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not as much about the menagerie of Grecian and Roman deities, as about the one great and indivisible Creator? And is not the Bible narrative perverted and denied ? We lament this the more, because the mechanism of the verses proves the writer to be a man of some power. His numbers are very pleasing, and generally very correct, the rythm perfect, the cadence bold. Such praise as this is only his due. But there is this drawback, the style is not one; there is palpable imitation of the styles of Milton, Shakspeare, and Thomson, and last, not least, of Lord Byron, who not alone in manner, but in idea, has been made the author's prototype. Witness this plagiarism from Childe Harold :
I stand upon a cliff: above me piled
A thousand keels furrow the murm'ring tide,
Sleeping in sunlight or by tempest tost. Pp. 36, 37. Should Mr. Ball publish any thing further, we beg him to tell us what he means by “ a scrannel style,” (p. 285), and “ foyson of sweet sap," which the ocean is said to yield to the land, (p. 288); also to lop off two syllables from the second line in p. 162; and to believe we think well of his talents, though we ridicule his judgment.
what he hmchandebocoran serannel style na postin
Art. IV.- Historical Evidence for the Apostolic Institution of Epi
scopacy : a Sermon, preached at Stirling, on Sunday, the 7th of March, 1830, at the Consecration of the Right Rev. James Walker, D.D. to the Office of a Bishop in the Scottish Episcopal Church. By the Rev. M. Russell, LL.D. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd.
Pp. 72. A Letter on the Present Neglect of the Lord's Day, addressed to the
Inhabitants of London and Westminster. By C. J. BLOMFIELD, D.D. Bishop of London. London: Fellowes. Pp. 36. Price 1s.
We have taken these two pamphlets together, and that for a very obvious reason. The object of the first is to prove that the office and authority of a Bishop is not, as some have fallaciously asserted, the interpolation of a later age into the body of the Christian Church, but an office and authority derived immediately and directly from the Apostles, and, consequently, equally valid with that which they themselves possessed. Bishop Blomfield's Letter is, if Dr. Russell's premises be correct, an exercise of that authority, according to the power in him duly vested, to rebuke and to admonish; and although we are far from insinuating that in these our days the episcopal order has succeeded to the inspiration, and consequent infallibility, of their predecessors, the holy Apostles, yet we do not hesitate to assert, that even if it should appear that in some instances zeal may have, to a trifling extent, outrun discretion, still the reverence due to the sacred nature of the office, ought, at least, to protect him who fills, it from ribaldry and abuse. The occasion on which Dr. Russell's discourse was delivered, afforded him a fair opportunity of bringing into a narrow compass, arguments which have been employed by more diffuse and systematic writers, and in this he has succeeded with a degree of perspicuity, which suffers not in the least from the compression. Assuming that the church is a regular society, instituted by our Saviour, for conveying salvation to mankind, he cites the writings of the earliest Christian authors, from Clement, Ignatius, and Polycarp, downwards, to prove that even in the Apostolical age there existed three distinct orders of Clergymen, of which the Bishop was the head, enjoying peculiar privileges and authority. So terse and compact is the logical chain by which the reverend author connects his deductions, that to extract a part were but to injure the effect and forcible reasoning of the whole. The course of his argument is, we venture to affirm, not less clear than conclusive, and his final position is so strong as to be, in our opinion, impregnable. We seriously recommend this sermon to the perusal of all those, who, from conscientious, but evidently most mistaken views, have seceded from the Establishment, out of a vain apprehension that prelacy is an unauthorized innovation-the “cunning device of men.” In the exercise of this his pastoral superintendence of the flock of Christ, then, the present Bishop of London has deemed it advisable to issue an admonition which has exposed him to much, and we do not hesitate to say, most unmerited obloquy. An address which could defy and set at nought all the petty carpings and microscopic scrutiny of an age, in which boundless latitudinarianism, under the specious name of liberality, pervades every class of society, sharpened perhaps, in some instances, by personal envy and malignity, could emanate only from the one all-perfect mind. Whether Bishop Blomfield's Letter may or may not appear, in some respects, to attach an undue importance to a comparatively venial transgression, we shall not stop to inquire: the
