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21 And for seven days they feasted and re-O Lord, for ever, and thy kingdom is unto all joiced all with great joy.


Raphael maketh himself known.

THEN Tobias called to him his son, and said to him: What can we give to this holy man, that is come with thee?

2 Tobias answering, said to his father: Father, what wages shall we give him? or what can be worthy of his benefits?

3 He conducted me, and brought me safe again; he received the money of Gabelus, he caused me to have my wife; and he chased from her the evil spirit: he gave joy to her parents; myself he delivered from being devoured by the fish; thee also he hath made to see the light of heaven; and we are filled with all good things through him. What can we give him sufficient for these things?

4 But I beseech thee, my father, to desire him, that he would vouchsafe to accept of one half of all things that have been brought.

5 So the father and the son calling him, took him aside; and began to desire him that he would vouchsafe to accept of half of all things that they had brought.

6 Then he said to them secretly: Bless ye the God of heaven; give glory to him in the sight of all that live; because he hath shown his mercy to


7 For it is good to hide the secret of a king; but honourable to reveal and confess the works of God.

8 Prayer is good with fasting and alms, more than to lay up treasures of gold:

9 For alms delivereth from death; and the same is that which purgeth away sins, and maketh to find mercy and life everlasting.

10 But they that commit sin and iniquity, are enemies to their own soul.

13 Thou shalt shine with a glorious light: and all the ends of the earth shall worship thee.

14 Nations from afar shall come to thee: and shall bring gifts, and shall adore the Lord in thee, and shall esteem thy land as holy.

15 For they shall call upon the great name in thee.

16 They shall be cursed that shall despise thee: and they shall be condemned that shall blaspheme thee: and blessed shall they be that shall build thee up.

12 When thou didst pray with tears, and didst bury the dead, and didst leave thy dinner, and 17 But thou shalt rejoice in thy children; behide the dead by day in thy house, and bury cause they shall all be blessed, and shall be gaththem by night, I offered thy prayer to the Lord.ered together to the Lord.

18 Blessed are all they that love thee, and that rejoice in thy peace.

13 And because thou wast acceptable to God, it was necessary that temptation should prove thee. 14 And now the Lord hath sent me to heal thee, and to deliver Sara thy son's wife from the devil.

19 My soul, bless thou the Lord; because the Lord our God hath delivered Jerusalem his city from all her troubles.

11 I discover then the truth unto you: and will not hide the secret from you.


15 For I am the Angel Raphael, one of the seven, who stand before the Lord.

16 And when they had heard these things, they were troubled; and being seized with fear, they fell upon the ground on their face.

17 And the Angel said to them: Peace be to you; fear not.

18 For when I was with you, I was there by the will of God: bless ye him, and sing praises to him.

19 I seemed indeed to eat and to drink with you: but I use an invisible meat and drink, which cannot be seen by men.

20 It is time therefore that I return to him, that sent me: but bless ye God, and publish all his wonderful works.

21 And when he had said these things, he was taken from their sight; and they could see him

no more.

upon their face, blessed God: and rising up, they 22 Then they lying prostrate for three hours told all his wonderful works.


2 For thou scourgest, and thou savest; thou leadest down to hell, and bringest up again: and there is none that can escape thy hand.

3 Give glory to the Lord, ye children of Israel, and praise him in the sight of the Gentiles:

4 Because he hath therefore scattered you among the Gentiles, who know not him, that you may declare his wonderful works, and make them know that there is no other almighty God besides him.

5 He hath chastised us for our iniquities: and he will save us for his own mercy.

6 See then what he hath done with us, and with fear and trembling give ye glory to him: and extol, the eternal King of worlds in your works.

7 As for me, I will praise him in the land of my captivity: because he hath shown his majesty toward a sinful nation.


Tobias the father praiseth God, exhorting all
Israel to do the same. Prophesieth the restora-
tion and better state of Jerusalem.
ND Tobias the elder opening his mouth,



8 Be converted therefore, ye sinners, and do justice before God, believing that he will show his mercy to you.

9 And I and my soul will rejoice in him.

10 Bless ye the Lord, all his elect, keep days of joy, and give glory to him.

11 Jerusalem city of God, the Lord hath chastised thee for the works of thy hands.

12 Give glory to the Lord for thy good things, and bless the God eternal, that he may rebuild his tabernacle in thee, and may call back all the captives to thee, and thou mayst rejoice for ever and ever.

