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Or water all the Quorum1 ten miles round? A Statesman's slumbers how this speech would spoil! 55 “Sir, Spain has sent a thousand jars of oil; “ Huge bales of British cloth blockade the door ; A hundred oxen at your levee roar.'

Poor Avarice one torment more would find; Nor could Profusion squander all in kind.

60 Astride his cheese a Sir Morgan might we meet; And Worldly crying coals from street to street, Whom with a wig so wild, and mien so maz’d, Pity mistakes for some poor tradesman craz’d. Had Colepepper's “ whole wealth been hops and hogs, Could he himself have sent it to the dogs? His Grace will game: to White's 5 a Bull be led, With spurning heels and with a butting head. To White's be carry'd, as to ancient games, Fair Coursers, Vases, and alluring Dames. Shall then Uxorio, if the stakes he sweep, Bear home six Whores, and make his Lady weep? Or soft Adonis, so perfum'd and fine, Drive to St. James's a whole herd of swine? Oh filthy check on all industrious skill, To spoil the nation's last great trade, Quadrille 6! Since then, my Lord, on such a World we fall, What say you? B. Say? Why take it, Gold and all. P. What Riches give us let us then enquire: Meat, Fire, and Clothes. B. What more? P. Meat, Clothes, and Fire.

80 Is this too little? would you more than live? Alas! 'tis more than Turner? finds they give. Alas! 'tis more than all his Visions past) Unhappy Whartons, waking, found at last! What can they give? to dying Hopkins, Heirs;



85 90

* [i. e. every justice of peace. ]

6 [The game of Quadrille, which is a species ? [As a Welshman attached to a cheap na- of Ombre, soon came to surpass the latter in tional delicacy.]

popularity.) 3 Some Misers of great wealth, proprietors 7 Turner] One, who, being possessed of three of the coal-mines, had entered at this time into hundred thousand pounds, laid down his Coach, an association to keep up coals to an extravagant because Interest was reduced from five to four price, whereby the poor were reduced almost to per cent, and then put seventy thousand into the starve, till one of them taking the advantage of Charitable Corporation for better interest; which underselling the rest, defeated the design. One sum having lost, he took it so much to heart, of these Misers was worth ten thousand, another that he kept his chamber ever after. It is thought seven thousand a year. P.

he would not have outlived it, but that he was 4 Colepepper] Sir William Colepepper, Bart. heir to another considerable estate, which he a person of an ancient family, and ample fortune, daily expected, and that by this course of life he without one other quality of a Gentleman, who saved both cloaths and all other expences. P. after ruining himself at the Gaming-table, past & Unhappy Wharton,] A Nobleman of great the rest of his days in sitting there to see the qualities, but as unfortunate in the application of ruin of others; preferring to subsist upon borrow- them, as if they had been

vices and

follies. See ing and begging, rather than to enter into any his Character in the first Epistle. P. [v. 179) reputable method of life, and refusing a post in 9 Hopkins,] A Citizen, whose rapacity obthe army which was offered him. P.

tained him the name of Vulture Hopkins. He 5 [The famous Club-house in St James' Street, lived worthless, but died worth three hundred where games of chance were played for the highe thousand pounds, which he would give to no est stakes. ]

person living, but left it so as not to be inherited till after the second generation. His counsel annuity was not long ago left to the Swans which representing to him how many years it must adorn the famous Alster-lake in that city:) be, before this could take effect, and that his 3 Bond damns the Poor, &c.] This epistle was money could only lie at interest all that time, written in the year 1730, when a corporation was he expressed great joy thereat, and said, “They established to lend money to the poor upon would then be as long in spending, as he had been pledges, by the name of the Charitable Corpo in getting it.” But the Chancery afterwards set ration; but the whole was turned only to an aside the will, and gave it to the heir at law. P. iniquitous method of enriching particular people,


To Chartres, Vigour; Japhet, Nose and Ears ??
Can they, in gems bid pallid Hippia glow,
In Fulvia's buckle ease the throbs below;
Or heal, old Narses, thy obscener ail,
With all th' embroid'ry plaister'd at thy tail?
They might (were Harpax not too wise to spend)
Give Harpax' self the blessing of a friend;
Or find some Doctor that would save the life
Of wretched Shylock, spite of Shylock's Wife::
But thousands die, without or this or that,
Die, and endow a College, or a Cat?.
To some indeed, Heav'n grants the happier fate,
T'enrich a Bastard, or a Son they hate.