quo animo of the work is the first thing we have to do with: and if this address shall appear to have originated, beyond all doubt, in the most sincere anxiety for the spiritual welfare of this great metropolis, and an equally sincere conviction of the necessity of some check being put upon excesses which originate as often in thoughtlessness and the want of “ a warning voice," as from deliberate intention,-his must be a cold and a callous heart which would shroud the sun of christian benevolence, because he may fancy he spies a spot or two upon its disc. But let us see what it is that the Bishop objects to, and thinks it his duty to reprove. Marketing on the Sabbath,- the greater proportion of drunkenness among the lower orders, which distinguishes this from all other days in the week ; – the fighting, pigeon-shooting, gambling, &c. which disgrace it in the environs ;--the Sunday-travelling, dinner-parties, gaming, &c. so notorious among the higher orders. Now what is there in all this that the most liberal of all these soi-disant liberals can gainsay, if he be a Christian? What is there in it that can be fairly stigmatized with the name of Puritanism ? Does the Bishop say that every thing in the form of relaxation is to be rigidly excluded ? He distinctly says the contrary, and only enjoins caution in the use of “innocent recreations.” Does he object to those “meditative walks,” in which man “looks through nature up to nature's God," which one of his calumniators would infer that he condemns ?” No such thing: it is riot, excess, idleness, and profligacy, whether in the rich or the poor, that he renounces; stating distinctly that he is no advocate for a Pharisaical observance of the Christian Sabbath, nor would he interfere with those quiet recreations which different individuals may think fit to allow themselves, provided that no offence be committed against public decorum, nor any shock given to that public opinion of the sanctity of the Lord's-day, which is a chief security for the continuance of religion amongst us.” (See p. 31.) After such an open and candid avowal, is it not most base and ungenerous to twist and distort a meaning so plainly expressed ; and in order to give vent to a pitiful ebullition of spleen, first to misrepresent and then to vituperate his honest endeavours in the cause of morality and religion? Let but one half of those who have blamed the Address on trust, but read it through with attention, and we will defy them to form any other opinion than that it is not the sour effusion of a narrow-minded bigotry, which its calumniators would represent it, but a composition replete with sound and judicious advice, every way worthy a kind and benevolent, but vigilant and uncompromising Chris. tian Bishop.
LITEᎡᎪᎡY ᎡᎬPOᎡᎢ .
warancas An Appeal on behalf of the Society for sionary Society," as if the Church So
Propagating the Gospel in Foreign cieties in existence before it, were not Parts; addressed to the Clergy and missionary, or as if it possessed any Laity of the Established Church, claims upon Churchmen, either from its especially those of the Diocese of constitution, its discipline, its objects, Canterbury. By the Rev. J. E. N. or its effects, superior to the claims of Molesworth, Rector of St. Martin other associations; when, in point of and St. Paul's, Canterbury, fc. fc. fact, the very reverse is the truth! And, London : Rivingtons. 1830. once more, we avail ourselves of this
opportunity of saying, that we have We have always condemned the po no delight in that cooperation of Dislicy of the Church Missionary Society, senters, which the ominous indiffeas working great injury to the inte rence of men miscalls liberality; that rests of the better institution, which the CONSCIENTIOUS DISSENTER CANNOT the pamphlet of Mr. Molesworth so coalesce with conscientious Churcheloquently and so powerfully recom men; and that a false union with other mends. And if anything could separatists, for whatever object that is strengthen our convictions upon the connected with our religious faith, is subject, it would be the perusal of his ever to be deprecated, as tending to “ Appeal,” wherein are demonstrated lower the guilt of that sin, which God not only the tendency of the Church has condemned under the name of Missionary Society to diminish the schism. But, we forbear to enter funds of the Society, whose interests more largely upon this subject, having are here advocated, but its actual already recorded our sentiments witheffects. Our zealous author and con out reserve. See Christian Rememsistent Churchman, contends, and, in brancer, No. 114, June, 1828, and our judgment triumphantly,) that No. 121, January, 1829.
The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel is, in point of antiquity and general Remarks on the Work of the Rev. ecclesiastical sanction, and the unanimous Robert Taylor, styled The Diegesis. countenance of the Episcopal Bench, DE London: "Cadell. 1830. Pp. viii. CIDEDLY SUPERIOR ; that in usefulness and aptitude, either for the maintenance or for the diffusion of the Gospel ;--in the
In our number for October last, monuments of its success, according to the (see Vol. XI. pp. 604-606) we inextent of its resources; and in the judicious troduced to the notice of our readers and economical application of its funds, it Dr. Pye Smith's Refutation of the prewill not shrink from a comparison with any tended Manifesto of the soi-disant similar society whatsoever ; that it has
Christian Evidence Society. Subseconsequently, at least equal claims upon
quently to the appearance of that the zeal and piety of the members of onr
masterly tract, Mr. Taylor published Church ; and that its friends should emu
a bulky volume, entitled “ Diegesis,' lously exert themselves to prevent its occu
containing, in part at least, a repepying a lower place in the public estimation, or a less extensive field of religious use
tition of the objections and mistatefulness than other institutions, to which
ments which had been exposed by it is in no respect inferior.-P. 6, 7. Dr. Smith, but with some additions.
