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together before him, when he washed his hands in water in this vessel, after which it was cleaned, and then the whole multitude advanced, one after another, and touched it in the same manner as they touch his foot, when they pay him obeisance. If the guilty person touched it, he died immediately upon the spot, not by violence but by the hand of Providence; and if any one refused to touch it, his refusal was a clear proof that he was the man.- Cook's Third Voyage, Book II. c. 8. • In the temple Kurumado, in a corner to the left, within a large wooden grate, we took notice of a sexangular lanthorn covered with black gauze, which could be turned round like a wheel, and is said to be of great service in discovering unknown and future things. We were told likewise that a large book of their gods and religion lay in the same lanthorn, of the contents whereof they would, or could, give us no particulars, and only would make us believe that it was a very strange and miraculous thing.–Kampher's Japan, Vol. II. p. 600.
The conjuror fills a pewter basin or a brass pan, full of water, then sets up a stick on each side; from the tops of the sticks he stretches a small cord, and from the centre of that cord suspends a grain of pepper by a thread, just to touch, but not in the water; he then dips his fingers in the water and flirts them in the culprit's face; if he is guilty, a white film immediately covers his eyes, which deprives him , of sight, and causes most excruciating pain, but if he is innocent, it has no effect. After the guilty person has made his confession, the conjuror dips his.--History of Sierra Leone."
Before the Sumatrans go to war, they kill a buffalo, or a fowl that is perfectly white, and by observing the motion of the intestines, they judge of the good or ill-fortune that will attend them. The priest who performs this ceremony, had need to be infallible, for if he predicts contrary to the event, he is sometimes put to death for his want of skill.-Marsden's Sumatra, p. 310.
In the Rudhiradhyaya, or sanguinary chapter, translated from the Calica Puran, there are a variety of curious omens explained according to the direction in which the head of a human victim, buffalo, &c. falls when severed from the body.- Asiatic Researches, Vol. V.
The Scythians have amongst them a great number who practise the art of divination ; for this purpose they use a number of willow twigs in this manner : They bring large bundles of these together, and having united them, dispose them one by one on the ground, each bundle at a distance from the rest. This done, they pretend to foretel the future, during which they take up the bundles separately, and tie them again together. They take also the leaves of the limetree, which dividing into three parts, they twine round their fingers; they then unbind it, and exercise the art to which they pretend.—Herodotus Book IV.
The inhabitants of the Pelew Islands entertained so strong an idea of divination, that whenever any matter of moment was going to be undertaken, they conceived they could, by splitting the leaves of a particular plant, that was not unlike our bulrush, and measuring the strips of this long narrow leaf on the back of their middle finger, form a judgment whether it would or would not turn out prosperous. It was noticed by several of our people that the king recurred to this supposed oracle on different occasions, particularly at the time they went on the second expedition against Artingall, when he appeared to be very unwilling to go aboard his canoe, and kept all his attendants waiting till he had tumbled and twisted his leaves into a form that satisfied his mind, and predicted success. Our people never observed any person but the king apply to this divination.— Wilson's Pelew Islands.
The Afghauns (see p. 66, this book) pry into futurity by astrological and geomantic calculations, and by all sorts of divination and sortilege. Amongst other modes, they form presages from drawing lots, from the position assumed by arrows poured carelessly out of a quiver. I remember a conversation which I had (immediately before Shauh Shooja's great struggle with his competitor in 1809) with one of that prince's Persian ministers, who told me that he had now good reason to rely with certainty on his master's success. I listened with attention, expecting to hear of a correspondence with some of the great lords of the other party, and I was a good deal surprised to find the minister's confidence arose entirely from the result of some augury from the position of arrows.-Elphinstone's Account of Caubul, p. 223.
