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To him he flies, and bows, and bows again,
Then, close as Umbra", joins the dirty train.
Not Fannius'? self more impudently near,
When half his nose is in his Prince's ear.
I quak'd at heart; and still afraid, to see
All the Court fill'd with stranger things than he,
Ran out as fast, as one that pays his bail
And dreads more actions, hurries from a jail.

Bear me, some God! oh quickly bear me hence
To wholesome Solitude, the nurse of sense :
Where Contemplation prunes her ruffled wings,
And the free soul looks down to pity Kings!
There sober thought pursu'd th' amusing theme,
Till Fancy colour'd it, and form’d a Dream.
A Vision hermits can to Hell transport,
And forc'd ev'n me to see the damn'd at Court.
Not Dante dreaming all th' infernal state,
Beheld such scenes of envy, sin, and hate.
Base Fear becomes the guilty, not the free;
Suits Tyrants, Plunderers, but suits not me:
Shall I, the Terror of this sinful town,
Care, if a liv'ry'd Lord or smile or frown?
Who cannot flatter, and detest who can,
Tremble before a noble Serving-man?
O my fair mistress, Truth! shall I quit thee
For huffing, braggart, puff’d Nobility?
Thou, who since yesterday hast rollid o'er all
The busy, idle blockheads of the ball,
Hast thou, oh Sun! beheld an emptier fort,
Than such as swell this bladder of a court ?
Now pox on those who show a Court in wax4!
It ought to bring all courtiers on their backs:
Such painted puppets ! such a varnish'd race
Of hollow gew-gaws, only dress and face !
Such waxen noses, stately staring things-
No wonder some folks bow, and think them Kings.

See! where the British youth, engag'd no more
At Fig's, at White's, with felons, or a whore,
Pay their last duty to the Court, and come
All fresh and fragrant, to the drawing.room;
In hues as gay, and odours as divine,
As the fair fields they sold to look so fine.
“That's velvet for a King !" the flatt'rer swears;
'Tis true, for ten days hence 'twill be King Lear's.

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1 [Bubb Doddington.]

alludes to) a show of the Italian Gardens in Wax(Lord Hervey.)

work, in the time of King James I. P. 3 [From Milton's Comus; but possibly taken 5 At Fig's, at White's, with felons,) White's by Pope from Hughes's Thought in a Garden, was a noted gaming-house: Fig's, a Prize-fighter's : or Mrs Chandler's lines on Solitude, quoted by Academy, where the young Nobility receivd inWakefield.]

struction in those days. It was also customary 4 Court_in wax !) A famous show of the for the nobility and gentry to visit the condemned Court of France, in Wax-work. P. [Donne criminals in Newgate. .

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Our Court may justly to our stage give rules",
That helps it both to fools-coats and to fools.
And why not players strut in courtiers' clothes?
For these are actors too, as well as those:
Wants reach, all states; they beg but better drest,
And all is splended poverty at best.

Painted for sight, and essenc'd for the smell,
Like frigates_fraught with spice and cochinel,
Sail in the Ladies: how each pirate eyes
So weak a vessel, and so rich a prize!
Top-gallant he, and she in all her trim,
He boarding her, she striking sail to him:
“Dear Countess !. you have charms all hearts to hit!”
And "Sweet Sir Fopling! you have so much wit!"
Such wits and beauties are not prais'd for nought,
For both the beauty and the wit are bought.
'Twou'd burst ev'n Heraclitus? with the spleen,
To see those antics, Fopling and Courtin:
The Presence seems, with things so richly odd,
The mosque of Mahound, or some queer Pagod.
See them survey their limbs by Durer's 3 rules,
Of all beau-kind the best proportion'd fools !
Adjust their clothes, and to confession draw
Those venial sins, an atom, or a straw;
But oh! what terrors must distract the soul
Convicted of that mortal crime, a hole;
Or should one pound of powder less bespread
Those monkey tails that wag behind their head.
Thus finish’d, and corrected to a hair,
They march, to prate their hour before the Fair.
So first to preach a white-glov'd Chaplain goes,
With band of Lily, and with cheek of Rose,
Sweeter than Sharon, in immac'late trim,
Neatness itself impertinent in him.
Let but the Ladies smile, and they are blest:
Prodigious! how the things protest, protest :
Peace, fools, or Gonson will for Papists seize you,
If once he catch you at your Jesu! Jesu!

Nature made ev'ry Fop to plague his brother,
Just as one Beauty mortifies another.
But here's the Captain that will plague them both,
Whose air cries Arm! whose very look's an oath:
The Captain's honest*, Sirs, and that's enough,
Tho' his soul's bullet, and his body buff.
He spits fore-right; his haughty chest before,
Like batt'ring-rams, beats open ev'ry door:

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our stage give rules,] , Alluding to the theory of his art, published a work on the ProChamberlain's Authority (as licenser of plays]. portions of the human figure.)