20 Happy shall I be if there shall remain of my seed, to see the glory of Jerusalem.

21 The gates of Jerusalem shall be built of Sapphire, and of Emerald, and all the walls thereof round about of precious stones.

22 All its streets shall be paved with white and clean stones: and Alleluia shall be sung in its streets.

23 Blessed be the Lord, who hath exalted it; and may he reign over it for ever and ever; Amen.

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5 And at the hour of his death he called unto him his son Tobias and his children, seven young men, his grand-sons, and said to them:

6 The destruction of Ninive is at hand: for the word of the Lord must be fulfilled: and our brethren, that are scattered abroad from the land of Israel, shall return to it.

7 And all the land thereof that is desert shall be filled with people; and the house of God which is burnt in it, shall again be rebuilt: and all that fear God shall return thither.

8 And the Gentiles shall leave their idols, and shall come into Jerusalem, and shall dwell in it. 9 And all the kings of the earth shall rejoice in it, adoring the King of Israel.

10 Hearken therefore, my children, to your father: serve the Lord in truth, and seek to do the things that please him:

CHAP. I. Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians overcometh Arphaxad king of the Medes.



The sacred writer of this book is generally be- 6 In the great plain which is called Ragau, lieved to be the high priest Eliachim (called al-about the Euphrates, and the Tigris, and the Jaso Joachim.) The transactions herein related, dason, in the plain of Erioch the king of the Elimost probably happened in his days, and in the reign of Manasses, after his repentance and return from captivity. It takes its name from that illustrious woman, by whose virtue and fortitude, and armed with prayer, the children of Israel were preserved from the destruction threatened them by Holofernes and his great army. It finishes with her canticle of thanksgiving to God.

brought many nations under his dominions: and he built a very strong city, which he called Ecbatana,

2 Of stones squared and hewed: he made the walls thereof seventy cubits broad, and thirty cubits high: and the towers thereof he made a hundred cubits high. But on the square of them, each side was extended the space of twenty feet. 3 And he made the gates thereof according to the height of the towers:

4 And he gloried as a mighty one in the force of his and in the

5 Now in the twelfth year of his reign, Nabuchodonosort king of the Assyrians, who reigned in Ninive the great city, fought against Arphaxad, and overcame him,

11 And command your children that they do justice and alms-deeds, and that they be mindful of God, and bless him at all times in truth, and with all their power.

12 And now, children, hear me, and do not stay here: but as soon as you shall bury your mother by me in one sepulchre, without delay direct your steps to depart hence:

13 For I see that its iniquity will bring it to destruction.

14 And it came to pass that after the death of his mother, Tobias departed out of Ninive with his wife, and children, and children's children, and returned to his father and mother-in-law.

15 And he found them in health in a good old age: and he took care of them, and he closed their eyes: and all the inheritance of Raguel's house came to him: and he saw his children's children to the fifth generation.

16 And after he had lived ninety nine years in the fear of the Lord, with joy they buried him.

Arphaxad. He was probably the same as is called Dejoces by Herodotus; to whom he attributes the building of Ecbatana, the capital city of Media.

17 And all his kindred, and all his generation continued in good life, and in holy conversation, so that they were acceptable both to God, and to men, and to all that dwelt in the land.

7 Then was the kingdom of Nabuchodonosor exalted, and his heart was elevated: and he sent to all that dwelt in Cilicia, and Damascus, and Libanus,

8 And to the nations that are in Carmelus, and Cedar, and to the inhabitants of Galilee in the great plain of Esdrelon,

9 And to all that were in Samaria, and beyond the river Jordan even to Jerusalem, and all the land of Jesse till you come to the borders of Ethiopia.

10 To all these Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians sent messengers.

11 But they all with one mind refused, and sent them back empty, and rejected them without honour

12 Then king Nabuchodonosor being angry against all that land, swore by his throne and kingdom that he would revenge himself of all those countries.


Nabuchodonosor sendeth Holofernes to waste the countries of the west.

the thirteenth year of the reign of Nabu

chodonosor, the two and twentieth day of the first month, the word was given out in the house of Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians, that he would revenge himself.