Mr. John Rawlins, when a prisoner on board a Turkish vessel, thus describes a singular mode of divination by arrows. Upon the sight of two great ships, feared to be two Spanish men-of-war, a deep silence is commanded in the ship; after that all the company gives a great shriek; sometimes the sails are all taken in, and perhaps presently after hoisted out again, as the conjuror presages. There are also a cutlass and two arrows laid on a cushion, one for the Turks the other for the Christians, and a curtlaxe; then this wise man reads, and some one or other takes the two arrows in his hand by their heads; if the arrow for the Christian comes over the head of the arrow for the Turks, it foretels they will be taken; if the arrow for the Turks comes over the head of that for the Christians, they think themselves sure of success. The curtlaxe is taken up by a child or some person that is a stranger to the matter, and it is much minded if it lie on the same side or no. They observe lunatics too; for the conjuror writes down their sayings in a book, groveling upon the ground as if he whispered to the devil.-Harris's Voyages, p. 371.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.
Report of the Cranbrook District Committee. The first Anniversary Meeting of collection till the Committee had asthe District Committee of the Society certained, by experience, what works for promoting Christian Knowledge, were most generally used in the Disestablished at Cranbrook, was held in trict. It was likewise proposed at the the Vestry-room of Cranbrook Church, same meeting, to procure a number of on Friday, 30th July, immediately the Society's Bibles, and all the Comafter Divine Service. T. L. Hodges, mon-Prayers, lettered and priced, to Esq. M. P. president, in the chair. be retained in the depôt as specimens; The following Report was read by the which plan was adopted, for the purRev. A. Hussey, the Secretary.
pose of enabling members, when wish"At this early period of its existence, ing to obtain books, to decide by it will not be expected of the Cranbrook personal inspection on the most conDistrict Committee, that its Report venient size. The state of their funds should exhibit operations on a very requiring economy, some only of the extended scale; it will, however, ap Bibles were chosen, but others may at pear, that it has not been altogether any time be added, should it be deemed inactive.
expedient. When the Committee was esta is The Committee has likewise reblished, it was resolved, that a depo ceived applications from members in sitory of books should be formed at the District for books not in the depoCranbrook, for the convenience of the sitory, which it immediately procured; District; in pursuance of which reso- and in the course of the year has been lution, at the first quarterly meeting the medium of dispersingin October last, a selection was made
Bibles .................. 16 from the Society's catalogue, and a
Testaments .............. supply requested, consisting of Bibles
Common Prayers and Psalters. and Common-Prayers of different sizes, Other Books and Tracts .... 720 with a few other books; it not being considered advisable to make a large
Total ...... 810 VOL. XII. NO. IX.
“ The Cash Account of the Committee does not, at first sight, wear a very encouraging aspect, as there appears a balance due to the Treasurer of 51. 8s. 8 d.; which balance, however, arises solely from the circumstance, that the supplies obtained from the Parent Society have been paid for, while some of the accounts with the members in the district still remained outstanding. The sum of 101. 10s. 6d. is now due for books sent out from the depository, and the value of the books therein yet unsold (exclusive of specimens) is 41. 4s. 9d.-total 141. 158. 3d., leaving, in fact, a balance in favour of the Committee, of 91. 6s. 6 d.
“ The resources of the Committee are as yet but small, the annual subscribers hitherto declared being few; and although the donations bestowed at the establishment of the Committee have well enabled it to meet the expenses thus far incurred, its present means are totally inadequate to a continuance of even the exertions already made, much less to an augmentation of them. The Committee, however, feel persuaded, that its supporters will increase as its existence becomes more generally known, and its usefulness felt; and that the liberality of its friends will qualify it to extend its operations as far as the wants of the district shall require.
