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To him he flies, and bows, and bows again,
Bear me, some God! oh quickly bear me hence
See! where the British youth, engag'd no more
1 [Bubb Doddington.]
alludes to) a show of the Italian Gardens in Wax(Lord Hervey.)
work, in the time of King James I. P. 3 [From Milton's Comus; but possibly taken 5 At Fig's, at White's, with felons,) White's by Pope from Hughes's Thought in a Garden, was a noted gaming-house: Fig's, a Prize-fighter's : or Mrs Chandler's lines on Solitude, quoted by Academy, where the young Nobility receivd inWakefield.]
struction in those days. It was also customary 4 Court_in wax !) A famous show of the for the nobility and gentry to visit the condemned Court of France, in Wax-work. P. [Donne criminals in Newgate. .
Our Court may justly to our stage give rules",
Painted for sight, and essenc'd for the smell,
Nature made ev'ry Fop to plague his brother,
our stage give rules,] , Alluding to the theory of his art, published a work on the ProChamberlain's Authority (as licenser of plays]. portions of the human figure.)
Warburton. 4 Much resembling Noll Bluff in Congreve's 2 ['The weeping philosopher.']
Old Bachelor, who was copied from Thraso, and 3 Albrecht Dürer, among other works on the also from Ben Jonson. Warton.
And with a face as red, and as awry,
Frighted, I quit the room, but leave it so
Courts are too much for wits so weak as mine:
'Tis mine to wash a few light stains, but theirs
[The first part of these Satires was published under the title of One Thousand Seven Hundred and Thirty-eight, a Dialogue something like Horace; and the second part followed in the same year. It is remarkable, says Boswell (in his Life of Johnson), that Johnson's London came out on the same morning in May as Pope's *1738;' 'so that England had at once its Juvenal and Horace as poetical monitors.' Johnson's satire, though published anonymously and having nothing, like Pope's, to betray its author, appears to have created the stronger sensation.]
And when it comes, the Court see nothing in't.
? [Cf. Essay on Criticism, v. 588.]
5 Not twice a twelve-month, &c.] These two ? For hung with deadly sins! The Room lines are from Horace; and the only lines that hung with old Tapestry, representing the seven are so in the whole Poem ; being meant to be a deadly sins. P.
handle to that which follows in the character of 3 A giant famous in Romances. P.
an impertinent Censurer, 'Although I yet
'Tis all from Horace; &c. P. (With Maccabees modesty) the known merit [The passage is at the commencement of Hor. Of my work lessen, yet some wise men shall, Sat. 11. iii.] I hope, esteem my wits canonical.' Donne.
You grow correct, that once with Rapture writ,
But Horace, Sir, was delicate, was nice;
P. See Sir ROBERT !-hum-
35 The only diff'rence is I dare laugh out.
F. Why yes: with Scripture still you may be free;
A Horse-laugh, if you please, at Honesty; 1 Bubo observes,] Some guilty person very 6 Patriots there are, &c.] This appellation fond of making such an observation. *P.
was generally given to those in opposition to the 2 [V. Epistle to Arbuthnot, v. 280.]
Court. Though some of them (which our author 3 H-ggins) Formerly Jailor of the Fleet hints at) had views too mean and interested to prison, enriched himself by many exactions, for deserve that Name. P. which he was tried and expelled. P. [This Hug- 7 The Great man] A phrase by common use gins) was the father of the author of the absurd appropriated to the first minister. P. and prosaic Translation of Ariosto. Warton. 8 (Explained by Warburton to refer to the
4 Who cropt our Ears,] Said to be executed favour conferred by Walpole at Pope's request by the Captain of a Spanish ship on one Jenkins, upon the Catholic priest Southcote. See Introa Captain of an English one. He cut off his ears, ductory Memoir, p. xi.), and bid him carry them to the King his master. 9 Seen him, uncumber'd] These two verses P. [Vide Mr Carlyle's History of Frederick the were originally in the poem, though omitted in Great, passim.)
all the first editions. P. 5 Omne vafer vitium ridenti Flaccus amico 10 [Bowles quotes Coxe's correction of the Tangit, et admissus circum præcordia ludit. cynical saying commonly attributed to Sir R.
PERS. [Sat. 1. 116.] P. Walpole. The political axiom was perverted Screen) A metaphor peculiarly appropriated by leaving out the word those' (referring to certo a certain person in power. P.
tain pretended patriots).]
A Joke on JEKYL), or some odd Old Whig
Laugh then at any, but at Fools or Foes;
P. Dear Sir, forgive the Prejudice of Youth:
! A Joke on Jekyl,] Sir Joseph Jekyl, Master XV. It was a Patriot-fashion, at that time, to of the Rolls, a true Whig in his principles, and a cry up his wisdom and honesty. P. man of the utmost probity. He sometimes voted 6 Henley-Osborne) See them in their places against the Court, which drew upon him the laugh in the Dunciad. P. here described of One who bestowed it equally 7 [Sir William Yonge, not, as Bowles conjecupon Religion and Honesty. He died a few tures to be possible, Dr Edward Young, author months after the publication of this poem.
of The Night Thoughts, although to the latter 2 These nothing hurts;] i. e. offends. War- Doddington (Bubo) was a constant friend). burton.
8 The gracious Dew] Alludes to some court 3 Why, answer, Lyttelton, George Lyttelton, sermons, and florid panegyrical speeches; parSecretary to the Prince of Wales, distinguished ticularly one very full of puerilities and flatteries; both for his writings and speeches in the spirit which afterwards got into an address in the same of Liberty, P. [V. Im. of Hor. Bk. 1. Ep. i. pretty style; and was lastly served up in an V. 29.)
Epitaph, between Latin and English, published, Sejanus, Wolsey,] The one the wicked by its author. P. An “Epitaph on Queen Ca minister of Tiberius; the other, of Henry VIII. roline was written hy Lord Hervey, and an The writers against the Court usually bestowed address moved in the House of Commons (the these and other odious names on the Minister, Senate) on the occasion by H. For. Carruthers. without distinction, and in the most injurious 9 that easy Ciceronian style,] A joke upon See Dial. 11. v. 137: P.
absurd Imitators; who in light and familiar come 5 Fleury,] Cardinal: and Minister to Louis positions, which require ease, affect a Ciceronian