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He buoys up instant, and returns to light:
True to the bottom see Concanena creep,
Next plung'd a feeble, but a desp'rate pack,
Not so bold Arnall 6; with a weight of skull,
and spirit, who was secretly dipt in some papers of Warton. this kind, on whom our Poet bestows a panegyric ? With each a sickly brother at his back: instead of a satire, as deserving to be better Sons of a Day! &c.] These were daily papers, employed than in party quarrels, and personal a number of which, to lessen the expense, were invectives. P. Supposed to be Aaron Hill; printed one on the back of another. P. but Pope denied it. Warton. (Hill, however, 3 Like Niobe) See the story in Ovid, Met. VII. called Pope to account by a poetical rejoinder; where the miserable petrefaction of this old Lady though, as Bowles remarks, the compliment in is pathetically described. P. the above lines infinitely exceeds the abuse. Cf. • Osborne) A name assumed by the eldest Intr. Memoir, p. xxxvi. Hill wrote no less than and gravest of these writers, who at last, being seventeen dramatic pieces, and was, besides, ashamed of his Pupils, gave his paper over, and according to Dibdin, “the projector of nut oil, in his age remained silent. P. of masts of ships from Scotch firs, of cultivating 5 Arnall] William Arnall, bred an AtGeorgia, and of potash!')
torney, was a perfect Genius in this sort of work. i Concanen] MATTHEW CONCANEN, an Irish. He began under twenty with furious Partyman, bred to the law. He was author of several papers; then succeeded Concanen in the British dull and dead scurrilities in the British and Journal. At the first publication of the Dunciad, London Journals, and in a paper called the he prevailed on the Author not to give him his Speculatist. In a pamphlet, called a Supple- due place in it, by a letter professing his detesment to the Profund, he dealt very unfairly tation of such practices as his predecessor's. But with our Poet, not only frequently imputing to since, by the most unexampled insolence, and him Mr Broome's verses (for which he might personal abuse of several great men, the Poet's indeed seem in some degree accountable, having particular friends, he most amply deserved a corrected what that gentleman did) but those nitch in the Temple of Infamy: He writ for of the duke of Buckingham and others: To this hire, and valued himself upon it; not indeed rare piece somebody humorously caused him to without cause, it appearing by the aforesaid take for his motto, De profundis clamavi.' He Report, that he received "for Free Britons, was since a hired scribbler in the Daily Courant, and other writings, in the space of four years, no where he poured forth much Billingsgate against less than ten thousand nine hundred and ninety the lord Bolingbroke, and others; after which seven pounds, six shillings, and eight pence, out this man was surprisingly promoted to administer of the Treasury.". But frequently, thro' his fury Justice and Law in Jamaica. P. [Part om.] or folly, he exceeded all the bounds of his comThis is the scribbler to whom Warburton wrote mission, and obliged his honourable Patron to his famous Letter, published by Dr Akenside. disavow his scurrilities. P. [Part om.)
Downward to climb, and backward to advance.
The plunging Prelate!, and his pond'rous Grace,
First he relates, how sinking to the chin,
Thence to the banks where rev'rend Bards repose,
He ceas'd, and spread the robe; the crowd confess
1. Sir Robert Walpole, who was Bishop Sher- (vv. 751–755). Of the land of Dreams in the lock's contemporary at Eton College, used to same region, he makes mention, Odyss. XX relate, that when some of the scholars, going to See also Lucian's True History. Lethe and to bathe in the Thames, stood shivering on the Land of Dreams allegorically represent the bank, S. plunged in immediately over head and Stupefaction and visionary Madness of Poes
Warton. _[Hence this was understood to equally dull and extravagant, Of Alpheus refer to S.; but Pope indignantly repudiated the waters gliding secretly under the sea of Disa, insinuation. The next allusion could only refer mix with those of Arethuse in Sicily, see M to an Archbishop; possibly 'leaden Gilbert' of iv. chus, Idyl. viii. Virg. Ecl. x. vv. 3, 4. An 608. These two lines are wanting in the earlier again, Ån. II. vv. 693-5. P. editions.]
5 And Milbourn] Luke Milbourn, a Clergy ? [A play on the fancied etymology of the man, the fairest of Critics; who, when he wiki Latin name of Paris (Lutetia Parisiorum.)] against Mr Dryden's Virgil, did him justice i
3 As Hylas fair] Who was ravished by the printing at the same time his own translations of water-nymphs and drawn into the river. The him, which were intolerable. His manner story is told at large by Valerius Flaccus, lib. 11. writing has a great resemblance with that of the Argon., See Virgil, Ecl. vi. P.
Gentlemen of the Dunciad against our Author 1 A branch of Styx, &c.] Cf. Homer. Il. 11. P. [Part om.] (Cf. Essay on Criticism, v. 463
A low-born, cell-bred, selfish, servile band,
Thro' Lud's fam'd gates?, along the well-known Fleet,
“Ye Critics! in whose heads, as equal scales,
Judge of all present, past, and future wit; “To cavil, censure, dictate, right or wrong; “ Full and eternal privilege of tongue."
Three College Sophs 5, and three pert Templars came,
1 The expression is taken from Dryden's blank was substituted to leave an opportunity for Hind and Panther: "Those Swisses fight for any supplying it with the name of Hoadley.] side for pay.' Warton. [The well-known pro- i See Hom. Odyss. XII. Ovid, Met. 1. P. verb Point d'argent, point de Suisse' contains 5 (A Sophister is properly a disputant at an a similar sarcasm. The French Kings had a exercise of dialectics; the term from its use at Swiss guard from the time of Louis XI. to that of the old examinations for the Degree at Cambridge Louis XVI.)
has come to mean those who have been one year ? (Ludgate, according to popular tradition or two years in residence at the University built by King Lud, (see Faerie Queene, Bk. 11. Junior and Senior Sophs.)] Canto x. st. 46), probably is the same as Flood 6 [Mum was a strong ale, said to derive its (or Fleet) gate. The gate, after being rebuilt name from its inventor, Christian Mumme of several times, was finally removed in 1760.) Brunswick.]
3 [Henley's in the early editions; probably the
Thrice Budgel aim'd to speak, but thrice supprest
! Thrice Budgel aim'd to speak,] Famous which occasioned a long, vehement, and learnei for his speeches un many occasions about the debate, known as the Bangorian Controversy, South Sea scheme, &c. "He is a very ingeni- of which see Hoadley was at that time bishop. ous gentleman, and hath written some excellent Wakefield. Epilogues to Plays, and one small piece on Love, 5 Centlivre) Mrs Susanna Centlivre, wife to which is very pretty.” Jacob, Lives of Poets. Mr Centlivre, Yeoman of the Mouth to his MaBut this gentleman since made himself much jesty. She writ many Plays, and a Song (says more eminent, and personally well known to the Mr Jacob) before she was seven years old. She greatest Statesmen of all parties, as well as to also writ a Ballad against Mr Pope's Homer all the Courts of Law in this nation. P. Budgell before he began it. P. (Some of her plays still was a relation of Addison whom he accompanied keep the stage.] as clerk to Ireland. He afterwards rose to be 6 Peter Anthony Motteux, the excellent transUnder Secretary of State. After Addison's death lator of Don Quixote, and author of a number he was involved in losses by the South Sea of forgotten dramatic pieces. Dryden addressed Bubble; a stain fell on his character in conse- a complimentary Epistle to him. He died in quence of Tindal's bequest in his favour being 1718. "Carruthers. set aside, and he committed suicide in 1737. 7 Boyer the State, and Law the Stage game Carruthers. [Cf. Epis to Arbuthnot, v. 378, o'er,] A. Boyer, a voluminous compiler of An9; and notes.]
nals, Political Collections, &c.-William Law, ? (Blackmore.]
A. M. wrote with great zeal against the Stage: 3 Ver. 399;
in the first Edition it was: Mr Dennis answered with as great: Their books ‘Collins and Tindal, prompt at priests to jeer.' were printed in 1726. The same Mr Law is
Warburton. author of a book, intitled, An Appeal to all that Toland and Tindal,] Two persons, not so doubt of or disbelieve the truth of the gospel; happy as to be obscure, who writ against the in which he has detailed a system of the rankest Religion of their Country. Toland, the author Spinozism, for the most exalted Theology; and of the Atheist's Liturgy, called Pantheisticon, amongst other things as rare, has informed us was a spy, in pay to lord Oxford. Tindal was of this, that Sir Isaac Newton stole the principles author of the Rights of the Christian Church, of his philosophy from one Jacob Bækmesi, a and Christianity as old as the Creation. P. German cobbler.' P. (Part om.] [John Toland's most famous work 8 A man of some learning, and uncommou Christianity not mysterious was published in acuteness, with a strong disposition to Satire, 1696; Matthew Tindal's Christianity as old as which very often degenerated into scurrility. His the Creation, rather later. Anthony Collins, who most celebrated work is the Moral Philosopket, probably lost his place in the text for the sake of first published in the year 1737. Bowles. the alliteration, brought out his Discourse of free 9 (Bernard de Mandeville was born in Het Thinking in 1713.)
land, in 1670, and after residing in England Christ's No kingdom &c.] This is said by during the latter half of his life, died in 1733 Curl, Key to Dunc. to allude to a sermon of a The Fable of the Bees, to which he owed his reverend Bishop. P. It alludes to Bishop fame, first appeared in 1708 in the form of Hoadley's sermons preached before George I., short poem, and was afterwards republished with in 1717, on the Nature of the Kingdom of Christ, explanatory notes and essays, which drew upon
Norton”, from Daniel and Ostroea sprung,
Thus the soft gifts of Sleep conclude the day,
BOOK THE THIRD.
After the other persons are disposed in their proper places of rest, the Goddess transports the King to her Temple, and there lays him to slumber with his head on her lap; a position of marvellous virtue, which causes all the visions of wild enthusiasts, projectors, politicians, inamoratos, castle-builders, chemists, and poets. He is immediately carried on the wings of Fancy, and led by a mad Poetical Sibyl to the Elysian shade; where, on the banks of Lethe, the souls of the dull are dipped by Bavius, before their entrance into this world. There he is met by the ghost of Settle, and by him made acquainted with the wonders of the place, and with those which he himself is destined to perform. He takes him to Mount of Vision, from whence he shews him the past triumphs of the Empire of Dulness, then the present, and lastly the future: how small a part of the world was ever conquered by Science, how soon those conquests were stopped, and those very nations again reduced to her dominion. Then distinguishing the Island of Great-Britain, shews by what aids, by what persons, and by what degrees it shall be brought to her Empire. Some of
the author the threat of a prosecution. In its famous Daniel. Fortes creantur fortibus. One enlarged form it bore the second title of Private of the authors of the Flying Post, in which Vices Public Benefits, which explains the moral well-bred work Mr P. has sometime the honour or object of the Fable. Though Mandeville to be abused with his betters; and of many hired only meant to shew that under the system of scurrilities and daily papers, to which he never Providence good is wrought out of evil, he would set his name. P. (Does Ostræa here signify an have done well to leave no doubt as to both the oyster-wife?) meaning and the limitations of his doctrine.)
Fleet) A prison for insolvent Debtors on 1 Norton] Norton De Foe, offspring of the the bank of the Ditch. P.