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and unstable, war is in his heart against every sound Churchman and uncompromising Protestant, whom he designates as obstinate heretics."
Deprecating the “perilous amnesty” into which Protestants have insensibly fallen, and reprobating the “ dangerous slumber" which has stolen upon our Church, our preacher thus calls upon us to awake, in strains of eloquent and powerful oratory :
The enemy is within the gates of the citadel; “ the Philistines are upon thee, Samson.” if thy strength be departed from thee, they will put out thine eyes, bind thee with fetters of brass, and make thee grind in the prison-house. God, in order to try and prove what was in the hearts of his ancient people, permitted the Canaanite to remain amongst them. Thus, as a test of our obedience, and “ love of truth," has he left the Papists amongst us, as pricks in our eyes, and thorns in our sides, to vex us in the land wherein we dwell. Oft, in happier days, has our Church, by the word of God and the force of truth, driven from the field the Papal Antichrist. But, to use a figure, Antæus-like, he rises from the ground of his past defeats, refreshed and cherished by the powers of his mother earth, and the god of this world. Collecting all his might, he now dilated stards, with his stature aspiring to the sky, anticipating fresh conquests over a foe, weak, wavering, and divided. It is no longer safe for our own interests, nor faithful to the
sacred trust committed to our charge, to rest upon our arms in supposed security. We must change the peaceful toga of our sacred office for the martial sagum of polemic theology. .... The venerable Clergy of our Establishment, like their ancestors of old, must be found in the first lines of the hottest battle, contending for that pure and reformed religion, which has been for ages the glory of England, the pride of our Church, and a blessing to the whole Christian world.-Pp. 8–10.
Whether our impassioned orator consider the various devices of our inveterate foe to overturn the Protestant Church, her impudent “ fictions," her childish “ fables," her “ lying wonders;" the motly crew of "mercenaries marching in the train of her political camp;" “the demagogues of turbulence, the demons of falsehood, the fiends of delusion,” who distort the facts of history, and libel the Reformation, and calumniate our Establishment "by idle stories, raked up from the sink of old Romish calumnies;" or, whether he dwell upon the sanguinary edicts by which Mary endeavoured to extirpate " the Protestant faith, by the excision of the Protestant name ;" or, whether he paint the character of the present era, in which “the votaries of Rome have greatly increased,” “ to the astonishment and deep concern of every true Protestant:" his language is energetic, his statements are impressive, and his arguments convincing.
Having said that he entertains a persuasion that “God is sending our people a strong delusion to believe a lie," and that “Satan is going forth to deceive the nations," the Vicar of St. Mary's points his finger at the “irreligious indifference, and infidel principles," which have so long been the bane of the Christian world, and deplores the credulity, the superstition, and the fanaticism, which the crafty Romanist too successfully bends to the interests of his proselyting communion. In their plan of operations against the Protestant Church, the wily members of the Church of Rome employ different kinds of
agents, and “introduce subtle and fallacious questions and arguments," adapted to the disposition and capacity of those, on whom they would practise their jesuitical deceptions.
No questions do they argue with more subtlety and fallacy than those disputable points in theology, the unity, authority, and tradition of the Church.P. 21.
Accordingly, our eloquent preacher sets himself to answer the vaunting pleas of Romanism on these three points, and utterly annihilates the weak and defenceless pretences, by which it has vainly endeavoured to deceive us. The unity, of which it boasts, is proved to be a Babel of multifold and jarring opinions; and the primacy of St. Peter is shewn to be nothing but "a fond conceit,” both by the authority of the Word of God, and by the testimony of the venerable Fathers of the Church.
As to the doctrine of tradition, the rejection of which constituted the vital principle of the Reformation,” and the fallacy of the authority of the Church, " by which the Popish disputant deceives the ignorant and the unstable,” we can assure our readers, that Dr. Fancourt has not failed to demonstrate them to be completely untenable ; and though, on these hackneyed topics, he could not be expected to dazzle us with novelty, he has merited the better praise of giving to old truths the freshness of youth, without impairing their strength. It is in this part of his subject that our author has the following eloquent passage, with which we beg leave to adorn our pages.
On the authority of what Church can we rest with greater safety than ou that of England? for she embodies in her constitution all that is ancient, holy, and excellent; the learning of past ages, with the improvement of modern times. What a constellation of talent, what a clustre of virtues, have shone forth from age to age among all ranks and classes of her children! Here may the mind rest, without fear or doubt, on matters pertaining to salvation. If the stamp of antiquity be required, she bears on her forehead the date of the earliest ages of Christianity. If the soundness of her doctrine, if the purity of her ritual, be scrutinized, she fears not to be weighed in the balance of the sanctuary, nor measured by the standard of God's word.—Pp. 32, 33.