" In conclusion, the Committee hope, that the warmth of its zeal will not be measured by the amount of its proceedings thus far; but that those proceedings will be regarded as an earnest of the efforts it will make in whatever field shall be opened for its future exertions. The objects of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, and all its affiliated branches being, not to extend a vague and indefinite acquaintance with the scheme of redemption through Christ, leaving men to apply that knowledge to themselves in whatsoever manner they think proper ; but to strengthen and enlarge the boundaries of that fold, which, on the joint testimony of Scripture and antiquity, it believes to be the one true fold, esta blished by the holy Apostles, under the express authority of their Divine Master; the approbation and blessing of the Almighty on its labours may with full confidence he looked for;
that blessing which has raised it (with all humility be the comparison used) from its first springing up as a mustard seed to its present goodly proportions, when its boughs reach to the East, and its branches to the West. The Committee, therefore, are convinced, that the very interest of the subject, without farther endeavours on its part, will suffice to recommend it to the consideration of members of the Church of England. And in inviting the attention and support of the public to itself, it does so with the view, not only of the good it may accomplish in the district, but also of promoting the welfare of the Society at large, and thus assisting its munificent, well-directed, and widely-extended plans of benevolence.”
The confidence expressed in the Report on the increase of the support the Committee had already experienced, was fully justified; as, in addition to a handsome contribution at the Church doors, after a Sermon by the Rev. Dr. Nares, Rector of Biddenden, the number of Annual Subscribers was more than doubled before the termination of the Anniversary Meeting.
The Rev. Julius Deeds, Rev. D. W. Davies, Francis Law, Esq. and Thomas Monypenny, Esq. were elected Vicepresidents.
The Treasurer and Secretary were re-elected, and the Rev. W. Temple and R. J. Monypenny, Esq., were chosen Auditors for the ensuing year.
: Report of the Canterbury Diocesan
Committee. The Report of a Diocesan Committee, ministering to a Society whose operations are in foreign countries, is ne cessarily barren of local topics. In this respect, the immediate details are simply those of collection and remittance. The receipts, it is observed with regret, have lately somewhat decreased. One splendid act of munificence from an individual, to whose bounties many other pious and charitable institutions are deeply indebted, has, indeed, in a pecuniary point of view, placed the county of Kent high in the scale of contributions to the Society. The name of Tillard stands conspicuous in the grateful records of other societies, and must not be forgotten on the present occasion. His liberal bequest of 30,0001., or 27,000l. exclusive of the legacy duty, afforded a most important and seasonable relief to the reduced funds and heavily pressed resources of the Institution. But this casual and pecuniary aid from an individual, does not necessarily indicate, what is much more important, the lively and zealous interest of the Christian community at large, in the great and gracious work of diffusing far and wide the inestimable knowledge and holy influence of the gospel of Christ Jesus. The Committee are anxious for general cooperation. They perceive that, in various parts of the kingdom, attention has been roused; and that this ancient, venerable, and most useful Society has, of late years, received very cheering marks of awakened interest in its designs, and very considerable addition to its subscriptions. They trust, there
fore, that what has been effected elsewhere, is practicable here; that the more the Society is known, the more its usefulness will be felt, the more its designs will be supported.
The total amount of subscriptions received by the Committee in the year ending December 31, 1829, was 1271. 4s. 6d.; of this sum, 1121. was remitted to the Parent Society after the annual meeting in June last. The balance, 151. 4s. 6d., consisting of subscriptions received after the above remittance was made, remains in the banker's hands, and will now be remitted with the subscriptions received for the current year, and the collection that may be made upon the present occasion. . .
The total amount of remittances made to the Parent Society by the Committee since its formation in the latter part of the year 1824, up to December 31, 1829, is 8691. 1s. 7d.
Domestic. The election of Members to serve in the new Parliament is the only political occurrence, of a domestic nature, which calls for our present notice. The contests have been numerous and severe; yet conducted with less interruption of the public tranquillity than we recollect upon any former occasion. The num-. ber of new Members returned is also unusually great; and a very large proportion of these, from their connexions, may be presumed to be opposed to the present Administration. We have only heard of the return of six Roman Catholics ; four in Ireland, and two in Great Britain.
