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CHURCH SOCIETIES. MR. EDITOR, -The letter signed, "A Real Churchman," “Church Societies,” in your Number for March, 1830, is admirable. With every word it contains I cordially agree ; and particularly with that part in which he recommends Churchmen to give all they can afford to the two Church Societies ; such is undoubtedly, and plainly, their duty. One reason for the funds of these Societies being so lamentably small, I believe to arise from their being very imperfectly known ; as a remedy for which, I would advise every Bishop, both at home and abroad, to command, that each of his Clergy, on a day appointed by the Archbishops, advocate the cause, and explain the merits, of these two Societies, that every episcopal pulpit throughout the British dominions be thus occupied on the same day. I would next advise, that each Head of a College, in both the Universities, form a District Committee of the Fellows and Students, with an Annual Meeting, which would, I doubt not, pour hundreds of pounds (I speak within limit) into the coffers of our venerable Societies. That active, zealous, and immediate exertions may be made to further the objects of these invaluable and inestimable Institutions, and that a blessing may attend such endeavours, is the anxious wish and earnest prayer of
A DISTANT READER.
ON THE EXPRESSIONS, “ THE CAUSE OF RELIGION,"
“ THE FRIENDS OF RELIGION.” Few expressions are more unmeaning; or, supposing them to have a meaning, have a meaning more absurd than such as these, “ The cause of religion,” " The friends of religion." The words, according to their acceptation in other instances, imply somewhat of benefit or honour conferred on the former by the latter. Now religion is, in this sense, a friend to man-not man to religion. We further not religion's cause, but religion furthers ours. Religion, the religion of the Gospel, provides for our most urgent wants, saves us in our most imminent peril, gives us in this world, for vanity and woe a reasonable happy service,—and in the next, for endless misery, a crown of unfading glory. These are some few of the things religion does for man; who, in return, commonly rejects it with scorn, or, professing to believe, disgraces it by his practice. Who then shall dare call himself the friend of religion ? Who presume to express himself as the advocate, the patron of its cause, when it is indeed, by the ordinance of its gracious Author, our patron, our advocate ; and we all dependent on its good offices in our inmost souls, for our very hope of health and life?
NUMBER OF JEWS WHO NOW EXIST IN THE WORLD. [We translate the following census from the March number of the Archives du Christianisme au dix-neuvième Siècle, a Parisian Protestant periodical, which fully deserves the encomium passed on it by Mr. Rose, in the Supplement to his State of Protestantism in Germany, and from which we have once before taken, as we may again take, some observations relative to interesting subjects discussed in our pages.]
It appears that this singular people are now as numerous as ever ; and that there are in existence at least 2,730,000 Jews, belonging to the different sects of Rabbis, Caraites, Samaritans, Yahudis, Malabars, &c. We find them in almost all the states of Europe, excepting in Spain, in Portugal, and in Sicily, where they are not tolerated. It is said that there are none in Scotland, * although they are not prohibited from residing there.
THE EUROPEAN JEWS ARE DISTRIBUTED AS FOLLOWS:
In the Austrian States, in Hungary, Gallicia, &c.
Total in Europe.
470,000 450,000 312,000 153,000 60,000 55,000 80,000 25,000 6,000
500 16,000 9,100 1,400 6,000 10,000
3,000 15,000 2,000
The Jews are very numerous in Africa, in all the Barbary states, from Morocco to Egypt. They are met with also in Abyssinia, in Zanguebar, the Soudan, at the Cape of Good Hope, &c. ; their number is not exactly known, but we may reckon it about 480,000.
In Asia, in the tributary States of Turkey, there are about 250,000 ; in the possessions of the Emperor of Russia, 35,000 ; near 100,000 in Persia; several in Arabia, in Tartary, Cabul, China, Hindostan, and Malabar; the whole number in Asia is about 542,000. There is but a small number in the Polynesia, and those only at Batavia, and in the English and Dutch colonies ; in all about 2,000.
In America, although excluded from Brazil and the Spanish states, they are spread all over the other colonies, and all the other states. In the United States there are about 15,000; in the English colonies
We suspect that the Correspondent of the “ Archives” is a little mistaken on this point.
12,000; in the Dutch colonies 1,000; and 1,000 in those of France, Denmark, Sweden, &c. making in all about 32,000.
480,000 In Asia.
542,000 In the Polynesia
2,000 In America
We may consider this reckoning sufficiently exact, especially as regards Europe, where the Jews are more numerous. Although they form everywhere a distinct people, and though they have retained their peculiar habits, nevertheless they adopt, in general, the usages and the languages of the countries which they inhabit. The languages which they most generally speak, are the Arabian, the Italian, the German, the dialect of the Polish Jews, and the Turkish.
Hail! holy offspring of the Great Supreme!
and guilt hang hovering o'er the breast;
AN EVENING PRAYER. On! blessed Lord, the Keeper of Israel, who neither slumbers nor sleeps ; be pleased in thy mercy to watch over me this night, and to keep me by thy grace from all danger. Grant me moderate and refreshing sleep, such as may fit me for the duties of the day following. Make me ever mindful of the time when I shall lie down in the dust, for I know neither the day nor the hour when my Master cometh. Grant me grace, good Lord, that I may be always ready; that whether I live I may live unto the Lord, or whether I die I may die unto the Lord; so that living or dying, I may be thine, through Jesus Christ our Saviour. Amen.
INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR BUILDING CHURCHES, &c.
