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Another age shall see the golden Ear?
Embrown the Slope, and nod on the Parterre,
Deep Harvests bury all his pride has plann'd,
And laughing Ceres re-assume the land.

Who then shall grace, or who improve the Soil?
Who plants like BATHURST, or who builds like BOYLE.
'Tis Use alone that sanctifies Expense,
And Splendour borrows all her rays from Sense.

His Father's Acres who enjoys in peace,
Or makes his Neighbours glad, if he increase :
Whose cheerful Tenants bless their yearly toil,
Yet to their Lord owe more than to the soil;
Whose ample Lawns are not asham’d to feed
The milky heifer and deserving steed;
Whose rising Forests, not for pride or show,
But future Buildings, future Navies, grow:
Let his plantations stretch from down to down,
First shade a Country, and then raise a Town.

You too proceed! make falling Arts your care,
Erect new wonders, and the old repair;
Jones and Palladio 3 to themselves restore,
And be whate'er Vitruvius 4 was before:
'Till Kings call forth th' Ideas of your mind,
(Proud to accomplish what such hands designed,)
Bid Harbours openó, public Ways extend,
Bid Temples, worthier of the God, ascend;
Bid the broad Arch the dang'rous Flood contain,
The Mole projected break the roaring Main ;
Back to his bounds their subject Sea command,
And roll obedient Rivers thro' the Land :
These Honours Peace to happy Britain brings,
These are Imperial Works, and worthy Kings 6.

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Another age, &c.] Had the Poet lived but others were vilely executed, thro' fraudulent cathree Years longer, he had seen this prophecy bals between undertakers, officers, &c. Dagenfulfilled. Warburton. [This note, as Warton ham-breach had done very great mischiefs; many points out, was judiciously generalised by War of the Highways throughout England were hardly burton in a later edition, to avoid the plain refer- passable ; and most of those which were repaired ence to Canons.]

by Turnpikes were made jobs for private lucre, 3 [Jones, v. ante line 46.]

and infamously executed, even to the entrances 3 (Palladio was born at Vicenza, where the of London itself: The proposal of building a Basilica della Ragione was his first work. He Bridge at Westminter had been petition'd against ultimately settled at Venice where most of his and rejected; but in two years after the publication masterpieces were undertaken. He died in 1580.] of this poem, an Act for building a Bridge pass'd

4 [M. Vitruvius Pollio, celebrated for his work thro' both houses. After many debates in the de Architectura, was born about the year 80 B.C.] committee, the execution was left to the carpenter

5'Till Kings-Bid Harbours open, &c.) The above-mentioned, who would have made it a poet after having touched upon the proper objects wooden one: to which our author alludes in these of Magnificence and Expense, in the private works lines, of great men, comes to those great and public who builds a Bridge that never drove a pile? works which become a prince. This Poem was Should Ripley venture, all the world would published in the year 1732, when some of the new- smile. built Churches, by the act of Queen Anne, were See the notes on that place. P. ready to fall, being founded in boggy land 6 (Carruthers refers to Dryden's free transla(which is satirically

alluded to in our author's tion of Æn. Vi. E53—4: imitation of Horace, Lit, ii, Sat. 2,

“These are imperial arts, and worthy thine.') Shall half the new-built Churches round thee fo:ll;

EPISTLE V.

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To MR. ADDISON.

Occasioned by his Dialogues on MEDALS. This was originally written in the year 1715, when Mr Addison intended to publish his book of medals; it was sometime before he was secretary of State; but not published till Mr Tickell's Edition of his works; at which time the verses on Mr Craggs, which conclude the poem, were added, viz. in 1720. P. [The materials for these Dialogues, were collected by Addison during his travels in Italy, and the book itself was begun to be written at Vienna as early as 1702. Though known to and favourably esteemed by many scholars of note, it was never published in his lifetime; for he died in 1719. Concerning Pope's relations with Addison see Introductory Memoir, p. xv. f.

The following is Warburton's attempt to connect the revised version of Pope's lines to Addison with the series of Moral Essays :

. As the third Epistle treated of the extremes of Avarice and Profusion; and the 'fourth took up one particular branch of the latter, namely, the vanity of expence in people of wealth and quality, and was therefore a corollary to the third; so this treats of one circumstance of that Vanity, as it appears in the common collectors of old coins; and is, therefore, a corollary to the fourth.']

EE the wild Waste of all-devouring years !

How Rome her own sad Sepulchre appears',
With nodding arches, broken temples spread!
The very Tombs now vanish'd like their dead!
Imperial wonders rais'd on Nations spoil'd,
Where mix'd with Slaves the groaning Martyr toil'da :
Huge Theatres, that now unpeopled Woods,
Now drain'd a distant country of her Floods :
Fanes, which admiring Gods with pride survey,
Statues of Men, scarce less alive than they !
Some felt the silent stroke of mould'ring age,
Some hostile fury, some religious rage.
Barbarian blindness, Christian zeal conspire,
And Papal piety, and Gothic fire.
Perhaps, by its own ruins sav'd from flame,

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Some bury'd marble half preserves a name;
That Name the learn'd with fierce disputes pursue,
And give to Titus old Vespasian's due.

