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Another age shall see the golden Ear1
And laughing Ceres re-assume the land.
Who then shall grace, or who improve the Soil?
Who plants like BATHURST, or who builds like BOYLE.
'Tis Use alone that sanctifies Expense,
And Splendour borrows all her rays from Sense.
You too proceed! make falling Arts your care,
Another age, &c.] Had the Poet lived but three Years longer, he had seen this prophecy fulfilled. Warburton. [This note, as Warton points out, was judiciously generalised by Warburton in a later edition, to avoid the plain reference to Canons.]
2 [Jones, v. ante line 46.]
3 [Palladio was born at Vicenza, where the Basilica della Ragione was his first work. He ultimately settled at Venice where most of his masterpieces were undertaken. He died in 1580.] 4 [M. Vitruvius Pollio, celebrated for his work de Architectura, was born about the year 80 B. C.] 5 'Till Kings-Bid Harbours open, &c.] The poet after having touched upon the proper objects of Magnificence and Expense, in the private works of great men, comes to those great and public works which become a prince. This Poem was published in the year 1732, when some of the newbuilt Churches, by the act of Queen Anne, were ready to fall, being founded in boggy land (which is satirically alluded to in our author's imitation of Horace, Lib, ii. Sat. 2,
Shall half the new-built Churches round thee fall;
others were vilely executed, thro' fraudulent ca-
Who builds a Bridge that never drove a pile?
6 [Carruthers refers to Dryden's free translation of En. vi. 853-4:
These are imperial arts, and worthy thine.']
TO MR ADDISON.
Occasioned by his Dialogues on MEDALS.
THIS was originally written in the year 1715, when Mr Addison intended to publish his book of medals; it was sometime before he was secretary of State; but not published till Mr Tickell's Edition of his works; at which time the verses on Mr Craggs, which conclude the poem, were added, viz. in 1720. P. [The materials for these Dialogues, were collected by Addison during his travels in Italy, and the book itself was begun to be written at Vienna as early as 1702. Though known to and favourably esteemed by many scholars of note, it was never published in his lifetime; for he died in 1719. Concerning Pope's relations with Addison see Introductory Memoir, p. xv. f.
The following is Warburton's attempt to connect the revised version of Pope's lines to Addison with the series of Moral Essays:
'As the third Epistle treated of the extremes of Avarice and Profusion; and the 'fourth took up one particular branch of the latter, namely, the vanity of expence in 'people of wealth and quality, and was therefore a corollary to the third; so this treats of one circumstance of that Vanity, as it appears in the common collectors of 'old coins; and is, therefore, a corollary to the fourth.']
EE the wild Waste of all-devouring years!
How Rome her own sad Sepulchre appears1,
With nodding arches, broken temples spread!
Where mix'd with Slaves the groaning Martyr toil'd2:
Now drain'd a distant country of her Floods:
Perhaps, by its own ruins sav'd from flame,
Some bury'd marble half preserves a name;
That Name the learn'd with fierce disputes pursue,
And give to Titus old Vespasian's due.
Ambition sigh'd: She found it vain to trust
The faithless Column and the crumbling Bust:
Huge moles, whose shadow stretch'd from shore to shore,
1 St Jerome calls Rome 'populi Romani sepulcrum. Warton.
2 [According to an ancient tradition, the Chris
tians were forced to labour at the construction of the famous Baths of Diocletian.]
3 ['Judæa Capta' on a reverse of Vespasian.]
Now scantier limits the proud Arch1 confine,
The Medal, faithful to its charge of fame,
Oh when shall Britain, conscious of her claim",
Poor Vadius, long with learned spleen devour'd,
And vanquish'd realms supply recording gold?
A Virgil there, and here an Addison 10.
Then shall thy CRAGGS" (and let me call him mine)
1-the proud Arch] i.e. The triumphal Arch, which was generally an enormous mass of building; Warburton.
[A small figure of the conquered province frequently occurs on medals struck on the occasion of a triumph.]
3 [i.e. with the aid of microscopes.]
4 This the blue varnish, that the green endears,] i. e. This a collector of silver; that, of brass coins. Warburton.
[Pescennius Niger assumed the purple in Syria in 131, but was speedily worsted by Septimius Severus.]
6 [Ecstatic, because of course no such medals exist.]
7 Poor Vadius,] See his history, and that of his Shield, in the Memoirs of Scriblerus. War
burton. [Aimed at Dr Woodward the eminent physician and naturalist, who wrote a dissertation on an ancient shield which he possessed. Carruthers.]
8 Charles Patin was banished from the Court because he sold Louis XIV. an Otho that was not genuine. Warton. [A very remarkable Otho is given by Addison.]
9 Oh when shall Britain, &c.] A compliment to one of Mr Addison's papers in the Spectator on this subject. Warburton.
10 Copied evidently from Tickell to Addison on his Rosamond: Which gain'd a Virgil and an Addison.' Warton. [Asinius Pollio, on the birth of whose son Vergil wrote the Eclogue paraphrased in Pope's Messiah.]
[Craggs. See note to Pope's Epitaph rv.]
With aspect open, shall erect his head,
1 Statesman, yet friend to truth! &c.] It should be remembered that this poem was written to be printed before Mr Addison's Discourse on Medals, in which there is the following censure of long legends upon coins: "The first "fault I find with a modern legend is its diffusive"ness. You have sometimes the whole side of a "medal over-run with it. One would fancy the "Author had a Design of being Ciceronian-but "it is not only the tediousness of these inscriptions "that I find fault with; supposing them of a
"moderate length, why must they be in verse? "We should be surprized to see the title of a "serious book in rhyme."-Dial. iii.
And prais'd, unenvy'd, by the Muse he lov'd.] It was not likely that men acting in so different spheres as were those of Mr Craggs and Mr Pope, should have their friendship disturbed by Envy. We must suppose then that some circumstances in the friendship of Mr Pope and Mr Addison are hinted at in this place. Warburton.