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This is the second Collect till Advent on all days, except Doubles, and within Octaves. The third is at the choice of the Priest.
EPISTLE. 1 John iv. 8.
DEARLY beloved: God is charity. By this hath the charity of God towards us appeared, because God hath sent his only-begotten Son into the world, that we may live through him. In this is charity; not as tho' we had loved God, but because he first loved us, and sent his Son to be a propitiation for our sins. Dearly beloved, if God hath so loved us; we also ought to love one another. No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God abideth in us, and his charity is perfected in us. In this we know that we abide in him, and he in us; because he hath given us of his spirit; and we have seen, and do testify, that the Father hath sent his Son to be the Saviour of the world. Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God abideth in him, and he in God. And we have known, and have believed the charity, which God hath to us. God is charity, and he that abideth in charity, abideth in God, and God in him. In this is the charity of God perfected towards us, that we may have confidence in the day of judgment; because as he is, we also are in this world. Fear is not in charity; but perfect charity casteth out fear, for fear hath pain. And he that feareth, is not perfected in charity. Let us therefore love God, because God first hath loved us. If any man say: I love God, and hate his brother; he is a liar For he that loveth not his brother, whom he seeth, how can he love God, whom he seeth not? And this commandment we have from God, that he, who loveth God, love also his brother.
GRAD. Ps. 40. I said: have mercy on me, O Lord; heal my soul, for I have sinned against thee. V. Blessed is he who coosidereth the poor and needy: in the evil day shall the Lord deliver him. Alleluia, Alleluia. V. Ps. 5. Lord give ear to my words, and attend to my cry, Alleluia.
GOSPEL. Uike vi. 36. 42.
AT that time: Jesus said to his disciples: Be ye merciful. As your father also is merciful. Judge not, and you shall not be judged; condemn not, and you shall not be condemned. Forgive, and you shall be forgiven. Give, and there shall be given to you; good measure and pressed down, and shaken together, and running over shall they give into your bosom. For with the same measure you mete withal, there will be measured to you again. And he spoke also a parable to them: Can a blind man lead a blind man. Do they not both fall into the ditch? The disciple is not above the master; but every one will be perfect, if he be as his master. And why seest thou the mote in thy brother's eye; and the beam, that is in thy own eye, thou considerest not? Or how canst thou say to thy brother: Brother, let me pull the mote out of thy eye: when thou thyself seest not the beam in thy own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast first the beam out of thy own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to take out the mote from thy brother's eye. Credo.
OFFERT. Ps. 5. Attend to the voice of my prayer, O my King and my God; for to thee, O Lord, will I address my prayer.
I. SECRET. Mercifully receive, we beseech thee, O Lord, the sacrifice we offer thee, and grant it may be a continual help to us. Thro'.
II. SECRET. Graciously hear us, O God, our Saviour: that, by virtue of this sacrament, thou mayst defend us from all enemies both of body and soul; give us grace in this life, and glory in the next.
This second Secret is said till Advent on all days, lut Doubles, and within Octaves. The third is at the choice of the Priest. COMM. Ps. Q. I will relate all thy wonders; I will rejoice and exult in thee: I will sing to thy name, O thou the Most High.
I. POSTCOMM. Tantis. Grant, we beseech thee, O Lord, that the great sacrifice we have pai taken of, may avail us to salvation, and make us never cease praising thee. Thro'.
II. POSTCOMM. Mundet. May the oblation of this divine sacrament, we beseech thee, O Lord, both cleanse us, and defend us; and, by the intercession of blessed Mary the Virgin-mother of God, together with that of thy blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, as likewise of blessed George, and of all thy saints, free us from all sin, and deliver us from all adversity.
T his second Postcommunion is said till Advent on all days except Doubles, and within Octaves. The third is at the choice of the Priest.
GOD, from the very beginning, required a sacrifice from the hands of man. The primitive sacrifice consisted of the fruits of the earth, which man, in his state of innocence, offered to God, as an acknowledgement and profession that he had received all from him. After the fall this acknowledgement was no less necessary than before; but ihen it was not alone sufficient. Man was now become a sinner: he had forfeited all right and title to life by eating of the forbidden fruit. As therefore in his first state he paid homage to God by his offerings, and acknowledged, by that action, and by abstaining from the forbidden tree, that he held all of God; so, after his fall, he was to make a public acknowledgement that his life was forfeited. This he did by joining the blood of animals, (over which God had given him an absolute power^ instead of his own to the primivitive sacrifice of the fruits of the earth. This practice was common to all nations, who had learnt it from Adam and Abel by Noah, and was not the expiation, but only the confession of guilt.
