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immediately employed to suppress
nsorship of the press is aboevery symptom of disorder; but the
lished for ever. All the nominations assertors of their national rights were and new creations of peers made during so numerous, so united in spirit, and the reign of Charles X. are declared so encouraged by the resumption of null and void, and the unlimited power the uniform of the National Guard, hitherto possessed by the king to that after three days' 'severe conflict, create peers, is to undergo a fresh exand the loss of sixteen thousand lives, amination in the Session of 1831. Paris was left entirely in the hands of The king is declared to be “the suthe people. The king had withdrawn preme head of the State, and comto Rambouillet; thither he was followed mands the forces by sea and land; by General Geraud and an army of makes treaties of peace, alliance, and the National Guard. A negotiation commerce; nominates to all public commenced, which soon terminated in employments; forms regulations and the abdication of Charles X. and the ordinances necessary for the execution renunciation of all claims to the succes- of the laws, without the power either to sion on the part of the Dauphin. Ge- suspend the laws themselves, or to disneral Geraud guaranteed to the late pense with their execution.” (This clause king a safe conduct out of France, dries up the fountain of mercy.) After both to himself and all the members this revision they offered the crown to of his family, and that the future go- Louis Philippe, Duc d'Orleans, whom vernment of the kingdom should pro- they had previously nominated Lieuvide liberally for their support. tenant-general of the kingdom. He
The Chamber of Peers, and that of has accepted it; and on the 9th of Deputies which Charles X. had at- August took the oath, in the
presence tempted to dissolve, met at Paris, on of the Chambers, Court, and public the 3d of August, according to their functionaries, assembled in the palace, original convocation ; on the 4th and in the following form of words: following days, they entered upon the
“ In the presence of God, I swear transaction of such business as arose
faithfully to observe the Constitutional from the awfulcrisis in which they found
Charter, with the changes
and modithemselves placed; they declared the
fications expressed in the Declaration throne vacant,--that the Constitution of the Chamber of Deputies; to govern had been endangered,--and that the
only by the laws, and according to Charter must be revised, to render it
the laws; to cause good and strict more safe from future attacks. In justice to be done to every body ac, this revision the chief alterations
cording to his right, and to act in all are, the suppression of the sixth Ar
things solely with a view to promote ticle, which declared the Roman Ca
the happiness and glory of the French tholic religion that of the State. It is
people. now only declared to be that of the majority of Frenchmen; whilst the His Majesty then signed the De ministers of all Christian sects are claration, the Act of Adherence of the henceforward to receive the stipends
Peers, and the Oath; and having allowed by the public treasury:
Ini- seated himself upon the throne, adtiative laws could formerly only begin
dressed the Chambers thus:with the king; they may now emanate “Messrs. Peers and Deputies, from either of the three constitutional “ I have maturely reflected upon estates of the kingdom, with the ex- the extent of the duties imposed upon ception of money-bills ;—these, as in me. I have the consciousness of being England, must originate in the Com- able to fulfil them by causing the mons, or Chamber of Deputies. The compact of alliance, which has been duration of the Chambers is declared proposed to me, to be observed. to be quinquennial; and Members are « I should have ardently desired eligible at thirty, instead of forty years never to have filled the throne to of age, as formerly. The people now which the national will calls me, but I exercise the elective franchise when yield to this will, expressed in the Chamtwenty-five, instead of thirty years old. bers in the name of the French people,
don: Hatchard. 1830. 12mo. pp. xi. 118. 3s.
Ar the last page of the work, which forms the subject of the last notice, we read as follows:
with which the conversion of every true penitent is witnessed in heaven. The Lectures are a good practical exposition of a very interesting and important passage of Scripture; but they would have been rendered somewhat more complete by an additional Lecture on the character of the elder brother.
I feel I should be voluntarily defective, were I to omit earnestly inviting my readers (if it please God I have readers) to connect with these Notes, the perusal of a small work, which consists of Six Short Lectures on the Parable of the Prodigal Son, preached, during the last Lent, in the Parish Church of Bradford Abbas, near Yeovil, Somerset, by the Rev. R. Grant, the Vicar. To eulogize these elegant, though plain, spiritual, and faithful discourses of, clearly, a faithful minister of Christ, and of that Gospel and revelation which it has been the sincere, however imperfectly executed ain, even of this book, to advocate, is needless and would be improper. To select any extract from those lectures might not be easy. I only wish the opportunity to be given them of speaking for themselves; being confident, that should any approve of my own homely fare, they will be much pleased with the provision I now propose to their acceptance, not abundant indeed in quantity, but richly so, and most wholesome at the same time, in quality.-P. 432.
