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indigentiam et qualitatem rei repa- dence in good and sufficient repair; and randæ; ut scilicet, impensæ sint neces- directs that if it be out of repair, and sariæ, non voluptuosæ." The next remain so, the parson is to be liable authority cited from the canon law to the penalties of non-residence, until was the following legatine constitution it is put into good and sufficient repair, of Othobon, promulgated A.D. 1268, to the satisfaction of the bishop. There 52 H. III. Improbam quorundam is nothing, either in the authorities avaritiam prosequentes, qui cum de cited from the canon law, or in these suis ecclesiis et ecclesiasticis beneficiis acts of Parliament, to shew that the multa bona suscipiant, domos ipsarum, obligation of an incumbent to repair et cætera ædificia negligunt, ita ut in- is other than that which I have altegra ea non conservent, et diruta non ready stated the common law threw restaurent ;” that is the imputation upon him: viz. to sustain, repair, and against the clergy. The constitution rebuild when necessary. then goes on: “Statuimus 'et præci Upon the whole we are of opinion pimus ut universi clerici suorum bene- the incumbent was bound to mainficiorum domos, et cætera ædificia prout tain the parsonage, (which we must indiguerint reficere studeant condecen- assume upon this case to have been ter, ad quod per episcopos suos vel suitable in point of size, and in other archidiaconos solicite moneantur. Can- respects, to the benefice) and also the cellos etiam ecclesiæ per eos qui ad chancel, and to keep them in good hoc tenentur refici faciant, ut superius and substantial repair; restoring and est expressum. Archiepiscopos vero rebuilding, when necessary, according et episcopos, et alios inferiores præ- to the original form, without addition latos, domos et ædificia sua sarta tecta, or modern improvement; and that he et in statu suo conservare et tenere, was not bound to supply or maintain sub divini judicii attestatione præcipi any thing in the nature of ornament, mus, ut ipsi ea refici faciant, quæ re to which painting (unless necessary to fectione noverint indigere.”
preserve exposed timbers from decay) : The statute 13 Eliz. c. 10, speaks of and white-washing and papering be
ecclesiastical persons suffering their long: and the damages in this case buildings, for want of due reparation, should be estimated upon that footing. partly to run to ruin and decay, and It will be found that this rule will corin some part utterly to fall to the ground, respond nearly with the second mode which by law they are bound to keep of computation, and probably will be and maintain in repair; and makes the same if the terms “ order and conthe fraudulent donee of the goods of dition” are meant, as they most likely an incumbent liable for such dilapida- are, not to include matters of ornation as hath happened by his fact 'ment and luxury. and default. If the incumbent was It was afterwards referred to the bound by law to keep and maintain the Master to calculate the damages upon dwelling house in repair, any breach this principle, and to report for what of his duty in that respect would be a the judgment should be entered up, default. The 57 Geo. III. c. 99, s. 14, and he directed it to be for 3691. 18s. enacts, that a non-resident spiritual 8d., and for that sum there was judgperson shall keep the house of resi- ment for the plaintiff.
SOCIETIES FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE, AND FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL.
