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I shun his Zenith, court his mild Decline;
Thus SOMERS' once, and HALIFAX, were mine.
Oft, in the clear, still Mirror of Retreat,
I study'd SHREWSBURY 3, the wise and great:
CARLETON'S * calm Sense, and STANHOPE's5 noble Flame,
Compard, and knew their gen'rous End the same;
How pleasing ATTERBURY's softer hour!
How shin'd the Soul, unconquer'd in the Tow'r!
How can I PULT'NEY?, CHESTERFIELD 8 forget,
While Roman Spirit charms, and Attic Wit:
ARGYLL, the State's whole Thunder born to wield,
And shake alike the Senate and the Field ? :
Or WYNDHAM 10, just to Freedom and the Throne,
The Master of our Passions, and his own ?
Names, which I long have lov'd, nor lov'd in vain,
Rank'd with their Friends, not number'd with their Train;
And if yet higher the proud List should end",
Still let me say: No Follower, but a Friend.

Yet think not, Friendship only prompts my lays;
I follow Virtue; where she shines, I praise :
Point she to Priest or Elder, Whig or Tory,
Or round a Quaker's Beaver cast a Glory.
I never (to my sorrow I declare)
Din'd with the Man of Ross 12, or my LORD MAY'R 13.



Somers] John Lord Somers died in the great opponent of Sir Robert Walpole; elo1716. He had been Lord Keeper in the reign of quent as an orator and witty as a pamphleteer.] William III. who took from him the seals in 1700. 8 Chesterfield] Philip Earl of Chesterfield, The author had the honour of knowing him in commonly given by Writers of all Parties for an 1706. A faithful, able, and incorrupt minister; EXAMPLE to the Age he lives in, of superior | who, to the qualities of a consummate statesman, talents, and public Virtue. Warburton. (Philip added those of a man of Learning and Polite- Dormer, Earl of Chesterfield, lord lieutenant of P.

Ireland in 1744 and Secretary of State in 1747. ? Halifax] A peer, no less distinguished by His Irish administration is the highest point in his love of letters than his abilities in Parliament. his political career. As a writer he is famous for He was disgraced in 1710, on the Change of Q. the sceptical Letters to his Son; of his wit some Anne's ministry. P.


instances are given in Hayward's Essay on Lord 3 Shrewsbury,] Charles Talbot, Duke of C.] Shrewsbury, had been Secretary of state, Em- 9 [This Duke of Argyll, after defending bassador in France, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Scotland against the Pretender's invasion of 1715. Lord Chamberlain, and Lord Treasurer. He played a very changeful part in political life: and several times quitted his employments, and was at his death in 1744 was one of the chiefs of the often recalled. He died in 1718. P.

opposition against the Whigs The two lines in 4 Carleton) Hen. Boyle, Lord Carleton (ne- the text are said to have been added in consephew of the famous Robert Boyle), who was quence of a threat of the Duke's that he would Secretary of state under William III. and Presi- run any man through the body who should dare dent of the Council under Q. Anne. P.

to use his name in an invective. ] 5 Stanhope] James Earl Stanhope. A Noble- 10 Wyndham) Sir William Wyndham, Chanman of equal courage, spirit, and learning. cellor of the Exchequer under Queen' Anne, General in Spain, and Secretary of state. P. made early a considerable figure; but since a {The first Earl Stanhope, and the uncle of Chat- much greater both by his ability and eloquence, ham.]

joined with the utmost judgment and temper. P. 6 (Francis Atterbury, bishop of Rochester, the [Bolingbroke's friend.] friend of Pope and Swift and a consistent Jacobite, And if yet higher, etc.) He was at this was arrested in 1722 on a charge of treasonable time honoured with the esteem and favour of his complicity in a plot for bringing back the Pre- Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. tender, and sentenced to banishment. He joined burton. the Pretender's Court, and for some time directed 12 [cf. Moral Essays, Ep. III.) his affairs. He died in 1731.]