Perhaps you think the Poor might have their part?
Bond damns the Poor, and hates them from his heart 3 :
The grave Sir Gilbert* holds it for a rule,
That “ev'ry man in want is knave or fool:
“God cannot love (says Blunt, with tearless eyes)
The wretch he starves”—and piously denies:
But the good Bishop, with a meeker air,
Admits, and leaves them, Providence's care.

Yet, to be just to these poor men of pelf,
Each does but hate his neighbour as himself:
Damn'd to the Mines, an equal fate betides
The Slave that digs it, and the Slave that hides.
B. Who suffer thus, mere Charity should own,
Must act on motives pow'rful, tho' unknown.

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| Japhet, Nose and Ears?] Japhet Crook, to the ruin of such numbers, that it became a alias Sir Peter Stranger, was punished with the parliamentary concern

to endeavour the relief loss of those parts, for having forged a con- of those unhappy sufferers, and three of the veyance of an Estate to himself, upon which he managers, who were members of the house, took up several thousand pounds. He was at were expelld. By the report of the committee, the same time sued in Chancery for having appointed to enquire into that iniquitous affair, fraudulently obtained a Will, by which he pos- it appears, that when it was objected to the sessed another considerable Estate, in wrong of intended removal of the office, that the Poor, the brother of the deceased. By these means he for whose use it was erected, would be hurt by was worth a great sum, which (in reward for the it, Bond, one of the Directors, replied, Damen small loss of his ears) he enjoyed in prison till his the Poor. That “God hates the poor,” and, death, and quietly left to his executor. P. That every man in want is knave or fool," &c.

2 Die, and endow a College, or a Cat.). A fa- were the genuine apothegms of some of the permous Dutchess of Richmond in her last will left sons here mentioned. P. (Dennis Bond, a considerable legacies and annuities to her Cats. member of Parliament, died in 1747. CarruP. [Warton more than vindicates the memory thers.) of this famous beauty of Charles II.'s court from [Sir Gilbert Heathcote, director of the Bank Pope's taunt by stating that she left annuities to of England, and one of the richest men of his day.) certain poor ladies of her acquaintance, with the 5 (The imaginary Bishop was at Warburton's burden of maintaining some of her cats; this request substituted for the name of a real person proviso being

intended to disguise the charitable of whose virtual innocence in the matter Warcharacter of the bequests. In Hamburgh, an burton felt convinced.)

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P. Some War, some Plague, or Famine they foresee,
Some. Revelation hid from you and me.
Why Shylock_wants a meal, the cause is found,
He thinks a Loaf will rise to fifty pound.
What made Directors cheat in South-sea year 1?
To live on Ven'son when it sold so dear.
Ask you why Phryne the whole Auction buys 3 ?
Phryne foresees a general Excise".
Why she and Sappho 5 raise that monstrous sum?
Alas! they fear a man will cost a plum.

Wise Peter 6 sees the World's respect for Gold,
And therefore hopes this Nation may be sold :
Glorious Ambition ! Peter, swell thy store,
And be what Rome's great Didius? was before.

The Crown of Poland, venal twice an ages,
To just three millions stinted modest Gage 9.
But nobler scenes Maria's dreams unfold,
Hereditary Realms, and worlds of Gold.
Congenial souls! whose life one Av'rice joins,
And one fate buries in th' Asturian Mines.

