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Because she's honest, and the best of Friends.
But what are these to great Atossa's mind 3?
1 The Duchess of Montagu. Warton., [She fully undermined hy Harley and his instrument was an intimate friend of Lady Mary Wortley Abigail Hill, a relative of the Duchess and bedMontagu's, who speaks of her ‘tender esteem' for chamber-woman to the Queen; and in 1712, the Duchess. ]
Marlborough was dismissed from all his employ2 (A kind of liqueur.)
ments. The Duchess survived his death (in 1722) 31 The Duchess of Marlborough. See note on for 22 years; and in her Vindications of his conp. 236. Her maiden name was Sarah Jennings; duct and her own has left materials for modifying and Colonel Churchill was her third husband. some at least among the extravagant charges As Lady Churchill she acquired an irresistible in- brought against both. With Pope's caustic referAuence over the Princess Anne, to whom she was ences to every doubtful point in her career and appointed. First Lady of the Bedchamber, and character should be compared the equally unwith whom for twenty years she carried on a cor- merciful prose attacks of Swift in the Exarespondence under the loving pseudonym of Mrs miner, Nos. 16, 19, 49, &c. It may be added Freeman. It was through her that Churchill rose that the name of Atossa, the ambitious daughter to power and place and became Earl of Marl- of Cyrus and mother of Xerxes, is admirably borough. After Queen Anne's accession the in- chosen.] fluence of Marlborough (created Duke in 1702) 4 After V. 122, in the MS. became for a time absolute;
and was imperiously Oppress'd with wealth and wit, abundance sad! maintained at home by his Duchess while he was One makes her poor, the other makes her mad.' gaining laurels abroad. It was at last success
But die, and .she'll adore you—Then the Bust
Pictures like these, dear Madam, to design,
“Yet Chloe * sure was form'd without a spot”.
i This alludes to a temple she erected with and to him Heaven directed a portion of the a bust of Queen Anne in it, which mouldered wealth of the haughty Dowager. Macaulay.) away in a few years. Wilkes.
* Lady Suffolk.
Warton. (This great lady, * After v. 148, in the MS.
whose friendship was courted by Swift, Pope, "This Death decides, nor lets the blessing fall Arbuthnot and Gay, is described by Lord StanOn any one she hates, but on them all. hope as 'placid, good-natured, and kind-hearted, Curs'd chance! this only could afflict her more, but very deaf, and not remarkable for wit.' She If any part should wander to the poor.' was the mistress of George II.)
Warburton. 5 [Mohaır, a stuff made of camel's or other 3 [Pitt (the elder) was then one of the poor; uncommon hair.)
One certain Portrait may (I grant) be seen,
But grant, in Public Men sometimes are shown“,
In Men, we various Ruling Passions find 6 ;
That, Nature gives; and where the lesson taught?
Men, some to Bus'ness, some to Pleasure take;
*[The Duchess of Queensbury, the corre- casioned by the omission of certain Examples spondent of Swift and the untiring patroness of and Illustrations to the Maxims laid down; and Gay: Her commanding position as a leader of tho' some of these have since been found, viz. fashion is illustrated by an amusing anecdote of the Characters of Philomedé, A tossa, Chloe, and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's, who speaks of some verses following, others are still wanting, the Duchess at the head of a tribe of dames in- nor can we answer that these are exactly insisting upon admission to the House of Lords serted. on an occasion when for want of room ladies 5 That each may seem a Virtue, or a Vice.! had been excluded from the Chamber.]
For Women are taught Virtue so artificially, and · Mah' met, servant to the late King (George Vice so naturally, that, in the nice exercise of 1.), said to be the son of a Turkish Bassa, whom them, they may be easily mistaken for one anhe took at the Siege of Buda, and constantly other. Scriblerus. kept about his person. P.
6 The former part having shewn, that the par3 Dr Stephen Hale, not more estimable for ticular Characters of Women are more various his useful discoveries as a natural philosopher, than those of Men, it is nevertheless observed, than for his exemplary Life and Pastoral Charity that the general Characteristic of the sex, as to as a Parish Priest. P.
the ruling Passion, is more uniform. P. * But grant, in Public, &c.] In the former 7 This is occasioned partly by their Nature, Editions, between this and the foregoing lines, partly their Education, and in some degree by a want of Connexion might be perceived, oc- Necessity. P.
But every Woman is at heart a Rake:
Yet mark the fate of a whole Sex of Queens?!
Pleasures the sex, as children Birds, pursue 3,
See how the World its Veterans rewards!
Ah! Friend! to dazzle let the Vain design 6 ;
Oh! blest with Temper, whose unclouded ray
1 What are the Aims and the Fate of this ?[The fashionable promenade in the Park, Sex?-1. As to Power. P.
made in the reign of Charles I. and partially de2 Copied from Young, Satire V. Warton. stroyed at the time of the formation of the Serpen3 II. As to Pleasure, P.
tine by order of Queen Caroline.] * [The Hags' or Witches' Sabbath is properly 8 These four lines were originally addressed the Walpurgis-night, preceding May-day.) to Miss Judith Cowper, preceded by this triplet;
5 [For the history of these lines see note to 'Though sprightly Sappho force our love and praise, lines To Martha Blount on her birthday in the A softer wonder my pleas'd soul surveys: Miscellaneous Poems.)
The mild Erinna blushing in her bays.'] 6 Advice for their true Interest. P.
See Carruthers' Life.
She, who can love a Sister's charms, or hear
And yet, believe me, good as well as ill,
To you gave Sense, Good-humour, and a Poet, [Codille ; cf. Rape of the Lock, Canto 11. v. Jove mix'd up all, and his best clay employ'd, 92.]
Then call’d the happy composition-Floyd.') ? Addison has touched this subject with his 4 [Yet it was for Martha Blount, to whom usual exquisite humour in the Lover, No 10, these compliments are addressed, that Pope seems quoting Epictetus, to comfort a Lady that labours to have taken the dross of the Duchess of Marlunder this heavy calamity. Warton,
borough. V. ante.] 3 [Warton compares Swift's: