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consists in the Size and Dimension, instead of the Proportion and Harmony of the whole, v. 97, and the second, either in joining together Parts incoherent, or too minutely resembling, or in the Repetition of the same too frequently, v. 105, &c. A word or two of false_ Taste in Books, in Music, in Painting, even in Preaching and Prayer, and lastly in Entertainments, v. 133, &c. Yet PROVIDENCE is justified in giving Wealth to be squandered in this manner, since it is dispersed to the Poor and

Laborious part of mankind, v. 169 [recurring to what is laid down in the first book, Ep. ii. and in the Epistle preceding this, v. 159, &c.]. What are the proper Objects of Magnificence, and a proper field for the Expence of Great Men, v. 177, &c., and finally, the Great and Public Works which become a Prince, v. 191, to the end.

"IS_strange, the Miser should his Cares employ

To gain those Riches he can ne'er enjoy:
Is it less strange, the Prodigal should waste
His wealth, to purchase what he ne'er can taste ?
Not for himself he sees, or hears, or eats;

Artists must choose his Pictures, Music, Meats:
He buys for Topham?, Drawings and Designs,
For Pembroke", Statues, dirty Gods, and Coins;
Rare monkish Manuscripts for Hearne3 alone,
And Books for Mead, and Butterflies for Sloane 4.
Think we all these are for himself? no more
Than his fine Wife, alas! or finer Whore.

For what has Virro painted, built, and planted ?
Only to show, how many Tastes he wanted.
What brought Sir Visto's ill got wealth to waste?

Some Dæmon whisper'd, “Visto! have a Taste.”
Heav'n visits with a Taste the wealthy fool,
And needs no Rod but Ripley5 with a Rule.
See! sportive fate, to punish awkward pride,
Bids Bubo 6 build, and sends him such a Guide:
A standing sermon, at each year's expense,
That never Coxcomb reach'd Magnificence?!



A Gentleman famous for a judicious collec- Sir John or Hans Sloane (b. 1660), the well-known tion of Drawings. P.

botanist and physician, in his will offered his 2 (Henry Earl of Pembroke, under whom the collections to the nation at a sum one quarter of ancient family seat of Wilton, already adorned by their estimated value. His Natural History the art of Holbein, Inigo Jones and Vandyke, cabinet now forms part of the national collections received its last touches of beauty. See Warton's in the British Museum; his pictures &c are in Note.)

Lincoln's Inn Fields. ] 3 [Thomas Hearne, the well-known antiquary; 5 Ripley) This man was a carpenter, employwho revenged himself for the sarcastic reference ed by a first Minister, who raised him to an Archito him in the Dunciad by ill-natured reflexions tect, without any genius in the art; and after on Pope's parentage and education in his Diary. some wretched proofs of his insufficiency in public See Carruthers' Life of Pope, p. 14, note.). Buildings, made him Comptroller of the Board

4 And Books for Mead, and Butterflies for of works. P. Mr[Horace) Walpole speaks more Sloane.) Two eminent Physicians; the one had an favourably of this architect. Warton. (He was excellent Library, the other the finest collection a protegee of Sir Robert Walpole's, and built his in Europe of natural curiosities; both men of great house at Houghton.] learning and humanity. P. [Dr Mead, physician 6 [Bubb Doddington. See Epistle to Arbuthto George II. and the most noted practitioner of not, ver. 280.] his day, was born in 1675 and died in 1754, 1 After v. 22, in the MS. bequeathing the greater part of his famous Library 'Must Bishops, Lawyers, Statesmen, have the skill to the College of Physicians. He was, however, To build, to plant, judge paintings, what you the reverse of a bookworm; for Johnson says of

will ? him (Boswell ad ann. 1778) that he lived more Then why not Kent as well our treaties draw, in the broad sunshine of life than almost any man.' Bridgman explain the Gospel, Gibbs the Law?