In the celebrated list in the “Critic,” we do not recollect to have met with the puf fraternal, the puff filial, or the puff paternal; but we shrewdly suspect, that the above may be classed under one or other of these significant appellations. Be this as it may, the encomium is not unmerited, and we are happy to admit the justice of Mr. H. Grant's recommendation of Mr. R. Grant's book.
From the different incidents in the parable of the Prodigal Son, the preacher has pointed out the endearing connexion which exists between the Almighty and his creatures, represented under the image of a Father's affection for his children; the paternal love which he has manifested in the redemption of the world by Jesus Christ, and in the impartial distribution of the means of grace; the danger consequent upon the abuse of these gifts, and the wretched effects of sin ; the need and advantages of affliction, in 'bringing the sinner to a sense of his unhappy condition; and the joy
Six Lectures on Liberality and Expe
dience, delivered in Kentish Town Chapel. By the Rev. JOHNSON GRANT, M. A. Rector of Binbrook, and Minister of Kentish Town. London: Hatchard. 1830. 12mo. pp. vi. 194. 58.
Grant again! Another of the same name, at least, if not of the same family; and not a whit behind his namesakes in his claim to our attention. In these days of mock liberality, when we are called upon to concede the most sacred institutions of our country and religion, to the unhallowed demands of noisy demagogues, and when expedience is a cloak for the grossest violations of public faith, it is time that a line be drawn between the genuine and spurious character of those virtues, of which the names have been of late so much abroad. Our author has taken up the subject upon Scripture principles; and by a reference to the precepts inculcated in the Bible, he has submitted it to the only legitimate test. Liberality, in all its forms and characters, comes under review; its influence upon the moral sentiments is considered and improved; and the nature of true Expedience is then fully investigated and defined. The various distortions under which these qualities continually appear, are pointed out in the fifth Lecture, which is peculiarly deserving of an attentive consideration. Throughout the whole discussion, there is no immediate reference to particular persons; but the whole is conducted on the broad basis of religious duty. There may be some few points on which we should he disposed to differ from Mr. Grant; but they are not so important as to demand especial consideration.
Isaiah lxiv. 6.
We all do fade as a leaf.
To the most careless observer it must be apparent, that there is a great resemblance between those periodical changes which we observe in the natural world, and the earthly state and condition of man. The comparison has been often drawn, and doubtless (to those who sometimes extend their thoughts beyond the immediate occupations and engagements of the present moment,) it has been productive of useful reflection. But because the truth is a common one, shall we discontinue to regard it? Shall we discontinue to derive those lessons of solid wisdom which it is every way adapted to afford ? The slightest acquaintance with the human heart will dictate an answer to both these questions. It teaches us that man is a creature, who requires constant admonition to keep him in the path of duty; that, surrounded as he is with temptations fitted to his inclinations and wishes, and varied with all the alluring promises of earthly joy, he needs constant instruction in the way of righteousness, both “in season and out of season, to preserve him from becoming a victim to that corruption of his nature which he inherits as one of the posterity of fallen Adam. This being the view, then, which both reason and revelation will lead us to take, with regard to our present condition, as well as our future destination, surely we should allow no opportunity to escape, no incident (however trifling in its own nature, or common from its frequent recurrence) to pass unheeded by, which may present a check to those pursuits that would militate against our future peace.
circumstance which reminds us that we are but mortal, if improved by meditation, may conduce to this important end. The different seasons of the year, each in its turn, convey to us striking images of the changing scenes which accompany human life. But we are at present more immediately concerned with that portion of it, to which the text bears relation—the falling of the leaf; the autumn of the year -- when no one can behold the trees of the forest deprived of that beautiful clothing which decked and graced them through the summer of their season, without reflecting upon his own mortality; for the voice of inspiration informs us, and experience confirms its truth, that we also must all "fade as
But here we must observe that the comparison only extends to, and is offered in illustration of, the mortality of human nature, and the perishable condition of all that relates to that mortality. The leaf fades, withers, drops, and moulders into dust; and so it is with the corporeal --part of man- - but the similitude extends no farther. The body indeed, like the leaf, shall crumble into dust; but the spirit, which was breathed
into it at its first formation, must return unto God who gave it. The falling of the leaf then will not only remind us of the mortality of the body, but it will also lead us to think upon the immortality of the soul. And if it do not effect this, what painful and unsatisfactory feelings would not the contemplation generate in our minds ! The works of nature are, indeed, what God Almighty pronounced them to be at the creation
very good.” What a beautiful variety and order do they present to us, and how are they calculated in innumerable instances, when properly applied, to add to our comfort, and cheer us on the way journey through life! But “if in this life only we have hope,"
we are,” as St. Paul emphatically expresses it, “ of all men the most miserable." What regret must dwell in the mind of that man, who never extends his thoughts beyond the present state of his existence, when he reflects that all those things which now constitute the chief delight and joy of his heart, must come to an end; that the perishableness of their nature, like his own, must one day effect this, and that the changes he observes to take place in the world around him, as well as the increasing infirmities of his own frame, forcibly convince him of the approaching termination of all his happiness. But shall such a regret as this occupy the heart of the Christian, when, in the “ fall of the leaf” into the lap of earth, he is reminded of his own decay, which must so shortly take place ? Certainly not! It will not be matter of painful consideration to him, what becomes of the casket, if the precious gem which it contains be preserved from injury. It will not afflict him, that his body, like the leaf, should wither and decay, while he feels assured, by faith in the Son of God, that his spiritual part, his immortal soul, will not suffer by the change, but rather enjoy that blessedness which will be connected with an emancipation from its present earthly tabernacle of flesh.
