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8 Agam the devil took him up into a very high mountain; and * showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them,
9 And said to him: All these will I give thee, if, falling down, thou wilt adore me.
10 Then Jesus saith to him: Begone, Satan: for it is written: The Lord thy God thou shalt adore, and him only shalt thou serve.
11 Then the devil left him; and, behold, Angels came and ministered to him.
12 Now when Jesus had heard that John was delivered up, he retired into Galilee :
13 And leaving the city Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capharnaum on the sea-coast, in the confines of Zabulon and Nepththalim:
14 That what was said by Isaias the prophet might be fulfilled :
15 The land of Zabulon and the land of Nepththalim, the way of the sea beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles:
16 The people that sat in darkness, saw great light: and to them that sat in the region of the shadow of death, light is sprung up.
17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say: Do penance, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
18 And Jesus walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brothers, Simon who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea (for they were fishers.)
19 And he saith to them: Come after me, and will make you become fishers of men.
20 And they immediately leaving their nets, followed him.
21 And going on from thence, he saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets: and he called them.
22 And they immediately leaving their nets and their father, followed him.
23 And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom; and healing all diseases and infirmities among the people.
24 And his fame went throughout all Syria, and they brought to him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and such as were possessed by devils, and lunatics, those that had the palsy, and he healed them :
25 And great multitudes followed him from GaJilee, and from Decapolis, and from Jerusalem, and from Judea, and from beyond the Jordan. CHAP. V.
Christ's sermon upon the mount. The eight beatitudes.
NOW Jesus seeing the multitudes, he went up
into a mountain: and when he had sat down, his disciples came to him.
2 And opening his mouth he taught them, saying: 3 Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
4 Blessed are the meek: for they shall possess the land.
5 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
Amen. That is, assuredly, of a truth. This Hebrew word Amen, is here retained by the example and authority of all the four evangelists, who have retained it. It is used by our Lord as a strong
asseveration, and affirmation of the truth.
The Scribes, and of the Pharisees. The Scribes were the doctors of the law of Moses: the Pharisees were a precise set of men, making profession of a more exact observance of the law: and upon that account greatly esteemed among the people.
¶ Shall be guilty of judgment: That is, shall deserve to be punished by that lesser tribunal among the Jews, called the Judgment, which took cognizance of such crimes.
** Raca: A word expressing great indignation or contempt. Shall be guilty of the council: That is,
Showed him &c. That is, pointed out to him, where each kingdom lay; and set forth in words shall deserve to be punished by the highest court of what was most glorious and admirable in each of judicature, called the Council, or Sanhedrim, conthem. Or also, set before his eyes, as it were in a sisting of seventy-two persons, where the highest large map, a lively representation of all those king- causes were tried and judged, which was at Jerusalem.
+ The poor in spirit. That is, the humble; and + Thou fool. This was looked upon as a heinous they whose spirit is not set upon riches. injury, when uttered with contempt, spite, or ma
To fulfil. By accomplishing all the figures lice; and therefore is here so severely condemned. and prophecies; and perfecting all that was imperfect.-Shall be guilty of hell-fire: literally, according
29 And if thy right eye cause thee to offend,* pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is better for thee that one of thy members should perish, than that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
30 And if thy right hand cause thee to offend, cut it off, and cast it from thee; for it is better for thee that one of thy members should perish, than that thy whole body should go into hell.
31 It hath also been said: Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a bill of divorce.
32 But I say to you: that whosoever shall put away his wife, excepting for the cause of formication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whoso-|| ever shall marry her that is put away, committeth adultery.
33 Again, you have heard that it was said to them of old: Thou shalt not forswear thyself: but thou shalt perform thy oaths to the Lord.
34 But I say to you, not to swear at all,† neither by heaven, for it is the throne of God;
35 Nor by the earth, for it is his footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great king:
36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black.
37 But let your speech be, yea, yea, no, no: for whatsoever is more than these, cometh from evil. 38 You have heard that it hath been said: An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.
39 But I say to you, not to resist evil: but if any man strike thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
40 And if any man will go to law with thee, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also. 41 And whosoever shall force thee to go one mile, go with him other two.