2 And he called all the ancients, and all the governors, and his officers of war, and communicated to them the secret of his counsel:

3 And he said that his thoughts were to bring all the earth under his empire.

† Nabuchodonosor. Not the king of Babylon, 4 And when this saying pleased them all, Nawho took and destroyed Jerusalem, but another buchodonosor the king called Holofernes the of the same name, who reigned in Ninive; and general of his armies,

is called by profane historians Saosduchin. He 5 And said to him: Go out against all the kingsucceeded Asarhaddon in the kingdom of the doms of the west, and against them especially Assyrians, and was cotemporary with Manasses that despised my commandment. king of Juda.

6 Thy eye shall not spare any kingdom; and

all the strong cities thou shalt bring under my yoke.

7 Then Holofernes called the captains and officers of the power of the Assyrians: and he mustered men for the expedition, as the king commanded him, a hundred and twenty thousand fighting men on foot, and twelve thousand archers, horsemen.

8 And he made all his warlike preparations to go before with a multitude of innumerable camels, with all provisions sufficient for the armies in abundance, and herds of oxen, and flocks of sheep, without number.

9 He appointed corn to be prepared out of all Syria in his passage.

10 But gold and silver he took out of the king's house in great abundance.

11 And he went forth, he and all the army, with the chariots, and horsemen, and archers, who covered the face of the earth, like locusts.

12 And when he had passed through the borders of the Assyrians, he came to the great mountains of Ange, which are on the left of Cilicia:

and he went up to all their castles, and took all the strong places.

13 And he took by assault the renowned city of Melothus, and pillaged all the children of Tharsis, and the children of Ismahel, who were over-against the face of the desert, and on the south of the land of Cellon.

14 And he passed over the Euphrates, and came into Mesopotamia: and he forced all the stately cities that were there, from the torrent of Mambre, till one comes to the sea:

15 And he took the borders thereof, from Cilicia to the coasts of Japheth, which are towards the south.

10 And received him with garlands, and lights, and dances, and timbrels, and flutes.

11 And though they did these things, they could not for all that mitigate the fierceness of his heart:

12 For he both destroyed their cities, and cut down their groves.

13 For Nabuchodonosor the king had commanded him to destroy all the gods of the earth, that he only might be called god by those nations which could be brought under him by the power of Holofernes.

16 And he carried away all the children of Madian, and stripped them of all their riches: and all that resisted him he slew with the edge of

the sword.

4 And they compassed their towns with walls, and gathered together corn for provision for war.

5 And Eliachim the priest wrote to all that were over-against Esdrelon, which faceth the great plain near Dothain, and to all by whom there might be a passage of way; that they should take possession of the ascents of the mountains, by which there might be any way to Jerusalem, and should keep watch where the way was narrow between the mountains.

6 And the children of Israel did as the priest of the Lord, Eliachim, had appointed them.

7 And all the people cried to the Lord with great earnestness: and they humbled their souls in fastings, and prayers, both they and their wives.


8 And the priests put on hair-cloths; and they Many submit themselves to Holofernes. He de-caused the little children to lie prostrate before stroyeth their cities, and their gods, that Na- the temple of the Lord; and the altar of the buchodonosor only might be called god. Lord they covered with hair-cloth.

TH HEN the kings and the princes of all the 9 And they cried to the Lord the God of Israel cities and provinces of Syria, Mesopotamia, with one accord, that their children might not be and Syria Sobal, and Libya, and Cilicia, sent made a prey, and their wives carried off, and their ambassadors, who coming to Holofernes, their cities destroyed, and their holy things profaned; and that they might not be made a reproach to the gentiles.


10 Then Eliachim the high priest of the Lord went about all Israel, and spoke to them,

11 Saying: Know ye that the Lord will hear your prayers, if you continue with perseverance in fastings and prayers in the sight of the Lord.

