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consists in the Size and Dimension, instead of the Proportion and Harmony of the whole, v. 97, and the second, either in joining together Parts incoherent, or too minutely resembling, or in the Repetition of the same too frequently, v. 105, &c. A word or two of false_ Taste in Books, in Music, in Painting, even in Preaching and Prayer, and lastly in Entertainments, v. 133, &c. Yet PROVIDENCE is justified in giving Wealth to be squandered in this manner, since it is dispersed to the Poor and
Laborious part of mankind, v. 169 [recurring to what is laid down in the first book, Ep. ii. and in the Epistle preceding this, v. 159, &c.]. What are the proper Objects of Magnificence, and a proper field for the Expence of Great Men, v. 177, &c., and finally, the Great and Public Works which become a Prince, v. 191, to the end.
"IS_strange, the Miser should his Cares employ
To gain those Riches he can ne'er enjoy:
For what has Virro painted, built, and planted ?
A Gentleman famous for a judicious collec- Sir John or Hans Sloane (b. 1660), the well-known tion of Drawings. P.
botanist and physician, in his will offered his 2 (Henry Earl of Pembroke, under whom the collections to the nation at a sum one quarter of ancient family seat of Wilton, already adorned by their estimated value. His Natural History the art of Holbein, Inigo Jones and Vandyke, cabinet now forms part of the national collections received its last touches of beauty. See Warton's in the British Museum; his pictures &c are in Note.)
Lincoln's Inn Fields. ] 3 [Thomas Hearne, the well-known antiquary; 5 Ripley) This man was a carpenter, employwho revenged himself for the sarcastic reference ed by a first Minister, who raised him to an Archito him in the Dunciad by ill-natured reflexions tect, without any genius in the art; and after on Pope's parentage and education in his Diary. some wretched proofs of his insufficiency in public See Carruthers' Life of Pope, p. 14, note.). Buildings, made him Comptroller of the Board
4 And Books for Mead, and Butterflies for of works. P. Mr[Horace) Walpole speaks more Sloane.) Two eminent Physicians; the one had an favourably of this architect. Warton. (He was excellent Library, the other the finest collection a protegee of Sir Robert Walpole's, and built his in Europe of natural curiosities; both men of great house at Houghton.] learning and humanity. P. [Dr Mead, physician 6 [Bubb Doddington. See Epistle to Arbuthto George II. and the most noted practitioner of not, ver. 280.] his day, was born in 1675 and died in 1754, 1 After v. 22, in the MS. bequeathing the greater part of his famous Library 'Must Bishops, Lawyers, Statesmen, have the skill to the College of Physicians. He was, however, To build, to plant, judge paintings, what you the reverse of a bookworm; for Johnson says of
will ? him (Boswell ad ann. 1778) that he lived more Then why not Kent as well our treaties draw, in the broad sunshine of life than almost any man.' Bridgman explain the Gospel, Gibbs the Law?
You show us, Rome was glorious, not profuse?,
Oft have you hinted to your brother Peer
To build, to plant, whatever you intend,
Consult the Genius of the Place in all;
Still follow Sense, of ev'ry Art the Soul,
1 The Earl of Burlington was then publishing hagen, for Christian IV., the brother-in-law of the Designs of Inigo Jones, and the Antiquities James 1.] of Rome by Palladio. P.
5 Inigo Jones, the celebrated Architect, and 3 A door or window so called, from being much M. Le Nôtre, the designer of the best gardens practised at Venice, by Palladio and others. P. of France. P. (André Le Nôtre, the favourite
3 [The seven sciences of the scholastic tri- landscape-gardener of Lous XIV., was born in vium and quadrivium.],
1613, and died in 1700. It was he who introduced * (Inigo Jones the architect of the Banqueting into France the taste for the so-called 'jardins House of Whitehall, the 'English Palladio,' died Anglais,' which he exemplified at all the royal in 1653. He had originally risen into fame by residences, and especially at Versailles. ] designing Rosenborg, the Luxembourg of Copen
Parts answ'ring parts shall slide into a whole,
Without it, proud Versailles ! thy glory falls ;
Behold Villario's ten years' toil complete;
Thro' his young Woods how pleas'd Sabinus stray'd,
At Timon's Villa7 let us pass a day,
1. The seat and gardens of the Lord Viscount one of Queen Caroline's chaplains, and the author Cobham in Buckinghamshire. P.
of Evidences of Religion, and Prayers and Medi? [ı.e. are utterly subverted. Warton truly tations, was charged with Arian opinions. See remarks that every instance of false taste and Boswell's Life of Johnson. On Pope's visit to false magnificence is to be found at Versailles- Oxford in 1716, Dr Clarke in vain endeavoured and, it may be added, in the hundred copies of to engage him in controversy on theological Versailles in Germany. Of Nero's Golden House, subjects.] probably the most colossal effort architecture and 5 The two extremes in parterres, which are landscape gardening ever made, a good short equally faulty; a boundless Green, large and naked account will be found in Dyer's History of the as a field, or a flourished Carpet, where the City of Rome, Sect. 1v.]
