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So Latin, yet so English all the while,
F. Why so ? if Satire knows its Time and Place,
P. Good Heav'n forbid, that I should blast their glory,
style, which is highly laboured, solemn, and pom- Secretary of State's office, to write the governpous. Warburton.
ment's newspaper, published by authority. Sir [Lord Hervey's friend, Dr Conyers. Middle- Richard Steele had once this post. Warburton. ton, author of the Life of Cicero.]
6 Immortal S-k, and grave De-re! A 3 Dr Bland, of Eton, a very bad writer. Ben- title given that Lord by King James II. He net.
was of the Bedchamber to King William ; he 3 [According to Warburton, a cant term of was so to King George I.; he was so to King politics at the time.)
This Lord was very skilful in all * Carolina] Queen Consort to King George the forms of the House, in which he discharged II. She died in 1737. Her dea:h gave occasion, himself with great gravity. P. Pope_alludes as is observed above, to many indiscreet and mean to Charles Hamilton, third son of the Duke of performances unworthy of her memory, whose Hamilton, who was created Earl of Selkirk in last moments manifested the utmost courage and 1667, Bowles. Is Lord Delaware the other ?] resolution. P.
[Cf. Messiah, v. 46-a line altered at Steele's 5 No Gazetteer more innocent than I.] The request.] Gazetteer is one of the low appendices to the
Who starves a Sister, or forswears a Debt 1?
Let modest Foster, if he will, excel
He was a
' In some editions,
6 [Cf. 16. v. 86.] Who starves a Mother,– Warburton. ? (Cf. Dunciad, Ir. V. 126.]
I have been informed that these verses re- 8 If Blount] Author of an impious and foolish lated to Lady M. W. Montagu and her sister book called the Oracles of Reason, who being in the Countess of Mar. Bowles. [This charge love with a near kinswoman of his, and rejected, against Lady M. W. M. rests on the scandal of gave himself a stab in the arm, as pretending to Horace Walpole, in one of his letters to Sir H. kill himself, of the consequence of which he really Mann. She is there accused of having treated died. P. her sister hardly, while the latter was out of her 9 Passeran!) Author of another book of the senses, and of having frightened a Frenchman of same stamp, called A philosophical discourse on the name of Ruzemonde (who had entrusted her death, being a defence of suicide. with a large sum of money to buy stock for him) nobleman of Piedmont, banished from his country out of England by threats of betraying her in- for his impietics, and lived in the utmost misery, trigue with him, first to her husband, then to her yet feared to practise his own precepts; and at brother-in-law. Lord Wharncliffe, in the Appen- last died a penitent. Warburton. dix to Vol. 111. of his Letters and Works of Lady 10 But shall a Printer, &c.) A Fact that M. W M., states that the former accusation is happened in London a few years past.
The unutterly unfounded, and shews that the latter happy man left behind him a paper justifying rests on a perversion of facts.)
his action by the reasonings of some of these au? Virtue, I grant you, is an empty boast;] thors. P. A satirical ambiguity-either that those starve 11 This calls the Church to deprecate our Sin] who have it, or that those who boast of it, have Alluding to the forms of prayer, composed in the it not: and both together (he insinuates) make times of public calamity, where the fault is geneup the present state of modern virtue. War- rally laid upon the People. Warburton. burton.
12 Gin.) A spirituous liquor, the exorbitant 3 Cibber's Son,-Rich] Two Players: look use of which had almost destroyed the lowest for them in the Dunciad. P. [Rich, iv. 261. He rank of the People till it was restrained by an was the lessee of Covent-Garden theatre.)
act of Parliament in 1736. P. 4 Swear like a Lord—or out-whore a Duke ?] 13 An eloquent and persuasive preacher, who Elegance demands that these should be two pro- wrote an excellent Defence of Christianity averbial expressions. To swear like a Lord is gainst Tindal. Warton.
But to out-whore a Duke certainly is not. 14 Mrs Drummond, celebrated in her time. However this shews that the continence and Warton. conjugal virtues of the higher nobility must needs 15 Llandafl A poor Bishoprick in Wales, as be very exemplary. SCRIBL.
poorly supplied. P. By Dr John Harris. Car 5 [Ćf. Moral Essays, Ep. III. v. 20.]
Let humble ALLEN', with an awkward Shame,
Yet may this Verse (if such a Verse remain)
FR. IS all a Libel-Paxton 3 (Sir) will say.
