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While you to measure merits, look in Stowe,
Shakespear? (whom you and ev'ry Play-house bill
“Yet surely, surely, these were famous men!
All this may be ; the People's Voice is odd,
? (Stowe's Annals of England appear to have tenders to Criticism ; in some things right, in been first published in 1580.]
others, wrong; as he tells us in his answer, Shakespear] Shakespear and Ben Jonson Interdum vulgus rectum videt: est ubi peccat. P. may truly be said not much to have thought of -hasty Shadwell and slow Wycherley, is a this Immortality, the one in many pieces composed line of Wilmot, Earl of Rochester: the sense of in haste for the Stage; the other in his latter which seems to have been generally mistaken. works in general
, which Dryden call'd his digives to each his epithet, not to design the P.
difference of , 3 Pindaric Art;] which has much more merit their productions. Warburton. than his Epic, but very unlike the Character, as 10 [Thomas Southern (1660-1746), the author well as Numbers of Pindar. P.
of the tragedy of Oroonoko.] 4 [Compare p. 180.]
11 [Rowe. See Epitaph v.] 5 In all debates, etc.) The Poet has here put 12 [Of John Heywood's 'Interludes,' which the bald cant of women and boys into extreme form à transition from the moral-plays to the fine verse. This is in strict imitation of his regular drama, the earliest was probably written Original, where the same impertinent and gra- in the first quarter of the 16th century.] tuitous criticism is admirably ridiculed.
13 Gammer Gurton] A piece of very low 6 [This common assumption should in its turn humour, one of the first printed Plays in English, be checked by the consideration that out of 52 and therefore much valued by some Antiquaries. plays known as Beaumont and Fletcher's the P. (Believed, on insufficient evidence, to have former can only be proved to have had part in been written by Bishop Still. The oldest extant 17 Beaumont, though ten years younger than edition of this play is dated 1575; Udall's Ralph Fletcher, published plays before the latter.] Roister Doister (of which a copy was first dis
? [Thomas Shadwell, poet-laureate, the origi- covered in 1818) was certainly printed nine years nal of Dryden's Mac Flecknoe.]
previously; and, being founded on Plautus, is 8 (Wycherley, see note to p. 20.]
infinitely superior to Gammer Gurton's Needle, 9 Shadwell hasty, Wycherley was slow.] although the latter has a few touches of considerNothing was less true than this particular: But able humour and contains an excellent drinkingthe whole paragraph has a mixture of Irony, and song.) must not altogether be taken for Horace's own (Cibber's Careless Husband, in which the Judgment, only the common Chat of the pre- character of Lord Foppington is taken from 13 [This famous actor was an early friend of 6 An indirect satire on Lord Hervey, in allu. Pope's, a copy by whose hand of the actor's sion to certain lines in his Epistle to a D.D. portrait by Kneller still exists at Lord Mansfield's from a nobleman at Hampton Court, Carru- seat at Caen Wood, Hampstead. An account of thers.
Or say our Fathers never broke a rule ;
But for the Wits of either Charles's days?,
On Avon's bank, where Aow'rs eternal blow,
Vanbrugh, was first acted in 1704; and kept the companion of the Earl of Rochester.] stage throughout the century. Lady Betty Mo- [Pope's edition of Shakspere was published dish is a character in this comedy.]
It was a failure as a speculation; and ? [Compare p. 176.]
though it is not without merits, both in the 3 [In Bk. 1. of Sir Philip. Sidney's Arcadia preface (of which the general spirit is upon the are specimens of his English hexameters and whole creditable to Pope's appreciation of Shakpentameters as well as sapphics; in Bk. 11. there spere's genius) and in the emendations (frequently is also an experiment in the metre of Anacreon, very clever), yet it deservedly exposed Pope to by no means unpleasant in its effect.]
the cavils of Theobald. See Introduction to 4 (Paradise Lost, Bk, III.)
Dunciad.] 5 [Cf. Epistle to Arbuthnot, v. 168.]
his famous Benefit in April 7th, 5709, will be found 7 [Cf. Essay on Criticism, vv. 715 f.)
in the Tatler. His 'grave action was probably $(Thomas Sprat, Bishop of Rochester; who due in part to his largę habit of body; yet he read James II.'s Declaration in Westminster played an unusually wide range of characters, Abbey and was arrested on a false charge of and according to Cibber was particularly great treason under William III. He was one of the in Othello, Hamlet, Hotspur, Macbeth and earliest members of the Royal Society; and a Brutus. See Leigh Hunt's The Town.) popular writer of both prose and verse.)