You show us, Rome was glorious, not profuse?,
And pompous buildings once were things of Use.
Yet shall, my Lord, your just, your noble rules
Fill half the land with Imitating-Fools;
Who random drawings from your sheets shall take,
And of one beauty many blunders make;
Load some vain Church with old Theatric state,
Turn Arcs of triumph to a Garden-gate;
Reverse your Ornaments, and hang them all
On some patch'd dog-hole ek'd with ends of wall;
Then clap four slices of Pilaster on't,
That, lac'd with bits of rustic, makes a Front.
Shall call the winds thro' long arcades to roar,
Proud to catch cold at a Venetian door?;
Conscious they act a true Palladian part,
And, if they starve, they starve by rules of art.

Oft have you hinted to your brother Peer
A certain truth, which many buy too dear :
Something there is more needful than Expense,
And something previous ev'n to Taste—'tis Sense:
Good Sense, which only is the gift of Heav'n,
And tho' no Science, fairly worth the seven 3 :
A Light, which in yourself you must perceive;
Jones* and Le Nôtres have it not to give.

To build, to plant, whatever you intend,
To rear the Column, or the Arch to bend,
To, swell the Terrace, or to sink the Grot;
In all, let Nature never be forgot.
But treat the Goddess like a modest fair,
Nor over-dress, nor leave her wholly bare;
Let not each beauty ev'rywhere be spy'd,
Where half the skill is decently to hide.
He gains all points, who pleasingly confounds,
Surprises, varies, and conceals the Bounds.

Consult the Genius of the Place in all;
That tells the Waters or to rise, or fall;
Or helps th' ambitious Hill the heav'ns to scale,
Or scoops in circling theatres the Vale;
Calls in the Country, catches op'ning glades,
Joins willing woods, and varies shades from shades;
Now breaks, or now directs, th' intending Lines;
Paints as you plant, and, as you work, designs,

Still follow Sense, of ev'ry Art the Soul,







1 The Earl of Burlington was then publishing hagen, for Christian IV., the brother-in-law of the Designs of Inigo Jones, and the Antiquities James 1.] of Rome by Palladio. P.

5 Inigo Jones, the celebrated Architect, and 3 A door or window so called, from being much M. Le Nôtre, the designer of the best gardens practised at Venice, by Palladio and others. P. of France. P. (André Le Nôtre, the favourite

3 [The seven sciences of the scholastic tri- landscape-gardener of Lous XIV., was born in vium and quadrivium.],

1613, and died in 1700. It was he who introduced * (Inigo Jones the architect of the Banqueting into France the taste for the so-called 'jardins House of Whitehall, the 'English Palladio,' died Anglais,' which he exemplified at all the royal in 1653. He had originally risen into fame by residences, and especially at Versailles. ] designing Rosenborg, the Luxembourg of Copen




Parts answ'ring parts shall slide into a whole,
Spontaneous beauties all around advance,
Start ev'n from Difficulty, strike from Chance;
Nature shall join you; Time shall make it grow
A Work to wonder at-perhaps a Stowel

Without it, proud Versailles ! thy glory falls ;
And Nero's Terraces desert their walls?:
The vast Parterres a thousand hands shall make,
Lo! COBHAM comes, and floats them with a Lake:
Or cut wide views thro' Mountains to the Plain,
You'll wish your hill or shelter'd seat again3.
Ev'n in an ornament its place remark,
Nor in an Hermitage set Dr. Clarke 4.

Behold Villario's ten years' toil complete;
His Quincunx darkens, his Espaliers meet;
The Wood supports the Plain, the parts unite,
And strength of Shade contends with strength of Light;
A waving Glow the bloomy beds display,
Blushing in bright diversities of day,
With silver-quiv'ring rills mæanderd o'er-
Enjoy them, you! Villario can no_more;
Tir'd of the scene Parterres and Fountains yield,
He finds at last he better likes a Field.

Thro' his young Woods how pleas'd Sabinus stray'd,
Or sat delighted in the thick’ning shade,
With annual joy the redd’ning shoots to greet,
Or see the stretching branches long to meet !
His Son's fine Taste an op'ner Vista loves,
Foe to the Dyrads of his Father's groves;
One boundless Green, or flourish'd Carpet views,
With all the mournful family of Yews 6 ;
The thriving plants ignoble broomsticks made,
Now sweep those Alleys they were born to shade.

