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35 * For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.
36 And a man's enemies shall be they of his own household.
37 He that loveth father or mother more than me, is not worthy of me; and he that loveth son or daughter more than me, is not worthy of me.
38 And he that taketh not up his cross, and followeth me, is not worthy of me.
39 He that findeth his life, shall lose it: and he that shall lose his life, for my sake, shall find it.
40 He that receiveth you, receiveth me: and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me.
41 He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet, shall receive the reward of a prophet: and he that receiveth a just man in the name of a just man, shall receive the reward of a just man.
42 And whosoever shall give to drink to one of these little ones, a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, Ainen, I say to you, he shall not lose his reward.
John sends his disciples to Christ, who upbraids
2 Now when John had heard in prison the works of Christ, sending two of his disciples, he said to him: 3 Art thou he that art to come, or do we look for another?
4 And Jesus making answer, said to them: Go and relate to John what you have heard and seen 5 The blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead rise again, the poor have the gospel preached to them:
6 And blessed is he that shall not be scandalized in me.t
7 And when they went their way, Jesus began to say to the multitude, concerning John: What went you out into the desert to see? a reed shaken with the wind?
23 And thou Caphamaum, shalt thou be exalted ND it came to pass, when Jesus had made an up to heaven? thou shalt go down even unto hell:
8 But what went you out to see? a man clothed in soft garments? Behold, they that are clothed in soft garments are in the houses of kings.
9 But what went you out to see? a prophet? yea, I tell you; and more than a prophet.
10 For this is he of whom it is written: Behold,|| I send my Angel before thy face, who shall prepare thy way before thee.
11 Amen I say to you, there hath not risen them that are born of women a greater than
John the Baptist: yet he that is lesser in the king.
dom of heaven is greater than he.
13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John :
14 And if you will receive it, he is Elias || that
is to come.
15 He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
16 But whereunto shall i esteem this generation to be like? it is Ike to children sitting in the market place, who cry out to their companions,
17 And say: We have piped to you, and you have not danced: we have lamented, and you have not mourned.
18 For John came neither eating nor drinking; and they say: He hath a devil.
19 The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say: Behold a man that is a glutton and a wine-drinker, a friend of publicans and sinners. And wisdom is justified by her children.
20 Then he began to upbraid the cities, wherein were done the most of his mighty works, because they had not done penance.
21 Wo to thee, Corozain, wo to thee, Bethsaida: for if in Tyre and Sidon the mighty works had been done that have been done in you, they would long ago have done penance in sackcloth and ashes.
12 And, from the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence; and the violent bear it away.
+ Scandalized in me. That is, who shall not take occasion of scandal or offence from my humility, and the disgraceful death of the cross, which I shall endure.
22 But I say unto you, it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon, in the day of judgment, than
that have been done in thee, perhaps it would have remained until this day.
24 But I say unto you, that it shall be more talerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment than for thee.
25 At that time Jesus answered, and said, I give thanks to thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them to little ones.
26 Yea, Father; for so hath it seemed good in thy sight.
27 All things are delivered to me by my Father. And no one knoweth the Son but the Father: neither doth any one know the Father, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.
28 Come to me, all you that labour, and are heavy laden, and I will refresh you.
Christ reproves the blindness of the Pharisees, and confutes their attributing his miracles to Satan.
that time Jesus went through the corn on the sabbath-day: and his disciples, being hungry, began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. 2 And the Pharisees, seeing them, said to him: Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath-days.
3 But he said to them: Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and they that were
*I am come to set a man at variance, &c. Not that this was the end or design of the coming of with him: our Saviour; but that his coming and his doctrine 4 How he entered into the house of God, and would have this effect, by reason of the obstinate did eat the loaves of proposition, which it was resistance that many would make, and of their not lawful for him to eat, nor for them that were persecuting all such as should adhere to him. with him, but for the priests only?
5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on
29 Take up my yoke upon you, and learn of me, because I am meek and humble of heart: and you shall find rest to your souls.
30 For my yoke is sweet, and my burden light.
He is Elias, &c. Not in person, but in spirit. Luke i. 17.
Suffereth violence, &c. It is not to be obtained but by main force. By using violence upon our- The loaves of proposition. So were called the selves, by mortification and penance, and resisting twelve loaves which were placed before the sanctuour perverse inclinations. lary in the temple of God."
the sabbath-days the priests in the temple break|| the sabbath, and are without blame?