Plymouth District Committee. On Tuesday, the 7th of Septem- read in St. Andrew's Church, by the ber, the tenth Anniversary of the Rev. J. Hatchard, and a very able Plymouth District Committee of the and appropriate Sermon was delivered S. P. C. K. took place. Prayers were by the Rev. R. Lane, of Brixton,
from Rom. x. 2, “For I bear them Committees, and sustained in conserecord, that they have a zeal of God.” quence the burden of a very increased
The congregation was numerous, expenditure. Although we have it not and nearly 1200 charity children, who in our power to make the same acreceive books from the Institution, knowledgment this year, it arises were present, with their instructors. chiefly from the arrears of unpaid
Shortly after the conclusion of di- subscriptions, which are occasioned in vine service, the Committee and friends `great measure from the uncertainty of assembled at the Royal Hotel, for the the period at which they are supposed purpose of transacting the business of to become due. Much difficulty would the Society; when Major H. C. Smith, be avoided if the Anniversary Meeting being called to the chair, the Rev. J. was considered the period at which the Hatchard, the vicar of St. Andrew's, subscriptions should become payable, opened the meeting with the usual as it is the time when the greater numprayers. The Chairman then re- ber of the country subscribers are asquested the Secretary, the Rev. Robert sembled. Lampen, whose praiseworthy exer “Since our last Anniversary, the tions in this and many other Societies Prelate, who was so truly the Patron of cannot be too highly appreciated, to our District Society and of others intiread the Report, and the Rev. Gentle- mately connected with the National man rose and read as follows:
Church, has been translated to another “ The Annual Report of a local diocese. The Committee have felt it Committee of a Society whose excel- due to themselves to express their lence and importance is not to be esti- grateful sense of his Lordship's enmated in proportion to its power of couraging kindness, under the influexciting a momentary interest, and ence of which the diocese of Exeter making a strong appeal to the feelings, has contributed so largely to the instimust, from its very nature, be desti tutions of the Church. A letter, writtute of much which the public mind ten in concurrence with the other might be disposed to expect in the re- District Committees over whom his cords of a religious institution. A Lordship presided, was transmitted to simple statement, however, of its pro- him, and acknowledged with expresgress as an efficient instrument for sions of lively interest in our local exdisseminating the word of life, that ertions. Our present Right Reverend only foundation of our National Church, Diocesan has since kindly complied the Scriptural Formulary of Devotion with the wishes of our Committee to which is justly her holy boast, and become its patron. those writings of her approved divines, A copy of the letter sent to the late which may meet the circumstances of Bishop of the Diocese, and his answer, her individual members, should be and the letter to the present Diocesan enough to recommend such an Insti and his Lordship's answer, were then tution to all who concur in the senti read. ments which it upholds, without any Thanks were afterwards given to the further inducement. The following is Chairman, and the meeting separated. the general statement of the sale of works since the last anniversary :Bibles, 483; Testaments and Psalters,
EXETER DIOCESAN COMMITTEE. 383; Prayer-books, 889; and Books The anniversary of the above So and Tracts, 3209 : affording a most cieties was held on Thursday, Septemsatisfactory proof that our cooperation, ber 16th, when the children of the continues to be extensively useful in various schools in this city, supplied this neighbourhood.
by the Society with books, attended. “At the last Anniversary it was a The celebrated anthem, by Bond, “The subject of congratulation that we were Lord is my light and my salvation," with enabled to contribute a benefaction to Handel's Grand Chorus, was given the general designs of the Parent So- with great effect. The Hundredth Psalm ciety, which has adopted such liberal was afterwards sung by the children. regulations with respect to District An excellent and appropriate sermon was preached by the Lord Bishop, from most incontestible evidence of the very Luke i. 77–79. After which, “My great utility of such a connexion with lot is fallen in that blest land,” was sung the Diocesan Association, both in reby the children, and, at the close ofference to the advantages derived to the service a collection was made at the poor, and the very powerful support the door amounting to 1191. 158. 104d. thereby given to the Parent Society. being a much higher sum than was The Diocesan Association had been ever collected on a previous occasion. much indebted to the Committees at
The friends of the institution, with Teignmouth and Exmouth. Of the 501. the committee, then adjourned to the remitted as a donation this year to the Guildhall, where his Lordship took Parent Society, the sum of 441. 15s. 5d. the chair; and, on being informed by had been supplied from these two the Rev. J. M. Collyns, the Secretary, Committees. They had made their that on former occasions they had been appeals from the pulpits of the difhonoured by the Bishop of the Diocese ferent Churches in their immediate reading the Report, read
neighbourhood, and those appeals had The Fourteenth Annual Report of the
been answered by such contributions, Exeter Diocesan Committee of the
added to the original subscriptions, as Society
had enabled them for Promoting Christian
not only to pay Knowledge,
their expenses, and to sell at reduced
prices to the poor, and to make grants By which it appeared that in the
in aid of the Parent Society, but also past year the sale of books had not
to retain a balance in hand for the been so large : there had been sold,
furtherance of its interests in the however, 1183 Bibles, 1714 Testa
ensuing year. Without the effectual ments, 1102 Psalters, 286 Common
aid supplied by them, the Exeter Prayer-books, 2914 bound books,
Committee (from their liberality in 21,431 half-bound books and tracts,
furnishing gratuitous supplies of books) (exclusive of 21,155 religious papers would have been unable to remit to and cards) less by 700 than the issue the Parent Society their usual contriof books in the preceding year, and the bution; not without reason, therefore, deficiency had been greatest in Bibles, do they congratulate the members of in Testaments, and in Prayer-books.
