, I beg to suggest whether it would not be very advantageous, both to the clergy and people of Great Britain, if the Bishops would require an acquain- . tance with that admirable work, and a readiness to be examined in it, as one of the qualifications for Priest's Orders. When the friends of Popery are endeavouring once more to palm off its impositions upon the public of Great Britain, an acquaintance with such works as the Apology of Bishop Jewel is highly desirable.

I remain, Sir, your obedient servant,




By the Rev. J. M. Jones. Loud shouts of high triumphant Swell through the host, and loud propraise,

claim Let the glad church exulting raise; The King, the King of glory's name. See the victorious leader rise,

Th' astonish'd world, in full amaze He scales the temple of the skies, At the stupendous glory, gaze. And to his Father's bosom flies.

Hell, pallid, trembles at his word; His blood-stain'd breast, his wreathed Death, weeping, falls beneath his sword: crown,

Now let the christian warrior fight, He shews to prove the battle won. With Christ in view, with heaven in The lofty clouds descending meet,

sight. Obsequious, at the ruler's feet;

O, Holy Spirit, straight descend, Celestial gates of massive gold

Thou art the humble suppliant's friend; At his divine approach unfold; Offspring of God and of the Son, The victor and his num'rous train Forming the blessed Three in One, An entrance through heav'n's portals Assist us with thy heav'nly light; gain.

Arm us for conflict and for fight. The crystal canopy above

In christian panoply array'd, Sparkles with light, with joy, and With hopes immortal, undismay'd, love;

May we our glorious Conqueror meet, Melodious notes by angels giv'n, Laying our triumphs at his feet, That breathe the very soul of heav'n, And own his victory complete.


(See the Epistle.) SEMI-CHORUS.

Men of Galilean birth, Hark! a rushing, mighty sound!

Never may assert the fame,
See! the heavens asunder rend! In every tongue of various earth
Terror shakes the troubled ground, The tones of Wisdom to proclaim !
As the sacred flames descend.

Round each holy head they play ; List the Prophet's awful word:
Deep in every heart they dwell ;

“The glorious days are near at hand, Destin'd, from that awful day,

When thou wilt pour thy Spirit, Lord, Truth in tongues unknown to tell!

On every age, and every land.”

Thy hand we see, this wondrous hour, Who are they that claim our faith? Thy might, and mercy, we adore ;

Who may vaunt such power divine? And oh, thy blessed Spirit pour Are these sounds the Spirit's breath, On us, and ours, for evermore. Or babblings of exciting wine ? St. Abbs.

R. P.

ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCRIPTURAL FACTS AND CUSTOMS, By analogous Reference to the Practice of other Nations.

HEAT BY DAY AND COLD BY NIGHT. Genesis xxxi. 40.-" Thus I was; in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night."

We found the nights cool and the mornings quite cold, the thermometer varying sometimes 30° between the greatest heat and the greatest cold. The difference was sufficiently sensible to enable us to comprehend the full force of the complaint which Jacob made to Laban, in the above verse; the thermometer, at the end of the month of May, varying in the heat of the day from 98° to 103o.-Morier's Persia, p. 97..



Established and Enrolled under Act of Parliament, 10 Geo. IV. c. 56. This Society have issued the follow- near relative nominated by the ining circular:

surer. This Society does not pretend to It may be observed with reference offer equal advantages at much lower to the first class of insurances above rates than those of other offices; it is mentioned, that no similar plan for not so much by the cheapness of its providing relief for the members of rates of insurance, as by the nature any liberal profession, whilst incapaof the insurances themselves, which citated by illness or infirmity, tempoare adapted to the peculiar circum- rary or permanent, from the discharge stances of the Clergy, that this Society of official duties, has ever yet been desires to recommend itself to the no- devised. The advantage that may tice of the Clergy and their families, result to the Clergy from the formation as well as to the patronage of the of such a fund is obvious. Laity. The object of the Society will Few young men at their first adbe best explained by considering the mission into the Ministry of the Church nature of its insurances, which are are apt to take such a prudent view of comprised under the four following the casualties incident to human life, heads, and in each of which it pur- as seriously to consider what would sues principles, either not acted upon be their lot, if blindness, or paralysis, or at all by other Societies, or such as loss of voice, or some chronic disease, are much more to the advantage of should befall them, whilst curates, the family of the insurer.

whereby they would find themselves 1. An insurance whereby a Clergy deprived of their only income. Fewer man may secure for himself a provi- still, perhaps, who have prospect of sion, when prevented by sickness or certain provision as incumbents, coninfirmity from performing the duties sider in the time of -health, what a of his profession; and, thus, if he is comfort it would be to them, when a curate, avoid the sad consequences surrounded by a wife and family, and of total loss of stipend, or if he is an disabled from personal exertion, to incumbent, be enabled to provide assis- have provided beforehand such an altance in the duties of his parish, with lowance as would pay the curate, out diminution of income.

