Imágenes de páginas

This visionary statement-of kindred quality with our editor's notions as developed in the fifteenth Conversation, from page 186 to page 248, where we are taught that the reign of Saul was the type of the law of Moses; and the reign of David the type of the gospel dispensation ; and the reign of Solomon the type of the millennium ;how Hiram, in assisting Solomon to build the temple, typifies the professing church employed by the Lord as instruments of establishing his kingdom ;-how the Philistines are types of the infidel and pagan enemies of the Church ;-how David's adultery with the wife of a Gentile Hittite shadowed forth the adulterous union of the Christian Church with the harlot of Babylon ;-how Mephibosheth appears to represent the spiritual Jew ;-how the “old age of David, endeavouring to get warmth and life from the heathen Abishag, may point to the abortive attempts of the professing Church, in the present day, upon the heathen world, by its missionary operations;"—this visionary statement, elaborate and minute as it is, stands obnoxious to the slight charge of being unauthorized by Scripture; an objection, be it observed, fatal to its worth. The reveries of the noted Professor of Divinity in the University of Leyden,* which "represented the whole history of the Old Testament as a mirror, that held forth an accurate view of the transactions and events which were to happen in the Church under the dispensation of the New Testament;" and which maintained that the miracles, actions, and sufferings of Christ and his Apostles, during the course of their ministry, were types and images of future events ;" were not a whit more extravagant than the chimeras of our congregation of seers, who, in every resemblance discover a type, and in every similitude a symbol, without considering that as a type must have been designed from the beginning to prefigure its antitype, (the connexion between them being preordained and inherent,) the reality of such previous design must depend upon divine authority. There is, in good truth, just as much ground for asserting with Cocceius, that “the ten commandments were promulgated by Moses, not as a rule of obedience, but as a representation of the covenant of grace," as there is for the ludicrous and whimsical fancies before us.

Our author talks of sin being infused into Adam," p. 54, and he tells us, that “ the fall of man was ordained from all eternity,” p. 36. But sin is a privative, and cannot, therefore, be an object of any act; and the fall of man, i. e. his “ first disobedience,” cannot be said to have been “ordained" by God; for in that case, being conformable to his will, it would cease to be evil ; but it was permitted by God, and originated, perhaps, (for we speak with humility and caution on

* John Koch, or Cocceius. Mosheim's Eccl. Hist. cent. 17. sect. 2. part ii. $ 31.

as man.


this deep mystery), in a principle of defectibility, in such a free agent

We advert, however, to the subject, with no hope of solving its difficulties, but for the purpose of recommending our dramatis persona, when again assembled in council, to study this admirable piece of advice: “ Seek not the things that are too hard for thee, neither search the things that are above thy strength. But what is commanded thee, think thereupon with reverence ; for it is not needful for thee to see with thine eyes the things that are in secret.

Be not curious in unnecessary matters. For many are deceived by their own vain opinion." Eccles. xviii. 6.

Indeed, this wise caution might have prevented the publication of these random “ Dialogues on Prophecy," and stifled the metaphysical niceties which are broached relating to the Holy Ghost, who is said ." to submit to the Father, by agreeing to go into the body, to be at the bidding of the Son in the manhood, (p. 278); of which“ cessary mattersit is a sign of any thing but humility and wisdom, thus dogmatically to write. O! " what perverseness it is to endeavour to break into the sacred repositories of heaven, and pretend to accommodate those secrets of the divine kingdom to the measures and methods of our weak capacities !"*

With the Calvinistic creed of our editor, we are, on the present occasion, unwilling to meddle ; let him swallow those crudities if he can. Many good men have adopted the principles of that reformer, and many bright ornaments of the Church of England have held his uncomfortable opinions. But we cannot permit the cloak of Calvinism to be cast over puerilities like these which we have discussed; and much less can we forbear from chastising an arrogant spirit of invective against " the leading authorities of the Church,” who are branded as covetous hypocrites, (pp. 327, 328); or from indignantly noticing the degrading comparisons instituted between the Clergy of the Establishment, and Roman Catholic Priests, and " eloquent” Dissenting Ministers,-however imposing may be the assumption of superior sanctity and wisdom, or however awful the denunciations which are uttered against such as shall impiously dare to question the more than papal infallibility of these talkers on Prophecy!

* Archbishop Leighton.