6 But I tell you that there is here a greater than the temple.
7 And if you knew what this meaneth: I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: you would never have condemned the innocent.
8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sab-fruit the tree is known.
34 O generation of vipers, how can you speak
9 And when he was departed from thence, he good things, whereas you are evil? for out of the came into the synagogue. abundance of the hea the mouth speaketh.
10 And behold there was a man who had his hand withered, and they asked him, saying: Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath-days? that they might accuse him.
11 But he said to them: What man shall there be among you, that hath one sheep: and if the same fall into a pit on the sabbath-day, will he not take hold on it, and lift it up?
12 How much better is a man than a sheep? Therefore it is lawful to do a good deed on the sabbath-day.
13 Then he saith to the man: Stretch forth thy hand. And he stretched it forth and it was restored to health like as the other.
14 And the Pharisees, going out, made a consultation against him, how they might destroy him.
15 But Jesus knowing it, retired from thence and many followed him, and he healed them all.
16 And he charged them that they should not
make him known.
23 And all the multitudes were amazed, and said: Is not this the son of David?
32 And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but he that shall speak against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, nor in the world to come.+
33 Either make the tree good, and its fruit good: or make the tree evil, and its fruit evil: for by the
17 That the word might be fulfilled, which was spoken by Isaias the prophet, saying:
18 Behold my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved in whom my soul hath been well pleased. I will put my Spirit upon him, and he shall show judgment to the Gentiles.
13 He shall not contend, nor cry out, neither the wisdom of Solomon: and, behold, a greater shall any man hear his voice in the streets. than Solomon is here.
20 The bruised reed he shall not break, and smoaking flax he shall not extinguish: till he send forth judgment unto victory.
21 And in his name the Gentiles shall hope. 22 Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind and dumb: and he healed him, so that he both spoke and saw.
24 But the Pharisees hearing it, said: This man casteth not out devils but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.
25 And Jesus knowing their thoughts, said to them: Every kingdom divided against itself shall be made desolate and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand.
35 A good man, out of a good treasure, bringeth forth good things: and an evil man, out of an evil treasure, bringeth forth evil things.
36 But I say unto you, that every idle wordt that men shall speak, they shall render an account for it in the day of judgment.
37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified; and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying: Master, we would see a sign|| from thee.
39 But he answering, said to them: An evil and adulterous generation seeketh for a sign: and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
40 For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. T
41 The men of Ninive shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they did penance at the preaching of Jonas: and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.
42 The queen of the south shall rise in judg ment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because she came from the ends of the earth to hear
30 He that is not with me, is against me: and he that gathereth not with me, scattereth.
31 Therefore I say to you: Every sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven men; but the blasphemy against the Spirit shall not be forgiven.
43 And when an unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeketh rest, and findeth none.
with so much obstinacy, and such wilful opposing
26 And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself: how then shall his kingdom stand? 27 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by the Spirit of God, and the known truth, that men whom do your children cast them out? Therefore who are guilty of it, are seldom, or never converted; they shall be your judges. and therefore are never forgiven, because they will
28 But if I by the Spirit of God cast out devils, not repent. Otherwise there is no sin which God then is the kingdom of God come unto you. cannot, or will not forgive to such as sincerely repent, and have recourse to the keys of the church.
29 Or how can any one enter into the house of the strong man, and rifle his goods, unless he first bind the strong man? and then he will rifle his house.
44 Then he saith: I will return into my house from whence I came out. And coming he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished.
45 Then he goeth, and taketh with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in and dwell there: and the last state of that man is made worse than the first. So shall it be also to this wicked generation.
46 As he was yet speaking to the multitudes, behold, his mother and his brethren stood without, seeking to speak to him.
47 And one said to him: Behold, thy mother and thy brethren stand without, seeking thee.
Nor in the world to come. From these words St. Augustine (De Civ. l. xxi. c. 13.) and St. Gregory (Dialog. iv. c. 39.) gather, that some sins may be remitted in the world to come and consequently that there is a purgatory or a middle place.
Every idle word. This shows there must be a place of temporal punishment hereafter, where these slighter faults shall be punished.
A sign. That is, a miracle from heaven. St. Luke xi. v. 16.
