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" To do something to instract, bot more to undeceive, the timid and admiring student;-
to excite him to place more confidence in his own strength, and less in the infallibility of
great names ;-to help him to emancipate his judgment from the shackles of authority ;-to
teach him to distinguish between showy language and sound sense ;---to warn him not to pay
himself with words ;-to sbew him that what may tickle the ear or dazzle the imagination,
will not always inform the judgment;-to dispose him rather to fast on ignorance than to
feed himself with error."

Fragment on Government.







Printed for the Editor, by George Smallfeld;



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Monthly Repository.


JANUARY, 1824.

[Vol. XIX.

A Summary of the Theological Controversies which of, late Years have agi

tated the City of Geneva. By M. J. J. CHENEVIÈRE, Pastor and Pro

fessor of Divinity. (Drawn up by the Professor for the Monthly Repository, and translated from the original French by a Friend of the Editor's.)

Geneva, October 1823.

Introduction. ENEVA had been elevated by leagues, their fellow - citizens, their prosperity and glory which might have When the restoration of peace adbeen thought unattainable by so small mitted strangers to the continent of a state. Surrounded by powerful na- Europe, Geneva, on account of its tions that were under the dominion of geographical sttuation, and its proRome, Geneva had preserved the fession of the reformed religion, was ligbt of revelation in all its purity; fixed on by a zealous sect for the she had stretched out her arms to scene of its labours, the central point receive and to shelter the friends of whence its missionaries should go forth truth whom superstition had driven to propagate Methodism on the Con. from country to country.; her clergy tinent. No, means were neglected enjoyed a reputation firmly established which could contribute to the accomon the bases of knowledge and virtue, plishment of this undertaking, and it The pages of the traveller and the was expected that auxiliaries would historian had been employed in details be found in the clergy, who were the and commendations of this favoured successors of Calvin ; the pastors of city, in a measure utterly dispropor- Geneva, however, would not consent tioned to her limited extent and po- to retrograde by treading in the steps litical insignificancy.

of the Methodists ; resistance, thereSuddenly all is changed ; at the be fore, was opposed where numerous ginning of the nineteenth century, an and intelligent helpers were hoped for: offensive league is formed against Ge- Inde iræ, hence" dissatisfaction and neva; as if the language of commen- anger ; hence that accumulation of dation were exhausted, she now hears wrathful and defamatory pamphlets only the voice of reproach and out. issued against a city hitherto so much rage.

Nothing good is now to be esteemed, and against the clergy of found either in her creed or her re- that city. Experienced men, with ligious instructions ; her ministers are two or three exceptions, saw the dan, attacked, insulted, calumniated; the ger, and remained firm and on their press becomes a weapon of offence, guard. Unthinking and ardent young the wide circulation of journals and men were then applied to, and they the unfriendly speed of travellers are easily fell into the snare. A number employed to scatter the venom of of women, men who had fallen under injurious reports. We observe with evil tongues, and various honest but astonishment that they are not Jews inistaken persons, joined themselves or Pagans whose wrath is thus excited to the party, Money, promises, exthat this attack is not made, in the travagant praises of the converts, viofirst instance, by the members of a lent abuse of the pastors of Geneva different communion, attempting to in- and their friends,--such are the elejure the Reformation by beating down ments the combination of which has one of its fortresses: no, it is a sect produced theological controversies, amongst the Reformed, whose zeal is puerile in theinselves, but amicting in kindled against Geneva; it is from their consequences. the lips of clergymen, of citizens, of Geneva is no longer Christian! is pupils, that evil surmises and calum- the cry which resounds in the city nies have proceeded,

against their col. itself, and, reiterated by malevolence,


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