42 Give to him that asketh of thee, and from him that would borrow of thee, turn not away.
to the Greek, shall deserve to be cast into the Gehenna of fire. Which words our Saviour made use of to express the fire and punishment of hell.
*Cause thee to offend. That is, if it be a stumbling block, or occasion of sin to thee. By which we are taught to fly the immediate occasions of sin, though they be as dear to us, or as necessary, as a hand or an eye.
43 You have heard that it hath been said: Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thy enemy.
44 But I say to you: Love your enemics: do good to them that hate you: and pray for them that persecute and calumniate you;
45 That you may be the children of your Father, who is in heaven: who maketh his sun to rise upon the good, and the bad, and raineth upon the just and the unjust.
46 For if you love those that love you, what reward shall you have? do not even the publicans the same?
47 And if you salute your brethren only, what do you more? do not also the heathens the same? 48 Be you, therefore, perfect, as also your heavenly Father is perfect.
A continuation of the sermon on the mount.
fore men, that you may be seen by thera: otherwise you shall not have a reward from your Father, who is in heaven.
2 Therefore, when thou doest an alms-deed, sound not a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be honoured by men. Amen I say to you, they have received their reward.
3 But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth :
4 That thy alms may be in secret, and thy Father, who seeth in secret, will repay thee.
5 And when you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites, who love to pray standing in the synagogues and at the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men: Amen I say to you, they have received their reward.
6 But thou, when thou shalt pray, enter into thy chamber, and having shut the door, pray to thy Father in secret: and thy Father, who seeth in se cret, will reward thee.
7 And when you are praying, speak not much, as the heathens do: for they think that they are heard for their much speaking.
8 Be not you, therefore, like them. For your Father knoweth what you stand in need of, before you ask him.
9 You, therefore, shall pray in this manner : Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name.
10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done an earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us this day our supersubstantial bread.¶ 12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive out debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation.** But deliver us from evil. Amen.
14 For if you forgive men their offences, your heavenly Father will also forgive you your offences.
15 But if you will not forgive inen, neither will your Father forgive you your sins.
16 And when you fast, be not, as the hypocrites, sad: for they disfigure their faces, that to men they
Not to swear at all. 'Tis not forbidden to The publicans. These were the gatherers of the swear in truth, justice and judgment; to the hon-public taxes: a set of men, odious and famous our of God, or our own or neighbour's just defence; among the Jews, for their extortions and injustice but only to swear rashly, profanely, in common Your justice, i. e. works of justice, viz. fasting, discourse, and without necessity. prayer, and almsdeeds; which ought to be perform
Not to resist evil, &c. What is here command-ed, not out of ostentation, or a view to please men, ed, is a Christian patience under injuries and af- but solely to please God. fronts, and to be willing even to suffer still more, Supersubstantial bread. In St. Luke the same rather that to indulge the desire of revenge: but word is rendered daily bread. It is understood of the what is further added does not strictly oblige accord-bread of life, which we receive in the Blessed Saing to the letter, for neither did Christ nor St. Paul crament.
turn the other cheek.-St. John xviii. and Acts XXII.
** Lead us not into temptation. That is, suffer us not to be overcome by temptation.
27 And which of you, by thinking, his stature one cubit?
can add to 28 And for raiment why are you solicitous? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they labour not, neither do they spin.
29 And yet I say to you, that not even Solomon, in all his glory, was arrayed as one of these.
30 Now, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast into the oven; how much more you, O ye of little faith?
31 Be not solicitous, therefore, saying: What shall we eat, or what shall we drink, or wherewith shall we be clothed?
32 For after all these things do the heathen seek For your Father knoweth that you have need of all these things.
33 Seek ye, therefore, first the kingdom of God, and his justice; and all these things shall be added unto you.
34 Be not, therefore, solicitous for to-morrow for the morrow will be solicitous for itself. cient for the day is the evil thereof.
The third part of the sermon on the mount.
2 For with what judgment you have judged, you shall be judged: and with what measure you have measured, it shall be measured to you again.
3 And why seest thou a mote in thy brother's eye, and seest not a beam in thy own eye?
7 Ask, and it shall be given you: seek, and you shall find: knock, and it shall be opened to you.
8 For every one that asketh, receiveth: and he that seeketh, findeth: and to him that knocketh, it shall be opened.
9 Or what man is there among you, of whom if his son ask bread, will he reach him a stone? 10 Or if he ask a fish, will he reach him a serpent?
11 If you, then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children: how much more will your Father, who is in heaven, give good things to them that ask him?
12 All things, therefore, whatsoever you would that men should do to you, do you also to them: for this is the law and the prophets.
13 Enter ye in at the narrow gate for wide is the gate, and broad is the way that leadeth to destruction; and many there are who enter by it.
14 How narrow is the gate, and strait is the way, which leadeth to life; and few there are, who find it!
* Mammon. That is, riches, worldly interest.
15 Beware of false prophets, who come to you in the clothing of sheep, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves.
16 By their fruits you shall know them. men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? 17 Even so every good tree yieldeth good fruit, and the bad tree yieldeth bad fruit.
18 A good tree cannot yield bad fruit; neither can a bad tree yield good fruit.
19 Every tree that yieldeth not good fruit, shall be cut down, and shall be cast into the fire.
20 Wherefore, by their fruits you shall know them.,
21 Not every one that saith to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven: but he that doeth the will of my Father, who is in hea ven, he shall enter into the kingdom of heaven.
22 Many will say to me in that day: Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name, and in thy name cast out ils, and done many wonderful works in thy name? 23 And then will I profess unto them: I never knew you: depart from me, you that work iniquity.
24 Therefore, whosoever heareth these my words, and doeth them, shall be likened to a wise man, who built his house upon a rock.
25 And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat upon that house, and it fell not; for it was founded upon a rock.
26 And every one that heareth these my words, and doeth them not, shall be like a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand.
27 And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat upon that house, and it fell; and great was the fall thereof.
28 And it came to pass, when Jesus had fully ended these words, the people were in admiration at his doctrine.
4 Or how sayest thou to thy brother: Let me cast the mote out of thy eye; and behold a beam is in thy own eye?
5 Thou bypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thy own eye, and then shalt thou see to cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye.
6 Give not that which is holy to dogs: neither 2 And behold, a leper coming, adored him, saycast ye your pearls before swine; lest they trample ing: Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean. them under their feet, and, turning upon you, tear 3 And Jesus, stretching forth his hand, touched you. him, saying: I will. Be thou made clean. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed.
4 And Jesus said to him: See thou tell no man: but go, show thyself to the priest, and offer the gift which Moses commanded for a testimony to them.
29 For he was teaching them as one having authority, and not as their Scribes and Pharisees.
Christ cleanses the leper, heals the centurion's servant, Peter's mother-in-law, and many others; he stills the storm at sea, drives the devils out of two men possessed, and suffers them to go into
ND when he was come down from the moun
5 And when he had entered into Capharnaum, out, went into the swine; and behold, the whole there came to him a centurion, beseeching him, herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, 6 And saying: Lord, my servant lieth at home and perished in the waters. sick of the palsy, and is grievously tormented. 7 And Jesus said to him: I will come, and heal him.
33 And they that kept them, fled: and coming into the city, told every thing, and concerning them that had been possessed by the devils.
34 And behold, the whole city came out to meet
8 And the centurion making answer, said: Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldst enter under Jesus: and when they saw him, they besought hirm that he would depart from their coasts. CHAP. IX.
my roof: but only say the word, and my servant shall be healed.
9 For I also am a man under authority, having soldiers under me and I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, do this, and he doeth it.
10 And Jesus, bearing this, wondered and said, to those that followed him: Amen I say to you, have not found so great faith in Israel.
11 And I say unto you, that many shall come from the East and the West, and shall sit down with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven:
12 But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into exterior darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
13 And Jesus said to the centurion: Go; and as thou hast believed, so be it done to thee. And the servant was healed at the same hour.