12 Remember Moses the servant of the Lord, who overcame Amalec that trusted in his own strength, and in his power, and in his army, and in his shields, and in his chariots, and in his horsemen, not by fighting with the sword, but by holy

17 And after these things he went down into the plains of Damascus in the days of the harvest; and he set all the corn on fire; and he caused all the trees and vineyards to be cut down:

14 And when he had passed through all Syria Sobal, and all Apamea, and all Mesopotamia, he came to the Idumeans into the land of Gabaa:

15 And he took possession of their cities, and stayed there for thirty days, in which days he commanded all the troops of his army to be united.

18 And the fear of him fell upon all the inhabitants of the land.


The children of Israel prepare themselves to resist Holofernes. They cry to the Lord for help. of Israel, who dwelt in

the land of Juda, hearing these things, were exceedingly afraid of him.

2 Dread and horror seized upon their minds; lest he should do the same to Jerusalem and to the temple of the Lord, that he had done to other cities, and their temples.

3 And they sent into all Samaria round about, as far as Jericho, and seized upon all the tops of the mountains:

2 Let thy indignation towards us cease: for it is better for us to live and serve Nabuchodonosor the great king, and be subject to thee, than to die and to perish, or suffer the miseries of slavery.

3 All our cities and our possessions, all mountains, and hills, and fields, and herds of oxen, and flocks of sheep, and goats, and horses, and camels, and all our goods, and families, are in thy sight:

4 Let all we have be subject to thy law.
5 Both we and our children are thy servants.

6 Come to us a peaceable lord, and use our prayers: service as it shall please thee.

13 So shall all the enemies of Israel be, if you

7 Then he came down from the mountains persevere in this work which you have begun. with horsemen in great power, and made himself master of every city, and all the inhabitants of the land.

14 So they being moved by this exhortation of his, prayed to the Lord, and continued in the sight of the Lord.

15 So that even they who offered the holocausts to the Lord, offered the sacrifices to the Lord girded with hair-cloths, and with ashes upon their head.

16 And they all begged of God with all their heart, that he would visit his people Israel.

8 And from all the cities he took auxiliaries valiant men, and chosen for war.

9 And so great a fear lay upon all those provinces, that the inhabitants of all the cities, both princes and nobles, as well as the people went out to meet him at his coming,

CHAP. V. Achior gives Holofernes an account of the people of Israel.

ND it was told Holofernes the general of the Israel prepared themselves to resist, and had shut up the ways of the mountains.

2 And he was transported with exceeding great fury and indignation: and he called all the princes of Moab and the leaders of Ammon,

3 And he said to them: Tell me what is this people that besetteth the mountains; or what are their cities, and of what sort, and how great; also what is their power, or what is their multitude; or who is the king over their warfare;

4 And why they above all that dwell in the east, have despised us, and have not come out to meet us, that they might receive us with peace? 5 Then Achior captain of all the children of Ammon answering, said: If thou vouchsafe, my lord, to hear, I will tell the truth in thy sight concerning this people, that dwelleth in the mountains; and there shall not a false word come out of my mouth.

6 This people is of the offspring of the Chaldeans.

7 They dwelt first in Mesopotamia, because they would not follow the gods of their fathers, who were in the land of the Chaldeans.

8 Wherefore forsaking the ceremonies of their fathers, which consisted in the worship of many gods,

9 They worshipped one God of heaven, who also commanded them to depart from thence, and to dwell in Charan. And when there was a famine over all the land, they went down into Egypt; and there for four hundred years were so multiplied, that the army of them could not be numbered.

10 And when the king of Egypt oppressed them, and made slaves of them to labour in clay and brick, in the building of his cities, they cried to their Lord; and he struck the whole land of Egypt with divers plagues.

11 And when the Egyptians had cast them out from them, and the plague had ceased from them, and they had a mind to take them again, and bring them back to their service,

12 The God of heaven opened the sea to them in their flight, so that the waters were made to stand firm as a wall on either side; and they walked through the bottom of the sea, and passed it dry foot.

13 And when an innumerable army of the Egyptians pursued after them in that place, they were so overwhelmed with the waters, that there was not one left, to tell what had happened, to posterity.

14 And after they came out of the Red Sea, they abode in the deserts of mount Sina, in which never man could dwell, or son of man rested.

15 There bitter fountains were made sweet for them to drink: and for forty years they received food from heaven.

16 Wheresoever they went in without bow and arrow, and without shield and sword, their God fought for them, and overcame.