In descanting upon the antiquity of our Church, Dr. Fancourt displays an accurate knowledge of ecclesiastical history; and dwells, in animated language, upon the doctrinal purity, and primitive simplicity of the Church first planted in Britain, ere the leaven of Papal iniquity had begun to taint her, in the days of Augustin, with the stain of worldly policy. The progress of events, at length, brings him to the blessed era of the Reformation, at which memorable epoch
The departure from Popery was a return to that purity of faith and doctrine, which marked the early foundation of the Christian Church, and accompanied its first establishment amongst us. Our Anglo-Saxon ancestors maintained nearly the same rule of faith and prayer that the Reformed Church of England now maintains. .... It is, indeed, reverend brethren, one of the greatest advan
tages we can boast of, that the Reformed Church of England, as to faith, worship, and discipline, and all that can make a rightly constituted church, is the same with the primitive Church of our forefathers; and that the primitive Church of England was, as to substance, the same as the primitive Church of Christ. This is the glory of the Reformation; this is the satisfaction that we may derive from the venerable monuments of antiquity; that from them we are enabled to deduce the agreement of the Reformed and our ancient Saxon Church; that it is no new Church, but the very same it was before the Roman Church, as now corrupted, notwithstanding her boasts of infallibility, antiquity, and universality, was known, or had an existence in the world.-Pp. 35, 37, 38.
Whether it be safer for a Christian to be a member of the Church of Rome than of the Church of England, looking to the erroneous doctrines and the corrupt practices of the former, it is no difficult question for any man to determine. And this is the important point to which, in the last place, the Vicar of St. Mary's calls our attention. Many and long as have been our extracts from the Sermon on our table, we must indulge ourselves with the satisfaction of quoting our author's just encomium upon our Protestant Church, for which, doubtless, our readers will acknowledge tacitly their obligations.
We are safer in our Church, and have several advantages for obtaining comfort and eternal life, of which they are destitute who belong to the Church of Rome, Safer, because what we believe as an article of faith has upon it the seal of truth and the stamp of antiquity; owned by all Christians, in all ages of the world, and plainly revealed by the word of God. Safer, because, in our worship there is no taint of superstition; in our service no stain of idolatry; in our ceremonies, nothing but what is simple and edifying, nothing that can draw away the mind from worshipping God in spirit and in truth. In its forms, our ritual has nothing unmeaning, and nothing superfluous. Man is a weak creature, and in his devotion needs many aids, which may arouse a slumbering mind, and sustain the soul on the wings of prayer. On this wise principle, our Church, by the decent vestments of its ministers; by the interchange of reading, prayer, and psalmody; by retaining just so much ceremony as may fan the flame of devotion, without extinguishing it under the cumbrous load of absurd or unnecessary form; has modelled her frame, without debasing it by external pomp and gaudy rites, the appendages of Pagan orgies. .... And can there be found men, who, having once held intercourse with God in a Liturgy so pure, so spiritual, and so comprehensive, close this holy volume of devotion, and seek, in a corrupt communion, a strange form of worship? To such would we say, If your souls have any relish for what is sublime and pure; if you have any understanding of what is simple and impressive; if you have any delight in seeing, during the hours of prayer, all the attributes of God developed, and all the mysteries of redeeming love displayed; cast not too hastily from you these pearls of prayer, and beware of impoverishing your souls by withdrawing from a Church so purely apostolic.--Pp. 39–41.
In specifying the general grounds on which attachment to our Church is founded, the author before us touches upon some of the damnable heresies which the Church of Rome holds, and which render salvation in her communion“ very doubtful and hazardous.” The monstrous tenet of transubstantiation, and the idolatrous adoration of the Virgin (for idolatrous practices do constitute idolatry, whatever some men of prelatical dignity have asserted to the contrary), the invocation of saints, and “ all the trumpery” of that scarlet
VOL. XII. NO, X.
" The Cash Account of the Com- that blessing which has raised it (with mittee does not, at first sight, wear a all humility be the comparison used) very encouraging aspect, as there ap- from its first springing up as a muspears a balance due to the Treasurer
tard seed to its present goodly proporof 51. 8s. 8 d.; which balance, how- tions, when its boughs reach to the ever, arises solely from the circum- East, and its branches to the West. The stance, that the supplies obtained from Committee, therefore, are convinced, the Parent Society have been paid for, that the very interest of the subject, while some of the accounts with the without farther endeavours on its part, members in the district still remained will suffice to recommend it to the outstanding. The sum of 101. 10s. 6d. consideration of members of the Church is now due for books sent out from the of England. And in inviting the atdepository, and the value of the books tention and support of the public to therein yet unsold (exclusive of speci- itself, it does so with the view, not mens) is 41. 4s. 9d.-total 141. 158. 3d., only of the good it may accomplish in leaving, in fact, a balance in favour of the district, but also of promoting the the Committee, of 91. 6s. 6£d.
