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The critic Eye, that microscope of Wit,
Sees hairs and pores, examines bit by bit :
How parts relate to parts, or they to whole,
The body's harmony, the beaming soul,
Are things which Kuster, Burman, Wasse 1 shall see,
When Man's whole frame is obvious to a Flea.

*Ah, think not, Mistress! more true Dulness lies
In Folly's Cap, than Wisdom's grave disguise.
Like buoys that never sink into the flood,
On Learning's surface we but lie and nod.
Thine is the genuine head of many a house,
And much Divinity without a Noûs.
Nor could a Barrow ? work on ev'ry block,
Nor has one ATTERBURY 3 spoild the flock.
See! still thy own, the heavy Canon* roll,
And Metaphysic smokes involve the Pole.
For thee we dim the eyes, and stuff the head
With all such reading as was never read :
For thee explain a thing till all men doubt it,
And write about it, Goddess, and about it:
So spins the silk-worm small its slender store,
And labours till it clouds itself all o'er.

• What tho' we let some better sort of fool
Thrid ev'ry science, run thro' ev'ry school?
Never by tumbler thro' the hoops was shown
Such skill in passing all, and touching none 5;
He may indeed (if sober all this time)
Plague with Dispute, or persecute with Rhyme.
We only furnish what he cannot use,
Or wed to what he must divorce, a Muse :
Full in the midst of Euclid dip at once,
And petrify a Genius to a Dunce :
Or set on Metaphysic ground to prance,





(A. Gellius' Noctes Atticæ is little but a scrap- master of Trinity, Cambridge, with which college book from other authors, and Stobæus' famous his name is indelibly associated, and successive y work was Ecloga, or selections from about 500 Professor of Greek and Lucasian Professor of authors.)

Mathematics. To him more than any other man 1 Burmann, Küster and Wasse were men of is owing the direction taken by Cambridge toreal and useful erudition. Warton. [Burmann wards mathematical studies. He died in 1677.) is Peter Burmann, who died at Utrecht in 1741, 3 [Cf. Epitaph No. xiii.] the most illustrious of a family of scholars. (Note 4 Canon here, if spoken

of Artillery, is in the 1. p. 411.) Ludolf Küster, of Amsterdam, the plural number; if of the Canons of the House editor of Aristophanes and a correspondent of in the singular, and meant only of one; in which Bentley's, died in 1716. - Joseph Wasse, fellow of case I suspect the Pole to be a false reading Queens' College Cambridge, was co-editor with and that it should be the Poll, or Head of that Jebb, of the Bibliotheca Litteraria (1722); and Canon. It may be objected, that this is a mere also edited Sallust.)

Paronomasia or Pun. But what of that? Is 2 Barrow, Atterbury] Isaac Barrow, Master any figure of speech more apposite to our gentle of Trinity, Francis Atterbury, Dean of Christ- Goddess, or more frequently used by her and her church, both great Geniuses and eloquent Preach- Children, especially of the University Scribleras. crs; one more conversant in the sublime Geo- Pope and Warburton. (Part om.) (Some Canon metry; the other in classical Learning; but who of Christ-Church is evidently alluded to.) equally made it their care to advance the polite 5 These two verses are verbatim from an epiArts in their several Societies. P. and Warburton, gram of Dr Evans, of St John's College, Oxford:

[Dr Isaac Barrow, the illustrious author of given to my father twenty years before the the treatise on the Supremacy of the Pope, Dunciad was written. Warton.


Show all his paces, not a step advance.
With the same CEMENT, ever sure to bind,
We bring to one dead level ev'ry mind.
Then take him to develop, if you can,
And hew the Block off", and get out the Man.

