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One half-pint bottle serves them both to dine,
He knows to live, who keeps the middle state,
Now hear what blessings Temperance can bring:
How pale, each Worshipful and Rev'rend guest
On morning wings how active springs the Mind
Our fathers prais'd rank Ven’son. You suppose
à Buck was then a week's repast,
Unworthy he, the voice of Fame to hear,
? [A delicacy still in vogue at academical feasts.]
3 [Lord Hervey.)
Who has not learned, fresh sturgeon and ham-pie
Right,” cries his Lordship, “for a rogue in need "To have a Taste is insolence indeed: “In me 'tis noble, suits my birth and state, “My wealth unwieldy, and my heap too great." Then, like the Sun, let Bounty spread her ray,
Who thinks that Fortune cannot change her mind,
Thus BETHEL spoke, who always speaks his thought, And always thinks the very thing he ought:
130 His equal mind I copy what I can, And, as I love, would imitate the Man. In South-sea days not happier, when surmis'd The Lord of Thousands, than if now Excis'd? ; In forest planted by a Father's hand»,
135 Than in five acres now of rented land. Content with little, I can piddle here On brocoli and mutton, round the year; But ancient friends (tho' poor, or out of play) That touch my bell, I cannot turn away.
140 'Tis true, no Turbots dignify my boards, But gudgeons, flounders, what my Thames affords: To Hounslow-heath I point and Bansted-down 4, Thence comes your mutton, and these chicks my own: From yon old walnut-tree a show'r shall fall;
145 And grapes, long ling’ring on my only wall, And ñgs from standard and espalier join; The dev'l is in you if you cannot dine: Then cheerful healths“ (your Mistress shall have place), And, what's more rare, a Poet shall say Grace.
150 1 [The Duke of Marlborough.]
which he sold in 1716. The sum which he left 2 (See notes to Moral Essays, Ep. III. v. to his son was something under £4000. The five 115 and 118.)
acres of rented land' are the Twickenham estate.] 3 [Pope's father originally purchased twenty 4 [Between Caterham and Epsom.] acres of land in the outskirts of Windsor Forest, 5 (Pope's economy in the matter of wine of
Fortune not much of humbling me can boast;
Why, you'll enjoy it only all your life.”
fends Dr Johnson, himself in general no enemy "in it after my death (for, as it is, it serves all of more liberal potations: When he had two my purposes as well during life) I would purguests in his house he would set at supper a “chase it,” &c. Warburton. (Pope never carsingle pint of wine upon the table, and having ried out this intention.] taken himself two small glasses would retire and * Or, in a jointure, vanish from the heir;]
“Gentlemen, I leave you to your wine.”.] The expression well describes the surprise an
[Practically, England has had a standing heir must be in, to find himself excluded by that army since the time of Charles II.; legally, the Instrument which was made to secure his sucexistence of the army depends on the annual cession. For Butler humorously defines a JoinMutiny-bills, of which the first was passed in ture to be the act whereby Parents 1689. From the first years of Walpole's administration, the army (independently of the Irish Their Children's Tenants, ere they're born.' establishment) continued in ordinary times to
Warburton. number about 17,000 men; but even its virtual 5 [Gorhambury, near St Alban's, the seat of perpetuity was not acknowledged; and as late as Lord Bacon, was at the time of his disgrace con1732 Pulteney declared that he always had been, veyed by him to his quondam secretary, Sir J. ! and always would be, against a standing army of Meantys, whose heir sold it to Sir Harbottle any kind.' See Hallam, Const. History, chap. xvi.] Grimston, whose grandson left it to his nephew
2 From Hom. Od. Bk. xv. v. 74. Warton. (Wm. Lucklyn, who took the name of Grimston',
3 Well, if the use be mine, etc.] In a letter whose second son was in 1719 created Viscount to this Mr Bethel, of March 20, 1743, he says, Grimston. This is the booby lord' to whom i "My Landlady, Mrs Vernon, being dead, this Pope refers.] “Garden and House are offered me in sale; and,
proud Buckingham's etc.] Villiers Duke "I believe (together with the cottages on each of Buckingham. P. The estate of Helmsley “side my grass-plot next the Thames) will come was purchased by Sir Charles Duncombe, Lord
at about a thousand pounds. If I thought any Mayor in 1709, who changed its name to Dunvery particular friend would be pleased to live combe Park. Carruthers.
THE FIRST EPISTLE
FIRST BOOK OF HORACE.
To LORD BOLINGBROKE1.
[HORACE's Epistle is addressed to Maecenas; and explains the causes why he had relinquished lyrical poetry in order to study philosophy as an eclectic after the fashion of Aristippus. It then proceeds to show that true happiness depends upon virtue and wisdom, to which that study leads, and not upon the external comforts of life.]
T. JOHN, whose love indulg'd my labours past,
Matures my present, and shall bound my last!
A Voice there is, that whispers in my ear,
Friend Pope! be prudent, let your Muse take breath,
15 “You limp, like Blackmore on a Lord Mayor's horse 6."
Farewell then Verse, and Love, and ev'ry Toy,
But ask not, to what Doctors I apply?
1 [Cf. note to Essay on Man, Ep. 1.]
Editions it was, Britain's cause. But the terms 2 Sabbath of my days?) i.e. The 49th year, are synonymous.
Warburton. [Hardly always the age of the Author. Warburton.
so in Pope's mouth.] 3 (Colley Cibber retired from the stage after 6 You limp, like Blackmore on
a Lord a histrionic career of more than 40 years in 1733; Mayor's horse. The fame of this heavy Poet, but returned in 1734 and did not make his however problematical elsewhere, was universally 'positively last appearance' till 1745.]
received in the City of London. His versification [Warburton compares Moral Essays, Ep. is here exactly described : stiff, and not strong; IV. V. 30. Pope is said by Warton to allude to stately and yet dull, like the sober and slow-paced the entrance of Lord Peterborough's Lawn at Animal generally employed to mount the Lord Bevismount near Southampton.]
Mayor: and therefore here humorously opposed 5 Evn in Brunswick's cause.] In the former to Pegasus. P. (Blackmore was City Physician.]
As drives the storm, at any door I knock:
Long, as to him who works for debt, the day,
Late as it is, I put myself to school,
Say, does thy blood rebel, thy bosom move
? And house with Montaigne now, and now
P. There is an impropriety and indewith Locke.] i.e. Choose either an active or a coruin, in joining the name of the most profligate contemplative life, as is most fitted to the season parasite of the Court of Dionysius with that of an and circumstances.-For he regarded these apostle. In a few lines before, the name of Writers as the best Schools to form a man for the Montaigne is not sufficiently contrasted by the world; or to give him a knowledge of himself: name of Locke.
Warton. Montaigne excelling in his observations on social 4 can no wants endure;] i.e.
Can want and civil life; and Locke, in developing the facul- nothing. Badly expressed. Warburton. ties, and explaining the operations of the human 5 [Mead: v. Moral Essays, Ep. iv. v. 10.) mind. Warburton. [Pope appears to have read 6 [In answer to Swift's enquiry who this Locke at an early age; and to have recurred to Cheselden was, Pope informed him that C. was him in his later and equally desultory philoso- 'the most noted and most deserving man in the phical studies. ]
whole profession of chirurgery and had saved ? (George Lord Lyttelton, author of the the lives of thousands' by his skill. There is an Dialogues of the Dead, besides poems (Pastorals) amusing letter from Pope to Cheselden in Roscoe's and theological and historical works, was a corre- Life ad ann. 1737; speaking of the cataract to spondent of Pope's.]
which v. 52 appears to allude.) 3 Omnis Aristippum decuit color, et status,