whom the law 'compels the incumbent 2. An insurance for endowments of to appoint in such a case, and whose children, whereby a Clergyman or any stipend not unfrequently amounts to relative of a Clergyman, may provide the whole revenue of the living. for a child of a Clergyman, any sum Surely that is but a small sacrifice not exceeding 500l. to be paid at 14 to be made by a young Clergyman, and 21 years of age, or certain annual which, upon payment of one, two, allowances not exceeding 1001. nor three, or four guineas annually, would less than 101. commencing from 10, secure to him at any period of his life 14, or 18 years of age, and continuing a provision during sickness, at the to 23.

rate of 261., 521., 781., 1041., per ann. 3. An insurance for a life annuity, The Directors of the Clergy Mutual whereby a Clergyman may make an Assurance Society, would most earannual provision for himself, his wife nestly direct the attention of the or children, to commence from 25 Clergy at large, and of the younger years of age and other subsequent Clergy in particular, to this most beperiods.

neficial and interesting portion of the 4. An insurance for any sum not Society's designs, as being the most exceeding 10001. to be paid at the satisfactory method of establishing a death of the insurer, to his wife or Clergy superannuation fund, of a nachildren, or, if he has none, to some ture suited to the feelings of men of

education,-a fund, the benefits of which will not be doled out as an alms, but which will have been secured to the insurer as his legal right.

In the next two classes of insurance, those for endowment of children, providing assistance in their maintenance and education, and securing annuities to commence from almost any period of life, the Society has adopted a principle, which cannot fail of rendering its endeavours highly popular; that of returning the premiums paid in the event of the child or person dying before the age at which the payment is to be made or from which the annuity is to commence; for instance, if a clergyman have paid four pounds a year for eight years, to insure to his child 501. at fourteen, and the child die at thirteen, the Society will return 321. being the sum he has actually paid. This arrangement prevents total loss; the Society stands to the insurer, in the condition of a party to whom he is obliged, under the penalty of losing his deposits, to fulfil an engagement to confer an advantage on his child. It may not unfrequently happen, that the accumulation of interest upon the sums so deposited, would, if invested in the funds, produce nearly the sum which the Society is bound to pay to the insurer; but the difficulties attendant upon investing small sums in government or other securities is generally so great, as to prevent most persons from practising such economy; and unless some Society, like the present, undertake the charge of requiring the payments intended for the child's advantage to be regularly paid, that good purpose, which many persons desire to carry into effect, of laying by every year a certain small sum to provide for a child's future expenses, will very rarely indeed be begun, or if begun is likely to be interrupted by the most trivial occurrences.

The last class of insurances is that for payment of any sum not exceeding 10001. to the widow and children of the insurer, or in default of them to his nominee, being a relative. The difference between this and the ordinary life insurance consists in the insurance being limited in favour of the widow and children or nearest


relations of the insurer. The restriction thus made, has enabled the Di. rectors to avail themselves of a recent act of parliament, and to enrol the Society under its provisions, which thereby is entitled to the privilege of investing its capital in government debentures at a fixed rate of interest, and to other important advantages, so that nothing can stand between the Society and family of the insurer, to prevent the sum insured being paid to them directly by the Society, without any deduction whatever. The Directors have already granted many insurances of this nature, and the readiness with which the proposals to limit the insurer's power of appropriating his insurance has been accepted, encourages the Directors to hope that such insurances will become universal among the clergy. It is a primary object of the Society to effect provision for the widows and orphan children of the clergy, but this benevolent purpose would often be defeated in the ordinary mode of insurance.

It is provided by the rules of the Society, that two-thirds of the surplus capital, or profit, arising from the insurances, shall be applied every five years for the benefit of the insurers; the remaining third will be carried to a fund, called the “ Fund in Aid,” formed by the donations and contributions of the friends of the Society. It is a distinguishing character of the Clergy Mutual Assurance Society, that all its officers, excepting one assistant Secretary, not only act gratuitously, but that they are actual contributors of annual subscriptions to the Society. To this Fund in Aid the Directors most earnestly would ask the support of the clergy and laity; its application must depend necessarily upon its amount, which will be increased by that portion of the profits arising from insurances, which is generally devoted in other societies to payment of salaries and dividends to directors and proprietors. The Directors confidently anticipate that they will hereafter be enabled, out of this fund, to reduce the amount of premiums paid in behalf of distressed clergymen and their families, and, if it should be found advisable, to increase the allowance

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