17 And there was no one that triumphed over this people, but when they departed from the worship of the Lord their God.

Hesebon: and they possessed their lands, and their cities:

21 And as long as they sinned not in the sight of their God, it was well with them: for their God hateth iniquity.

22 And even some years ago when they had revolted from the way which God had given them to walk therein, they were destroyed in battles by many nations; and very many of them were led away captive into a strange land.

23 But of late returning to the Lord their God, from the different places wherein they were scattered, they are come together, and are gone up into all these mountains, and possess Jerusalem again, where their holies are.

24 Now therefore, my lord, search if there be any iniquity of theirs in the sight of their God; let us go up to them, because their God will surely deliver them to thee, and they shall be brought under the yoke of thy power:

25 But if there be no offence of this people in the sight of their God, we cannot resist them; because their God will defend them; and we shall be a reproach to the whole earth.

26 And it came to pass, when Achior had ceased to speak these words, all the great men of Holofernes were angry: and they had a mind to kill him, saying to each other:

27 Who is this, that saith the children of Israel can resist king Nabuchodonosor, and his armies, men unarmed, and without force, and without skill in the art of war?

28 That Achior therefore may know that he deceiveth us, let us go up into the mountains: and when the bravest of them shall be taken, then shall he with them be stabbed with the sword:

29 That every nation may know that Nabuchodonosor is god of the earth, and besides him there is no other.


Holofernes in great rage sendeth Achior to Bethulia, there to be slain with the Israelites.

had left off

speaking, that Holofernes being in a violent passion, said to Achior:

2 Because thou hast prophesied unto us, saying that the nation of Israel is defended by their God, to show thee that there is no God, but Nabuchodonosor:

3 When we shall slay them all as one man, then thou also shalt die with them by the sword of the Assyrians: and all Israel shall perish with thee:

4 And thou shalt find that Nabuchodonosor is lord of the whole earth: and then the sword of my soldiers shall pass through thy sides: and thou shalt be stabbed, and fall among the wounded of Israel; and thou shalt breathe no more till thou be destroyed with them.

5 But if thou think thy prophecy true, let not thy countenance sink, and let the paleness that is in thy face, depart from thee, if thou imaginest these my words cannot be accomplished.

6 And that thou mayest know that thou shalt experience these things together with them, behold, from this hour thou shalt be associated to their people; that when they shall receive the punishment they deserve from my sword, thou mayst fall under the same vengeance.

7 Then Holofernes commanded his servants to take Achior, and to lead him to Bethulia, and to deliver him into the hands of the children of Is

18 But as often as beside their own God, they worshipped any other, they were given to spoil, and to the sword, and to reproach.

19 And as often as they were penitent for hav-rael. ing revolted from the worship of their God, the God of heaven gave them power to resist. 20 So they overthrew the king of the Cha- near the mountains, the slingers came out against naanites, and of the Jebusites, and of the Phe-them.

8 And the servants of Holofernes taking him, went through the plains: but when they came

rezites, and of the Hethites, and of the Hevites, 9 Then turning out of the way by the side of and of the Amorrhites, and all the mighty ones in the mountain, they tied Achior to a tree hand and

foot; and so left him bound with ropes, and re-way led directly between the mountains; and they guarded them all day and night.

turned to their master.

6 Now Holofernes, in going round about, found that the fountain which supplied them with water, ran through an aqueduct without the city on the south side: and he commanded their aqueduct to be cut off.

10 And the children of Israel coming down from Bethulia, came to him. And loosing him, they brought him to Bethulia, and setting him in the midst of the people, asked him what was the matter that the Assyrians had left him bound.

7 Nevertheless there were springs not far from

11 In those days the rulers there were Ozias the son of Micha of the tribe of Simeon, and Char-the walls, out of which they were seen secretly to mi, called also Gothoniel. draw water, to refresh themselves a little rather

12 And Achior related in the midst of the an-than to drink their fill. cients, and in the presence of all the people, all 8 But the children of Ammon and Moab came that he had said, being asked by Holofernes: and to Holofernes, saying: The children of Israel how the people of Holofernes would have killed trust not in their spears, nor in their arrows: but him for this word: the mountains are their defence, and the steep hills and precipices guard them.