*The blasphemy against the Spirit. The sin here spoken of is that blasphemy, by which the Pharisees attributed the miracles of Christ, wrought by the Spirit of God, to Beelzebub the prince of de- ken according to the way that the Hebrews counted vils. Now this kind of sin is usually accompanied their days and nights, viz. from evening to evening.
¶ Three days, &c. Not complete days and nights; but part of three days and three nights, ta
3 And he spoke to them many things in parables, saying: Behold, the sower went forth to sow. 4 And whilst he soweth, some fell by the way side and the birds of the air came, and eat them up. 5 And other some fell upon stony ground, where they had not much earth: and they sprung up immediately, because they had no deepness of earth. 6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched: and because they had not root, they withered
7 And others fell among thorns: and the thorns grew up and choked them.
8 And others fell upon good ground, and they brought forth fruit, some a hundred-fold, some sixty-fold, and some thirty-fold.
9 He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
20 And he who received the seed upon stony 'ground, is he that heareth the word, and immediately receiveth it with joy.
21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but is only for a time and when there ariseth tribulation and persecution because of the word, he is presently scandalized.
13 Therefore do I speak to them in parables: because, seeing they see not, and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
10 And his disciples came and said to him: Why speakest thou to them in parables?
30 Let both grow until the harvest: and in the time of the harvest, I will say to the reapers: Gather up first the cockle, and bind it into bundes
11 He answered and said to them: Because to you it is given to know the mysteries of the king-to burn; but gather the wheat into my barn. dom of heaven: but to them it is not given. 31 Another parable he proposed to them, say 12 For he that hath, to him shall be given: but ing: The kingdom of heaven is like to a gram of he that hath not, from him shall be taken away mustard-seed, which a man took and sowed in his even that which he hath. field:
14 And the prophecy of Isaias is fulfilled in them, who saith Ey hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand and seeing you shall see, and shall not perceive.
15 For the heart of this people is grown gross and with their ears they have been dull of hearing. and their eyes they have shut: lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
16 But blessed are your eyes, because they see, and your ears, because they hear.
22 And he who received the seed among the thorns, is he that heareth the word, and the care of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choketh
up the word, and he becometh fruitless.
23 But he who received the seed into good ground, is he that heareth the word, and urierstandeth and beareth fruit, and yieldeth one a hundred-fold, and another sixty, and another thirty.
24 Another parable he proposed to them, sar ing: The kingdom of heaven is likened to a man that sowed good seed in his field.
25 But while men were asleep, his enemy came, and oversowed cockle among the wheat; and weat his way.
17 For, amen I say to you, many prophets and just men have desired to see the things that you see, and have not seen them; and to hear the things that you hear, and have not heard them.
18 Hear you, therefore, the parable of the
26 And when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared also the cockle. 27 Then the servants of the master of the house came, and said to him: Master, didst thou not sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it cockle?
28 And he said to them: An enemy hath done this. And the servants said to him: Wilt thou that we go and gather it up?
29 And he said: No; lest, while ye gather up the cockle, you root up the wheat also together with it.
19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart: this is he that received the seed by the way side.
32 Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown up, it is greater than any herbs, and becometh a tree; so that the birds of the air come, and dwell in the branches thereof:
33 Another parable he spoke to them: The kingdom of heaven is like to leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, until the whole was leavened.
34 All these things Jesus spoke in parables to the multiudes: and without parables he did not speak to them.
35 That the word might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: I will open my mouth in parables: i will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world.
36 Then having sent away the multitudes, he came into the house; and his disciples came to him, saying: Explain to us the parable of the cockle of the field.
37 He made answer, and said to them: He that soweth good seed, is the Son of man.
38 And the field is the world. And the good seed are the children of the kingdom, and the cockle are the children of the wicked one.
39 And the enemy that sowed them, is the devl But the harvest is the end of the world. And the reapers are the angels.
40 Even as cockle, therefore, is gathered up, and burnt with fire, so shall it be at the end of the world.
*Who is my mother? This was not spoken by way of slighting his mother, but to show that we are never to suffer ourselves to be taken from the service of God, by any inordinate affection to our 41 The Son of man shall send his Angels: and earthly parents and that which our Lord chiefly they shall gather out of his kingdom all scandals, regarded in his mother, was her doing the will of and them that work iniquity;
his Father in heaven. It may also further allude 42 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: to the reprobation of the Jews, his camal kindred, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. and the election of the Gentiles. 43 Then shall the just shine as the sun, in the
kingdom of their Father. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
44 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a treasure hidden in a field: which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth, and selleth all that he bath, and buyeth that field.
