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that he ought to be satisfied with every dispensation of providence, but he was satisfied; and the fruit of this persuasion was visible in the admirable serenity of his mind :-neither anxious for life, nor afraid of death, he had long given himself up to the supreme Disposer of all events, having subdued the reluctances of corrupt nature which dictates an indecent competition between our will and the will of God. By a sudden death, it pleased God to spare him, indeed, the pain of further trial,-but at the same time, I doubt not, he lost the glory of being exemplary in the last stage of life, as he had been in the progress of it." It was, I believe, his wish so to die—and he might be allowed to wish it; for, such was the tenour of his life, that no death could be sudden to him in the view of religion. If the constant improvement of his talents--the sincerest love of God and zeal for his glory- the firmest persuasion of the truth of the Gospel, and an exemplary though unostentatious practice of the duties of it—and the warmest and most comprehensive charity, can qualify a man for the enjoyment of heaven,ếhe is, where he firmly trusted he should be, in the bosom of his Redeemer. We may well be allowed to mourn our loss ;-- it were strange, indeed, if we did not ;--for where again shall we find so much learning tempered with so much wisdom, and adorned with so many graces of social virtue? But it is for ourselves only that we must weep, and not for him, for he is in everlasting
THE “ CHRISTIAN OBSERVER" ON THE “CHRISTIAN
REMEMBRANCER." The editor of the Christian Observer has, in his last Number, asserted a doctrine somewhat startling, and which he would be surprised to see applied to his own periodical, viz. that Editors are responsible for every syllable written by their correspondents. That they are, to a certain degree, responsible, we fully allow; they are bound to close their pages against all matter offensive to religion, morality, and decency: and any communication deficient in these respects would justly open them to censure. There may be other cases,- for it is not our present business to settle the limits of our editorial accountability,-in which we could not reasonably complain if the public should visit on our heads the errors of our correspondents. But such, we submit, is not the case, in the instance selected by the editor of the Christian Observer, for the fulmination of his terrors against us. A correspondent, signing himself “ E. B.” in our number for October last, calls the attention of the public to “ the assumption of the title of Reverend' by dissenting teachers.” In his letter he frequently alludes to the laxity of ecclesiastical principle which characterizes the Observer, and contrasts this quality with the profession of that publication, that it is " conducted by members of the Established Church.” We are not obliged to say whether or not we agree in every iota of our correspondent's observations. All that we affirm is, that his communication was one of that nature for which we ought not to be made responsible ; it was, indeed, controversial, and might have admitted a reply in our own pages; and we could not, of course, be answerable for the opinions of both sides. At any rate, our correspondent has been very fair ; for he has given references throughout, so that such as take an interest in the question may form their own conclusion on the validity of his arguments.
The Christian Observer, therefore, will not draw us into the lists of controversy, in behalf of one for whom the laws of literary warfare have never made us surety. It was natural enough that the editor of that publication should repel the allegations of E. B.; and had he contented himself with so doing, we should have left the whole affair in the hands of our correspondent. But as the Observer chooses to shift the fair ground of the lists, and not only to run at us, as though we were bound to be champions of E. B., but also to attack us on independent reasons, we suppose he will compel us to break a lance with him.
The Observer is, in our opinion, too experienced a tactician to be ignorant that we could not, in fairness, be answerable for the opinions of E. B.; but these afforded him what he thought a favourable opportunity for the introduction of a subject, on which he wished to engage us by an apparent contrast, which, with some readers, might have the effect of an argument. He charges us, after having, through our correspondent, affected much zeal for episcopacy, with having openly approved and encouraged an act of canonical insubordination; the letter of the Vicar and Curate of Trinity, Coventry, to their diocesan, on his intention of presiding at the Coventry Bible Society.
Our readers may remember that, when we inserted this letter, we left it, as we ourselves expressed it, “ without note or comment, to the consideration of every true Churchman.” We expressed neither approval nor disapprobation; nor was our motive to draw attention to the conduct of the gentlemen who wrote it, but rather to the effects of the Bible Society's constitution, as evinced in the fact that it had been the means of creating disunion among Churchmen in an important instance. But on the present occasion it would be injustice to conceal the truth, that we believed every true Churchman would be pleased with the manly but most respectful manner, in which the gentlemen in question acquitted themselves in a situation of great difficulty. Will our readers believe that we are accused of commending a letter “bidding defiance” to a Bishop? We intreat them to re-peruse the document, and see wherein it in the slightest degree approximates to any thing of the kind. “Mr. Hook and his Curate," says the Observer, “ threaten the Bishop that if he presumes to preside at the Bible Society at Coventry, they will render him obnoxious to the censures of his parishioners." This is a very gross misrepresentation. The remonstrants never use such language as, “if the Bishop presumes ;” and what follows is no threat whatever, but a simple description of what they honestly believe will be the effects of the Bishop's countenance of the motley meeting. “ Your Lordship compels us," say they, “in self-defence, to state, to those persons committed to our charge, what our reasons are for declining to support a society at which our Bishop presides. If we fail to convince them that we are right, we shall expose ourselves to their contempt, and our ministrations will become ineffectual ; if, on the other hand, we succeed, we shall do what is equally to be deprecated, by rendering our Bishop obnoxious to their censures."