9 Wherefore that thou mayst overcome them without joining battle, set guards at the springs, that they may not draw water out of them; and thou shalt destroy them without sword; or at least being wearied out they will yield up their city, which they suppose, because it is situate in the mountains, to be impregnable.

13 And how Holofernes himself being angry had commanded him to be delivered for this cause to the Israelites; that when he should overcome the children of Israel, then he might command Achior also himself to be put to death by divers torments, for having said: The God of heaven is their defender.

14 And when Achior had declared all these things, all the people fell upon their faces, adoring 10 And these words pleased Holofernes, and the Lord, and all of them together mourning and his officers: and he placed all round about a hunweeping poured out their prayers with one ac-dred men at every spring. cord to the Lord,

15 Saying: O Lord God of heaven and earth, behold their pride, and look on our low condition, and have regard to the face of thy saints, and show that thou forsakest not them that trust on thee, and that thou humblest them that presume of themselves, and glory in their own strength.

11 And when they had kept this watch for full twenty days, the cisterns, and the reserve of waters failed among all the inhabitants of Bethulia; so that there was not within the city, enough to satisfy them, no not for one day; for water was daily given out to the people by measure.

16 So when their weeping was ended, and the people's prayer, in which they continued all the day, was concluded, they comforted Achior,

12 Then all the men and women, young men, and children, gathering themselves together to Ozias, all together with one voice,

17 Saying: The God of our fathers, whose power thou hast set forth, will make this return to thee, that thou rather shalt see their destruction.

13 Said: God be judge between us and thee; for thou hast done evil against us, in that thou wouldst not speak peaceably with the Assyrians: and for this cause God hath sold us into their hands.

14 And therefore there is no one to help us, while we are cast down before their eyes in thirst, and sad destruction.

18 And when the Lord our God shall give this liberty to his servants, let God be with thee also in the midst of us: that as it shall please thee, so thou with all thine mayst converse with us.

19 Then Ozias, after the assembly was broken up, received him into his house, and made him great supper.

20 And all the ancients were invited; and they refreshed themselves together after their fast was

15 And now assemble ye all that are in the city that we may of our own accord yield ourselves all up to the people of Holofernes.


16 For it is better, that being captives we should live and bless the Lord, than that we should die, and be a reproach to all flesh, after we have eyes. seen our wives and four infants die before our


21 And afterwards all the people were called together; and they prayed all the night long within the church, desiring help of the God of Israel.

17 We call to witness this day heaven and earth, and the God of our fathers, who taketh vengeance upon us according to our sins, conjuring you to deliver now the city into the hand of short by the edge of the sword, which is made the army of Holofernes, that our end may be longer by the drought of thirst.

18 And when they had said these things, there assembly; and for many hours with one voice was great weeping and lamentation of all in the they cried to God, saying:

2 Now there were in his troops a hundred and twenty thousand footmen, and two and twenty thousand horsemen, besides the preparations of those men who had been taken, and who had been brought away out of the provinces and cities, of all the youth.

19 We have sinned with our fathers: we have done unjustly; we have committed iniquity:

20 Have thou mercy on us, because thou art good; or punish our iniquities by chastising us thyself, and deliver not them that trust in thee to people that knoweth not thee,


3 All these prepared themselves together to fight against the children of Israel, and they came by the hill side to the top, which looketh toward Dothain, from the place which is called Belma, unto Chelmon, which is over-against Esdrelon.

21 That they may not say among the Gentiles: Where is their God?

4 But the children of Israel, when they saw the multitude of them, prostrated themselves upon the ground, putting ashes upon their heads, praying with one accord, that the God of Israel would show his mercy upon his people.

5 And taking their arms of war, they posted themselves at the places, which by a narrow

Holofernes besiegeth Bethulia. The distress of
the besieged.
OUT Holofernes on the next day gave orders

22 And when being wearied with these cries, and tired with these weepings, they held their peace,

23 Ozias rising up all in tears, said: Be of good courage, my brethren; and let us wait these five days for mercy from the Lord.

24 For perhaps he will put a stop to his indigpath-nation, and will give glory to his own name.

25 But if after five days be past, there come no aid, we will do the things which you have spo


*The church. That is, the synagogue or place where they met for prayer.

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