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None need a guide, by sure attraction led,
And strong impulsive gravity of Head;
None want a place, for all their Centre found,
Hung to the Goddess, and coher'd around.
Not closer, orb in orb, conglob'd are seen
The buzzing Bees about their dusky Queen.

The gath'ring number, as it moves along,
Involves a vast involuntary throng,
Who gently drawn, and struggling less and less,
Roll in her Vortex, and her pow'r confess.
Not those alone who passive own her laws,
But who, weak rebels, more advance her cause.
Whate'er of dunce in College or in Town
Sneers at another, in toupeel or gown;
Whate'er of mongrel no one class admits,
A wit with dunces, and a dunce with wits.

Nor absent they, no members of her state,
Who pay her homage in her sons, the Great;
Who, false to Phoebus, how the knee to Baal;
Or, impious, preach his word without a call.
Patrons, who sneak from living worth to dead,
Withhold the pension, and set up the head;
Or vest dull Flatt'ry in the sacred Gown;
Or give from fool to fool the Laurel crown.
And (last and worst) with all the cant of wit,
Without the soul, the Muse's Hypocrite.

There march'd the bard and blockhead, side by side,
Who rhym'd for hire, and patroniz'd for pride.
Narcissus, prais'd with all a Parson's pow'r,
Look'd a white lily sunk beneath a show'r?
There mov'd Montalto with superior air;
His stretch'd-out arm display'd a volume fair ;
Courtiers and Patriots in two ranks divide,
Thro' bot he pass'd, and bow'd from side to side 3:
But as in graceful act, with awful eye
Compos’d he stood, bold Benson4 thrust him by :
On two unequal crutches propt he came,
Milton's on this, on that one Johnston's name.
The decent Knights retir'd with sober rage,

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. She blows not both with the same Wind, great passion for Arthur Yohnston, a Scotch But one before and one behind;

physician's version of the Psalms, of which he And therefore modern Authors name printed many fine editions. See more of him, One good, and t'other evil Fame.'

Book Ill. ver. 325. P. and Warburton. P. and Warburton. [Part om.] 5 The decent Knight] An eminent person, · [The curl of the wig at the top of the head.] who was about to publish a very pompous edition

2 Means Dr Middleton's laboured encomium of a great Author, at his own expense. P. and on Lord Hervey, in his dedication of the Life of Warburton. Sir Thomas Hanmer. Wakefield. Cicero. Warton.

[His edition of Shakspere was published at Ox3 bow'd from side to side:) As being of no ford in 1744, 'with a kind of sanction from the one party. Warburton.

University, as it was printed at the theatre with 4 bold Benson) This man endeavoured to the imprimatur of the Vice-Chancellor, and had raise himself to Fame by erecting monuments, no publisher's name on the title-page.' It was striking, coins, setting up heads, and procuring beautifully printed and obtained much favour, translations, of Milton; and afterwards by as but its text is characterised by the editors of i Ver. 114.

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Withdrew his hand, and clos'd the pompous page'.
But (happy for him as the times went then)
Appear's Apollo's May'r and Aldermen,
On whom three hundred gold-capt youths await,
To lug the pond'rous volume off in state.

When Dulness, smiling—“Thus revive? the Wits!
But murder first, and mince them all to bits;
As erst Medea (cruel, so to save !)
A new Edition of old Æson 3 gave;
Let standard-authors, thus, like trophies born,
Appear more glorious as more hack'd and torn.
And you, my Critics! in the chequer'd shade,
Admire new light thro' holes yourselves have made.

Leave not a foot of verse, a foot of stone,
A Page“, a Grave, that they can call their own;
But spread, my sons, your glory thin or thick,
On passive paper, or on solid brick.
So by each Bard an Alderman5 shall sito,
A heavy Lord shall hang at ev'ry Wit,
And while on Fame's triumphal Car they ride,
Some Slave of mine be pinion'd to their side.”

Now crowds on crowds around the Goddess press,
Each eager to present their first Address.
Dunce scorning Dunce beholds the next advance,
But Fop shews Fop superior complaisance.
When lo! a Spectre rose, whose index-hand
Held forth the virtue of the dreadful wand;
His beaver'd brow a birchen garland wears,
Dropping with Infant's blood, and Mother's tears.
O’er ev'ry vein a shudd'ring horror runs;
Eton and Winton? shake thro' all their Sons.
All Flesh is humbled, Westminster's bold race
Shrink, and confess the genius of the place8 :
The pale Boy-Senator yet tingling stands,
And holds his breeches close with both his hands.

