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the persons he causes to pass in review before his eyes, describing each by his proper figure, character, and qualifications. On a sudden the Scene shifts, and a vast number of miracles and prodigies appear, utterly surprising and unknown to the King himself, till they are explained to be the wonders of his own reign now com. mencing. On this subject Settle breaks into a congratulation, yet not unmixed with concern, that his own times were but types of these. He prophesies how first the nation shall be over-run with Farces, Operas, and Shows; how the throne of Dulness shall be advanced over the Theatres, and set up even at Court; then how her Sons shall preside in the seats of Arts and Sciences: giving a glimpse or Pisgahsight of the future Fulness of her Glory, the accomplishment whereof is the subject of the fourth and last book.

BOOK III.

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BUT
UT in her Temple's last recess enclos'd,

On Dulness' lap th’Anointed head repos’d.
Him close she curtains round with Vapours blue,
And soft besprinkles with Cimmerian dew.
Then raptures high the seat of Sense o'erflow,
Which only heads refin'd from Reason know.
Hence, from the straw where Bedlam's Prophet nods,
He hears loud Oracles, and talks with Gods:
Hence the Fool's Paradise, the Statesman's Scheme,
The air-built Castle, and the golden Dream,
The Maid's romantic wish, the Chemist's flame,
And Poet's vision of eternal Fame.

And now, on Fancy's easy wing convey'd,
The King descending views th' Elysian Shade.
A slip-shod Sibyl led his steps along,
In lofty madness meditating song;
Her tresses staring from Poetic dreams,'
And never wash’d, but in Castalia's streams.
Taylor, their better Charon, lends an oar,
(Once swan of Thames, tho' now he sings no more.)
Benlowes?, propitious still to blockheads, bows;
And Shadwell nods the Poppy: on his brows.
Here, in a dusky vale where Lethe rolls,
Old Bavius sits 4, to dip poetic souls,

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* Taylor] John Taylor the Water-poet, an has recently been published by the Spenser honest man, who owns he learned not so much Society.] as the Accidence : A rare example of modesty in . Benlowes,] A country gentleman, famous a Poet!

for his own bad poetry, and for patronizing bad I must confess I do want eloquence,

poets, as may be seen from many Dedications of And never scarce did learn my Accidence; Quarles and others to him. Some of these anaFor having got from possum to

posset, gram'd his name, Benlowes into Benevolus: to I there was gravell’d, could no farther get. verify which he spent his whole estate upon He wrote fourscore books in the reign of James I. them. P. and Charles I. and afterwards (like Edward 3 And Shadwell nods the Popoy &c.) ShadWard) kept an Ale-house in Long-Acre. He well took Opium for many years, and died of died in 1654. P. (Carruthers corrects this date too large a dose, in the year 1692. P. (The to 1653; and refers for an account of the poetic hero of MacFlecknoe.] waterman to Southey's Lives of Uneducated 4 Old Bavius sits! Bavius was an ancient Poets.

A splendid edition of Taylor's poems Poet, celebrated by Virgil for the like cause as 25

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And blunt the sense, and fit it for a skull
Of solid proof, impenetrably dull:
Instant, when dipt, away they wing their flight,
Where Brown and Mears 2 unbar the gates of Light,
Demand new bodies, and in Calf's array
Rush to the world, impatient for the day.
Millions and millions on these banks he views,
Thick as the stars of night, or morning dews,
As thick as bees o'er vernal blossoms fly,
As thick as eggs at Ward in pillory

Wond'ring he gaz'd: When lo! a Sage 3 appears,
By his broad shoulders known, and length of ears,
Known by the band and suit which Settle 4 wore
(His only suit) for twice three years before:
All as the vest, appear'd the wearer's frame,
Old in new state ; another, yet the same.
Bland and familiar as in life, begun
Thus the great Father to the greater Son.

“Oh born to see what none can see awake!
Behold the wonders of th' oblivious Lake.
Thou, yet unborn, hast touch'd this sacred shore;'
The hand of Bavius drench'd thee o'er and o'er.
But blind to former, as to future fate,
What mortal knows his pre-existent state?
Who knows how long thy transmigrating soul
Might from Boeotian to Boeotian roll?
How many Dutchmen she vouchsaf'd to thrid?
How many stages thro’ old Monks she rid?
And all who since, in mild benighted days,
Mix'd the Owl's ivy with the Poet's bays?
As man's Mæanders to the vital spring
Roll all their tides; then back their circles bring ;
Or whirligigs twirl'd round by skilful swain,
Suck the thread in, then yield it out again :
All nonsense thus, of old or modern date,

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Bays by our Author, though not in so christian- for any body. P. [Part om.) like a manner: For heathenishly it is declared 2 Ward in pillory.) John Ward of Hackney, by Virgil of Bavius, that he ought to be hated Esq. Member of Parliament, being convicted of

hindi non odit; Whereas we have often occasion sentenced to the Pillory on the 17th of February to observe our Poet's great Good Nature and 1727. P. [Part om.] [Cf. Moral Essays, Ep. Mercifulness thro' the whole course of this III. 20, note.) Poem. SCRIBLERUS.

3 [Dante.) Mr Dennis warmly contends, that Bavius 4 Settle] Elkanah Settle was once a Writer was no inconsiderable author; nay, that “He in vogue as well as Cibber, both for Dramatic and Mævius had (even in Augustus's days) a Poetry and Politics. He was author or publisher very formidable party at Rome, who thought of many noted pamphlets in the time of King them much superior to Virgil and Horace: For Charles II. He answered all Dryden's political (saith he) I cannot believe they would have fixed poems; and, being caried up on one side, sucthat eternal brand upon them, if they had not ceeded not a little in his Tragedy of the Empress been coxcombs in more than ordinary credit.” of Morocco. P. [Part om.] [For an account of Rem. on Pr. Arthur, part II. c. 1. An argument this extremely sensational play, against which which, if this poem should last, will conduce to strictures were indited by Dryden, Shadwell and the honour of the gentlemen of the Dunciad. P. Crown, see Geneste, u. s. Vol. 1. p. 154.)

i Brown and Mears] Booksellers, Printers

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Shall in thee centre, from thee circulate.
For this our Queen unfolds to vision true
Thy mental eye, for thou hast much to view:
Old scenes of glory, times long cast behind
Shall, first recall’d, rush forward to thy mind :
Then stretch thy sight o'er all her rising reign,
And let the past and future fire thy brain.

“Ascend this hill, whose cloudy point commands
Her boundless empire over seas and lands.
See, round the Poles 1 where keener spangles shine,
Where spices smoke beneath the burning Line,
(Earth's wide extremes) her sable flag display'd,
And all the nations cover'd in her shade.

“Far eastward cast thine eye, from whence the Sun
And orient Science their bright course begun:
One god-like Monarch : all that pride confounds,
He, whose long wall the wand'ring Tartar bounds;
Heav'ns! what a pile! whole ages perish there,
And one bright blaze turns Learning into air.

“Thence to the south extend thy gladden'd eyes;
There rival flames with equal glory rise,
From shelves to shelves see greedy Vulcan roll 4,
And lick up all the Physic of the Soul.
How little, mark! that portion of the ball,
Where, faint at best, the beams of Science fall:
Soon as they dawn, from Hyperborean skies
Embody'd dark, what clouds of Vandals rise !
Lo! where Mæotis sleeps, and hardly flows
The freezing Tanais thro' a waste of snows 5,
The North by myriads pours her mighty sons,
Great nurse of Goths, of Alans 6, and of Huns!
See Alaric's stern port! the martial frame
Of Genseric! and Attila's? dread name!
See the bold Ostrogoths on Latium all;
See the fierce Visigoths on Spain and Gaul !
See, where the morning gilds the palmy shore
(The soil that arts and infant letters bore 8)
His conqu’ring tribes th' Arabian prophet draws,

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1. See, round the Poles &c.) Almost the mæan library, on the gates of which was this inwhole Southern and Northern Continent wrapt scription, WYXHEIATPEION, the Physic of the in ignorance. P.

Soul. P. (A. D. 641. Gibbon was strongly Ver. 73; in the former Editions:

inclined to dispute the fact, but fresh authoritie 'Far eastward cast thine eye, from whence the corroborating it have been adduced by Milman Sun

5 I have been told that this was the couple: And orient Science at a birth begun.'

by which Pope declared his own ear to be most

Warburton. gratified; but the reason of this preference I Our Author favours the opinion that all cannot discover. Johnson. Sciences came from the Eastern nations. P. 6 [The Alemanni, who twice invaded Gaul)

3 Chi Ho-am-ti Emperor of China, the same ? (Kings of the Goths, Vandals and Huns who built the great wall between China and respectively. Tartary, destroyed all the books and learned (The soil that arts and infant letters dore" men of that empire. P.

Phoenicia, Syria, &c. where Letters are said to 4 The Caliph, Omar I., having conquered have been invented. In these countries MahoÆgypt, caused his General to burn the Ptole- met began his conquests P.

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And saving Ignorance enthrones by Laws.
See Christians, Jews, one heavy sabbath keep,
And all the western world believe and sleep.

“Lo! Rome herself, proud mistress now no more
Of arts, but thund'ring against heathen lore';
Her grey-hair'd Synods damning books unread,
And Bacon trembling for his brazen head?.
Padua, with sighs, beholds her Livy burn 3,
And ev'n th' Antipodes Virgilius mourn.
See the Cirque falls, th' unpillar'd Temple nods,
Streets pav'd with Heroes, Îiber chok'd' with Gods:
'Till Peter's keys some christ'ned Jove adorn 4,
And Pan to Moses lends his pagan horn;
See, graceless Venus to a Virgin turn'd,
Or Phidias broken, and Apelles burn'd.

“Behold yon’Isle, by Palmers, Pilgrims trod,
Men bearded, bald, cowld, uncowl'd, shod, unshod,
Peeld, patch'd, and pyebald, linsey-wolsey brothers,
Grave Mummers ! sleeveless some, and shirtless others.
That once was Britain--Happy! had she seen
No fiercer sons, had Easter never been 5.
In peace, great Goddess, ever be ador’d;
How keen the war, if Dulness draw the sword !
Thus visit not thy own! on this blest age
Oh spread thy Influence, but restrain thy Rage!

“And see, my son! the hour is on its way,
That lifts our Goddess to imperial sway:
This fav’rite Isle, long sever'd from her reign,
Dove-like, she gathers 6 to her wings again.
Now look thro' Fate! behold the scene she draws!
What aids, what armies to assert her cause!
See all her progeny, illustrious sight!
Behold, and count them, as they rise to light.
As Berecynthia, while her offspring vie

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· [Pope has a long note attempting to bring exerted in demolishing the Heathen Temples home this charge against Pope Gregory I. (the and Statues, so that the Goths scarce destroyed Great).. His hatred of classical learning is un- more monuments of Antiquity out of rage, than doubted; his destruction of ancient buildings these out of devotion. At length they spared rests only on later evidence. See Gibbon, chap. some of the temples, by converting them to XlV. Compare on this and the whole subject of Churches; and some of the Statues, by modifythe prejudices of the Church against profane ing them into images of Saints. In much later learning the first chapter of Hallam's Lit. of times, it was thought necessary to change the Europe. The establishment of the Index Ex- statues of Apollo and Pallas, on the tomb of Sanpurgatorius belongs to the century of the Re- nazarius, into David and Judith; the Lyre easily formation.)

became a Harp, and the Gorgon's head turned ? [Roger Bacon lived in the 13th century; to that of Holofernes. P. (Abundant instances the earliest English cultivator of mathematical of this will be found in any description of Rome.] science. His 'brazen head' was a popular super- 5 Happy!-had Easter never been.] Wars stition connected with his experiments in magic; in England anciently, about the right time of and is alluded to in Butler's Hudibras.]

celebrating Easter. P. [It was not till the visit. 3 [Livy is said to have been burnt among other of St Augustine in 596 that the British Church authors by Gregory I.]

conformed to the decision of the Council of Nice 4 'Till Peter's' keys some christ'ned Fove as to the day on which Easter should be kept.] adorn,! After the government of Rome devolv- 6 Dove-like she gathers] This is fulfilled in ed to the Popes, their zeal was for some time the fourth book. P.

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In homage to the mother of the sky,
Surveys around her, in the blest abode,
An hundred sons, and ev'ry son a God:
Not with less glory mighty Dulness crown'd
Shall take thro' Grubstreet her triumphant round;
And her Parnassus glancing o'er at once,
Behold an hundred sons, and each a Dunce.

“Mark first that youth who takes the foremost place,
And thrust his person full into your face.
With all thy Father's virtues blest, be born?!
And a new Cibber shall the stage adorn.

“A second see, by meeker manners known,
And modest as the maid that sips alone;
From the strong fate of drams if thou get free,
Another Durfey, Ward ! shall sing in thee.
Thee shall each ale-house, thee each gill-house mourn,
And answ'ring gin-shops sourer sights return.

“Jacob, the scourge of Grammar, mark with awe 3,
Nor less revere him, blunderbuss of Law.
Lo P-p-le's brow, tremendous to the town,
Horneck's fierce eye, and Roome's 4 funereal frown.
Lo sneering Goode, half malice and half whim,
A friend in glee, ridiculously grim.
Each Cygnet sweet, of Bath and Tunbridge race,
Whose tuneful whistling makes the waters pass 6 ;
Each Songster, Riddler, ev'ry nameless name,
All crowd, who foremost shall be damn'd to Fame 7.
Some strain in rhyme; the Muses, on their racks,

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1 [As to Cibber's father see Pope's note to man then under prosecution of Parliament. Of Bk. 1. v. 30.)

this man was made the following Epigram: 2 (Durfey; v. Essay on Criticism, v. 618.) “You ask why Roome diverts you with his

3 Jacob, the scourge of Grammar, mark with jokes, awe,] “This Gentleman is son of a considerable Yei if he writes, is dull as other folks? Maltster of Romsey in Southamptonshire, and You wonder at it-This, sir, is the case, bred to the Law under a very eminent Attorney: The jest is lost unless he prints his face." Who, between his more laborious studies, has Popple was the author of some vile Plays and diverted himself with Poetry. He is a great Pamphlets. He published abuses on our Author admirer of poets and their works, which has in a paper called the Prompter. P. occasioned him to try his genius that way.-He

An ill-natur'd Critic, who writ a has written in prose the Lives of the Poets, Es- satire on our Author, called The mock E sop, says, and a great many Law-books, The Ac- and many anonymous Libels in News-papers for complished Conveyancer, Modern Justice, &c. hire. P. Giles Jacob of himself, Lives of Poets, vol. 1. 6 [Borrowed from two lines of Young's UriHe very grossly, and unprovok'd, abused, in that versal Passion, Sat. 6.) Warton. book the Author's Friend, Mr Gay. P.

Whose tuneful whistling makes the waters 4 Horneck and Roome) These two were vi- pass:) There were several successions of these rulent party-writers, worthily coupled together, sort of minor poets, at Tunbridge, Bath, &c. sing. and one would think prophetically, since, after ing the praise of the Annuals flourishing for tha: the publishing of this piece, the former dying, season ; whose names indeed would be nameless, the latter succeeded him in Honour and Em- and therefore the Poet slurs them over with ployment. The first was Philip Horneck, author others in general. P: of a Billingsgate paper called The High German 7 After Ver. 158 in the former Editions folDoctor. Edward Roome was son of an Under- lowed: taker for Funerals in Fleet-street, and writ some How proud, how pale, how earnest all appear! of the papers called Pasquin, where by malicious How rhymes eternal jingle in their ear!' innuendos he endeavoured to represent our Au

Warburton. thor guilty of malevolent practices with a great

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