Much injur'd Blunt 10! why bears he Britain's hate ?
A wizard told him in these words our fate :

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(South-sea year: 1720; in August the stock 6 W'ise Peter] Peter Walter, a person not of the South Sea Company had risen to 1000; by only eminent in the wisdom of his profession, as the end of September it had fallen to 300; and a dextrous attorney, but allowed to be a good, if the news of the failure of Law's Mississippi not a safe conveyancer; extremely respected by scheme in Paris completed the crash which re- the Nobility of this land, tho' free from all manduced thousands of families to beggary. Pope ner of luxury and ostentation: his Wealth was himself told Atterbury that after the bursting of never seen, and his bounty never heard of, except the bubble he remained with "half what he ima- to his own son, for whom he procured an employgined he had,' probably meaning half his gains, ment of considerable profit, of which he gave him as there is every reason to believe that he sold as much as was necessary. Therefore the taxing out in time.)

this gentleman with any Ambition, is certainly a To live on, Ven'son] In the extravagance great wrong to him. ?.. (The 'Waters' of v. 20.] and luxury of the South-sea year, the price of 7 Rome's great Didius) A Roman Lawyer, so a haunch of Venison, was from three to five rich as to purchase the Empire when it was set to pounds. P.

sale upon the death of Pertinax. P. [Didius 3 [Sir Robert Walpole's scheme of the year Julianus A. D. 193. The vendors were the Præ1733 for bringing the tobacco- and wine-duties torian Guards.] under the laws of excise, was magnified by report 8 The Crown of Poland, &c.] The two perinto the design of a general excise upon all articles sons here mentioned were of Quality, each of of consumption. The popular ferment which the whom in the Mississippi despis'd to realize above proposal aroused led to its abandonment. See three hundred thousand pounds; the Gentleman Lord Stanhope's History of England, Chap. xvi.] with a view to the purchase of the Crown of Po

-general Excise) Many people about the land, the Lady on a vision of the like royal nature. year 1733, had a conceit that such a thing was They since retired into Spain, where they are still intended, of which it is not improbable this lady in search of gold in the mines of the Asturies. P. might have some intimation. P. [In 1733

Wal- 9 A Mr Gage, of the ancient Suffolk Catholic pole contemplated a comprehensive measure for family of that name; and Lady Mary Herbert, adding to the excise-duties, and reforming the daughter of the Marquess of Powis and of a natuwhole administration of the revenue : a cry was ral daughter of James II. ; whence the phrase set up against the measure by the Opposition, 'hereditary realms.' Bowles. and the country, terrified by the bugbear of a 10 Much injur'd Blunt !] Sir John Blunt, origeneral excise. Pulteney headed the opposition ginally a scrivener, was one of the first projectors in Parliament, while the prejudices of the public of the South-sea Company, and afterwards one of were worked upon in the Craftsmart. Walpole the directors and chief managers of the famous was forced to withdraw his excellent proposal.]

scheme in 1720.

He was also one of those who 5 (Pope himself advised Lady M. W. Montagu suffer'd most severely by the bill of pains and to purchase South-sea stock in August 1720.] penalties on the said directors. He was a Dis

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At length Corruption, like a gen'ral flood,

(So long by watchful Ministers withstood) “Shall deluge all ; and Av'rice, creeping on, “Spread like a low-born mist, and blot the Sun; “Statesman and Patriot ply alike the stocks,

Peeress and Butler share alike the Box, “And Judges job, and Bishops bite the town, “And mighty Dukes pack Cards for half a crown. “See Britain sunk in lucre's sordid charms, "And France reveng'd of ANNE's and EDWARD's arms?' 'Twas no Court-badge, great Scriv'ner ! fir'd thy brain, Nor lordly Luxury, nor City Gain : No, 'twas thy righteous end, asham'd to see Senates degen'rate, Patriots disagree, And, nobly wishing Party-rage to cease, To buy both sides, and give thy Country peace.

“ Als this is madness," cries a sober sage : But who, my friend, has reason in his rage? The ruling Passion, be it what it will, The ruling Passion conquers Reason still" Less mad the wildest whimsey, we can frame, Than ev'n that Passion, if it has no Aim ; For tho' such motives Folly you may call, The Folly's greater to have none at all 1.

Hear then the truth : “'Tis Heav'n each Passion sends,
And diff'rent men directs to diff'rent ends.
“Extremes in Nature equal good produce,
“Extremes in Man concur to gen'ral use.
Ask we what makes one keep, and one bestow ?
That Pow'r who bids the Ocean ebb and flow,
Bids seed-time, harvest, equal course maintain,
Thro' reconcil'd extremes of drought and rain,
Builds life on Death, on Change Duration founds,
And gives th' eternal wheels to know their rounds.