At Timon's Villa7 let us pass a day,




1. The seat and gardens of the Lord Viscount one of Queen Caroline's chaplains, and the author Cobham in Buckinghamshire. P.

of Evidences of Religion, and Prayers and Medi? [ı.e. are utterly subverted. Warton truly tations, was charged with Arian opinions. See remarks that every instance of false taste and Boswell's Life of Johnson. On Pope's visit to false magnificence is to be found at Versailles- Oxford in 1716, Dr Clarke in vain endeavoured and, it may be added, in the hundred copies of to engage him in controversy on theological Versailles in Germany. Of Nero's Golden House, subjects.] probably the most colossal effort architecture and 5 The two extremes in parterres, which are landscape gardening ever made, a good short equally faulty; a boundless Green, large and naked account will be found in Dyer's History of the as a field, or a flourished Carpet, where the City of Rome, Sect. 1v.]

greatness and nobleness of the piece is lessened Or cut wide views thro' Mountains to the by being divided into too many parts, with scrollid Plain, You'll wish your hill or shelter'd seat works and beds, of which the examples are again.] This was done in Hertfordshire, by a frequent. P. wealthy citizen, at the expense of above £5000, & -mournful family of Yews;] Touches

upon by which means (merely to overlook a dead plain the ill taste of those who are so fond of Everhe let in the north-wind upon his house and greens (particularly Yews, which are the most parterre, which were before adorned and defended tonsile) as to destroy the nobler Forest-trees, to by beautiful woods. P.

make way for such little ornaments as Pyramids 4 — set Dr. Clarke.) Dr S. Clarke's busto of dark-green continually repeated, not unlike a placed by the Queen in the Hermitage, while, the Funeral procession. P. Dr duly frequented the Court, P. [Dr Clarke, 7 At Timon's Villa] This description is in

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Where all cry out, “What sums are thrown away!"
So proud, so grand; of that stupendous air,
Soft and Agreeable come never there.
Greatness, with Timon, dwells in such a draught
As brings all Brobdignag? before your thought.
To compass this, his building is a Town,
His pond an Ocean, his parterre a Down:
Who but must laugh, the Master when he sees,
A puny insect, shiv'ring at a breeze !
Lo, what huge heaps of littleness around?!
The whole, a labour'd Quarry above ground;
Two Cupids squirt before; a Lake behind
Improves the keenness of the Northern wind.
His Gardens next your admiration call,
On ev'ry side you look, behold the Wall!
No pleasing Intricacies intervene,
No artful wildness to perplex the scene;
Grove nods at grove, each Alley has a brother,
And half the platform just reflects the other.
The suff'ring eye inverted Nature sees,
Trees cut to Statues, Statues thick as trees;
With here a Fountain, never to be play'd ;
And there a Summer-house, that knows no shade;
Here Amphitrite sails thro' myrtle bow'rs;
There Gladiators 3 fight, or die in flow'rs;
Un-watered see the drooping, sea-horse mourn,
And swallows roost in Nilus' dusty Urn.

My Lord advances with majestic mien,
Smit with the mighty pleasure, to be seen :
But soft,--by regular approach, -not yet,-
First thro' the length of yon hot Terrace sweat * ;
And when up ten steep slopes you've dragg’d your thighs,
Just at his Study-door he'll bless your eyes.

His Study! with what Authors is it stor’d5?
In Books, not Authors, curious is my Lord;
To all their dated Backs he turns you round :
These Aldus 6 printed, those Du Sueil has bound.
Lo some are Vellum, and the rest as good





tended to comprize the principles of a false Taste and Gladiator moriens. P. of Magnificence, and to exemplify what was said 4 The Approaches and Communication of before, that nothing but Good Sense can attain it. house with garden, or of one part with another, P. (As to the allusion in these lines to Canons, ill judged, and inconvenient. P. the seat of the Duke of Chandos, see Note on 5 His Study! &c.] The false Taste in Books; Moral Essays, Ep. I. v. 54.]

a satire on the vanity in collecting them, more ? -all Brobdignag] A region of giants, in the frequent in men of Fortune than the study to satires of Gulliver. Warburton.

understand them. Many delight chiefly in the * Lo, what huge heaps of littleness around!] elegance of the print, or of the binding; some Grandeur in building, as in the human frame, have carried it so far, as to cause the upper shelves takes not its denomination from the body, but the to be filled with painted books of wood; others soul of the work: when the soul therefore is lost pique themselves so much upon books in a lanor incumber'd in its invelope, the unanimated guage they do not understand, as to exclude the parts, how huge soever, are not members of most useful in one they do. P. grandeur, but mere heaps of littleness.