Ambition sigh’d: She found it vain to trust
The faithless Column and the crumbling Bust :
Huge moles, whose shadow stretch'd from shore to shore,
Their ruins perish'd, and their place no more!
Convinc'd, she now contracts her vast design,
And all her triumphs shrink into a Coin.
A narrow orb each crowded conquest keeps ;

25 Beneath her Palm here sad Judæa weeps ;

IO

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1 St Jerome calls Rome 'populi Romani sepul- tians were forced to labour at the construction of crum.' Warton,

the famous Baths of Diocletian.) * (According to an ancient tradition, the Chris- 3 [Judæa Capta' on a reverse of Vespasian.)

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Now scantier limits the proud Arch? confine,
And scarce are seen the prostrate Nile or Rhine”;
A small Euphrates thro' the piece is rolld,
And little Eagles wave their wings in gold.

The Medal, faithful to its charge of fame,
Thro' climes and ages bears each form and name :
In one_short view subjected to our eye
Gods, Emp'rors, Heroes, Sages, Beauties, lie.
With sharpen'd sight3 pale Antiquaries pore,
Th' inscription value, but the rust adore.
This the blue varnish, that the green endears“,
The sacred rust of twice ten hundred years!
To gain Pescennius 5 one employs his schemes,
One grasps a Cecrops in ecstatico dreams.
Poor Vadius?, long with learned spleen devour'd,
Can taste no pleasure since his Shield was scour'd;
And Curio, restless by the Fair-one's side,
Sighs for an Otho, and neglects his bride 8.

Theirs is the Vanity, the Learning thine:
Touch'd by thy hand, again Rome's glories shine;
Her Gods, and god-like Heroes rise to view,
And all her faded garlands bloom anew.
Nor blush, these studies thy regard engage;
These pleas'd' the Fathers of poetic rage;
The verse and sculpture bore an equal part,
And Art reflected images to Art.

Oh when shall Britain, conscious of her claim,
Stand emulous of Greek and Roman fame?
In living medals see her wars enrolld,
And vanquish'd realms supply recording gold ?
Here, rising bold, the Patriot's honest face;
There Warriors frowning in historic brass ?
Then future ages with delight shall see
How Plato's, Bacon's, Newton's looks agree;
Or in fair series laurell's Bards be shown,
A Virgil there, and here an Addison "0.
Then shall thy CRAGGS 11 (and let me call him mine)
On the cast ore, another Pollio, shine;

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1-the proud Arch] i.e. The triumphal Arch, burton. (Aimed at Dr Woodward the eminent which was generally an enormous mass of build- physician and naturalist, who wrote a dissertation ing: Warburton.

on an ancient shield which he possessed. [A small figure of the conquered province fre

Carruthers.) quently occurs on medals struck on the occasion 8 Charles Patin was banished from the Court of a triumph.)

because he sold Louis XIV. an Otho that was not 3 [i.e. with the aid of microscopes.]

genuine. Warton. (A very remarkable Otho is 4 This the blue varnish, that the green en- given by Addison.] dears,) i. e. This a collector of silver; that, of 9 Oh when shall Britain, &c.] A compliment brass coins. Warburton.

to one of Mr Addison's papers in the Spectator 5 [Pescennius Niger assumed the purple in on this subject. Warburton. Syria in 131, but was speedily worsted by Septimius 10 Copied evidently from Tickell to Addison Severus. ]

on his Rosamond: "Which gain'd a Virgil and 6 [Ecstatic, because of course no such medals an Addison. Warton. (Asinius Pollio, on the exist.)

birth of whose son Vergil wrote the Eclogue 7 Poor Vadius,) See his history, and that of paraphrased in Pope's Messiah.), his Shield, in the Memoirs of Scriblerus. War. if (Craggs. See note to Pope's Epitaph rv.]

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With aspect open, shall erect his head,
And round the orb in lasting notes be read,
“Statesman, yet friend to Truth! of soul sincere?,
In action faithful, and in honour clear;
“Who broke no promise, serv'd no private end,
“Who gain'd no title, and who lost no friend;

Ennobled by himself, by all approv'd,
"And prais’d, unenvy'd, by the Muse he lov'd?.”

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? Statesman, yet friend to truth! &c.] "moderate length, why must they be in verse ? It should be remembered that this poem was We should be surprized to see the title of a written to be printed before Mr Addison's Dis- “serious book in rhyme."-Dial. iii. course on Medals, in which there is the following And prais'd, unenvy'd, by the Muse he lov'd.] censure of long legends upon coins :. “The first It was not likely that men acting in so different “fault I find with a modern legend is its diffusive- spheres as were those of Mr Craggs and Mr Pope,

You have sometimes the whole side of a should have their friendship disturbed by Envy. “medal over-run with it. One would fancy the We must suppose then that some circumstances “Author had a Design of being Ciceronian-but in the friendship of Mr Pope and Mr Addison “it is not only the tediousness of these inscriptions are hinted at in this place. Warburton, "that I find fault with; supposing them of a

“ness.

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