Riches, like insects, when conceal'd they lie,
Wait but for Wings, and in their season fly.
Who sees pale Mammon pine amidst his store,
Sees but a backward steward for the Poor;
This year a Reservoir, to keep and spare> ;
The next, a Fountain, spouting thro' his Heir,
In lavish streams to quench a Country's thirst,
And men and dogs shall drink him till they burst.





Old Cotta 3 sham'd his fortune and his birth,
Yet was not Cotta void of wit or worth :

senter of a most religious deportment, and profess- examples. He died in the year 1732. P.
ed to be a greater believer. Whether he did really i Verbatim from Rochefoucault. Warton.
credit the prophecy here mentioned is not certain, 2 Taken from Fuller's Church History, p. 28.
but it was constantly in this very style he declaim-

Warton. ed against the corruption and luxury of the age, 3 [Supposed to be the Duke of Newcastle, the partiality of Parliaments, and the misery of who died in 1711 ; and his son, the well-known party-spirit. He was particularly eloquent a- peer of that name, who afterwards became prime gainst Avarice in great and noble persons, of minister. Carruthers. (See Macaulay's portrait which he had indeed lived to see many miserable of the son in his Essay on Chatham.]






What tho' (the use of barb'rous spits forgot)
His kitchen vied in coolness with his grot 1
His court with nettles, moats with cresses stor’d,
With soups unbought and salads bless'd his board ?
If Cotta liv'd on pulse, it was no more
Than Brahmins, Saints, and Sages did before ;
To cram the Rich was prodigal expense,
And who would take the Poor from Providence ?
Like some lone Chartreux : stands the good old Hall,
Silence without, and Fasts within the wall ;
No rafter'd roofs with dance and tabor sound,
No noontide-bell invites the country round ;
Tenants with sighs the smokeless tow'rs survey,
And turn th' unwilling steeds another way ;
Benighted wanderers, the forest o'er,
Curse the 'sav'd candle, and unop’ning door ;
While the gaunt mastiff growling at the gate,
Affrights the beggar whom he longs to eat.

Not so his Son; he mark'd this oversight, And then mistook reverse of wrong for right. (For what to shun will

great knowledge need ;
But what to follow, is a task indeed.)
Yet sure, of qualities deserving praise,
More go to ruin Fortunes, than to raise.
What slaughter'd hecatombs, what floods of wine,
Fill the capacious Squire, and deep Divine !
Yet no mean motive this profusion draws,
His oxen perish in his country's cause ;
'Tis GEORGE and LIBERTY that crowns the cup,
And Zeal for that great House * which eats him up.
The woods recede around the naked seat;
The Sylvans groan-no matter-for the Fleet ;
Next goes his Wool—to clothe our valiant bands;
Last, for his country's love, he sells his Lands.
To town he comes, completes the nation's hope,
And heads the bold Train-bands 5, and burns a Pope.
And shall not Britain now reward his toils,
Britain, that pays her Patriots with her Spoils ?
In vain at Court the Bankrupt pleads his cause,
His thankless Country leaves him to her Laws 6.

The Sense to value Riches, with the Art
T'enjoy them, and the Virtue to impart,
Not meanly, nor ambitiously, pursu’d,
Not sunk by sloth, nor rais'd by servitude ;






'['Cool was his kitchen, though his brains were hot. Dryden, Absalom and Achitophel. I.]

2 With soups unbought] -dapibus mensas onerabat inemptis. Virg. P.

(Georg. iv. 133.] 3 [Carthusian monastery.] + [Of Hanover.]

5 [The demonstrative Protestantism of the Metropolis is the subject of Dryden's Medal.]

6 After v. 218 in the MS. "Where one lean herring furnish'd Cotta's board, And nettles grew, fit porridge for their Lord; Where mad good-natured bounty misapply'd, In lavish Curio blaz'd awhile and dy'd; There Providence once more shall shift the scene, And shewing H-y, teach the Golden mean.'

Warburton. [H-y may stand for Harley.]

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