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A Property, that's yours on which you live.
• Heathcote 3 himself, and such large-acred men,
Gold, Silver, Iv'ry, Vases sculptur'd high,
Talk what you will of Taste, my friend, you'll find,
1 delightful Abs-court,] A farm over-against Second, resigned office in 1730, and patriotically Hampton-Court. Warburton.
refrained from returning to public life, where he ? (A plural; as grouse, teal &c.]
helped his political opponents the 3 [Sir Gilbert Heathcote; cf. Moral Essays, Tories to annoy his former rival Walpole. It Ep. 111. V. 101.]
was owing to him, says Lord Stanhope, that 4 [Alluding to the improvements made by Lord England, and more especially Norfolk, owes the Bathurst on one of his Gloucestershire estates, introduction of the turnip from Germany) at Daylingworth near Saperton in the Cotswold 6 [Sir Thomas Grosvenor succeeded to his country. ]
brother Richard in 1733. They were the ances5. Ali Townshend's Turnips] [Lord Towns. tors of the present Marquess of Westminster.] hend, Secretary of State to George the First and
Why one like Bu— with pay and scorn content,
Yes, Sir, how small soever be my heap,
What is't' to me (a passenger God wot)
“But why all this of Av’rice? I have none."
1 (Bubb Doddington, the Bubo of the ivth Ep. Mr Croker observes that to his supposed Jacobite of the Moral Essays. ]
leanings may be attributed much of the animosity fy, like Oglethorpe,] Employed in settling displayed by the Whigs towards him, as well as of the Colony of Georgia. P.
the friendliness subsisting between him and Pope [James Edward Oglethorpe, born in 1698, serv- and Johnson.] ed under Prince Eugene against the Turks, settled 3 But sure no statute] Alluding to the statutes the colony of Georgia, held a command during the made in England and Ireland, to regulate the year 1745, and in consequence of a difficulty which Succession of Papists, etc.
Warburton. [A then occurred with the Duke of Cumberland statute of William II1. which was happily so in(though Oglethorpe was acquitted by a court- terpreted by the Judges, as to produce much less martial) remained unemployed ever afterwards. effect than its authors had intended. ]
Has life no sourness, drawn so near its end?
Learn to live well, or fairly make your will;
DR JOHN DONNE,
DEAN OF ST PAUL'S,
Quid vetat et nosmet Lucili scripta legentes
Hor. [Sat, LX. 56-9].
[THESE Satires, as Pope informs us in the Advertisement prefixed to the Satires and Epistles of Horace Imitated (ante, p. 282), were 'versified' by him at the request of Lords Oxford and Shrewsbury, and therefore in the main belong to an earlier period of his career than the Satires among which they were afterwards inserted. He called his labour versifying,' says Warburton, because indeed Donne's lines 'have nothing more of numbers than their being composed of a certain quantity of syllables'-a description exaggerated, but not untrue.
John Donne was born in 1578, and died in 1631; but though he wrote most of his poetry before the end of the 16th century, none of it was published till late in the reign of James I. The story of his life may be summed up as that of a popular preacher under pecuniary difficulties, which only towards its close terminated in the assurance of a competency (he died as Dean of St Paul's). Donne has been, in deference to Pope's classification of poets, regarded as the father of the metaphy. sical, or fantastic school of English poets, which reached its height in the reign of Charles I. His poetry divides itself into two distinctly marked divisions—profane and religious. The former must be in the main regarded as consisting of purely intellectual exercitations; nor should the man be rashly confounded with the writer, or the Ovidian looseness of morals which he affects be supposed to have characterised his life. His Songs are full of the conceits criticised by Dr Johnson; some of his Epigrams are very good; his Elegies are most offensively indecent; and the Progress of the Soul is a disgusting burlesque on the Pythagorean doctrine of
metempsychosis. The Funeral Elegies already show the transition to sacred poetry; and it is on these and the Holy Sonnets that rests Donne's claim to be called a metaphysical poet.
Yet he states that he affected the metaphysics in his Satires and amorous verses as well. The former were first published, with the rest of his works, in 1633. In Dryden's opinion, quoted by Chalmers, the Satires of Donne, even if translated into numbers, would yet be found wanting in dignity of expression. It has however been doubted whether the irregularity of Donne's versification in the Satires was wholly undesigned. His lyrical poetry is fluent and easy; and the Satires of Hall, which preceded those of Donne by several years, show a comparative mastery over the heroic couplet which could surely have been compassed by the later Satirist. Pope has treated Donne's text with absolute freedom. Donne's Third Satire, in Warburton's opinion the noblest work not only of this but perhaps of any satiric poet,' was 'versified' by Parnell.]
TES; thank my stars! as early as I knew
This Town, I had the sense to hate it too;
I grant that Poetry's a crying sin;
Here a lean Bard, whose wit could never give
One sings the Fair; but songs no longer move;
These write to Lords, some mean reward to get,
Wretched indeed! but far more wretched yet
^ [i.e. the increased excise duties (which it of Hor. Bk. 11. Sat. ii. v. 160. The expressions was apprehended would become a general ex- are substituted for dearth and Spaniards' in cise), and an army which must prove a standing Donne.] one. Cf. Moral Essays, Ep. III. v. 119, and Im. 2 [Cf. Im. of Hor. Bk, 11. Ep. ii. v. 68.]
'Tis chang'd, no doubt, from what it was before;
I pass o'er all those Confessors and Martyrs,
One, one man only breeds my just offence;
Curs'd be the wretch, so venal and so vain:
? Sir Robert Sutton, who was expelled the 4 [Donne's fine touch of satire against hisHouse of Commons on account of his share in toric wrongthe frauds of the company called the Charitable *Than when winds in our ruin'd abbeys roar, Corporation. Carruthers.
is exchanged by Pope for a cheap sneer against 2 Out-swear the Letanie. Donne.
a then unpopular nationality.] 3 [Accentuated as in Donne.]