But wherefore waste I words? I see advance
Whore, Pupil, and lac'd Governor from France.
Walker! our hat'- -nor more he deign'd to say,
But, stern as Ajax' spectre, strode away?.
In Aow'd at once a gay embroider'd race,

And tittring push'd the Pedants off the place:
Some would have spoken, but the voice was drown'd
By the French horn, or by the op'ning hound.
The first came forwards, with as easy mien,
As if he saw St James's and the Queen.
When thus th' attendant Orator begun,
Receive, great Empress! thy accomplish'd Son:
Thine from the birth, and sacred from the rod,
A dauntless infant! never scar'd with God.
The Sire saw, one by one, his Virtues wake:

The Mother hegg’d the blessing of a Rake.
Thou gav'st that Ripeness, which so soon began,
And ceas'd so soon, he ne'er was Boy, nor Man,
Thro' School and College, thy kind cloud o'ercast,
Safe and unseen the young Æneas past :

Thence bursting glorious*, all at once let down,
Stunn'd with his giddy Larum half the town,
Intrepid then, o'er seas and lands he flew :
Europe he saw, and Europe saw him too.
There all thy gifts and graces we display,

Thou, only thou, directing all our way!
To where the Seine, obsequious as she runs,
Pours at great Bourbon's feet her silken sons;
Or Tiber, now no longer Roman, rolls,
Vain of Italian Arts, Italian Souls:

To happy Convents, bosom'd deep in vines,
Where slumber Abbots, purple as their wines 4:
To Isles of fragrance, lily-silver'd vales",
Diffusing languor in the panting gales:
To lands of singing, or of dancing slaves,

305 Love-whisp’ring woods, and lute-resounding waves, 1 And hew the Block off,) A notion of Aristotle, ton and Warton. that there was originally in every block of marble unseen the young Æneas past: Thence a Statue, which would appear on the removal of bursting glorious,] See Virg. Æn. 1. (vv. 411–417), the superfluous parts. P. and Warburton. where he enumerates the causes why his mother

? stern as Ajax spectre, strode away.] See took this care of him; to wit, 1. that nobody might Homer, Odyss. xi., where the Ghost of Ajax turns touch or correct him : 2. might stop or detain sullenly from Ulysses the Traveller, who had him: 3. examine him about the progress he had succeeded against him in the dispute for the arms made, or so much as guess why he came there. of Achilles. There had been the same contention

P. and Warburton, between the Travelling and the University tutor, 4 [This phrase, which Warton traces to J. B. for the spoils of our young heroes, and fashion Rousseau, alludes to the purple stockings worn adjudged it to the former ; so that this might well by Abbés.) occasion the sullen dignity in departure, which 5 lily-silver'd vales,] Tuberoses. P. Longinus so much admired. Scribl. Warbur





But chief her shrine where naked Venus keeps,
And Cupids ride the Lion of the Deeps";
Where, eas'd of Fleets, the Adriatic main
Wafts the smooth Eunuch and enamour'd swain.
Led by my hand, he saunter'd Europe round,
And gather'd ev'ry Vice on Christian ground;
Saw ev'ry Court, heard ev'ry King declare
His royal Sense of Op'ras or the Fair;
The Stews and Palace equally explor’d,
Intrigu'd with glory, and with spirit whor'd;
Try'd all hors-d'æuvres, all liqueurs defin’d,
Judicious drank, and greatly-daring din'd;
Dropt the dull lumber of the Latin store,
Spoil'd his own language, and acquir'd no more;
All Classic learning lost on Classic ground;
And last turn'd Air, the Echo of a Sound?!
See now, half-cur’d, and perfectly well-bred,
With nothing but a Solo in his head3;
As much Estate, and Principle, and Wit,
As Jansen, Fleetwood, Cibber* shall think fit;
Stol'n from a Duel, follow'd by a Nun,
And, if a Borough choose him not, undone5;
See, to my country happy I restore
This glorious Youth, and add one Venus more.
Her too receive (for her my soul adores)
So may the sons of sons of sons of whores,
Prop thine, O Empress! like each neighbour Throne,
And make a long Posterity thy own.
Pleas’d, she accepts the Hero, and the Dame
Wraps in her Veil, and frees from sense of Shame.

