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Be thine, my stationer! this magic gift;
With that she gave him (piteous of his case,
See in the circle next, Eliza 10 plac'd,
! Cook shall be Prior,] The man here speci- But Mr. Concanen, in his dedication of the letfied writ a thing called The Battle of Poets, in ters, advertisements, &c. to the author of the which Philips and Welsted were the Heroes, and Dunciad, assures us, "that Juvenal never satiSwist and Pope utterly routed. He also published rized the Poverty of Codrus." P. some malevolent things in the British, London, John Dunton was a broken bookseller, and and Daily Journals; and at the same time wrote abusive scribbler; he writ Neck or Nothing, a letters to Mr Pope, protesting his innocence. violent satire on some ministers of state; a libel His chief work was a translation of Hesiod, to on the Duke of Devonshire and the Bishop of which Theobald writ notes and half notes, which Peterborough, &c. P. he carefully owned. P.
6 [Cf. ante, note to Bk. I. v. 103.] 2 [See Pope's note to v. 299.)
7 And Tutchin flagrant from the scourge! 3 And we too boast our Garth and Addison.] John Tutchin, author of some vile verses, and of Nothing is more remarkable than our author's a weekly paper called the Observator: He was love of praising good writers. has in this sentenced to be whipped through several towts very poem celebrated Mr Locke, Sir Isaac in the west of England, upon which he petitioned Newton, Dr Barrow, Dr Atterbury, Mr Dry- King James II. to be hanged. When that prince den, Mr Congreve, Dr Garth, Mr Addison ; in died in exile, he wrote an invective against his a word, almost every man of his time that de- memory, occasioned by some humane elegies oa served it; even Cibber himself (presuming him to his death. He lived to the time of Queen Anne. be author of the Careless Husband). It was very P. [He was the author of The Foreigner, the difficult to have that pleasure in a poem on this Satire on William III. which provoked De Foe's subject, yet he has found means to insert their True-born Englishman. The sentence to which panegyric, and has made even Dulness out of Pope refers was pronounced by Judge Jeffreys her own mouth pronounce it. It must have been but remitted in return for a bribe which reduced particularly agreeable to him to celebrate Dr the prisoner to poverty. See Macaulay's History Garth; both as his constant friend, and as he of England, chap. 5.) was his predecessor in this kind of satire. P. 8 There Ridpath, Roper,] Authors of the [Part om.)
Flying-post and Post-boy, two scandalous papers 4 A shaggy Tap'stry] A sorry kind of Tapes- on different sides, for which they equally and try frequent in old inns, made of worsted or some alternately deserved to be cudgelled, and were coarser stuff, like that which is spoken of by so. P. Donne-Faces as frightful as theirs who whip 9 Himself among the story'd chiefs ke søies,] Christ in old hangings. The imagery woven in the history of Curl's being tossed in a blanket, it alludes to the mantle of Cloanthus, in Æn. v. and whipped by the scholars of Westminster, is [v. 250, ff.) P.
well known. P. (Part om.] 5. On Codrus' old, or Dunton's modern bed;] 10 Eliza Haywood ] This woman was authorese Of Codrus the poet's bed, see Juvenal, describing of those most scandalous books called the Court of his poverty very copiously, Sat. v. 103, &c. Carimania, and the new Utopia. P. (Part om.)
Two babes of love close clinging to her waist;
Osborne ? and Curl accept the glorious strife,
Swift as it mounts, all follow with their eyes :
But now for Authors nobler palms remain;
He chinks his purse, and takes his seat of state':
i Kirkall, the name of an Engraver. Some Iliad at half the price : Of which books he had of this Lady's works were printed in four volumes none, but cut to the size of them (which was in 12mo, with her picture thus dressed up before Quarto) the common books in folio, without them. P.
Copper-plates, on a worse paper, and never above 2 Osborne, Thomas) A bookseller in Gray's- half the value. P. [Part om.] Of Osborne inn, very well qualified by his impudence to act Johnson used to say, that he had no sense of this part; and therefore placed here instead of a any shame, but that of being poor. Bannister less deserving Predecessor. This man published [quoted by Bowles, who refers to the well-known advertisements for a year together, pretending episode in Boswell, concerning J.'s summary to sell Mr Pope's subscription books of Homer's. chastisement of O. See Boswell ad ann. 1742.]
Now gentle touches wanton o'er his face,
While thus each hand promotes the pleasing pain,
“Now turn to diff'rent sports,” (the Goddess cries)
230 Improve we these. Three Cat-calls 7 be the bribe Paolo Antonio Rolli, an Italian Poet, and such men: That altho’ their pens and praises writer of many Operas in that language, which, were as exquisite as they conceit of themselves, partly by the help of his genius, prevailed in yet (even in their own mercenary views) a creaEngland near twenty years. He taught Italian ture unlettered, who serveth the passions, or to some fine Gentlemen, who affected to direct pimpeth to the pleasures of such vain, braggart, the Operas. P.
puft Nobility, shall with those patrons be much ? Bentley his mouth &c.) Not spoken of the more inward, and of them much higher reward! famous Dr Richard Bentley, but of one Tho. ed. Scribl. Bentley, a small critic, who aped his uncle in a 5 With Thunder rumbling from the mustard little Horace. The great one who was intended bowl.] The old way of making Thunder and to be dedicated to the Lord Halifax, but (on a Mustard were the same; but since, it is more change of the Ministry) was given to the Earl of advantageously performed by troughs of wood Oxford; for which reason the little one was with stops in them. Whether Mr Dennis was dedicated to his son the Lord Harley. P. the inventor of that improvement, I know not; [Part om.]
but it is certain, that being once at a Tragedy 3 Welsted] Leonard Welsted, author of the of a new author, he fell into a great passion Triumvirate, or a Letter in verse from Palæmon at hearing some, and cried, “'Sdeath! that is to Cælia at Bath, which was meant for a satire my Thunder." P. (Dennis' tragedy was A, on Mr P. and some of his friends about the year pius and Virginia; and his thunder' was used 1718. He writ other things which we cannot in Macbeth. See note to Essay on Criticism, remember. You have him again in Book III. v. 586.) 169. P. [Part om.) [He was a hanger-on of 7 with a tolling bell;] A mechanical help the Whigs, and a copious writer.)
to the Pathetic, not unuseful to the modern * A youth unknown to Phæbus, &c.] The writers of Tragedy., P. satire of this Episode, being levelled at the base 6 Three Cat-calls ] Certain musical instruflatteries of authors to worthless wealth or great- ments used by one sort of Critics to confound the ness, concludes here with an excellent lesson to Poets of the Theatre, P.
Of him, whose chati’ring shames the monkey-tribe ;
Now thousand tongues are heard in one loud din;
(cry'd the Queen), "a Cat-call each shall win
As, when the long-ear'd milky mothers wait
· Norton,] See ver. 417.-7. Durant Breval, offices of Chancery are kept. The long detention author of a very extraordinary Book of Travels, of Clients in that Court, and the difficulty of and some Poems, See before, note on ver. getting out, is humorously allegorized in these 126. P. [The word 'brangle' (to oscillate; lines. P. another form of brandle, Fr. branler) was con- 5 (Westminster Hall; built by William II. founded with 'wrangle.']
A.D. 1097.) 2 Sir Gilbert (Heathcote, cf. Moral Essays, 6 Who sings so loudly, and who sings so long.] Ep. 111. v. 101].
Ajust character of Sir Richard Blackmore knight, 3 Webster-and Whitfield !) The one the who (as Mr Dryden expresseth it) writer of a News-paper called the Weekly Mis- Writ to the rumbling of the coach's wheels, cellany, the other a Field-preacher. Warburton. and whose indefatigable Muse produced no less (George Whitfield, the early associate of the than six Epic poems: Prince and King Arthur, Wesleys, was born in 1714 and first attracted twenty books; Eliza, ten; Alfred, twelve; the general attention by his preaching at Bristol and Redeemer, six; besides Job, in folio; the whole London in 1736. John Wesley was induced by book of Psalms; the Creation, seven books; his example to commence field-preaching. He Nature of Man, three books; and many more. died in America in 1770.]
'Tis in this sense he is styled afterwards the 4 Long Chanc'ry-lane] The place where the everlasting Blackmore. P. [Part om.]
This labour past, by Bridewell all descend,
In naked majesty Oldmixon stands 5,
Next Smedley divido; slow circles dimpled o'er
essay'd?; scarce vanish'd out of sight,
1 [The scene is on the site of the modern seen by our Author. P. Bridge Struet.)
5 In naked majesty Oldmixon stands,] Mi 2 (As morning pray'r and flagellation end)] JOHN OLDMIXon, next to Mr Dennis, the most It is between eleven and twelve in the morning, ancient Critic of our nation; and unjust censurer after church service, that the criminals are whipt of Mr Addison. In his Essay on Criticism, and in Bridewell.–This is to mark punctually the the Arts of Logic and Rhetoric, he frequently time of the day: Homer does it by the circum- reflects on our Author, But the top of his stance of the Judges rising from court, or of character was a Perverter of History, in that the Labourer's dinner; our author by one very scandalous one of the Stuarts, in folio, and his proper both to the Persons and the Scene of Critical History of England, two volumes, octav. his poem, which we may remember commenced Being employed by Bishop Kennet, in publishing in the evening of the Lord-mayor's day: The the Historians in his Collection, he falsified first book passed in that night; the next morning Daniel's Chronicle in numberless places. He the games begin in the Strand, thenc: along was all his life a virulent Party-writer for hire, Fleet-street (places inhabited by Booksellers); and received his reward in a small place, which then they proceed by Bridewell toward Fleet, he enjoyed to his death. He is here likened ditch, and lastly thro' Ludgate to the City and to Milo, in allusion to Ovid (Metam. Bk. XT. the Temple of the Goddess. P.
v. 229). P. [Part om.] 3-dash thro' thick and thin,-love of dirt- 6 Next Smedley div'd;] The person here dark dexterity] The three chief qualifications mentioned, an Irishman, was author and pubof Party-writers: to stick at nothing, to delight lisher of many scurrilous pieces, a weekly White in flinging dirt, and to slander in the dark by hall Journal, in the year 1722, in the name of guess. P.
Sir James Baker; and particularly whole volumes • The Weekly Journals] Papers of news and of Billingsgate against Dr Swift and Mr Pope, scandal intermixed, on different sides and parties, called Gulliveriana and Alexandriana, printed and frequently shifting from one side to the in octavo, 1728. P. other, called the London Journal, British Journal, Jonathan Smedley, a staunch Whig, 281 Daily Journal, &c. the concealed writers of Dean of Clogher. Carruthers (who quotes which for some time were Oldmixon, Roome, his lines The Devil's last game against Swift) Arnall, Concanen, and others; persons never 7 Then * essay'd] A gentleman of genirs