the Society on the formation of another This falling off was not, however, to
corresponding Committee on the same be imputed to negligence on the part
plan, and they look forward with conof the Committee, but from the consi
fidence to the extension of the system, deration that wherever the Society had and please themselves with the hope been established, the wants of the po
that in all places it would meet, by the pulation had, in a great measure, been
blessing of God, with the same sucsupplied, and it was but reasonable to
cessful result. imagine that in all those districts where the people had been gladdened by the
The Report of the Committee for the abundant and cheap distribution of Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign the Word of God, the demand in fu
Parts ture would be more limited, though, Was then read by his Lordship, the with this one exception, the proceed- principal feature of which was the ings of the year were not less gratify- mention of the last Annual Report of ing than those reported at any former the Parent Society, in which Report meeting. At Starcross, South-Tawton, mention was made of Bishop's ColTopsham, Broadclyst, and Woodbury, lege, Calcutta; relative to which comgrants had been made towards the for- munications had been received from mation of Parochial Libraries ; many Dr. Turner, the new Bishop of Calnew members had been recommended cutta, which gave a most favourable to the Parent Society, many new sub account of the state of that most imscribers entered on the books of the portant establishment, confirming the local fund; and it had been a source hopes expressed by the Society. He of great gratification that a correspond had examined the various students, ing Committee had been established at and found, in their general proTopsham, inasmuch as there was the ficiency, the strongest grounds for
believing that they would be good labourers in that abundant harvest which India presents to the servants of Jesus Christ.
His Lordship concluded the business of the day with prayer.
Society for Promoting Christian Know
ledge, and National Society. A REPORT having been received from the Committee of the National Society, that an application had been made by the Secretaries of National Schools in different parts of the kingdom, suggesting that it would be highly expedient to enlarge the list of Books and Tracts for the use of Schools ; the Secretary of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, in order to promote the business thus referred to his consideration, has proposed the following points of inquiry with respect to the subject of School Books.
“ A. Have any books on the catalogue of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, formerly used in the schools of your district or neigh
bourhood, been recently discontinued ? -and if so, for what reason?
“B. Have any books on the Society's catalogue been recently introduced into your schools ?-and if so, in what respects are they considered preferable to others formerly in use?
“ C. (1) Have you found a deficiency of elementary or other school books on the Society's catalogue ?-and if so, (2) what particular department of instruction was affected by this deficiency? - and (3) what books are in your opinion calculated to supply it?. “ N. B. If any book (not very generally
known) should be recommended in answer to C (3) the favour of one or two copies of the work is requested, which may probably be forwarded to London, gratis, with the monthly packet of some bookseller or other tradesman in your neighbourhood.
“ Ď. Have you any general observations to offer relative to books required in Church-of-England Sunday, or Sunday and Daily schools? “ N. B. In returning answers to these in
quiries it will be sufficient to distinguish the subjects of them by transcribing the letter A, B, C, D, prefixed to each.”
Domestic.—The meeting of Parliament has been prorogued to the 26th of October, when it is expected to assemble for the despatch of business.