VOL. XII. NO. XII.
The remonstrants are next charged with the assumption of “ the most lordly tone." We again entreat our readers to re-peruse, and we assure them they will find nothing of the sort. On the contrary, the remonstrants “respectfully represent,"—" earnestly request,"--"seriously and solemnly entreat and implore.”—Is this « lordly ?" Could more respectful language have been used by the editor of the Christian Observer himself? Or has his quotation from Quintilian put him out of taste with ordinary addresses to episcopacy ?
As to the Observer's attack on the remonstrants for "praying to God to send him [the Bishop] a wise decision on the subject," it is what we do not understand. What! are our Bishops above the prayers of their clergy? The compilers of our Liturgy thought not so, when they directed the most unlettered peasant to pray that it would please God "to illuminate all Bishops with true knowledge and understanding.” If it be presumption for a clergyman to suppose that his diocesan can be any the better for “ wisdom that cometh from above,” we confess that we must, after all, yield, the palm of high church principle to the Christian Observer.
We are also most unjustly charged with “ checking temperate argument, after the fair opening we have given for a calm discussion" of the points at issue between our contemporary and ourselves, in what he is pleased to call our “ candid and handsome review” of his Family Sermons. We have no wish to impose any such check. The critique to which he alludes is evidence of our impartial feeling; and he may be sure that we shall ever be as forward to praise and to recommend his sermons, as we shall to condemn many principles and practices which, unhappily for the peace of the Church, find countenance in his miscellany. To correspondents we are open, and they sometimes censure us as well as the Observer ; but we must enter our most positive protest against being arraigned by our contemporaries, for every argument and every allegation which we may not deem it advisable to exclude from this miscellany. For what we write in our behalf we are accountable, and are ready to reckon whenever the account is demanded.
*** We have just received a letter from E. B. on this subject, which shall be noticed.
(See the Gospel for the Day.)
The sun shall fade in utter night, Son of Man, who cam'st to save
The moon withdraw her wonted light, Erring flesh from guilty grave!
The stars shall fall,—the earth shall Mighty signs in heaven and earth
quake, Told the tidings of thy birth !
The dark unfathom'd ocean shake! Son of God, once more to come, Then the final trump shall ring, Our days of good and ill to sum, Then descend th' Eternal King, What the signs when Time shall die? (To Him all might and glory given) What the marks of judgment nigh? Riding on the clouds of heaven!
Death steals on with rapid pace;
BARBADOS. CODRINGTON COLLEGE. intentions of the illustrious founder of
It has been our happiness to witness the college have not yet been fully acmany interesting and auspicious events complished, is an unpleasant subject, since the important concerns of reli- of which we will take no retrospect gion in this portion of his Majesty's while our heart is now full to overdominions have been under the fos- flowing with a feeling of joy and gratitering care and superintendence of the tude for the blessing which our country zealous and indefatigable Lord Bishop at least partially derived from an inof the diocese. The earnest labours stitution, which, while it existed as a of his Lordship to spread far and wide mere classical school, sent out, from the inestimable blessings of the gospel its venerable walls, many men whose -the warm interest he has ever evinced talents and characters have shed a in the spiritual and temporal welfare of lustre on their native island, but is the immense population of souls com- now, thanks to the unwearied exertions mitted to his charge,—and especially of the Lord Bishop, opened on the the arduous and persevering exertions regular plan of a college, and bids fair, he has made to encourage and promote from his valuable superintendence as the instruction of youth, are circum- the Visitor, and from the high characstances so well known to all, that it would ter of the Principal and Professors, to be a work of supererogation in us now reach a lofty eminence as a seat of to enlarge upon them. very friend learning. to religion-God's best gift to man We proceed to a brief description of every true patriot, must rejoice at the the very interesting and truly gratifying good which has been effected, and ceremony of the 9th of September should pray fervently for the conti At about half-past twelve o'clock, nuance of a heavenly blessing on the the Right Rev. the Visitor, the Rev. labour of all those who devote their the Principal of the College, and the time and talents to the furtherance of Rev. the Tutor, in their robes, accomchristian doctrine, and the encourage- panied by his Excellency the Governor, ment of christian practice. And what a and preceded by the young gentlemen debt of gratitude is due to the memory exhibitioners in their academical cosof that great and good man, General tume (caps and gowns), and by the Christopher Codrington, who, as brave Venerable the Archdeacon and clergy a soldier in the field in the cause of his of the island, entered by the eastern king, as he was a zealous soldier in the door of the hall. The Governor, the cause of the “Great Captain of our Bishop, the Archdeacon, the Principal. salvation," provided, out of the wealth Rev. J. H. Pinder, the Tutor, Rev. which Providence had blessed him E. P. Smith, and Dr. Maycock, Mediwith, the means for raising up, in suc- cal Professor, took their seats on a cessive generations after him, in his raised platform at the west end of the beloved native country, men, qualified room. "Behind them were the ladies. by religious and moral culture, for per On the left, the Students; on the forming, in the faithful manner that he right, several Members of his Majesty's did, the important duties of christians Council and of the House of Assembly. and patriots. That the benevolent There were also present, the Hon. the * John Brathwaite, of Three Houses, in the island of Barbados, 1782.