Divines of the Church of England, with so fair or so tradesman-like as we

Lives of the Authors, Summary of could wish. It will require three times each Discourse, Notes, fc. By the the number of volumes, at least, to Rev. T. S. Hughes, B. D. of Em- complete the proposed plan. Sherlock manuel College, Cambridge, &c. &c. alone will occupy at least four, if not Bishop Sherlock, No. 1. London: five volumes ; and after him are to Valpy. 1830. Pp. lxxi. 418. 7s. 6d. follow the complete works of Barrow; We know not how far the editor

and the most popular works of Hall, and the printer are respectively con

Atterbury, Jewel, Laud, Jortin, South,

Hurd, Bull, cerned in the publication before us;

Beveridge, Balguy, but we know quite enough of the for

S. Clarke, Ogden, Paley, Waterland, mer to be fully persuaded that his part

J. Taylor, &c. Why the most popular in the “Divines of the Church of Eng

works only of these last are to be land” will be ably and honourably given, in a series of which completeness fulfilled. If, indeed, we may judge

ought to be a leading feature, we are from the specimen before us, nothing however, an average of two volumes

at a loss to conjecture. Allowing, will be wanting to render the projected only to the fifteen expressly named, collection one of the most valuable additions to the library of the theo

and ten to complete Sherlock and Barlogian which could well have been

row, we have only ten remaining for devised. The memoir of Sherlock is

the 8c., amongst which any of our a well-written and highly interesting

theological friends will readily run off

twenty or thirty of our ablest divines on piece of biography; and a series of the lives of the great Fathers of our

the tip of his tongue. The plain fact Church, upon the same plan, would, in

is, Mr. Valpy means to continue the themselves, be sufficient to

series as long as it will pay; and this

under the superintendence of Mr. success to the undertaking. Of the

Hughes, will be as long as he continues Summaries, it will be sufficient to state that they furnish a very complete di

it. He ought to have been candid

enough to say so. gest of the discourses to which they

We refrain from saying more upon are prefixed; and are well calculated

this subject, than that we really wish to answer the end for which they are

the work well. designed,--that of assisting the younger clergy in composition. Notes to the present volume there are none, because none were required; but the editor's

The Family Cabinet Atlas ; constructed well-known theological acquirements

upon an original plan, and engraved leave no doubt respecting the utility

on steel. By Mr. Thomas Starling.

Part I. Eight Plates. 2s. 6d. plain, of those which may be hereafter neces

3s. 6d. coloured. London: Bull. sary.

1830. Turn we now to the publisher.The original prospectus states that We occasionally swerve a little from forty volumes would be about the our beaten track for the purpose of relimit of the projected series; and the commending a work of general utility, number has since been enlarged to though without the range of theological about fifty. Now, giving the utmost pos- literatnre. Such an opportunity now sible latitude to this indefinite mode of presents itself in the elegant little calculation, this statement is not quite book before us; which, for neatness of


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execution, combined with perspicuity before us may be looked upon as a of design, exceeds every idea which sort of “popular manual in defence of can be formed respecting it. From its the orthodox faith." minute size, it might have been As usefulness rather than novelty thought that no practical end could was our author's object, he has freely be answered by its publication; but availed himself of the labours of we can assure our readers that its plan others. Dr. Wardlaw's volumes “ is so constructed as to be of infinitely the Socinian Controversy,” and Dr. greater service to the young geogra

P. Smith's “Scripture Testimony to pher, than the generality of Atlasses the Messiah," and Scott's “ Commenwhich are commonly employed. On tary on the Bible," have been the the maps themselves the principal cities copious treasures whence Mr. Law has and towris only are inserted; but taken whatever suited his laudable pura table of all others of any note, with pose, sacrificing the vanity of authortheir latitude and longitude annexed. ship to the desire of being instructive. Plates of the relative height of moun- We do not mean that the admirable tains and length of rivers are also treatise on our table is a servile furnished, which convey the intended from the works of others; far from it: idea with wonderful exactness. The Mr. Law is any thing rather than a engravings are made on this reduced

mere compiler of the sentiments of scale with a view to their corresponding others, and his small volume is replete in size with those popular publications with matter of learned argument in of the day-Lardner's Cabinet Cyclo- defence of the faith, which we defy pædia,” Murray's “ Family Library,” the subtilest maintainer of Socinianism &c. By the way, we may remark of to controvert. The Scriptures are the the former of these works, that it is in armoury whence he has taken his every way deserving of the patronage weapons; and the concurrent sense of which it has received, and bids fair the Catholic Church is the tribunal to to increase in public estimation. We which he has wisely made his appeal, shall take an early opportunity of « both for assistance in the interpregiving it a more particular notice; tation of the sacred text, and for at least upon the appearance of its guidance in those matters of religion first theological treatise.

which the text has left at large." (Preface, p. v.) Arians and Apollinarians, Nestorians and Eutichians,

meet with their respective confutaThe Scripture Doctrine of the Divine tions; and the attempts of Priestley

Unity, and of the Person of Christ, and Belsham to seduce men from the asserted and defended against the form of sound words will assuredly Objections of Unitarians : with an prove abortive, wherever they are met Appendix on Phil. ii. 6–11. By with the sterling wisdom of such Joseph Law, B. A. Curate of Whit- writers as the able Curate of Whittingham. London: Seeley. Price 7s. tingham, whose labours we thus rePp. xi. 388.