6 [Aldo Manutio, who established his famous 3 The two Statues of the Gladiator pugnans printing-press at Venice about 1490.)

For all his Lordship knows, but they are Wood?
For Locke or Milton 'tis in vain to look,
These shelves admit not any modern book.

And now the Chapel's silver bell you hear,
That summons you to all the Pride of Pray'r?:
Light quirks of Music, broken and uneven,
Make the soul dance upon a Jig to Heav'n.
On painted Ceilings: you devoutly stare,

Where sprawl the Saints of Verrio or Laguerre",
On gilded clouds in fair expansion lie,
And bring all Paradise before your eye.
To rest, the Cushion and soft Dean invite,
Who never mentions Hell to ears polites.

But hark! the chiming Clocks to dinner call;
A hundred footsteps scrape the marble Hall:
The rich Buffet well-colour'd Serpents grace,
And gaping Tritons spew to wash your face.
Is this a dinner? this a Genial room?

No, 'tis a Temple, and a Hecatomb?.
A solemn Sacrifice, perform'd in state,
You drink by measure, and to minutes eat.
So quick retires each flying course, you'd swear
Sancho's dread Doctor and his Wand were there 8.

Between each At the trembling salvers ring,
From soup to sweet-wine, and God bless the King.
In plenty starving, tantaliz’d in state,
And complaisantly help'd to all I hate,
Treated, caress'd, and tir'd, I take my leave,

Sick of his civil Pride from Morn to Eve;
I curse such lavish cost, and little skill,
And swear no Day was ever past so ill.

Yet hence the Poor are cloth’d, the Hungry sedo;
Health to himself, and to his Infants bread

170 The Lab'rer bears: What his hard Heart denies,

His charitable Vanity supplies. [i.e. as if they were wood. Warton compares This is a fact; a reverend Dean preaching at to Pope's disadvantage Young's passage on the Court, threatened the sinner with punishment in same subject in Universal Passion, Sat. 1.] “a place which he thought it not decent to name

The false Taste in Music, improper to the in so polite an assembly.”. P. subjects, as of light airs in churches, often prac- 6 Taxes the incongruity of Ornaments (tho' tised by the organists, &c. P.

sometimes practised by the ancients) where an 3-And in Painting (from which even Italy is open mouth ejects the water into a fountain, or not free) of naked figures in Churches, &c. which where the shocking images of serpents, &c. are has obliged some Popes to put draperies on some introduced in Grotto's or Buffets. 'P. of those of the best masters.

7 Is this a dinner, &c.] The proud Festivals * Verrio or Laguerre.) Verrio (Antonio) of some men are here set forth to ridicule, where painted many ceilings, &c. at Windsor, Hampton pride destroys the ease, and formal regularity all court, &c. and Laguerre at Blenheim-castle, and the pleasurable enjoyment of the entertainment. P. other places. P. (Verrio's ceilings at Windsor 8 Sancho's dread Doctor) See Don Quixote, are referred to in Windsor Forest, v. 305. The chap. xlvii. P. line in the text was said exactly to describe the 9. Yet hence the Poor, &c.) The Moral of the ceilings at Canons; but Pope in a letter to Aaron whole, where PROVIDENCE is justified in giving Hill (Feb. 3, 1732) asserts that the frescoes there Wealth to those who squander it in this manner. were not by the painters mentioned and that the A bad Taste employs more hands, and diffuses rest of the description was equally inapplicable. Expence more than a good one.

This recurs to See Roscoe's Life.]

what is laid down in Book i. Epist. 11. v. 230-7, s Who never mentions Hell to ears polite.) and in the Epistle preceding this, v. 161, &c. P.


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