The Committee, in their last Report, careful to adhere to the rule laid down detailed the changes which had taken for their direction in the 9th clause of place in the character and constitution the Act of Incorporation. This clause of the Society, in consequence of its provides, that, in affording aid to paincorporation by act of Parliament. rishes, "reference be had to the amount They adverted, at the same time, to of money raised by the parishioners, the increase of its funds, by means of by rates or subscriptions, and to the the parochial collections made under improvement which it may be prothe authority of a Royal Letter. posed to effect in the accommodation The proceedings of the Society
for the poor.” under these new circumstances,—the They wish it therefore to be disdifference in the expenditure and its tinctly understood by all persons who results, as compared with preceding may apply for assistance towards reyears, and the causes of that diffe- pairs, that the Society is not authorence,—these are the facts which it is rized to assist those who will not of most importance for the friends of make every reasonable exertion for the Society to learn, and to which the themselves, by pecuniary contributions Committee will
, on the present occa- or rates, and also engage to provide a sion, confine their remarks.
sufficient number of free sittings for It is gratifying, then, to observe, in their
poorer fellow-christians. the first place, that the exertions of The total amount of the accommothe Society have, on the whole, been dation obtained, when compared with more extensive, and the benefits con- the total amount of the grants which ferred by it greater, during the last, have been made by the Society since than in any preceding year since it its first institution, presents a most was instituted. It has received 147 gratifying and satisfactory result: applications for aid. It has made new 193,711 appropriated, and 142,222 or additional grants to ninety-five unappropriated sittings, in places of churches or chapels. It has appro
worship belonging to the Established priated to these grants the sum of Church, may be regarded as cheaply 16,2001., and secured, in return, ad- purchased for the sum of 133,9901. ditional sittings for no less than 20,967 which the Society has contributed
ich 13,546 are free and towards procuring this increase of unappropriated.
accommodation. The point to which the Committee By the expenditure of last year, the would now direct attention is, the disposable balance of the Society has increase in the expenditure of the been reduced from 33,7361. 4s. 9d. to Society, during the last year, com- 26,9921. 18s. pared with the number of sittings The annual subscriptions are neither which have been obtained, as exhibited númerous nor large; and a sum, not in the printed statement. This may much exceeding 4001. is all that has be satisfactorily accounted for by the been received from the collections fact, that, since the discontinuance of under the King's Letter since the last briefs, it has been found necessary to report, in addition to 40,6531. 4s. 7d. afford pecuniary aid, in some cases,
which had before been paid in. towards repairs, as well as towards en- That the churches and chapels largement or building. The Commit- which have been built or enlarged tee, however, beg leave to observe, that, through the Society's grants are well in making any grant, in such cases, attended, the Committee have every they have been, and ever will be, most reason to believe.
ANTIGUA. Report of the Antigua District Com- wards these claims, there is a balance
mittee of the Society for Promoting in hand not exceeding 761. 10s. 3d. Christian Knowledge, for the year currency. If, indeed, the subscriptions 1829.
had been regularly paid at the date The Antigua District Committee of when they became payable (the 15th Society for Promoting Christian Know- of June in each year), which, from ledge, states that, in addition to the inadvertency, they are not, there books in the depository at the com
would be no deficiency of means to mencement of the year, consisting
meet the claims already mentioned, chiefly of Bibles, the Committee has, or to assist, by gratuitous supplies of during 1829, had two supplies, at the books, in the furtherance of Charity cost altogether of 521. 12s.6d. sterling, Schools, and other similar labours. of such books as seemed to be most The following books were issued in required, either for sale, or for the use 1829, and up to March 19, 1830:of the parochial schools, and such Family Bibles, 6; Bibles, 72; Comother grants in aid of the labours of mon Prayers, 89; Books, 303; Tracts, the Clergy, as should be sanctioned at 216: total, 686. the different quarterly meetings.
Two thousand children and others By the Treasurer's account, it ap
have been supplied with books. pears that the receipts for books actually sold since the date of the last First Annual Report of the English Report, including four copies of the Harbour Society for aiding the Edwlarge “ Family Bible,” have amounted cation of Poor Children. Read at to 741. 58. 9d. currency, or about 35l.
the General Meeting, on Thursday, sterling. In estimating the extent of the 12th of November, 1829. the grants, it is to be kept in mind, It is with peculiar satisfaction that that, besides the National Schools in your Committee undertake the pleasing St. John's and English Harbour (all task of laying before the public the of which are now in a flourishing con- First Annual Report of the Society dition), several Sunday Schools in the for aiding the establishment instituted different parishes, among which the for the education of destitute and large one in the parish of St. John friendless children residing in English deserves particular notice, as also seve- Harbour. ral Estate Schools, receive their chief On the 25th of October, 1828, a supplies of books gratuitously from the meeting of the inhabitants of English District Committee. It may be in- Harbour and its vicinity was convened teresting also to observe, that the in the school-room, and a Society books required for the use of the gaol formed. in St. John's, have been procured, at At the first meeting of your
Comthe public expense, from the Com- mittee, their attention was immediately mittee's depository. Nor must the directed to the indigent circumstances Committee forget to acknowledge, on of the children, many of whom were the part of the Rector of St. John's, a deprived of the benefits resulting from liberal grant of books from the Parent a punctual attendance at school and Society, towards the formation of a at church, from want of decent apparel. lending library, for the benefit of his To remove these hindrances to the parishioners, among whom a partial moral and religious advancement of subscription had previously been raised the children, by supplying the necesfor the purpose.
sary articles of clothing, your ComIn regard to the state of the funds, mittee, at the recommendation of the the Committee are under the necessity
Rev. Joseph B. Wilkinson, appropriated of observing, that they are in debt to the first receipts of money to the purthe Parent Society for books already chase of nineteen moleskin jackets, in the depository, or daily expected and eleven suits of clothes for the from London, in the sum of nearly boys, together with ten bonnets and 1001. sterling, besides what is due in four suits of clothes for the girls. the island for printing and sundries, to This supply was most seasonable, and the amount of about 10l. sterling. To- your Committee had the satisfaction