Another similitude may be remarked between this season of the and real life. If we observe the trees of the forest, we shall
perceive some of the leaves already fallen, and rotting under our feet, whilst others hang over our heads, trembling in the blast, ready to join their fellows lying prostrate beneath them. So is it with us; we walk through the depositories of the dead—we see daily the mourners going about the streets, for those who have already departed ; and we see others, our fellow-creatures, tottering on the brink of the grave.
Sometimes, too, we see the leaves withered and blown from the parent tree, before they have reached the autumn, or even completed the summer of their year. Thus also it is with us, my brethren. How often do we behold the heart-rending scene of youth and beauty stretched upon the bed of sickness, held in bondage to the slow and lingering consumption; and the eye which brightly beamed upon us, at last, deprived of its lustre by the sad chilling touch of death. But enough has been said to show that, from a due meditation upon the falling of the leaf,-an indication of the approach of winter,— we should be warned, that a termination of our earthly pilgrimage must also arrive, and that we should endeavour to be prepared to meet it, come when it may. And this, although it may at first sight appear to some a most gloomy subject, will, when justly considered, assume a far different character.
year To the young and ardent, indeed, to those who are just entering into life, and have a world of delights before them, in prospect at least, it may appear irksome-appear like clouding those visions of happiness which they hope to see realized in the present life. But the experience of all mankind, from Adam to the present generation, affords ample proof that every station of life has its appointed trials, and that those persons have ever borne them best whose minds have been impressed with correct ideas respecting their real conditionI mean with correct ideas respecting the perishableness and mortality of the body, and the imperishableness and immortality of the soul. For it should ever be remembered, that when we speak of the trials of the Christian, it is not meant exclusively, distress of body or mind, loss of wealth, power, friends, or relations. The trials of the Christian extend farther than this. For instance, are you blessed with ample means of supplying the wishes and desires of your hearts, as far as wealth can procure them? This is your trial. Are you blessed with fond parents, affectionate relations, and dutiful children? This is
blessed with kind friends, who do all in their power to make you happy, who beguile your hearts of thoughts which would make them break, and thus, at times, make even this life a foretaste of the paradise which awaits you above ? This is
trial. And I will tell you why it is your trial, my brethren; because, if in the enjoyment of all, or any of these blessings, you forget the real source from whence alone you derive them-from the mercy of a good and all-wise God, from whence cometh every good and perfect gift,—they will become to you an occasion of falling. The height of prosperity, and the lowest ebb of adversity, are more nearly allied in their character to each other, than may perhaps be generally supposed; both these situations have their peculiar difficul. ties connected with them; and no one, unless fortified in his mind and heart by the principles of vital religion, and the accompanying grace of God, can ever sustain either of them as becometh those who profess to believe so pure a revelation as the Gospel of Christ. And does not this put us in mind of the sound wisdom displayed in the prayer of Agur, “Give me neither poverty nor riches ; feed me with food convenient for me, lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the ord ? Or, lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain ?" They who have an abundance of worldly prosperity, have an appropriate account to render for it; and they who are tried in the school of adversity, are no less required to display the virtưes of Christian resignation. So that you will perceive, my brethren, that as every situation of life has its joys and sorrows, its sweets and bitters, it is quite essential that all, both
young as well as old, should be well stored with those religious sentiments, that may enable them to bear the one, without being lifted up with worldly pride; and the other, without any further depression than that of the humility becoming the Christian. And surely it will not be deemed injudicious to give our attention to any circumstance connected with the passing moments which may conduce to so happy a result. Our blessed Redeemer himself has authorized the custom to us, by an adaptation of it to many of his own sublime discourses.