13 (Barton Booth (who died in 1733) was an 9 [Thomas Carew, a courtier of Charles II. actor particularly celebrated for the excellence and a charming lyrical poet, died in 1639. ]
of his articulation. He was the original Cato in 10 (Sir Charles Sedley, the favourite poet of Addison's tragedy. Cf. v. 337.) King Charles II., died in 1701, He was a boon
(Tho' but, perhaps, à muster-roll of Names ?)
In Days of Ease, when now the weary Sword
But Britain, changeful as a Child at play,
Time was, a sober Englishman would knock
\ A muster-roll of Names] An absurd cus- favourite resort of Charles II., whose palace tom of several Actors, to pronounce with emphasis there still stands.] the mere Proper Names of Greeks or Romans, 5 [The two most eminent sculptors of the Rewhich (as they call it) fill the mouth of the storation period were Cibber, a Dane, and GibPlayer. P. [Like the Bombomachides Cluto- bons, a Dutchman.) mestoridysarchides' of Plautus.]
[Sir Peter Lely, by birth a Westphalian, 2 A verse of the Lord Lansdown. P.
died in 1680, after accumulating a large fortune. 3 in Horsemanship t'excel, And evry
flow'ry Warton compares for the delightful expression, Courtier writ Romance.] The Duke of New the sleepy eye,' an epigram of Antipater, 'which castle's book of Horsemanship: the Romance of it is not probable Pope could have seen.') Parthenissa, by the Earl of Orrery, and most of 7 On each enervate string, etc.] The Siege the French Romances translated by Persons of of Rhodes by Sir William Davenant, the first Quality. P.
Opera sung in England. P. [It was brought 4 [Newmarket, which became popular with out in 1656.] the rise of horse-racing under James I., was a
Instruct his family in ev'ry rule,
He serv'd a 'Prenticeship, who sets up shop;
Yet, Sir, reflect, the mischief is not great;
Of little use the Man you may suppose,
? Ward.] A famous Empiric, whose Pill and of healing. The native commodity of France is Drop had several surprizing effects, and were DANCING. SCRIBL. one of the principal subjects of writing and con- 3 [Cf. Pope's note to Moral Essays, Ep. 1v. versation at this time. P.
V. 18.] 3 Evn Radcliff's Doctors travel first to 4 (Bowles cites Coxe's Memoirs of Sir R. France, Nor dare to practise till they've learn'd Walpole for an account of the flight of Knight, to dance.) By no means an insinuation as if the cashier of the South Sea Company] these travelling Doctors had misspent their time. 5 [Conjectured by Bowles to refer to the Radcliff had sent them on a medicinal mission, cheating of Mr George Pitt, in the management to examine the produce of each Country, and see of his estates, by Peter Walter.) in what it might be made subservient to the art 6 And (tho' no Soldier)] Horace had not
What will a Child learn sooner than a Song?
acquitted himself much to his credit in this capa- 1720; the Drapier's Letters (written to oppose city (non bene relicta parmula) in the battle of the patent of coining copper halfpence to be curPhilippi. It is manifest he alludes to himself, in rent in Ireland, granted to William Wood through this whole account of a Poet's character; but the influence of the Duchess of Kendal, favourite with an intermixture of irony: Vivit siliquis et of George I.) appeared in 1723. Swift thus writes pane secundo has a relation to his Epicurism; to Pope (May 31st, 1737), after reading the above Os tenerum pueri, is ridicule: The nobler office tribute : Your admirers here, I mean every man of a Poet follows, Torquet ab obscenis–Mox of taste, affect to be certain that the profession etiam pectus Recte facta refert, etc. which the of friendship to me will not suffer you to be Imitator has apply'd where he thinks it more thought a flatterer, My happiness is that you due than to himself, He hopes to be pardon'd, are too far engaged, and in spite of you
ages if, as he is sincerely inclined to praise what de- to come will celebrate me, and know you were a serves to be praised, he arraigns what deserves friend who loved and esteemed me, although I to be arraigned, in the 210, 211, and 212th died the object of Court and Party hatred.'] Verses. P.
4 the Idiot and the Poor.) A foundation for ? [V. Essay on Criticism, v. 726.]
the maintenance of Idiots, and a Fund for assist? (Warburton explains this as specially refer- ing the Poor, by lending small sums of money on ring to the opening lines of Addison's poem To demand. P. H. R. H. the Princess of Wales, in which A. 5 [The time-honoured version of the Psalms claims merie for his tragedy of Cato, as purposely by Thomas Sternhold, a courtier of King Edward written to oppose the schemes of a faction, after VI., and John Hopkins, a Suffolk schoolmaster, he had previously assured Pope that the play in which they were assisted by others, was first was composed with no party views.].
published as a complete collection in 1562. The 3 [The first of Swift's pamphlets in defence of germ of this amusing passage will be found in the independence of Irish trade was published in Pope's letter to Swift of Oct. 15, 1725.]