Warburton. 4 Much resembling Noll Bluff in Congreve's 2 ['The weeping philosopher.']

Old Bachelor, who was copied from Thraso, and 3 Albrecht Dürer, among other works on the also from Ben Jonson. Warton.

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And with a face as red, and as awry,
As Herod's hang-dogs in old Tapestry,
Scarecrow to boys, the breeding woman's curse,
Has yet a strange ambition to look worse;
Confounds the civil, keeps the rude in awe,
Jests like a licens'd fool, commands like law.

Frighted, I quit the room, but leave it so
As men from Jails to execution go;
For hung with deadly sins? I see the wall,
And lin'd with Giants deadlier than 'em all:
Each man an Askaparts, of strength to toss
For Quoits, both Temple-bar and Charing-cross,
Scar'd at the grizly forms, I sweat, I fly,
And shake all o’er, like a discover'd spy.

Courts are too much for wits so weak as mine:
Charge them with Heav'n's Artill’ry, bold Divine!
From such alone the Great rebukes endure,
Whose Satire's sacred, and whose rage secure:

'Tis mine to wash a few light stains, but theirs
To deluge sin, and drown a Court in tears.
Howe'er what's now Apocrypha, my Wit,
In time to come, may pass for holy writ4.

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[The first part of these Satires was published under the title of One Thousand Seven Hundred and Thirty-eight, a Dialogue something like Horace; and the second part followed in the same year. It is remarkable, says Boswell (in his Life of Johnson), that Johnson's London came out on the same morning in May as Pope's *1738;' 'so that England had at once its Juvenal and Horace as poetical monitors.' Johnson's satire, though published anonymously and having nothing, like Pope's, to betray its author, appears to have created the stronger sensation.]

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DIALOGUE I.
FR.
NOT
TOT twice a twelve-month 6 you appear in Print,

And when it comes, the Court see nothing in't.

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? [Cf. Essay on Criticism, v. 588.]

5 Not twice a twelve-month, &c.] These two ? For hung with deadly sins! The Room lines are from Horace; and the only lines that hung with old Tapestry, representing the seven are so in the whole Poem ; being meant to be a deadly sins. P.

handle to that which follows in the character of 3 A giant famous in Romances. P.

an impertinent Censurer, 'Although I yet

'Tis all from Horace; &c. P. (With Maccabees modesty) the known merit [The passage is at the commencement of Hor. Of my work lessen, yet some wise men shall, Sat. 11. iii.] I hope, esteem my wits canonical.' Donne.

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You grow correct, that once with Rapture writ,
And are, besides, too moral for a Wit.
Decay of Parts, alas! we all must feel-

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Why now, this moment, don't I see you steal?
'Tis all from Horace; Horace long before ye
Said, “Tories call'd him Whig, and Whigs a Tory;"
And taught his Romans, in much better metre,
To laugh at Fools who put their trust in Peter.”

But Horace, Sir, was delicate, was nice;
Bubo observes?, he lash'd no sort of Vice:
Horace would say, Sir Billy serv'd the Crowns,
Blunt could do Bus'ness, H-ggins 3 knew the Town;
In Sappho touch the Failings of the Sex,

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In rev'rend Bishops note some small Neglects,
And own, the Spaniard did a waggish thing,
Who cropt our Ears“, and sent them to the King.
His sly, polite, insinuating style
Could please at Court, and make AUGUSTUS smile:
An artful Manager, that crept between
His Friend and Shame, and was a kind of Screen 5.
But 'faith your very Friends will soon be sore;
Patriots there are®, who wish you'd jest no more-
And where's the Glory? 'twill be only thought

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The Great man never offer'd you a groat.
Go see Sir ROBERT-

P. See Sir ROBERT !-hum-
And never_laugh—for all my life to come?
Seen him I have, but in his happier hour 8
Of Social Pleasure, ill-exchang’d for Pow'r;
Seen him, uncumber'd 9 with the Venal tribe,
Smile without Art, and win without a Bribe,
Would he oblige me? let me only find,
He does not think me what he thinks mankind 10.
Come, come, at all I laugh he laughs, no doubt;

35 The only diff'rence is I dare laugh out.

F. Why yes: with Scripture still you may be free;

A Horse-laugh, if you please, at Honesty; 1 Bubo observes,] Some guilty person very 6 Patriots there are, &c.] This appellation fond of making such an observation. *P.

was generally given to those in opposition to the 2 [V. Epistle to Arbuthnot, v. 280.]