16 And when evening was come, they brought to him many that were possessed with devils: and he cast out the spirit with his word: and all that were sick he healed:
17 That it might be fulfilled, which was spoken by the Prophet Isaias, saying: He took our infirmities, and bore our diseases.
6 But, that you may know that the Son of man 14 And when Jesus was come into Peter's house, hath power on earth to forgive sins, then, saith be he saw his mother-in-law lying, and sick of a fever: to the man sick of the palsy: Rise up, take thy
15 And he touched her hand, and the fever left her; and she arose and ministered to them.
bed, and go into thy house.
7 And he rose up, and went into his house. 8 And the multitude seeing it, feared, and glori fied God, who had given such power to men
9 And when Jesus passed on from thence, he saw a man sitting in the custom-house, named Matthew: and he saith to him: Follow me: and he rose up, and followed him.
10 And it came to pass, as he was at table in the house, behold, many publicans and sinners came, and sat down with Jesus and his disciples.
11 And the Pharisees seeing it, said to his disci ples: Why doth your master eat with publicans and sinners?
18 And Jesus, seeing great multitudes about him, gave orders to pass over the water.
19 And a certain scribe came, and said to him: Master, I will follow thee whithersoever thou shalt
20 And Jesus saith to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests: but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.
21 And another of his disciples said to him: Lord, permit me first to go, and bury my father. 22 But Jesus said to him: Follow me, and let the dead bury their dead.
23 And when he entered into the ship, his disciples followed him :
Christ heals one sick of the palsy; calls Matthee: cures the issue of blood; raises to life the daugh ter of Jairus: gives sight to two blind men; and heals a dumb man possessed by the devil.
24 And behold, a great tempest arose in the sea, so that the ship was covered with waves: but he was asleep.
25 And his disciples came to him, and awaked him, saying: Lord, save us, we perish.
26 And Jesus saith to them: Why are you fearful, O ye of little faith? Then rising up, he commanded the winds and the sea, and there came a great calm.
27 But the men wondered, saying: Who is this, for even the winds, and the sea obey him?
AND enteng into a ship, be passed over the
water, and came into own
2 And behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed. And Jesus, sering their faith, said to the man sick of the palsy: Son, be of good heart; thy sins are forgiven thee.
3 And behold some of the scribes said within themselves: This man blasphemeth.
4 And Jesus, seeing their thoughts, said: Why do you think evil in your hearts?
5 Which is easier to say, Thy sins are forgiven thee: or to say, Rise up, and walk?
12 But Jesus hearing it, said: They that are in health need not a physician, but they that are sick.
13 Go then, and learn what this meaneth: 1 will have mercy, and not sacrifice. For I am not come to call the just, but sinners.
14 Then came to him the disciples of John, saying: Why do we and the Pharisees fast often, but thy disciples do not fast?
15 And Jesus said to them: Can the children of the bridegroom* mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then they shall fast.
16 And no man putteth a piece of new cloth to an old garment: for it taketh away what was whole from the garment, and the rent is made worse.
17 Neither do they put new wine into old bottlesotherwise the bottles break, and the wine runneth out, and the bottles are lost. But new wine they put into new bottles: and both are preserved.
18 While he was speaking these things to them,
28 And when he was come on the other side of the water, into the country of the Gerasens,' there behold, a certain ruler came, and adored him, saymet him two men possessed with devils, coming ing: Lord, my daughter is just now dead: but out of the sepulchres, exceeding fierce, so that no come, lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live. one could pass by that way. 19 And Jesus rising up, followed him with his disciples.
29 And behold, they cried out, saying: What have we to do with thee, Jesus, Son of God? art 20 And behold, a woman, who was troubled thou come hither to torment us before the time? with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind 30 And, not far from them, there was a herd of him, and touched the hem of his garment. many swine feeding.
31 And the devils besought him, saying: If thou * Can the children of the bridegroom. This, by cast us out hence, send us into the herd of swine. a Hebraism, signifies the friends or companions of 32 And he said to them: Go. And they, going the bridegroom.
21 For she said, within herself: If I shall but touch his garment, I shall be healed.
22 But Jesus turning about, and seeing her, said: Take courage, daughter: thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour.