45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like to a merchant seeking good pearls:
46 Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went his way, and sold all that he had, and bought it.
47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like to a net cast into the sea, and gathering together of all kind of fishes:
53 And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed from thence.
54 And coming into his own country, he taught them in their synagogues, so that they wondered,|| and said: How came this man by this wisdom, and these mighty works?
58 And he wrought not many miracles there, because of their unbelief.
CHAP. XIV. Herod puts John to death. Christ feeds five thousand in the desert. He walks upon the sea, and heals all the diseased with the touch of his garment. T that time Herod the Tetrarch + heard of the fame of Jesus:
2 And he said to his servants: This is John the Baptist; he is risen from the dead; and therefore mighty works show forth themselves in him.
3 For Herod had apprehended John, and bound him, and put him in prison, because of Herodias, his brother's wife.
4 For John said to him: It is not lawful for thee to have her.
5 And when he would have put him to death, he feared the people: because they esteemed him as a prophet.
6 But on Herod's birth day, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod.
7 Whereupon he promised, with an oath, to give her whatsoever she would ask of him.
His brethren. These were the children of Mary the wife of Cleophas, sister to our Blessed Lady, (St. Matt. xxviii. 56. St. John xix. 25.) and therefore, according to the usual style of the Scripture they were called brethren, that is, near relations to
8 But she, being instructed before by her mother, said: Give me here in a dish the head of John the Baptist.
9 And the king was struck sad: yet because of his oath, and for them that sat with him at table, he commanded it to be given her.
18 He said to them: Bring them hither to me. 19 And when they had commanded the multitude to sit down upon the grass, he took the five loaves and the two fishes: and looking up to heaven, he 55 Is not this the carpenter's son ? Is not his mo-blessed, and brake, and gave the loaves to his disther called Mary; and his brethren,* James, and ciples, and the disciples to the multitudes. Joseph, and Simon, and Jude?
56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath he all these things?
20 And they did all eat, and were filled. And they took up what remained, twelve baskets full of fragments.
57 And they were scandalized in his regard. But Jesus said to them: A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.
21 And the number of them that had eaten, was five thousand men, besides women and children.
22 And forthwith Jesus obliged his disciples to get up into the ship, and to go before him over the water, while he sent the multitude away.
23 And when he had dismissed the multitude, he went up into a mountain alone to pray. And when the evening was come he was there alone.
24 But the ship in the midst of the sea was tossed with the waves: for the wind was contrary.
25 And in the fourth watch of the night, he came to them walking upon the sea.
26 And when they saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying: It is an apparition. And they cried out for fear.
10 And he sent, and beheaded John in the prison. 11 And his head was brought in a dish: and it was given to the damsel: and she brought it to her mother.
12 And his disciples came and took the body, and buried it; and came and told Jesus.
13 Which when Jesus had heard, he retired from thence by ship into a desert place apart: and the people having heard of it, followed him on foot out of the cities.
14 And he coming forth saw a great multitude, and had compassion on them, and healed their sick.
15 And when it was evening, his disciples came to him, saying: This is a desert place, and the hour is now past: send away the multitudes, that going into the town, they may buy themselves victuals.
16 But Jesus said to them: They have no need to go give you them to eat.
17 They answered him: We have here but five loaves and two fishes.
27 And immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying: Be of good heart: It is I; be not afraid.
28 And Peter making answer, said: Lord, if it be thou, bid me come to thee upon the waters.
29 And he said: Come. And Peter going down out of the ship, walked upon the water to come to Jesus.
30 But seeing the wind strong, he was afraid : and when he began to sink, he cried out, saying: Lord, save me.
31 And immediately Jesus stretching forth his hand, took hold of him and said to him: O thou of little faith, why didst thou doubt?
32 And when they were come into the ship, the wind ceased.
33 Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying: Thou art truly the Son
+Tetrarch. This word, derived from the Greek, 34 And when they were gone over, they came insignifies one that rules over the fourth part of a to the country of Genesar. kingdom: as Herod then ruled over Galilee, which 35 And when the men of that place had knowwas but the fourth part of the kingdom of his ledge of him, they sent out into all that country,
and brought to him all that were diseased.
they might|| 12 Then came his disciples, and said to nim And as many Dost thou know that the Pharisees, when they heard this word, were scandalized?