13 (Sir John Barnard. Cf. ante, Bk 1. Ep. ii. 7 [William Pulteney (Earl of Bath in 1742), v. 85.]


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Some, in their choice of Friends (nay, look not grave)
Have still a secret Bias to a Knave:
To find an honest man I beat about,
And love him, court him, praise him, in or out.
F. Then why so few commended ?

P. Not so fierce!
Find you the Virtue, and I'll find the Verse.

But random Praise—the task can ne'er be done;
Each Mother asks it for her booby Son,
Each Widow asks it for the Best of Men,
For him she weeps, and him she weds again.
Praise cannot stoop, like Satire, to the ground;
The Number may be hang’d, but not be crown'd.
Enough for half the Greatest of these days,
To 'scape my Censure, not expect my Praise.
And they not rich? what more can they pretend?
Dare they to hope a Poet for their Friend?

What Rich'LIEU wanted, Louis scarce could gain?,
And what young AMMON wish’d, but wish'd in vain.
No Pow'r the Muse's Friendship can command;
No Pow'r, when Virtue claims it, can withstand:
To Cato, Virgil pay'd one honest line ? ;
Olet my country's Friends illumine mine!

- What are you thinking? F. 'Faith the thought 's no sin :
I think your Friends are out, and would be in.

P. If merely to come in, Sir, they go out,
The way they take is strangely round about.

F. They too may be corrupted, you 'll allow?
P. I only call those Knaves who are so now.

Is that too little ? Come then, I'll comply-
Spirit of Arnall3! aid me while I lie.
COBHAM's a Coward, POLWARTH* is a Slave,

And LYTTELTON a dark, designing Knave,
St. John has ever been a wealthy Fool-
But let me add, Sir_ROBERT 'S mighty dull,
Has never made a Friend in private life,
And was, besides, a Tyrant to his Wife 5.

But pray, when others praise him, do I blame?
Call Verres, Wolsey, any odious name?
Why rail they then, if but a Wreath of mine,
Oh All-accomplish'd St. JOHN! deck thy shrine?

What? shall each spur-galld Hackney of the day, 140
When Paxton gives him double Pots and Pay,
Or each new-pension’d Sycophant, pretend

· Louis scarce could gain,) By this expression place. Dunc. B. 11. V. 315. P. finely insinuating, that the great Boileau always 4 Polwarth.) The Hon. Hugh Hume, Son falls below himself in those passages where he of Alexander Earl of Marchmont, Grandson of flatters his Master. Warburton.

Patrick Earl of Marchmont, and distinguished, : To Cato, Virgil pay'd one honest line.] It like them, in the cause of Liberty. P. (Afteris in the Æn. (viii. 670] His dantem jura Cato- wards one of Pope's Executors.] nem. Warburton.

5 Walpole's maxim was 'to go his own way, 3 Spirit of Arnall !] Look for him in his and let madam go hers.' Carruthers.





To break my Windows, if I treat a Friend?
Then wisely plead, to me they meant no hurt,
But 'twas my Guest at whom they threw the dirt?
Sure, if I spare the Minister, no rules
Of Honour bind me, not to maul his Tools;
Sure, if they cannot cut, it may be said
His Saws are toothless, and his Hatchet's Lead.

It anger'd TURENNE, once upon a day,
To see a Footman kick'd that took his pay:
But when he heard th' Affront the Fellow gave,
Knew one a Man of Honour, one a Knave;
The prudent Gen'ral turn'd it to a jest,
And begg'd, he'd take the pains to kick the rest :
Which not at present having time to do-
F. Hold, Sir! for God's sake where's th' Affront to you?
Against your worship when had S-k writ 1?
Or P-ge pour'd forth the Torrent of his Wit??
Or grant the Bard whose distich all commend 3
[In Pow'r a Servant, out of Pow'r a friend]
To W-le guilty of some venial sin;
What's that to you who ne'er was out nor in ?