commend to the candid perusal of the

public. We cordially thank Mr. Law This is an excellent compendium of for his seasonable refutation of a systhe chief points of the Socinian con- tem, which, “ assuming the name of troversy, and we recommend it heartily Christianity, destroys the foundations to the perusal of the lovers of truth. of Christian faith, and peace, and It purports to be an answer to some hope, and joy, by denying the Lord Lectures on the principles of Uni- who bought us, crucifying the gospel, tarianism; by J. S. Hyndman, the and turning the record of God into a Socinian preacher at Alnwick; and as lie."-(Preface, p.ix.) those discourses are said to “ contain As a specimen of the style of this the head, and heart, and strength, of little compendium (containing more the Unitarian cause, and may, there- matter, by-the-by, than many a costly fore, be regarded as a kind of Uni- quarto), we quote the following pastarian manual ;" so the able work sage from page 4:

Unitarianism! This is the inscription pious endeavour it is to crush this which modern Socinians put upon their pestilent perversion of the truth as it banner, as the distinguishing characteristic is in Jesus Christ. of their religion. They are Unitarians. What does the term imply? That they believe in one God alone. Does this belief then form a peculiar characteristic, dis- Sermons on various subjects.

By the tinguishing them from all others ? No.

Rev. John STEDMAN, D.D. Assistant The Turks believe in one God alone.

Minister of Margaret's Chapel, Bath. The infidel Deists believe in one God alone. These then are Unitarians. Is it

Bath : Upham. London: Hatchard, replied, “ The Socinians are Christians,

1830. 8vo. Pp. vi. 346. which is not the case with Mahometans

The circumstances under which and Deists; and they assume the title of

this volume appears to have been pubUnitarians, in order to distinguish themselves from other Christians ?"

Do not

lished, would at once disarm the seveother Christians then believe in one God

rity of criticism, even were it otherwise alone? Yes, they believe and assert the

requisite to be severe. We are happy, Unity of God, or that there is but one

however, in being able to recommend God, as firmly and strenuously as any

the Discourses of Dr. Stedman to our “ Unitarian" whatever. Thus they are

readers. They are quite equal to the Unitarians equally with those who inscribe ordinary run of published sermons; the name on their banner. Is it further and we hope that the profits arising replied, “ Other Christians are Trinita- from a long and respectable list of rians, who believe a Trinity of persons in subscribers, will be increased by a yet one Godhead, and we call ourselves Uni

more extensive circulation among the tarians, to distinguish us from those who

religious public. are Trinitarians ?” Then, I ask, why not assume a name answerable to the distinction, and which would really and

Sermons preached at the Temple Church. HONESTLY distinguish them? Why not

By the Rev. ANDREW IRVINE, B.D. call themselves Anti-trinitarian or Solitarian, or plainly Socinian? Why assume

Chaplain of the Tower, and late

Assistant Preacher at the Temple, a name as peculiarly distinguishing themselves, when it is honestly common to all

London: Murray. 1830, 8vo. called Christians ? As assumed by them, Pp. 280. Price 8s. 6d. it implies that others called Christians are not Unitarian. We feel the iroplication, and

The past and present annals of the cannot allow the claim. It is toward us a Temple” Church are so connected in fraudulent matter, and we can regard it in

our minds with the names of our no other light than as a fraud, and entitled ablest preachers and the soundest to some other appellation than " an honest divines, that we look almost instincattempt. And if the banner is inscribed tively for more than ordinary pretenwith fraud, what may we expect will be sions from a volume of Sermons which the character of the doings of those who were delivered within the walls of that fight under it?—P. 4.

venerable sanctuary. Nor in the

preWe have no hesitation in declaring

sent instance have we been essentially our conviction, that Mr. Law's “Scrip disappointed. We do not mean to ture Doctrine of the Divine Unity"

rank the discourses of Mr. Irvine with supplies a refutation of every heretical those of a Sherlock and a Rennell, or notion, and an answer to every pre

with those of the highly gifted preacher tence, which even the six folio volumes of the present day; but they are good of the “ Bibliotheca Fratrum Polono- specimens of sound reasoning, pure therum" contain. A Christless Christia- ology, and practical application. The nity,“ denying the Lord who bought following remarks, however, from the us," is founded on pride, is propa

concluding sermon, on“ Strict Adhegated by fraud, and will terminate in rence to Scripture,” require a few bitter disappointment to all her mise

words of observation:rable dupes, and arrogant maintainers; It is a fact not to be denied, that there and, therefore, we gladly proffer the are many assuming to themselves high hand of friendship to every man whose authority as expounders of Scripture, who,

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