The Eucharistic repast of the Christians being the participation of the victim of the everlasting covenant of the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world, and the greatest and most august action of the Christian religion, we must form our ideas of it, not from our own reasoning, but from the testimony of the first teachers of the Christian doctrine.
To receive what the Church distributed in this repast, was not receiving common bread and wine. This is what St. Justin in his Apology, as well as St Ignatius of Antioch, and St. Irenaeus assures us was the belief in their times, something above one hundred years after Christ: and they further add, that it was the very flesh and blood of Jesus Christ, who became man for us. This confession of the second century is perfectly agreeable to the self examination and trials always required of the faithful, before they approached the sacred mysteries.
Were the Eucharistic bread and wine nothing but a bare sign, or a symbol instituted to put us in mind of him, who was crucified, and shed his blood for us, this sign, would undoubtedly, be a memorial of that institution. We might, atthe sight and reception of it, excite in our souls sentiments of gratitude. But this action would neither require any great trial af ourselves nor give room for any severe regulations; or be followed by any alarming consequences. We may certainly look at a symbol, or a fine painting of the death of Christ, without incurring the guilt of any crime by not preparing ourselves before hand. The inspection of a symbol or painting, or the reading or hearing a circumstantial and pathetic account of the sufferings of Christ, is what the greatest sinner might safely be advised to; it is what may be of advantage to all, and ought to be refused to none.
But this cannot be said of the Encharist. The words of St. Paul, 1 Cor. xi. where he gives the faithful of Corinth rules concerning the participation of this mystery, must necessarily fill every Christian with dread and awe; and at the same time shew us, that the necessity of the preparation required doth not arise from the express will and appointment of the institutor of these mysteries, but from tie very nature of that which the faithful receive. Whoever shall eat of this bread, or drink the cup of the lard unworthily: shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man try himself, and so eat of that bread, and drink of that cup: For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the body of the Lord.
It is therefore the substitution of the real body and blood of Christ to the typical blood of other victims (which Christ himself appointed and performed the night before he suffered) the Church Commemorates on Maundy-Thursday. But as that day is chiefly employed in the contemplation of the sufferings of Christ, it may be said that, for a long time, she contented herself with honouring the institution of the Eucharist by the daily consecration, and participation thereof at Mass.
But about the middle of the thirteenth century Pope Urban IV. instituted the present solemnity by a Bull he published, and which was received and confirmed by the general council of Vienne in the year 1311, in opposition to the unhappy error of some, who preferred a false Philosophy to the belief of all the Christians of the preceding ages.
The Processions on this day, and during the Octave in Catholic countries, are the triumphs of Christ and his Church over the unhappy enemies of this adorable mystery; and were instituted as public testimonies of the faith, love, and gratitude of the true children of God.
MASS. Intrott. Ps. lxxx.
He fed them with the /^IBAVIT eos ex adipe finest wheat, Alleluia, Vy frumenti, Alleluia, & he filled them with honey de petra mille saturavit eos. from the rock, Alleluia, Al- Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia. leluia, Alleluia. Ps. Exult Ps. Exultate Deo adjutori, in God our help: joyfully nostro: jubilate Deo Jacob, sing to the God of Jacob. V. Gloria. V. Glory.
COLLECT. Deus, qui nobis. O God, who, in this wonderful sacrament, hast left us a perpetual memorial of thy passion: grant us, we beseech thee, so to reverence the sacred mysteries of thy body and blood, that in our souls we may always be sensible of the fruit of the redemption thou hast purchased for us. Who livest.
EPISTLE. 1 Cor. xi. 23. 20.
BRETHREN: I received of the Lord, that which also I delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread, and giving thanks, broke it, and said: Take ye, and eat: This is my body, which shall be delivered up for you: this do ye in remembrance of me *. In like manner he took the cup after he had supped, saying: This cup is the New Testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as you shall eat this bread and drink this cup, you shall publish the death of the Lord, till he come. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, or drink the cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. But let a man try himself and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of the cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh judgement to himself; not discerning the body of the Lord.
GRAD. Ps. cxliv. The Oculi omnium in te speeyes of all hope in thee, O rant, Domine, et tu das ilLord, and thou givest them lis escam in tempore opporfood in due season. V. tuno. V. Aperis tu maThou openest thy hand, num tuam, et imples omand fiilest every living crea- ne animal benedictione, Alture with blessings, Alle- leluia, Alleluia. V. Caro luia, Alleluia. V. My flesh mea vere est cibus, et sanis truly meat, and my blood guis meus vere est potus: