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Here one poor word an hundred clenches makes?,
And ductile Dulness new mæanders takes ;
There motley images her fancy strike,
Figures ill pair'd, and Similes unlike.
She sees a Mob of Metaphors advance,
Pleas'd with the madness of the mazy dance;
How Tragedy and Comedy embrace;
How Farce and Epic get a jumbled race;
How Time himself? stands still at her command,
Realms shift their place, and Ocean turns to land.
Here gay Description Egypt glads with show'rs,
Or gives to Zembla fruits, to Barca flow'rs;
Glitt'ring with ice here hoary hills are seen,
There painted valleys of eternal green;
In cold December fragrant chaplets blow,
And heavy harvests nod beneath the snow.

All these and more the cloud-compelling Queen
Beholds thro’ fogs, that magnify the scene.
She, tinsell’d o'er in robes of varying hues,
With self-applause her wild creation views;
Sees momentary monsters rise and fall,
And with her own fools-colours gilds them all.
'Twas on the day when

* rich and graves,
Like Cimon, triumph’d, both on land and wave:
(Pomps without guilt, of bloodless swords and maces,
Glad chains, warm furs, broad banners, and broad faces)
Now Night descending, the proud scene was o'er,
But liv'd in Settle's numbers one day more *.
Now May’rs and Shrieves all hushid and satiate lay,
Yet ate, in dreams, the custard of the day;
· While pensive Poets painful vigils keep,
Sleepless themselves, to give their readers sleep.


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! Here one poor word an hundred clenches and Epic, see Pluto and Proserpine, Penelope, - makes,) It may not be amiss to give an instance &c. if yet extant. P. or two of these operations of Dulness out of the 3 Ver. 85 in the former Editions, works of her Sons, celebrated in the Poem. A ''Twas on the day when Thorold, rich and grave.' great Critic formerly held these clenches in such Sir George Thorold, Lord Mayor of London abhorrence, that he declared, “he that would in the year 1720. The Procession of a Lord pun, would pick a pocket." Yet Mr Dennis's Mayor is made partly by land, and partly by works afford us notable examples in this kind; water.-Cimon, the famous Athenian General, "Alexander Pope hath sent abroad into the world obtained a victory by sea, and another by land, as many Bulls as his namesake Pope Alexan- on the same day, over the Persians and Barbader.-Let us take the initial and final letters of rians. P. [The battle of the Eurymedon.] his name, viz. A. P-E, and they give you 4 But livid in Settle's numbers one day more.] the idea of an Ape.-Pope comes from the Latin A beautiful manner of speaking, usual with poets word Popa, which signifies a little Wart; or from in praise of poetry. Settle was poet to the City poppysma, because he was continually popping of London. His office was to compose yearly out squibs of wit, or rather Popysmata, or panegyrics upon the Lord Mayors, and verses to Popisms.Dennis on Hom. and Daily Journal, be spoken in the pageants : But that part of the June 11, 1728. P. (A 'clench' or 'Clinch' was shows being at length frugally abolished, the ema common expression for a pun.]

ployment of City-poet ceased; so that upon Settle's 2 How Farce and Epic-How Time him- demise there was no successor to that place. P. self, &c.] Allude to the transgressions of the [Part om.] (As to Elkanah Settle, see To the Unities in the Plays of such Poets. For the Author of a Poem entitled Successio; in MiscelMiracles wrought upon Time and Place, and laneous Poems.] the mixture of Tragedy and Comedy, Farce

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Much to the mindful Queen the feast recalls

What City Swans once sung within the walls ;
Much she revolves their arts, their ancient praise,
And sure succession down from Heywood'sdays.
She saw, with joy, the line immortal run,
Each sire imprest, and glaring in his son :
So watchful Bruin forms, with plastic care,
Each growing lump, and brings it to a Bear.
She saw old Prynne in restless Daniel ? shine,
And Eusden eke out 3 Blackmore's endless line;
She saw slow Philips creep like Tate's poor page,

10% And all the mighty Mad * in Dennis rage.

In each she marks her Image full exprest,

But chief in Bays's monster-breeding breast : ! John Heywood, whose Interludes were print- correspondence with Mr Wycherley and Mr Coned in the time of Henry VIII. P.

greve, he immediately obliged the public with : Old Prynne in restless Daniel] The first their Letters. He made himself known to the edition had it,

Government by many admirable schemes and She saw in Norton all his father shine: projects; which the Ministry, for reasons best a great mistake! for Daniel De Foe had parts, known to themselves, constantly kept private but Norton De Foe was a wretched writer, and For his character as a writer, it is given us as folnever attempted Poetry. Much more justly is lows : “Mr Dennis is excellent at Pindaric wni Daniel himself made successor to W. Pryn, both ings, perfectly regular in all his performances of whom wrote Verses as well as Politics. And and a person of sound Learning. That he is both these authors had a semblance in their fates master of a great deal of Penetration and Judge as well as writings, haviog been alike sentenced ment, his criticisms (particularly on Prince to the Pillory. P. [Part om. William Prynne Arthur) do sufficiently demonstrate."

From the was in the year 1633 sentenced to a fine of £5000, same account it also appears “ that he writ Plars placed in the pillory, and sentenced to imprison- more to get Reputation than Money.” Dennis ment till he should recant, on account of his His- of himself. See Giles Jacob's Lives of Dram. triomastix, written in cor.demnation of plays and Poets, p. 68, 69, compared with p. 286. [For an supposed to reflect on Queen Henrietta Maria. account of the life-long combat between Pope and De Foe underwent a similar punishment in 1703 his arch-enemy Dennis, of which the former had for his book the Shortest Way with the Dissenters, by no means invariably the best, see Introductor but was not, like Prynne, subjected to the penalty Memoir. The Narrative on the Frenzy of 7. D. of losing his ears, as Pope implies infra, Bk. ii. was written by Pope in 1713.) v. 147.)

5 [As to Colley Cibber and Theobald see Is3 And Eusden eke out, &c.] Laurence Eusden, troductory Remarks to the Dunciad.] Poet Laureate [before Cibber). Mr Jacob gives a But chief in Bays's, &c.] In the former Edd. catalogue of some few only of his works, which were thus, very numerous. Of Blackmore, see Book 11. Of 'But chief, in Tibbald's monster-breeding breast: Philips, Book 1, 262 and Book 11. prope fin. Sees Gods with Dæmons in strange league ingage,

Nahum Tate was Poet Laureate, a cold writer, And earth, and heav'n, and hell her battles wage. of no invention ; but sometimes translated tole- She ey'd the Bard, where supperless he safe, rably when befriended by Mr Dryden. In his And pin'd, unconscious of his rising fate ; second part of Absalom and Achitophel are above Studious he sate, with all his Books around, two hundred admirable lines together of that great Sinking from thought to thought, &c.' hand, which strongly shine thro' the insipidity of Var. Tibbald] Author of a pamphlet intitled, the rest. Something parallel may be observed of Shakespear restor'd. During two whole years another author here mentioned. P. .[Part om.) while Mr Pope was preparing his Edition of

4 And all the mighty Mad] This is by no Shakespear, he published Advertisements, remeans to be understood literally, as if Mr Dennis questing assistance, and promising satisfaction to were really mad, according to the Narrative of any who could contribute to its greater perfection Dr Norris in Swift and Pope's Miscellanies. But this Restorer, who was at that time soliciting No—it is spoken of that Excellent and Divine favours of him by letters, did wholly conceal his Madness, so often mentioned by Plato: that poet- design, till after its publication ; (which he was ical rage and enthusiasm, with which Mr D. hath, since not ashamed to own, in a Daily Journal of in his time, been highly possessed ; and of those Nov. 26,1728). And then an outcry was made extraordinary hints and motions whereof he in the Prints, that our Author had joined with the himself so feelingly treats in his preface to the Bookseller to raise an extravagant subscription; Rem. on Pr. Arth. Mr John Dennis was the son in which he had no share, of which he had no of a Saddler in London born in 1657. . He paid knowledge, and against which he had publickly court to Mr Dryden; and having obtained some advertised in his own proposals for Homer. Pro

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Bays, form'd by nature Stage and Town to bless",
And act, and be, a Coxcomb with success.
Dulness, with transport eyes the lively Dunce,
Remembring she herself was Pertness once.
Now (shame to Fortune ?!) an ill Run at Play
Blank'd his bold visage, and a thin Third day 3 :
Swearing and supperless the Hero sate,
Blasphem'd his Gods, the Dice, and damn'd his Fate;
Then gnaw'd his pen, then dash'd it on the ground,
Sinking from thought to thought“, a vast profound i
Plung'd for his sense, but found no bottom there ;
Yet wrote and founder'd on in mere despair.
Round him much Embryo, much Abortion lay 5,
Much future Ode, and abdicated Play ;
Nonsense precipitate, like running Lead,
That slipp'd thro' Cracks and Zig-zags of the Head ;
All that on Folly Frenzy could beget,
Fruits of dull Heat, and Sooterkins 6 of Wit,
Next, o'er his Books his eyes began to roll,
In pleasing memory, of all he stole,
How here he sipp'd, how there he plunder'd snug,
And suck'd all o'er, like an industrious Bug.
Herelay poor Fletcher's half-eat scenes?, and here
The Frippery 8 of crucify'd Moliere ;
There hapless Shakespear°, yet of Tibbald sore,
Wish'd he had blotted 10 for himself before.



bably that proceeding elevated Tibbald to the dig. 'He rolld his eyes that witness'd huge dismay nity he holds in this poem, which he seems to Where yet unpawn'd much learned lumber lay deserve no other way better than his brethren; Volumes, whose size the space exactly fillid, unless we impute it to the share he had in the Or which fond authors were so good to gild, Journals, cited among the Testimonies of Authors Or where, by sculpture made for ever known, prefixed to this work. P.

The page admires new beauties not its own. · Bays, form'd by nature, &c.] It is hoped Here swells the shelf, &c.— Warburton. the poet here hath done full justice to his Hero's 6 (False births. ] character, which it were a great mistake to ima- 7 Poor Fletcher's half-eat scenes,). A great gine was wholly sunk in stupidity: he is allowed number of them taken out to patch up his Plays. to have supported it with a wonderful mixture of

P. Vivacity. This character is heightened according 8 The Frippery) “When I fitted up an old to his own desire, in a Letter he wrote to our play, it was as a good housewife will mend old author. “Pert and dull at least you might have linen, when she has not better employment." allowed me. What ! am I only to be dull, and Life, p. 217. octavo. P. dull still, and again, and for ever.” He then 9 Hapless Shakespear, &c.] It is not to be solemnly appealed to his own conscience, “that doubted but Bays was a 'subscriber to Tibbald's he could not think himself so, nor believe that our Shakespear. He was frequently liberal this way: Poet did; but that he spoke worse of him than and, as he tells us, “subscribed to Mr Pope's he could possibly think; and concluded it must Homer, out of pure Generosity and Civility ; but be merely to shew, his Wit, or for some Profit or when Mr Pope did so to his Nonjuror, he conLucre to himself.” Life of C. C. chap. vii. and cluded it could be nothing but a joke.' Letter Letter to Mr P. pag. 15. 40. 53. P.

to Mr P. p. 24, Shame to Fortune ] Because she usually This fibbald, or Theobald, published an edishews favour to persons of this Character, who tion of Shakespear, of which he was so proud himhave a three-fold pretence to it. P.

self as to say, in one of Mist's Journals, June 8, 3 [A thin Third day, i.e. of the performance “That to expose any Errors in it was impracticaof one of his plays.)

ble.” And in another, April 27, “That whatever 4 From Lord Rochester on Man:

care might for the future be taken by any other ‘Stumbling from thought to thought.' Editor, he would still give above five hundred

Warton. emendations, that shall escape them all.” P. s Round him much Embryo, &c.] In the 10 Wish'd he had blotted] It was a ridiculous former Editions thus,

praise which the Players gave to Shakespear,




The rest on Out-side merit but presume,
Or serve (like other Fools) to fill a room ;
Such with their shelves as due proportion hold,
Or their fond parents drest in red and gold;
Or where the pictures for the page atone,
And Quarles 2 is sav'd by Beauties not his own.
Here swells the shelf with Ogilby the great 3;
There, stamp'd with arms, Newcastle shines complete+ :
Here all his suff'ring brotherhood retire,
And ’scape the martyrdom of jakes and fire :
A Gothic Library! of Greece and Rome
Well purg'd, and worthy Settle, Banks, and Broome 5.

But, high above, more solid Learning & shone,
The Classics of an Age that heard of none;
There Caxton? slept, with Wynkyn at his side,
One clasp'd in wood, and one in strong cow-hide ;
There sav'd by spice, like mummies, many a year,
Dry Bodies of Divinity appear ;

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V. 377.]

“that he never bloitei a line.". Ben Jonson Winstanly, ibid. Langbane reckons up eight honestly wish'd he had blotted a thousand ; and Folios of her Grace's; which were usually adornShakespear would certainly have wished the same, ed with gilded covers, and had her coat of arms if he had lived to see those alterations in his works, upon them. P. [The Duchess of Newcastle, in which, not the Actors only (and especially the the times of the Commonwealth and Charles II., daring Hero of this poem) have made on the Stage, published a large number of poetical and philobut the presumptuous Critics of our days in their sophical' works, and a kind of narrative cyclopæEditions. P.

dia called the World's Olio.] 1 The rest on Out-side merit, &c.] This 5 Worthy Settle, Banks, and Broome.] The Library is divided into three parts; the first con- Poet has mentioned these three authors in parsists of those authors from whom he stole, and ticular, as they are parallel to our Hero in three whose works he mangled ; the second, of such as capacities: 1. Settle was his brother Laureate fitted the shelves, or were gilded for shew, or only indeed upon half-pay, for the City instead of adorned with pictures; the third class our author the Court ; but equally famous for unintelligible calls solid learning, old Bodies of Divinity, old flights in his poems on public occasions, such as Commentaries, old English Printers, or old Eng- Shows, Birth-days, &c. 2. Banks was his Riva lish Translations; all very voluminous, and fit to in Tragedy (tho' more successful) in one of his erect altars to Dulness. P.

Tragedies, the Earl of Essex, which is yet alive : 2 [The author of the Emblems, whom Pope Anna Boleyn, the Queen of Scots, and Cyrus the sneers at in Imitations of Horace, Bk. 11. Ep. I. Great, are dead and gone. These he drest in a

sort of Beggar's Velvet, or a happy Mixture of the "Ogilby the Great ;] “ John Ogilby was one, thick Fustian and thin Prosaic; exactly imiwho, from a late initiation into literature, made tated in Perolla and Isidora, Cæsar in Egypt, such a progress as might well style him the pro- and the Heroic Daughter. 3. Broome was a digy of his time! sending into the world so many serving-man of Ben Jonson, who once picked upa large Volumes ! His translations of Homer and Comedy from his Betters, or from some cast scenes Virgil done to the life, and with such excellent of his Master, not entirely contemptible. P. sculptures : And (what added great grace to his 6 More solid Learning] Some have objected, works) he printed them all on special good paper, that books of this sort suit not so well the library and in a very good letter.Winstanly, Lives of our Bays, which they imagine consisted of of Poets. P. [Ogilby (born 1600, died 1676) Novels, Plays, and obscene books; but they are began life as a dancing-master, and after being to consider, that he furnished his shelves only for educated by charity at Cambridge, came before ornament, and read these books no more than the the public both as poet and printer. It is in the Dry Bodies of Divinity, which, no doubt, were latter capacity that he is chiefly remarkable; from purchased by his father, when he designed him his press at Whitefriars he issued a large variety for the Gown. See the note on v. 200. P of works, among which his Maps became specially 7 Caxton) A Printer in the time of Edward IV. famous.]

Rich. III. and Hen. VII; Wynkyn de Word, 4 There, stamp'd with arms, Newcastle his successor, in that of Hen. Vií, and VIIL shines complete :! The Duchess of Newcastle The former translated into prose Virgil's Æneis, was one who busied herself in the ravishing de- as a history; of which he speaks, in his Proeme, lights of Poetry; leaving to posterity in print in a very singular manner, as of a book hardly three ample Volumes of her studious endeavours." known. P. [Part om.]

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De Lyra ? there a dreadful front extends,
And here the groaning shelves Philemon ? bends.

Of these twelve volumes, twelve of amplest size,
Redeem'd from tapers and defrauded pies,
Inspir'd he seizes; these an altar raise ;
An hecatomb of pure unsully'd lays
That altar crowns; A folio Common-place
Founds the whole pile, of all his works the base ;
Quartos, octavos, shape the less'ning pyre;
À twisted Birth-day Ode completes the spire 3.

Then he: 'Great Tamer of all human art !
First. in my care, and ever at my heart;
Dulness ! whose good old cause I yet defend,
With whom my Muse began, with whom shall end.
E’er since Sir Fopling's Periwig 4 was Praise,
To the last honours of the Butt and Bays :
O thou! of Bus'ness the directing soul!
To this our head like bias to the bowl,
Which, as more pond'rous, made its aim more true,
Obliquely waddling to the mark in view :
0! ever gracious to perplex'd mankind,
Still spread a healing mist before the mind ;
And, lest we err by Wit's wild dancing light,
Secure us kindly in our native night.
Or, if to Wit a coxcomb make pretence",
Guard the sure barrier between that and Sense ;
Or. quite unravel all the reas'ning thread,
And hang some curious cobweb in its stead !
As, forc'd from wind-guns, lead itself can flyo,
And pond'rous slugs cut swiftly thro' the sky;
As clocks to weight their nimble motion owe,
The wheels above urg'd by the load below:




"Nich. de Lyra, or Harpsfield, a very volu- 5 Or, if to Wit, &c.) in the former Edd. minous commentator, whose works, in five vast 'Ah! still o'er Britain stretch that peaceful folios, were printed in 1472. P.

wand, ? Philemon Holland, Doctor in Physic. “He Which lulls th' Helvetian and Batavian land; translated so many books, that a man would think Where rebel to thy throne if Science rise, he had done nothing else; insomuch that he She does but shew her coward face, and dies: might be called Translator general of his age. There thy good Scholiasts with unweary'd pains The books alone of his turning into English are Make Horace flat, and humble Maro's strains : sufficient to make a Country Gentleman a com- Here studious I unlucky Moderns save, plete Library. Winstanly. P.

Nor sleeps one Error in its father's grave, 3 A twisted, &c.] in the former Edd. Old puns restore, lost blunders nicely seek, *And last, a little Ajax tips the spire.' And crucify poor Shakespear once a week.

Warburton. For thee supplying, in the worst of days, A little Ajax] in duodecimo, translated from Notes to dull books, and prologues to dull plays; Sophocles by Tibbald. P. [The birth-day Ode Not that my quill to critics was confin’d, of course substituted in allusion to Cibber's My verse gave ampler lessons to mankind; laureateship. Cf. v. 168.]

So gravest precepts may successless prove, E'er since Sir Fopling's Periwig] The first But sad examples never fail to move. visible cause of the passion of the Town for our As forc'd from wind-guns,' &c. Warburton. Hero was a fair flaxen full-bottom'd periwig, 6 As forc'd from wind-guns, &c.] The which, he tells us, he wore in his first play of the thought of these four verses is found in a poem of Fool in fashion. This remarkable Periwig usu- our Author's of a very early date (namely written ally made its entrance upon the stage in a sedan, at fourteen years old, and soon after printed) brought in by two chairmen, with infinite appro- to the author of a poem called Successió. (See bation of the audience. P. (Part om.)

Miscellaneous Poems.) Warburton.

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