The Priest whose Flattery be-dropt the Crown",
How hurt he you? he only stain’d the Gown.
And how did, pray, the forid Youth" offende,
Whose Speech you took, and gave it to a Friend?
P. 'Faith, it imports not much from whom it came;
Whoever borrow'd, could not be to blame,
Since the whole House did afterwards the same.
Let Courtly Wits to Wits afford supply,
As Hog to Hog in huts of Westphaly;
If one, thro’ Nature's Bounty or his Lord's,
Has what the frugal, dirty soil affords,
From him the next receives it, thick or thin,
As pure a mess almost as it came in ;
The blessed benefit, not there confin'd,
Drops to the third, who nuzzles close behind ;
From tail to mouth, they feed and they carouse :
The last full fairly gives it to the House.

F. This filthy simile, this beastly line
Quite turns my stomach-

P. So does Flatt'ry mine; And all your courtly Civet-cats can vent,





* [Dr Wm. Sherlock, Dean of St Paul's, and Bute. Bowles. the bête noire of the Nonjurors in the reign of 4 The Priest, etc.] Spoken not of any par William III.)

ticular priest, but of many priests. P. [Meaning ? [Judge Page. Warton.). [Sir Francis Page, Dr Alured Clarke, who wrote a panegyric on who seems to have deserved his soubriquet of the Queen Caroline.] Warton. hanging judge.' He died, according to Carru- 5 Lord Hervey. Alluding to his painting him. thers, in 1741.)

self. Bowles. 3 the Bard] _A verse taken out of a poem 6 And how did, etc.) This seems to allude to Sir R. W. P. By Lord Melcombe [Bubb to a complaint made v. 71 of the preceding DiaDoddington). Warton. Some years afterwards logue., P. Lord M. addressed the same epistle to Lord





Perfume to you, to me is Excrement.
But hear me further-Japhet, 'tis agreed,
Writ not, and Chartres 1 scarce could write or read,
In all the Courts of Pindus guiltless quite;
But Pens can forge, my Friend, that cannot write;
And must no Egg in Japhet's face be thrown,
Because the Deed he forg'd was not my own?
Must never Patriot then declaim at Gin,
Unless, good man! he has been fairly in?
No zealous Pastor blame a failing Spouse,
Without a staring Reason on his brows?
And each Blasphemer quite escape the rod,
Because the insult's not on Man, but God?

Ask you what Provocation I have had ?
The strong Antipathy of Good to Bad.
When Truth or Virtue an Affront endures,
Th’Affront is mine, my friend, and should be yours.
Mine as a Foe profess'd to false Pretence,
Who think a Coxcomb's Honour like his Sense;
Mine, as a Friend to ev'ry worthy mind;
And mine as Man, who feel for all mankind.
F. You're strangely proud.

P. So proud, I am no Slave:
So impudent, I own myself no Knave:
So odd, my country's Ruin makes me grave.
Yes, I am proud; I must be proud to see
Men not afraid of God, afraid of met:
Safe from the Bar, the Pulpit, and the Throne,
Yet touch'd and sham'd by Ridicule alone.

O sacred weapon! left for Truth's defence,
Sole Dread of Folly, Vice, and Insolence !
To all: but Heav'n-directed hands deny'd,
The Muse may give thee, but the Gods must guide:
Rev'rent I touch thee! but with honest zeal,
To rouse the Watchmen of the public Weal ;
To Virtue's work provoke the tardy Hall,
And goad the Prelate slumb'ring in his Stall.
Ye tinsel Insects! whom a Court maintains,
That counts your Beauties only by your Stains,
Spin all your Cobwebs ó o'er the Eye of Day!
The Muse's wing shall brush you all away:
All his Grace preaches, all his Lordship sings,
All that makes Saints of Queens, and Gods of Kings.
All, all but Truth, drops dead-born from the Press,







Japhet-Chartres) See the Epistle to Lord Of making those who fear not God, fear HIM. Bathurst. P.

Lord Hervey's Difference between Verbal and ? [The Gin Act, passed in 1731, was repealed Practical Virtue, &c.] in 1743.)