P. Not yet, my Friend! to-morrow 'faith it may; And for that very cause I print to-day. ! (Ralph Allen, of Prior Park, an intimate Theodora, the wife of Justinian, though Gibbon friend and constant correspondent of Pope's, to is sceptical as to the intended allusion ] whom he performed many kind services. He 3 Paxton] Late solicitor to the Treasury. was afterwards a munificent patron to Fielding. Warburton. [Cf. infra, v. 141. He was, acof his charitable habits there is evidence in cording to Carruthers, deeply involved in the Pope's Will.)
charges against Sir R. Walpole; and temporarily (Said by Warburton to refer to the Empress imprisoned.]
How should I fret to mangle ev'ry line,
F. Yet none but you by Name the guilty lash;
P. How, Sir? not damn the Sharper, but the Dice?
P. Why that's the thing you bid me not to do.
P. See, now I keep the Secret, and not you!
P. The brib'd Elector- F. There you stoop too low. 25
P. I fain would please you, if I knew with what;
F. A Dean, Sir? no: his Fortune is not made ;
But, Sir, I beg you (for the Love of Vice !)
? [i.e. of next year.]
the initials of their name.
P. ? Feign what I will, etc.) The Poet has 4 Cf. ante, Dial. 1. v. 112.] here introduced an oblique apology for himself 5 Must great Offenders, etc.) The case is with great art.
You attack personal characters, archly put. Those who escape public justice say his enemies. No, replies he, so far from being the particular property of the Satirist. that, I paint from my invention; and to prevent 6 Like royal Harts, etc.] Alluding to the a likeness I exaggerate every feature. But alas! old Game Laws. Warburton. the growth of vice is so monstrous quick, that it 7 wretched Wild,] Jonathan Wild, a famous rises up to a resemblance before I can get from Thief, and Thief-Impeacher, who was at last
caught in his own train and hanged. P. (Field3* Evn Guthry] The Ordinary of Newgate, ing's Jonathan Wild appeared in 1743, nearly who publishes the memoirs of the Malefactors, a quarter of a century after the death or its hero. 1 and is often prevailed upon to be so tender of But highwaymen flourished till a considerably their reputation, as to set down no more than later date.)
Have you less pity for the needy Cheat,
P. Must Satire, then, nor rise nor fall?
P. Strike? why the man was hang'd ten years ago :
F. What? always Peter? Peter thinks you mad;
P. As S-k?, if he lives, will love the PRINCE.
P. Do I wrong the Man!
Ev’n in a Bishop I can spy Desert;
But does the Court a worthy Man remove?
Evn Peter trembles only for his ears, ton.] Peter had, the year before this, narrowly escaped 6 [Henry Pelham became First Lord of the the Pillory for forgery: and got off with a severe treasury in 1743, through Walpole's influence; rebuke only from the bench. P.
and died in 1754, the King exclaiming on his 2 [V. ante, Dial. 1. v. 92.]
death : 'Now I shall have no more peace.') 3 Scarb'row] Earl of, and Knight of the 7 [Thos. Secker (1693-1768), successively Garter, whose personal attachments to the king bishop of Bristol and of Oxford, and archbishop appeared from his steady adherence to the royal of Canterbury. His career is accounted for by interest, after his resignation of his great employ- his personal reputation for liberality and moderament of Master of the Horse; and whose known tion.) honour and virtue made him esteemed by all S (Dr Rundel, bishop of Derry, esteemed parties. P. [He committed suicide in a fit of equally by Pope and Swift. See their letters of melancholy, in 1740; and was mourned by Lord Sept. 3, 1735 and foll.] Chesterfield as 'the best man he ever knew, and 9 [Bishop of Gloucester. He ordained Whitthe dearest friend he ever had.']
field.] 4 Esher's peaceful Grove,] The house and 10 [Dr Berkeley, bishop of Cloyne (born 1684, gardens of Esher in Surrey, belonging to the died 1707), the illustrious author of Alciphron. A Honourable Mr Pelham, Brother of the Duke very different bishop (Atterbury) said of him of Newcastle. The author could not have given that “só much understanding, so much knowa more amiable idea of his Character than in ledge, so much innocence, and such humility, I comparing him to Mr Craggs. P.
not think had been the portion of any but 5 [The architect and friend of Lord Burling- angels, till I saw this gentleman.']