Court. Though some of them (which our author 3 H-ggins) Formerly Jailor of the Fleet hints at) had views too mean and interested to prison, enriched himself by many exactions, for deserve that Name. P. which he was tried and expelled. P. [This Hug- 7 The Great man] A phrase by common use gins) was the father of the author of the absurd appropriated to the first minister. P. and prosaic Translation of Ariosto. Warton. 8 (Explained by Warburton to refer to the

4 Who cropt our Ears,] Said to be executed favour conferred by Walpole at Pope's request by the Captain of a Spanish ship on one Jenkins, upon the Catholic priest Southcote. See Introa Captain of an English one. He cut off his ears, ductory Memoir, p. xi.), and bid him carry them to the King his master. 9 Seen him, uncumber'd] These two verses P. [Vide Mr Carlyle's History of Frederick the were originally in the poem, though omitted in Great, passim.)

all the first editions. P. 5 Omne vafer vitium ridenti Flaccus amico 10 [Bowles quotes Coxe's correction of the Tangit, et admissus circum præcordia ludit. cynical saying commonly attributed to Sir R.

PERS. [Sat. 1. 116.] P. Walpole. The political axiom was perverted Screen) A metaphor peculiarly appropriated by leaving out the word those' (referring to certo a certain person in power. P.

tain pretended patriots).]

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A Joke on JEKYL), or some odd Old Whig
Who never chang'd his Principle, or Wig:
A Patriot is a Fool in ev'ry age,
Whom all Lord Chamberlains allow the Stage:
These nothing hurts 2; they keep their Fashion still,
And wear their strange old Virtue, as they will,
If any ask you, “Who's the Man, so near
“His Prince, that writes in Verse, and has his ear?”
Why, answer, LYTTELTON 3, and I'll engage
The worthy. Youth shall ne'er be in a rage;
But were his Verses vile, his Whisper base,
You'd quickly find him in Lord Fanny's case.
Sejanus, Wolsey 4, hurt not honest FLEURY 5,
But well may put some Statesmen in a_fury.

Laugh then at any, but at Fools or Foes;
These you but anger, and you mend not those.
Laugh at your friends, and, if your Friends are sore,
So much the better, you may laugh the more.
To Vice and Folly to confine the jest,
Sets half the world, God knows, against the rest;
Did not the Sneer of more impartial men
At Sense and Virtue, balance all again.
Judicious Wits spread wide the Ridicule,
And charitably comfort Knave and Fool.

P. Dear Sir, forgive the Prejudice of Youth:
Adieu Distinction, Satire, Warmth, and Truth!
Come, harmless Characters, that no one hit;
Come, Henley's Oratory, Osborne's 6 Wit!
The Honey dropping from Favonio's tongue,
The Flow'rs of Bubo, and the Flow of Y—ng?!
The gracious Dew 8 of Pulpit Eloquence,
And all the well-whipț Cream of Courtly Sense,
That First was H-vy's, F-'s next, and then
The S-te's, and then H-vy's once again.
O come, that easy Ciceronian style ,

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! A Joke on Jekyl,] Sir Joseph Jekyl, Master XV. It was a Patriot-fashion, at that time, to of the Rolls, a true Whig in his principles, and a cry up his wisdom and honesty. P. man of the utmost probity. He sometimes voted 6 Henley-Osborne) See them in their places against the Court, which drew upon him the laugh in the Dunciad. P. here described of One who bestowed it equally 7 [Sir William Yonge, not, as Bowles conjecupon Religion and Honesty. He died a few tures to be possible, Dr Edward Young, author months after the publication of this poem.

P.

of The Night Thoughts, although to the latter 2 These nothing hurts;] i. e. offends. War- Doddington (Bubo) was a constant friend). burton.

8 The gracious Dew] Alludes to some court 3 Why, answer, Lyttelton, George Lyttelton, sermons, and florid panegyrical speeches; parSecretary to the Prince of Wales, distinguished ticularly one very full of puerilities and flatteries; both for his writings and speeches in the spirit which afterwards got into an address in the same of Liberty, P. [V. Im. of Hor. Bk. 1. Ep. i. pretty style; and was lastly served up in an V. 29.)

Epitaph, between Latin and English, published, Sejanus, Wolsey,] The one the wicked by its author. P. An “Epitaph on Queen Ca minister of Tiberius; the other, of Henry VIII. roline was written hy Lord Hervey, and an The writers against the Court usually bestowed address moved in the House of Commons (the these and other odious names on the Minister, Senate) on the occasion by H. For. Carruthers. without distinction, and in the most injurious 9 that easy Ciceronian style,] A joke upon See Dial. 11. v. 137: P.

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absurd Imitators; who in light and familiar come 5 Fleury,] Cardinal: and Minister to Louis positions, which require ease, affect a Ciceronian

manner.

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