greatness and nobleness of the piece is lessened Or cut wide views thro' Mountains to the by being divided into too many parts, with scrollid Plain, You'll wish your hill or shelter'd seat works and beds, of which the examples are again.] This was done in Hertfordshire, by a frequent. P. wealthy citizen, at the expense of above £5000, & -mournful family of Yews;] Touches
upon by which means (merely to overlook a dead plain the ill taste of those who are so fond of Everhe let in the north-wind upon his house and greens (particularly Yews, which are the most parterre, which were before adorned and defended tonsile) as to destroy the nobler Forest-trees, to by beautiful woods. P.
make way for such little ornaments as Pyramids 4 — set Dr. Clarke.) Dr S. Clarke's busto of dark-green continually repeated, not unlike a placed by the Queen in the Hermitage, while, the Funeral procession. P. Dr duly frequented the Court, P. [Dr Clarke, 7 At Timon's Villa] This description is in
Where all cry out, “What sums are thrown away!"
My Lord advances with majestic mien,
His Study! with what Authors is it stor’d5?
tended to comprize the principles of a false Taste and Gladiator moriens. P. of Magnificence, and to exemplify what was said 4 The Approaches and Communication of before, that nothing but Good Sense can attain it. house with garden, or of one part with another, P. (As to the allusion in these lines to Canons, ill judged, and inconvenient. P. the seat of the Duke of Chandos, see Note on 5 His Study! &c.] The false Taste in Books; Moral Essays, Ep. I. v. 54.]
a satire on the vanity in collecting them, more ? -all Brobdignag] A region of giants, in the frequent in men of Fortune than the study to satires of Gulliver. Warburton.
understand them. Many delight chiefly in the * Lo, what huge heaps of littleness around!] elegance of the print, or of the binding; some Grandeur in building, as in the human frame, have carried it so far, as to cause the upper shelves takes not its denomination from the body, but the to be filled with painted books of wood; others soul of the work: when the soul therefore is lost pique themselves so much upon books in a lanor incumber'd in its invelope, the unanimated guage they do not understand, as to exclude the parts, how huge soever, are not members of most useful in one they do. P. grandeur, but mere heaps of littleness.
6 [Aldo Manutio, who established his famous 3 The two Statues of the Gladiator pugnans printing-press at Venice about 1490.)
For all his Lordship knows, but they are Wood?
Yet hence the Poor are cloth’d, the Hungry sedo;
170 The Lab'rer bears: What his hard Heart denies,
His charitable Vanity supplies. [i.e. as if they were wood. Warton compares This is a fact; a reverend Dean preaching at to Pope's disadvantage Young's passage on the Court, threatened the sinner with punishment in same subject in Universal Passion, Sat. 1.] “a place which he thought it not decent to name
The false Taste in Music, improper to the in so polite an assembly.”. P. subjects, as of light airs in churches, often prac- 6 Taxes the incongruity of Ornaments (tho' tised by the organists, &c. P.
sometimes practised by the ancients) where an 3-And in Painting (from which even Italy is open mouth ejects the water into a fountain, or not free) of naked figures in Churches, &c. which where the shocking images of serpents, &c. are has obliged some Popes to put draperies on some introduced in Grotto's or Buffets. 'P. of those of the best masters.
7 Is this a dinner, &c.] The proud Festivals * Verrio or Laguerre.) Verrio (Antonio) of some men are here set forth to ridicule, where painted many ceilings, &c. at Windsor, Hampton pride destroys the ease, and formal regularity all court, &c. and Laguerre at Blenheim-castle, and the pleasurable enjoyment of the entertainment. P. other places. P. (Verrio's ceilings at Windsor 8 Sancho's dread Doctor) See Don Quixote, are referred to in Windsor Forest, v. 305. The chap. xlvii. P. line in the text was said exactly to describe the 9. Yet hence the Poor, &c.) The Moral of the ceilings at Canons; but Pope in a letter to Aaron whole, where PROVIDENCE is justified in giving Hill (Feb. 3, 1732) asserts that the frescoes there Wealth to those who squander it in this manner. were not by the painters mentioned and that the A bad Taste employs more hands, and diffuses rest of the description was equally inapplicable. Expence more than a good one.
This recurs to See Roscoe's Life.]
what is laid down in Book i. Epist. 11. v. 230-7, s Who never mentions Hell to ears polite.) and in the Epistle preceding this, v. 161, &c. P.