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140 Then thus. "Since Man from beast by Words is known, Words are Man's province, Words we teach alone.

the Cambridge Shakspere (Preface, p. xxxiv.) as Dissimilemque animum subiit'better indeed than Pope's, inasmuch as many of P. and Warburton. [Met. vii. 292? where the Theobald's restorations and some probable emen- story of Medea making Æson, the father of lason, dations were introduced, but showing no trace young again is narrated concluded. The quotaof collation of the earlier Folios or any of the tion is garbled.) Quartos.]

4 A Page,] Pagina, not Pedissequus. A “What! no respect, he cry'd, for Page of a Book; not a Servant, Follower, or SHAKESPEAR's page?"

Attendant; no Poet having had a Page since the 3 Thus revive, &c.] The Goddess applauds death of Mr Thomas Durfey. Scriblerus. P. the practice of tacking the obscure names of and Warburton. Persons not eminent in any branch of learning, 5 So by each Bard an Alderman, &c.] Vide to those of the most distinguished Writers ; either the Tombs of the Poets, Editio Westmonasteriby printing Editions of their works with imper- ensis. P. and Warburton. tinent alterations of their Text, as in the former 6 an Alderman shall sit,) Alluding to the instances; or by setting up Monuments dis- monument erected for Butler by Alderman Bargraced with their own vile names and inscrip- ber. P. tions, as in the latter. P. and Warburton.

7 [Winchester. ] 3'old Æson) Of whom Ovid (very applicable 8. [Personified in Dr Busby, who wielded his to these restored authors),

ferule at Westminster School from 1640 to 1695.1 'Æson miratur,

150 When Reason doubtful, like the Samian letter, Points him two ways, the narrower is the better. Plac'd at the door of Learning, youth to guide, We never suffer it to stand too wide3. To ask, to guess, to know, as they commence,

155 As Fancy opens the quick springs of Sense, We ply the Memory, we load the brain, Bind rebel Wit, and double chain on chain ; Confine the thought, to exercise the breath; And keep them in the pale of Words till death,

160 Whate'er the talents, or howe'er design'd, We hang one jingling padlock on the mind : A Poet the first day he dips his quill; And what the last? A very Poet still. Pity! the charm works only in our wall,

165 Lost, lost too soon in yonder House or Hall 4. There truant WYNDHAM 6 ev'ry Muse gave o'er, There TALBOT 6 sunk, and was a Wit no more! How sweet Ovid, MURRAY7 was our boast ! How many Martials were in Pult’NEY 8 lost !

170 Else sure some Bard, to our eternal praise, In twice ten thousand rhyming nights and days, Had reach'd the Work, the All that mortal can; And South beheld that Master-piece of Man 9.' “Oh” (cry'd the Goddess) "for some pedant Reign!

175 Some gentle JAMES 10, to bless the land again ; To stick the Doctor's Chair into the Throne, Give law to Words, or war with Words alone, Senates and Courts with Greek and Latin rule, And turn the Council to a Grammar School !

180 For sure, if Dulness sees a grateful Day, 'Tis in the shade of Arbitrary. Sway. 0! if my sons may learn one earthly thing, Teach but that one, sufficient for a King;

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} like the Samian letter,] The letter Y, used 7 [Cf. Imit. of Hor. Bk. 1. Ep. vi.) by Pythagoras as an emblem of the different 8 (Cf. Epil. to Satires, Dial. 11, v. 84.] roads of Virtue and Vice.

9that Master-piece of Man.) Viz. an Epigram. •Et tibi quæ Samios diduxit litera ramos.' The famous Dr South declared a perfect Epi

Pers. (Sat. ill. v. 56). P. and Warburton. gram to be as difficult a performance as an Epic 2 Plac'd at the door, &c.] This circumstance Poem. And the Critics say, “an Epic Poem is of the Genius Loci (with that of the Index-hand the greatest work human nature is capable of.” before seems to be an allusion to the Table of P. and Warburton. Cebes, where the Genius of human Nature points 10 Some gentle James, &c.] Wilson tells us out the road to be pursued by those entering that this King, James the First, took upon himinto life. P. and Warburton.

self to teach the Latin tongue to Car, earl of 3 to stand too wide.) A pleasant allusion to Somerset; and that Gondomar the Spanish amthe description of the door of Wisdom in the bassador would speak false Latin to him, on purTable of Cebes. Warburton.

pose to give him the pleasure of correcting it, * in yonder House or Hall.] Westminster- whereby he wrought himself into his good graces. hall and the House of Commons. P.

This great Prince was the first who assumed 5 [Sir William Wyndham, a leading member the title of Sacred Majesty. Warburton. [Part of the opposition against Walpole, died in 1740.) om.]

6 [Cf. Imit. of Hor. Bk. 11. Ep. ii. v. 154.]

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That which my Priests, and mine alone, maintain,
Which as it dies, or lives, we fall, or reign :
May you, may Cam and Isis, preach it long !
“The Right "DIVINE of Kings to govern wrong?'

Prompt at the call?, around the Goddess roll
Broad hats, and hoods, and caps, a sable shoal :
Thick and more thick the black blockade extends,
A hundred head of Aristotle's friends 3.
Nor wert thou, Isis ! wanting to the day,
[Tho' Christ-church long kept prudishly away“.]
Each staunch Polemic, stubborn as a rock,
Each fierce Logician, still expelling Locke,
Came whip and spur, and dash'd thro' thin and thick
On German Crouzaze, and Dutch Burgersdyck.
As many quit the streams 7 that murm'ring fall
To lull the sons of Margʻret and Clare-hall,
Where Bentley late tempestuous wont to sport
In troubled waters, but now sleeps in Port 8.
Before them march'd that awful Aristarch;
Plough'd was his front with many a deep Remark :
His Hat, which never vail'd to human pride,

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"[The theory of the divine right of the sove- did any College pay homage to Dulness in its reign and its absolute irdependence of the law, whole body. BENTLEY.' P. and Warburtor. was first fully developed in Cowell's Interpreter 5 still expelling Locke,] In the year 1703 there (1607); and carried out to its logical consequences was a meeting of the heads of the University of in Filmer's Patriarca, which has been termed by Oxford to censure Mr Locke's Essay on Human Gneist the standard of this theory of government Understanding, and to forbid the reading it See under Charles I.]

his Letters in the last Edit. P. (But he was ? (Prompt at the call,-Aristotle's friends] never expelled, only deprived of his studentship The Author, with great propriety, hath made at Christ-Church; and this on the ground of these, who were so prompt at the call of Dulness, political suspicions, before he had written his to become preachers of the Divine Right of Kings, great Essay.] to be the friends of Aristotle; for this philo- 6 [The hostility of Pope to Crouzaz is readily sopher, in his politics, hath laid it down as a accounted for by the attack made by the latter on principle, that some men were, by nature, made the Essay on Man. But Pope committed a gross to serve, and others to ccmmand. Warburton. mistake in introducing his adversary among

A hundred head of Aristotle's friends.] The Locke's Aristotelian opponents, as C. had formed Philosophy of Aristotle hath suffered a long dis- his philosophy in the school of Locke. Dugald grace in this learned University: beingfirst expelled Stewart, quoted by Roscoe.) by the Cartesian, which, in its turn, gave place ? the streams) The river Cam, running by the to the Newtonian. But it had all this while some walls of these Colleges, which are particularly, faithful followers in secret, who never bowed the famous for their skill in Disputation. P. and knee to Baal, nor acknowledged any strange God Warburton. in Philosophy. These, on this new appearance of 8 sleeps in Port.] Viz. “now retired into the Goddess, come out like Confessors, and made harbour, after the tempests that had long agitated an open profession of the ancient faith, in the his society." So Scriblerus. But the learned ipse dixit of their Master. ScribleRUS.

Scipio Maffei understands it of a certain wine [Dr Law speaks of the old scholastic method called Port, from Oporto a city of Portugal. of which clung to the dull, crabbed system of which this Professor invited him to drink abundAristotle's logic' as still preva:ling in our public antly: Scip. Marz. De Compotationibus Acsforms of education a short time before this satire demicis. P. and Warburton. (Bentley's quar. was written (1723). See Mullinger's Essay on rel with his College virtually came to an end with Cambridge in the Seventeenth Century.] the death of the Visitor, bp. Greene, whose right

[Tho' Christ-church] This line is doubtless to decide the dispute between the Master and spurious, and foisted in by the impertinence of Society he had originally challenged. This event the Editor; and accordingly we have put it be- happened in 1738; the quarrel with the University tween Hooks. For I affirm this College came as had ended in 1725 by the restoration of all Bentearly as any other, by its proper Deputies; nor ley's rights and degrees by royal mandamus.]