5 Cobwebs] Weak and slight sophistry against And mine as Man, who feel for all man

virtue and honour. Thin colours over vice, as kind.) From Terence: “Homo sum: humani unable to hide the light of Truth, as cobwebs to nihil a me alienum puto.'


shade the sun. P. · [Then let him boast that honourable crime






Like the last Gazette, or the last Address 1.

When black Ambition stains a public Cause ?,
A Monarch's sword when mad Vain-glory draws,
Not Waller's Wreath can hide the Nation's Scar,
Nor Boileau turn the Feather to a Star 3.

Not so, when diadem'd with rays divine,
Touch'd with the Flame that breaks from Virtue's Shrine,
Her Priestless Muse forbids the Good to die,
And opes the Temple of Eternity.
There, other Trophies deck the truly brave,
Than such as Anstis 4 casts into the Grave;
Far other Stars than and wear,
And may descend to Mordington from STAIR 5:
(Such as on Hough's 6 unsully'd Mitre shine,
Or beam, good DIGBY 6, from a heart like thine)
Let Envy howl, while Heav'n's whole Chorus sings,
And bark at Honour not conferr'd by Kings;
Let Flatt'ry sickening see the Incense rise,
Sweet to the World, and grateful to the Skies:
Truth guards the Poet, sanctifies the line,
And makes immortal, Verse as mean

as mine.
Yes, the last Pen for Freedom let me draw,
When Truth stands trembling on the edge of Law;
Here, Last of Britons! let your Names be read;
Are none, none living? let me praise the Dead,
And for that Cause which made your Fathers shine,
Fall by the Votes of their degen'rate Line.

FR. Alas! alas! pray end what you began,
And write next winter more Essays on Man?.




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· After v. 227 in the MS.

under the Duke of Marlborough; and afterwards "Where's now the Star that lighted Charles to as Ambassador în France, P. (Bennet, who rise ?

supplies the blanks in v. 239 by the names of - With that which follow'd Julius to the skies. Kent and Grafton has some notion that Lord Angels, that watch'd the Royal Oak so well, Mordington kept a gaming-house.') How chanc'd ye nod, when luckless Sorel fell? 6 Hough and Digby) Dr John Hough, Bishop Hence, lying miracles! reduc'd so low

of Worcester, and the Lord Digby. The one As to the regal-touch, and papal-toe;

an assertor of the Church of England in oppoHence haughty Edgar's title to the Main, sition to the false measures of King James II. Britain's to France, and thine to India, Spain ! The other as firmly attached to the cause of that

Warburton. King. Both acting out of principle, and equally ? When black Ambition, etc.) The cause of men of honour and virtue. `P. Cromwell in the civil war of England; (v. 229) of 7 Ver. 255 in the MS. Louis XIV. in his conquest of the Low Countries. Quit, quit these themes, and write Essays on Man. P. (Waller's Panegyric to my Lord Protector This was the last poem of the kind printed was written about 1654.]

by our author, with a resolution to publish no 3 Nor Boileau turn the Feather to a Star.] more; but to enter thus, in the most plain and See his Ode on Namur; where (to use his own solemn manner he could, a sort of PROTEST words) “il a fait un Astre de la Plume blanche against that insuperable corruption and depravity que le Roy porte ordinairement à son Chapeau, of manners, which he had been so unhappy as to et qui est en effet une espèce de Comète, fatale live to see. Could he have hoped to have amendà nos ennemis." P.

ed any, he had continued those attacks; but bad 4 Anstis] The chief Herald at Arms. It is men were grown so shameless and so powerful, the custom, at the funeral of great peers, to vast that Ridicule was become as unsafe as it was into the grave the broken staves and ensigns of ineffectual. The Poem raised him, as he knew honour.

it would, some enemies; but he had reason to be 5 Stair) John Dalrymple, Earl of Stair, satisfied with the approbation of good men, and Knight of the Thistle; served in all the wars the testimony of his own conscience. P.

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