Then look’d, and saw a lazy, lolling sort,
Unseen at Church, at Senate, or at Court,
Of ever-listless Loit'rers, that attend
No Cause, no Trust, no Duty, and no Friend.
Thee too, my Paridel 6! she mark'd thee there,
Stretch'd on the rack of a too easy chair,

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1 And Cupids ride the Lion of the Deeps;] tho'not Governors by profession, had, each in his The winged Lion, the Arms of Venice. This way, concerned themselves in the Educatioa of Republic heretofore the most considerable in Youth: and regulated their Wits, their Morals, Europe, for her Naval Force and the extent of or their Finances, at that period of their age her Commerce; now illustrious for her Carnivals. which is the most important, their entrance in:9

P. and Warburton. the polite world. Of the last of these, and his ? And last turn'd Air, the Echo of a Sound!] Talents for this end, see Book 1. ver. 199, &c Yet less a Body than Echo itself; for Echo re- P. and Warburton. [Fleetwood was parente flects Sense or Words at least, this Gentleman of Drury-Lane Theatre from 1734 to 1745: it was only Airs and Tunes:

the attempted secession of his actors in 1743 'Sonus est, qui vivit in illo.'

which gave rise to the famous quarrel of Macklin Ovid, Met. [111. v. 401). SCRIBLERUS.

with Garrick.] 3. With nothing but a Solo in his head;] 5 [This seems to allude to the protection of a With nothing but a Solo? Why, if it be a Solo, member of Parliament against arrest for debt.] how should there be any thing else? Palpable 6 Thee too, my Paridel!) The Poet seems to Tautology! Read boldly an Opera, which is speak of this young gentleman with great affeeenough of conscience for such a head as has lost tion. The name is taken from Spenser, wbo all its Latin. *Bent.'

gives it to a wandering Courtly 'Squirr, that : Jansen, Fleetwood, Cibber] Three very travelled about for the same reason, for which eminent persons, all Managers of Plays; whó, many young Squires are now fond of travelling,




And heard thy everlasting yawn confess
The Pains and Penalties of Idleness.
She pity'd! but her Pity only shed
Benigner influence on thy nodding head.

But Annius?, crafty Seer, with ebon wand,
And well-dissembled em'rald on his hand,
False as his Gems, and canker'd as his Coins,
Came, cramm’d with capon, from where Pollio dines 2.
Soft, as the wily Fox is seen to creep,
Where bask on sunny banks the simple sheep,
Walk round and round, now prying here, now there,
So he; but pious, whisper'd first his pray’r.

“Grant, gracious Goddess! grant me still to cheat,
O may thy cloud still cover the deceit!
Thy choicer mists on this assembly shed,
But pour them thickest on the noble head.
So shall each youth, assisted by our eyes,
See other Cæsars, other Homers rise;
Thro’ twilight ages hunt th' Athenian fowls,
Which Chalcis Gods, and mortals call an Owl,
Now see an Attys, now a Cecrops4 clear,
Nay, Mahomet! the Pigeon at thine ear;
Be rich in ancient brass, tho' not in gold,
And keep his Lares, tho' his house be sold;
To headless Phoebe his fair bride postpone,
Honour a Syrian Prince above his own;
Lord of an Otho, if I vouch it true;
Blest in one Niger, till he knows of two 5.”

Mummius 6 o'erheard him; Mummius, Fool-renown'd?,
Who like his Cheops8 stinks above the ground,



370 375

and especially to Paris. P. and Warburton. nius's made a counterfeit medal of that Impostor, [Paridell narrates his lineage in Canto x. of Book now in the collection of a learned Nobleman. P. III. of the Faerie Queene; and acts in accord- and Warburton. ance with it in the following Canto.]

5 (Compare with this passage Moral Essays, | Annius,) The name taken from Annius the Ep. v.] Monk of Viterbo, famous for many Imposi- (Said by Warton to refer to Dr Mead, which tions and Forgeries of ancient manuscripts and is highly improbable.) inscriptions, which he was prompted to by mere 6 Mummius] This name is not merely an alluvanity, but our Annius had a more substantial sion to the Mummies he was so fond of, but promotive. P. and Warburton. Sir Andrew Foun- bably referred to the Roman General of that name, taine. Warton. [But this is doubted by Roscoe, who burned Corinth, and committed the curious since Sir A. F. was a friend of Swift's.)