36 And they besought him that touch but the hem of his garment. as touched, were made whole.
13 But he answering, said: Every plant which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.
14 Let them alone: they are blind, and leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both fall into the pit.
15 And Peter answering, said to him: Explain to us this parable.
16 But he said: Are you also yet without understanding?
17 Do you not understand, that whatsoever entereth into the mouth, goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the privy?
10 And having called together the multitudes unto him, he said to them: Hear ye, and understand. 11 Not that which goeth into the mouth, de-" fileth a man: but what cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man.
18 But the things which proceed out of the mouth, come forth from the heart: and those things defile a man.
19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteriés, fornications, thefts, false testimonies, blasphemies.
20 These are the things that defile a man. But to eat with unwashed hands doth not defile a man 21 And Jesus went from thence, and departed into the confines of Tyre and Sidon.
22 And behold, a woman of Chanaan who came out of those parts, crying out, said to him: Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David: my daughter is grievously troubled by a devil.
23 But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying: Send her Jaway, for she crieth after us.
24 And he answering, said: 1 was not sent but to the sheep that are lost of the house of Israel. 25 But she came and worshipped him, saying: Lord, help me.
*The gift, &c. That is, The offering that I shall make to God, shall be instead of that which should be expended for thy profit. This tradition of the Pharisees was calculated to enrich themselves; by 27 And she said: Yea, Lord: for the whelps also exempting children from giving any further assist-eat of the crumbs that fall from the table of their ance to their parents, if they once offered to the masters.
26 But he answered, and said: It is not good to take the bread of the children, and to cast it to the dogs.
temple and the priests, that which should have been 28 Then Jesus answering, said to her: O woman, the support of their parents. But this was a viola- great is thy faith: be it done to thee as thou wilt. tion of the law of God, and of nature, which our Sa-And her daughter was cured from that hour.
viour here condeinns.
29 And when Jesus had departed from thence, he came nigh the sea of Galilee: and going up into a mountain, he sat there.
Commandments of men. The doctrines and commandments here reprehended are such as are either contrary to the law of God (as that of neglecting parents, under pretence of giving to God) or at least are frivolous, unprofitable, and no way maimed, and many others: and they cast them dowa conducing to true plety, as that of often washing at his feet, and he healed them:
30 And there came to him great multitudes, baving with them the dumb, the blind, the lame, the
hands, c. without regard to the purity of the heart. 31 So that the multitude wondered, seeing the But as to the rules and ordinances of the holy dumb speak, the lame walk, the blind see: and church, touching fasts, festivals, &c. these are no they glorified the God of Israel. way repugnant, but highly agreeable to God's holy 32 Then Jesus called together his disciples, and word, and all Christian piety: neither are they to said: I have compassion on the multitudes, because be counted among the doctrines and commandments they continue with me now three days, and have of men; because they proceed not from mere hu- nothing to eat: and I will not send them away fastman authority; but from that which Christ has es- ing, lest they faint in the way. tablished in his Church; whose pastors he has commanded us to hear and obey, even as himself. St. Luke x. 16. St. Matth. xviii. 17.
33 And the disciples say unto him: Whence then should we have so many loaves in the desert, as to fill so great a multitude?
34 And Jesus said to them: How many loaves have you? But they said: Seven, and a few little
Not that which goeth into, &c. No uncleanness in meat, nor any dirt contracted by eating it with unwashed hands, can defile the soul; but fishes.
sin alone, or a disobedience of the heart to the' 35 And he commanded the multitude to sit down ordinance and will of God. And thus, when Adam on the ground.
36 And taking the seven loaves and the fishes,
took the forbidden fruit, it was not the apple, which entered into the mouth, but the disobedience to the law of God, which defiled him. The same is to be said if a Jew, in the time of the old law, had eaten ing the fasts; for in all these cases the soul would swine's flesh; or a Christian convert, in the days of be defiled; not indeed by that which goeth into the the Apostles, contrary to their ordinance, had eaten mouth; but by the disobedience of the heart, in wil blood; or if any of the faithful at present should fully transgressing the ordinance of God, or of those transgress the ordinance of God's Church, by break-who have their authority from him.