may instruct with faithfulness, reprove with meekness, encourage with cheerfulness, and watch over the spiritual and temporal welfare of their charge with the devotedness of men that must give an account unto thee. Grant unto all who shall come hither to study thy holy word, and make themselves, through thy grace, able ministers of the New Testament, that they bring with them teachable hearts, wellregulated minds, and an eager thirst after wisdom.
May the gospel of thy dear Son be taught here in all its purity and fulness, and practised in all integrity of thought, and word, and deed. May thy will be the motive to every action, and thy law the end of all study: that so, gathering the fruits of knowledge from every branch of human and divine literature, both he that teacheth, and he that is taught, may lay their stores at the foot of the cross, to be employed to thy glory, and in the service of their fellow-creatures.
Grant this, O Lord, for the honour of our Advocate and Mediator, Jesus Christ.
Speaker of the Assembly, the Hon. the Attorney and Solicitor Generals, who, with the Governor and President of the Council, have hitherto been virtute officii governors of the College; Forster Clarke, Esq. the faithful and able attorney of the Society in England, Trustees of the Foundation, Mr. Hinkson, the judicious and humane manager of the properties, and a large assemblage of gentlemen from various parts of the island, and several officers of his Majesty's army. Immediately after entering the hall, the following prayers were read by the Lord Bishop :
Prevent us, O Lord, in all our doings with thy most gracious favour, and further us with thy continual help, that in this and every other work begun, continued, and ended in thee, we may glorify thy holy name, and finally by thy mercy obtain everlasting life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
O Lord God Almighty, who callest all things into being, whether in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, and rulest all things by thy power, and preservest all things by thy providence, and givest to every undertaking of men that end which is most agreeable to thine unerring wisdom, we bow before thee in all humility and in much thankfulness of heart, for that thou wast pleased to put it into the mind of thy servant Christopher Codrington to bequeath such abundant means for the foundation of this Institution, and to confide the ordering thereof to a society of wise and good persons: we thank thee for thy preservation of it for so many years under great difficulties, and, at one period, almost overwhelming distress: we thank thee for having, at that period, raised up another individual * to restore its exhausted means by his judgment, assiduity, integrity, and generosity: we thank thee for having at length enabled the Society to place the Institution on a plan more conformable to the will of its founder, and more available, under thy blessing, to the ministry of thy dear Son.
Without thee, Lord, we can do nothing: we acknowledge thy past mercies; we confess our own weakness, and implore the aid of thine almighty Spirit.
Grant unto all who now or hereafter shall be called to rule within these walls, that, joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment, they may govern with firmness, moderation, and equity;
Our Father which art in heaven, &c.
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Ghost, be with us all evermore. Amen.
The Rev. the Principal then read the following extract from the will of General Codrington :Extract from General Codrington's Will,
He gives and bequeaths his two plantations in the island of Barbados, and part of the island of Barbuda, to the Society for the Propagation of the Christian Religion in Foreign Parts, erected and established by his late good master, King William the Third ; and desires that the plantation should continue entire, and three hundred negroes at least always kept thereon: and a convenient number of Professors and Scholars maintained there, who are to be obliged to study and practise physic and chirurgery, as well as divinity ; that by the apparent usefulness of the former to all mankind, they may both endear themselves to the people, and have the better opportunities of doing good to men's souls wbilst they are taking care of their bodies; but the particulars of the constitution he leaves to the Society, composed of wise and good men.