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Walkerl with rev'rence took, and laid aside.
Low bow'd the rest : He, kingly, did but nod ;
So upright Quakers please both Man and God.
Mistress! dismiss that rabble from your throne :
Avaunt--is Aristarchus ? yet unknown?
Thy mighty Scholiast, whose unweary'd pains
Made Horace dull, and humbled Milton's strains 3.
Turn what they will to Verse, their toil is vain,
Critics like me* shall make it Prose again.
Roman and Greek Grammarians ! know your Better :
Author of something yet more great than Letter
While tow'ring o'er your Alphabet, like Saul,
Stands our Digamma's, and o'er-tops them all.
'Tis true, on Words is still our whole debate,
Disputes of Me or Te?, of aut or at,
To sound or sink in cano, Oor A,
Or give up Cicero to C or K 8.
Let Freind 9 affect to speak as Terence spoke,
And Alsop 9 never but like Horace joke :
For me,

what Virgil, Pliny may deny, Manilius 10 or Solinus 11 shall

pply :
For Attic Phrase in Plato let them seek,
I poach in Suidas 12 for unlicens'd Greek.
In ancient Sense if any needs will deal,
Be sure I give them Fragments, not a Meal ;
What Gellius or Stobæus 13 hash'd before,
Or chew'd by blind old Scholiasts o'er and o'er.

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1 John Walker, Vice-Master of Trin. Coll. Cam

never lived to finish this crowning work of his bridge, while Bentley was Master. Carruthers. life.]

(He laboured faithfully for Bentley, both in 7 of Me or Te,] It was a serious dispute, literary and personal matters. Thuillier (Corr. about which the learned were much divided, and of Bentley. 11. P: 549) calls him 'dignum tanto some treatises written: Had it been about Meum Magistro discipulum.')

or Tuum, it could not be more contested, than Aristarchus) A famous Commentator, and whether at the end of the first Ode of Horace, to Corrector of Honer, whose name has been fre- read, Me doctarum hederæ præmia frontium, quently used to signify a complete Critic. The or, Te doctarum hederæ- SCRIBL. compliment paid by our Author to this eminent 8 Or give up Cicero to Cor K.] Grammatical Professor, in applying to him so great a Name, disputes about the manner of pronouncing Cicero's was the reason that he hath omitted to comment name in Greek. Warburton. [Rather, of course, on this part which contains his own praises. We in Latin.) shall therefore supply that loss to our best ability. 9 Freind, Alsop] Dr Robert Freind, master SCRIBL. P. and Warburton.

of Westminster-school, and canon of Christ3 [Bentley's editions of Horace and of Paradise church-Dr Anthony Alsop, a happy imitator of Lost, published in 1911 and 1731 respectively.) the Horatian style, P. and Warburton.

4 Critics like me] Alluding to two famous 10 (Author of the Astronomicon-a writer of Editions of Horace and Milton; whose richest the Augustan age.] veins of Poetry he hath prodigally reduced to the 11 [Author of the Polyhistor, a compilation poorest and most beggarly prose. SCRIBL. from Pliny's Natural History:]

5 Author of something yet more great than 12 [The famous lexicographer, of whose work Letter;] Alluding to those Grammarians, such Küster (infra, v. 237) brought out the Cambridge as Palamedes and Simonides, who invented single editions. ] letters. But Aristarchus, who had found out a 13 Suidas, Gellius, Stobæus] The first a Dicdouble one, was therefore worthy of double ho- tionary-writer, a collector of impertinent facts nour. SCRIBL.

and barbarous words; the second a minute Critic; 6 While tow'ring o'er your Alphabet, like the third an author, who gave his Common-place Saul, Stands our Digamma,] Alludes to the book to the public, where we happen to find boasted restoration of the Æolic Digamma, in much Mince-meat of old books, P. and Warhis long projected Edition of Homer. P. [Bentley burton.

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