Statues to the Captain of a ship, assuring him, 2 This seems more obscure than almost any “that if any were lost or broken, he should procure other passage in the whole. Perhaps he meant others to be made in their stead :" by which it the Prince of Wales's dinners. Bowles.

should seem (whatever may be pretended) that 3 hunt th' Athenian fowl,] The Owl stamp'd Mummius was no Virtuoso. P. and Warburton. on the reverse on the ancient money of Athens. ? Fool-renown'd,] A compound epithet in the

Which Chalcis Gods, and mortals call an Owl,' Greek manner, renown'd by Fools, or renown'd is the verse by which Hobbes renders that of for making Fools. P. Homer (Il. xiv. 291). P. and Warburton. 8 Cheops] A King of Egypt, whose body was [Kúuevdus is a kind of hawk.)

certainly to be known, as being buried alone in Attys, Cecrops] The first Kings of Athens, his Pyramid, and is therefore more genuine than of whom it is hard to suppose any Coins are any of the Cleopatras. This Royal Mummy, extant; but not so improbable as what follows, being stolen by a wild Arab, was purchased by that there should be any of Mahomet, who forbad the Consul of Alexandria, and transmitted to the all Images; and the story of whose Pigeon was a Museum of Mummius; for proof of which he monkish fable. Nevertheless one of these An- brings a passage in Sandys's Travels, where that 40;




Fierce as a startled Adder, swellid, and said,
Rattling an ancient Sistrum? at his head :

*Speak’st thou of Syrian Princes?? Traitor base !
Mine, Goddess ! mine is all the horned race.
True, he had wit, to make their value rise;
From foolish Greeks to steal them, was as wise;
More glorious yet, from barb'rous hands to keep,
When Sallee Rovers chas'd him on the deep.
Then taught by Hermes, and divinely bold,
Down his own throat he risk'd the Grecian gold,
Receiv'd each Demi-God”, with pious care,
Deep in his Entrails—I rever'd them there,
I bought them, shrouded in that living shrine,
And, at their second birth, they issue mine.'

'Witness, great Ammon4! by whose horns I swore,”
(Reply'd soft Annius) “this our paunch before
Still bears them, faithful; and that thus I eat,
Is to refund the Medals with the meat.
To prove me, Goddess ! clear of all design,
Bid me with Pollio sup, as well as dine:
There all the Learn'd shall at the labour stand,
And Douglasó lend his soft, obstetric land.”

The Goddess smiling seem'd to give consent;
So back to Pollio, hand in hand, they went.

Then thick as Locusts black’ning all the ground,
A tribe, with weeds and shells fantastic crown'd,
Each with some wond'rous gift approach'd the Pow'r,
A Nest, a Toad, a Fungus, or a Flow'r.
But far the foremost, two, with earnest zeal,
And aspect ardent to the Throne appeal.

The first thus open'd: “Hear thy suppliant's call,
Great Queen, and common Mother of us all!
Fair from its humble bed I rear'd this Flow'r,
Suckled, and cheer'd, with air, and sun, and show'r,
Soft on the paper ruff its leaves I spread,
Bright with the gilded button tipt its head;
Then thron’d in glass, and named it CAROLINE 6:



accurate and learned Voyager assures us that he is called to witness, as the father of Alexander, saw the Sepulchre empty; which agrees exactly to whom those Kings succeeded in the divisica (saith he) with the time of the theft above-men- of the Macedonian Empire, and whose Horus tioned. But he omits to observe that Herodotus they wore on their Medals, P. and Warburten, tells the same thing of it in his time. P. and 5 Douglas) A Physician of great Learning and Warburton.

no less Taste; above all curious in what related 1 [The rattle used in the worship of Isis. ] to Horace, of whom he collected every Editiru

* Speak'st thou of Syrian Princes ? &c.] The Translation, and comment, to the number of strange story following, which may be taken for several hundred volumes. P. and Warburtre. a fiction of the Poet, is justified by a true relation 6 and nam'd it Caroline :) It is a compliment in Spon's Voyages (of Vaillant, the French histo- which the Florists usually pay to Princes and rian of the Syrian kings, swallowing twenty gold great persons, to give their names to the most medals when the ship in which he was returning curious Flowers of their raising: Some have beco to France was attacked by Sallee pirates). P. very jealous of vindicating this honour, but none and Warburton.

more than that ambitious Gardener at Hammer 3 Each Demi-God,] They are called Oeoi on smith, who caused his Favourite to be painted ta their Coins. P. and Warburton.

his sign, with this inscription, This is My Queen * Witness, great Ammon!] Jupiter Ammon Caroline, P. and Warburton.

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