FRANCE.-Events of the most momentous importance have passed in this country. We noticed, in our last report, the probability that the result of the elections to the new Chamber of Deputies would be hostile to the measures of the court. The Administration of France was sure of this, but so attached to their plans of government that they determined to hazard the
most arbitrary and desperate attempts, rather than relinquish them. By royal order, the liberty of the press was abolished, the public journals suppressed, and the printing materials seized, with the exception of the Moniteur, the official Government paper, and two others, the Quotidienne and Drapeau Blanc, both organs of the ultra-royalist party; the Chamber of Deputies was dissolved before it had met, and a new one called, in which the number of Deputies was reduced to two hundred and fifty-eight, and the Colleges of the Arrondissemens were deprived of their right of suffrage.
This open and violent invasion of the rights of the people, secured to. them by the Charter which restored the Bourbons to the throne of their ancestors, immediately excited the most active opposition of all orders of men, those only excepted which were, under the influence of the Jesuits,-a power behind the throne, and superior to it, that led to the ruin of it on the present occasion. The military were
immediately employed to suppress every symptom of disorder; but the assertors of their national rights were so numerous, so united in spirit, and so encouraged by the resumption of the uniform of the National Guard, that after three days' 'severe conflict, and the loss of sixteen thousand lives, Paris was left entirely in the hands of the people. The king had withdrawn to Rambouillet; thither he was followed by General Geraud and an army of the National Guard. A negotiation commenced, which soon terminated in the abdication of Charles X. and the renunciation of all claims to the succes sion on the part of the Dauphin. General Geraud guaranteed to the late king a safe conduct out of France, both to himself and all the members of his family, and that the future government of the kingdom should provide liberally for their support.
The Chamber of Peers, and that of Deputies which Charles X. had attempted to dissolve, met at Paris, on the 3d of August, according to their original convocation; on the 4th and following days, they entered upon the transaction of such business as arose from the awful crisis in which they found themselves placed; they declared the throne vacant,--that the Constitution had been endangered, and that the Charter must be revised, to render it more safe from future attacks. In this revision the chief alterations are, the suppression of the sixth Article, which declared the Roman Catholic religion that of the State.' It is now only declared to be that of the majority of Frenchmen; whilst the ministers of all Christian sects are henceforward to receive the stipends allowed by the public treasury. - Initiative laws could formerly only begin with the king; they may now emanate from either of the three constitutional estates of the kingdom, with the exception of money-bills ;-these, as in England, must originate in the Commons, or Chamber of Deputies. The duration of the Chambers is declared to be quinquennial; and Members are eligible at thirty, instead of forty years of age, as formerly. The people now exercise the elective franchise when twenty-five, instead of thirty years old.
The censorship of the press is abolished for ever. All the noininations and new creations of peers made during the reign of Charles X. are declared null and void, and the unlimited power hitherto possessed by the king to create peers, is to undergo a fresh examination in the Session of 1831. The king is declared to be “the supreme head of the State, and commands the forces by sea and land; makes treaties of peace, alliance, and commerce; nominates to all public employments; forms regulations and ordinances necessary for the execution of the laws, without the power either to suspend the laws themselves, or to dispense with their execution.” (This clause dries up the fountain of mercy.) After this revision they offered the crown to Louis Philippe, Duc d'Orleans, whom they had previously nominated Lieutenant-general of the kingdom. He has accepted it; and on the 9th of August took the oath, in the presence of the Chambers, Court, and public functionaries, assembled in the palace, in the following form of words:
" In the presence of God. I swear faithfully to observe the Constitutional Charter, with the changes and modifications expressed in the Declaration of the Chamber of Deputies; to govern only by the laws, and according to the laws; to cause good and strict justice to be done to every body according to his right, and to act in all things solely with a view to promote the happiness and glory of the French people.
His Majesty then signed the De claration, the Act of Adherence of the Peers, and the Oath; and having seated himself upon the throne, addressed the Chambers thus :
“Messrs. Peers and Deputies, "I have 'maturely reflected upon the extent of the duties imposed upon me. I have the consciousness of being able to fulfil them by causing the compact of alliance, which has been proposed to me, to be observed.
I should have ardently desired never to have filled the throne to which the national will calls me, but I yield to this will, expressed in the Chambers in the name of the French people,