welfare of the Society at large, and “ The resources of the Committee
thus assisting its munificent, well-diare as yet but small, the annual sub- rected, and widely-extended plans of scribers hitherto declared being few; benevolence.” and although the donations bestowed The confidence expressed in the at the establishment of the Committee Report on the increase of the support have well enabled it to meet the ex- the Committee had already experipenses thus far incurred, its present enced, was fully justified; as, in admeans are totally inadequate to a con- dition to a handsome contribution at tinuance of even the exertions already the Church doors, after a Sermon by made, much less to an augmentation the Rev. Dr. Nares, Rector of Bidof them. The Committee, however, denden, the number of Annual Subfeel persuaded, that its supporters will scribers was more than doubled before increase as its existence becomes more the termination of the Anniversary generally known, and its usefulness felt;
Meeting and that the liberality of its friends will The Rev. Julius Deeds, Rev. D. W. qualify it to extend its operations as Davies, Francis Law, Esq. and Thomas far as the wants of the district shall
Monypenny, Esq. were elected Vicerequire.
presidents. “In conclusion, the Committee hope, The Treasurer and Secretary were that the warmth of its zeal will not be re-elected, and the Rev. W. Temple and measured by the amount of its pro- R. J. Monypenny, Esq., were chosen ceedings thus far; but that those pro- Auditors for the ensuing year. ceedings will be regarded as an earnest of the efforts it will make in whatever
Report of the Canterbury Diocesan field shall be opened for its future ex
Committee. ertions. The objects of the Society for The Report of a Diocesan Compromoting Christian Knowledge, and mittee, ministering to a Society whose all its affiliated branches being, not to operations are in foreign countries, is neextend a vague and indefinite acquaint- cessarily barren of local topics. In this ance with the scheme of redemption respect, the immediate details are simthrough Christ, leaving men to apply ply those of collection and remittance. that knowledge to themselves in what- The receipts, it is observed with resoever manner they think
proper; but gret, have lately somewhat decreased. to strengthen and enlarge the boun- One splendid act of munificence from daries of that fold, which, on the joint an individual, to whose bounties many testimony of Scripture and antiquity, other pious and charitable institutions it believes to be the one true fold, esta- are deeply indebted, has, indeed, in a blished by the holy Apostles, under pecuniary point of view, placed the the express authority of their' Divine
county of Kent high in the scale of Master; the approbation and blessing contributions to the Society. The of the Almighty on its labours may name of Tillard stands conspicuous in with full confidence he looked for ;- the grateful records of other societies,
and must not be forgotten on the pre- fore, that what has been effected elsesent occasion. His liberal bequest of where, is practicable here; that the 30,0001., or 27,0001. exclusive of the more the Society is known, the more legacy duty, afforded a most important its usefulness will be felt, the more its and seasonable relief to the reduced designs will be supported. funds and heavily pressed resources The total amount of subscriptions of the Institution. But this casual received by the Committee in the and pecuniary aid from an individual, year ending December 31, 1829, was does not necessarily indicate, what is 1271. 4s. 6d.; of this sum, 1121. was much more important, the lively and remitted to the Parent Society after zealous interest of the Christian com- the annual meeting in June last. The munity at large, in the great and gra- balance, 15l. 4s. 6d., consisting of subcious work of diffusing far and wide scriptions received after the above rethe inestimable knowledge and holy mittance was made, remains in the influence of the gospel of Christ Jesus. banker's hands, and will now be reThe Committee are anxious for general mitted with the subscriptions received cooperation. They perceive that, in for the current year, and the collection various parts of the kingdom, attention that may be made upon the present has been roused; and that this ancient, occasion. venerable, and most useful Society has, The total amount of remittances of late years, received very cheering made to the Parent Society by the marks of awakened interest in its Committee since its formation in the designs, and very considerable addition latter part of the year 1824, up to to its subscriptions. They trust, there- December 31, 1829, is 8691. 1s. 7d.
DOMESTIC.-The election of Members to serve in the new Parliament is the only political occurrence, of a domestic nature, which calls for our present notice. The contests have been numerous and severe; yet conducted with less interruption of the public tranquillity than we recollect upon any former occasion. The number of new Members returned is also unusually great; and a very large proportion of these, from their connexions, may be presumed to be opposed to the present Administration. We have only heard of the return of six Roman Catholics; four in Ireland, and two in Great Britain.
FRANCE.-Events of the most momentous importance have passed in this country. We noticed, in our last report, the probability that the result of the elections to the new Chamber of Deputies would be hostile to the measures of the court. The Administration of France was sure of this, but so attached to their plans of government that they determined to hazard the
most arbitrary and desperate attempts, rather than relinquish them. By royal order, the liberty of the press was abolished, the public journals suppressed, and the printing materials seized, with the exception of the Moniteur, the official Government paper,
and two others, the Quotidienne and Drapeau Blanc, both organs of the ultra-royalist party; the Chamber of Deputies was dissolved before it had met, and a new one called, in which the number of Deputies was reduced to two hundred and fifty-eight, and the Colleges of the Arrondissemens were deprived of their right of suffrage.
This open and violent invasion of the rights of the people, secured to them by the Charter which restored the Bourbons to the throne of their ancestors, immediately excited the most active opposition of all orders of men, those only excepted which were under the influence of the Jesuits,-a power behind the throne, and superior to it, that led to the ruin of it on the present occasion. The military were