To this portion of Mr. T.'s volume, We sorely detest in all cases, and these “ Remarks” are designed as a we utterly abhor in religious associ- reply. They are necessarily desultory, ations, trick and cant, and delusive because that volume is destitute of names; and, therefore, we ask upon arrangement. They are, however, what principle it is that the Society, not the less valuable, and are highly to which we have alluded, presume to creditable to the author, who (we call themselves “ The Church Mis- understand) is a layman; and as they VOL. XII. NO. VI.
discuss one or two topics at length, which Dr. Smith's plan allowed him to treat only with brevity, they will form a useful supplement to his publication.
treating Sin with Levity, Psal. iv. 2.2. On Christian Courage, Rom. i. 16.3. On the Christian Warfare, Mark iii. 34 --37.-4. The Narrow Way, Matt. vii. 13, 14.-5. What shall I do to be saved? Acts xvi. 30, 31.-6. Justification by Faith, Rom. v. 1.-7. The Invitation of the Gospel, Matt. xi. 28, 29, 30.-8. On advancing in the Christian Life, Heb. vi. 1.-It will be readily allowed, that these topics embrace a vast field of religious inquiry; and that, if treated with judgment and effect, they afford ample scope for sound pastoral advice, and Christian edification. That they are so treated, we can certify to our readers; and that such an effect will follow their perusal we confidently believe. Many points of doctrine are put in a strong and convincing light, and the practical application of them is urged with a degree of earnest persuasion, which it will not be found easy to resist.
Protestant Truths and Roman Catholic
Errors: a Tale. By the Rev.
As defenders of the ark of Protestantism, as protesters against the mongrel admixture of “Roman Catholic errors” with the sacred truths contained within that ark, which it has been our unhappy lot to witness, we should only desert the cause which we have advocated,-so long, because it is, as we believe, the good cause, and so warmly, because we are sincere in our independence and zeal,if we refused to assign to the unpretending volume before us, that meed of praise which is its due. Any champion for the right deserves respect and esteem; and as Mr. Wilson appears to be an able champion, we give him more-we thank him warmly for what he has done. This tale is a pleasing narrative, and well written; but its object is in itself sufficient to induce us to affix to it the imprimatur of such authority as we may exercise in recommending to our readers that which we deem deserving of their notice. It is in reply, or rather as an antidote to a book, entitled, “Protestant Errors and Roman Catholic Truths ;” and let those who say that they are in search of truth, and who, though adhering to them, profess to reject “ errors,” take both sides of the question into the account, and they will no longer so blindly defend what is absurd, and so madly refuse the influence of what is just.
Iconology: or, Emblematic Figures ex
plained ; in original Essays, on Moral and Instructive Subjects. By W. Pinnock, Author of “ Pinnock's Catechisms,” &c. with Seventy-two Engravings from Ancient Designs. London: Harris. 1830. 12mo. Pp. 420.
This is an admirable little book, for the use of younger readers more especially, but by no means ill adapted for the instruction and amusement of children of a larger growth. Its prominent object is to explain and illustrate the numerous representative emblems of sciences, passions, virtues, vicés, &c. which before the use of printing, were generally portrayed by certain significant symbols, and are still frequently met with on ancient coins and medals, titles of books, &c. Each description is accompanied by moral precepts, maxims, or anecdotes connected with the subject under illustration, calculated at the same time to improve the heart and inform the mind. The designs throughout are well executed; and the book will, no doubt, become a great favourite with that class of readers for whom it is principally intended.
Sermons. By the Rev. STEPHEN POPE,
M. A. Curate of St. Mary's, Lambeth, and late Fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. London : Rivingtons. 1830. 12mo. Pp. xi. 177. Price 4s.
Eight Sermons on the following highly important subjects form the contents of this little volume:--1. On