11 And into whatsoever city or town you shall enter, inquire who in it is worthy: and there abide till you go thence.
12 And when you come into a house, salute it, saying: Feace be to this house.
13 And if that house be worthy, your peace shall come upon it: but if it be not worthy, your peace shall return to you.
14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, going forth out of that house, or city, shake off the dust from your feet.
26 And the fame hereof went abroad into all that country.
15 Amen I say to you, it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha, in the day of judgment, than for that city.
27 And as Jesus was departing from thence, there followed him two blind men, crying out, and saying: Son of David, have mercy on us.
16 Behold, I send you as sheep in the midst of wolves. Be ye, therefore, wise as serpents, and simple as doves.
28 And when he was come to the house, the blind men came to him. And Jesus saith to them: 17 But beware of men. For they will deliver Do you believe that I can do this unto you? They you up in councils, and they will scourge you in say to him: Yea, Lord. their synagogues:
29 Then he touched their eyes, saying: According to your faith, be it done unto you.
18 And you shall be brought before governors, and before kings for my sake, for a testimony to them, and to the Gentiles.
30 And their eyes were opened: and Jesus strictly charged them, saying; See that no man know it.
19 But when they shall deliver you up, be not thoughtful how or what to speak: for it shall be given you in that hour what to speak.
20 For it is not you that speak, but the spirit of your Father, that speaketh in you.
21 The brother also shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the son: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and shall put them to death.
23 And when Jesus came into the house of the ruler, and saw the minstrels and the crowd making a rout, he said:
24 Give place for the girl is not dead, but sleepeth. And they laughed at him.
25 And when the crowd was turned out, he went in, and took her by the hand and the girl
31 But they, going out, spread his fame abroad in all that country.
32 And when they were gone out, behold, they brought to him a dumb man possessed with a dev. 33 And the devil being cast out, the dumb man spoke, and the multitude wondered, saying: The like was never seen in Israel.
10 Nor scrip for your journey, nor two coats, nor shoes, nor a staff; for the workman is worthy of his meat.
38 Pray ye, therefore, the Lord of the harvest, that he send forth labourers into his harvest.
34 But the Pharisees said: He casteth out devils, by the prince of the devils.
35 And Jesus went about all the cities and towns, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness, and every disease.
36 And seeing the multitude, he had compas-come. sion on them; because they were distressed, and lying as sheep having no shepherd.
37 Then he saith to his disciples: The harvest, indeed, is great, but the labourers are few.
Christ sends out his twelve Apostles, with the power
2 Now the names of the twelve Apostles are these: The first, Simon who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother.
3 James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, Philip and Bartholomew, Thomas and Matthew the publican, and James the son of Alpheus, and Thaddeus.
4 Simon Chananeus, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
22 And you shall be hated by all men for my name's sake: but he that shall persevere unto the end, he shall be saved.
8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out devils: gratis you have received, gratis give.
23 And when they shall persecute you in this city, flee into another: Amen I say to you, you shall not finish all the cities of Israel, till the Son of inan
9 Do not possess gold, nor silver, nor money in your purses,
24 The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord.
25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Belzebub, how much more them of his household?
30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.
31 Fear not, therefore: you are of more value than many sparrows.
32 Whosoever, therefore, shall confess me be
5 These twelve Jesus sent; and commanded fore men, I will also confess him before my Father, them, saying: Go not into the way of the Gentiles; who is in heaven. and into the cities of the Samaritans enter not :
33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, I 6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of will also deny him before my Father, who is in Israel.
26 Therefore fear them not: for there is nothing hid, that shall not be revealed; nor secret that shall not be known.
27 That which I tell you in the dark, speak ye in the light: and that which you hear in the ear, preach ye upon the housetops.
28 And fear not those that kill the body, and cannot kill the soul: but rather fear him that can destroy both soul and body in hell.
29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and not one of them shall fall on the ground without your Father.
7 And going preach, saying: The kingdom of 34 Do not think that I am come to send peace heaven is at hand. upon earth: I came not to send peace, but the sword.
*Simple. That is, harmless, plain, sincere, and without guile.