The harvest in the south of England, and the gravelly districts of Scotland, has been generally gathered in, and, for the most part, with very little injury from the unusual quantity of rain which has fallen during the summer. In the southern parts of Europe it has suffered so much as already to create an alarm of famine. These apprehensions prevail in France, and more particularly in Italy. In both countries, legal measures have been resorted to in order to prevent the exportation and encourage the importation of this first necessary of
railroad, which bids fair to produce a most important effect upon the commerce of this kingdom, has been brought into operation during this month, between the great port of Liverpool and the town of Manchester, and a survey is now making to extend the line of it from the lastmentioned place to the metropolis. By these means, a communication will be maintained between distant places for goods at the rate of sixteen or even twenty miles per hour, and for passengers at twenty or even thirty miles per hour, with the greatest ease, pleasantness, and safety, and with a very considerable diminution of expense. The annual saving in freight and carriage between Liverpool and Manchester is calculated at half a million sterling.
The Ex-Monarch of France, Charles the Tenth, has taken up his abode at
An improved application of the powers of steam upon an improved
Lulworth Castle, Dorsetshire, the seat of Cardinal Weld.
FRANCE.-The new order of things has been acknowledged by all the European states, except Russia. The effects of the late Revolution in this country upon the internal interests of it are at this moment very severely felt, but we hope they will prove only temporary, Great distrust must neces sarily prevail amidst the uncertainty of such events, and the consequences of this will be felt first by the commercial and manufacturing interests. the labouring classes of which being immediately thrown out of employment by the diminution of demand for their manufactures, become involved in great distress.
The Government have proposed to the Chambers to relieve the embarrassment of the manufacturers by loans of money upon the security of their goods, a measure which has been successfully tried in this country, and which will, probably, lessen an evil which time and security can alone remove.
The relation of France with Algiers forms a weighty subject of consideration to the new Government. The captured city is the only possession of that armament. The inhabitants of the country evince the most hostile feeling towards their invaders, whose hospitals are crowded with the sick and dying soldiers. The treasures of the late Dey have almost entirely disappeared. General Bourmont and his staff are accused of having purloined these, and a commission is appointed to investigate the circumstances. The General and his friends have left Algiers, but not to return to France.
NETHERLANDS.—The spirit of resistance to unjust oppression, exerted with so much success in France, has roused that of rebellion in Belgium. At Brussels the mob commenced an attack on the houses and members of the Government. The citizens formed, a burgher guard, and while they checked the depredations of the former, gave a more regular tone to their demands. Liege immediately joined with these. Their requisitions were comprised under ten heads (some important, and some trifling), but pri
VOL. XII. NO. X.
marily insisting on their separation from the kingdom of the Netherlands. These they addressed to their fellowsubjects in the Belgian provinces, inviting them to maintain their cause. This invitation they have not been eager to accept, particularly Antwerp, which has shewn itself averse to the proposed measures. The King of the Netherlands has convoked an extraordinary session of the States, to consider of the demands, and the means to be adopted to comply with or reject them. The result of the whole we hope to record in our next Number, as the unity of spirit manifested in the other parts of the kingdom appears already to have produced a salutary effect on the turbulent rioters of Brussels and Liege, and we hope they will return to their obedience, without the employment of military force.
GERMANY.—The peace of Germany has been disturbed by commotions in Hamburg, Dresden, Hesse Cassel, Darmstadt and Brunswick; but in all these, as they began without any definite cause or object, so they have been reduced to order by the wise and firm measures resorted to by their respective governments, the last-named alone excepted. Our readers are sufficiently acquainted with the extraordinary conduct of the Duke of this little country, especially that part of it directed against our late revered monarch. Equally strange, violent, and inconsistent, have been the measures he has pursued towards his subjects; and if their patience was tried, it did not give way until he had trampled upon all their civil rights as a body, and oppressed many of them cruelly as individuals. The crowning and most insulting evil appears to have been that of placing pieces of cannon to command the streets of his capital. All ranks of his subjects now felt united in the common tie of their personal safety, assured that the next stage would be the capricious employment of these for their destruction. That evening the Duke went to the theatre; on his return, he was assailed with missiles from an infuriated mob, but saved by the fidelity and energy of his coachman and guard. Restored to his palace, he