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Each maid cry'd, Charming! and each youth, Divine !
435 Fair ev'n in death! this, peerless Butterfly.'
“My sons !” (she answer'd) “both have done your parts:
our sleeping friends.] Of whom see ver. [Dr John Wilkins was successively Warden 345 above. P.
of Wadham College, Oxford, and master of a wilderness of Moss;] Of which the Na- Trinity, Cambridge. He married a sister of turalists count I can't tell how many hundred Oliver Cromwell. His first publication (written species. P. and Warburton.
in 1638, many years before the foundation of the 3 Wilkins' wings) One of the first Projectors Royal Society) was the famous Discovery of a of the Royal Society, who, among many enlarged New World, or a Discourse to prove that it is and useful notions, entertained the extravagant probable there may be another habitable world hope of a possibility to fly to the Moon; which in the moon; with a Discourse concerning the has put some volatile Geniuses upon making possibility of a passage thither. The Royal wings for that purpose. P. and Warburton. Society, in those early transactions which Butler
“O! would the Sons of Men once think their Eyes
Be that my task' (replies a gloomy Clerk,
so copiously ridiculed, never seems to have taken Spinoza, Des Cartes, and some better Reasoners up this subject in its original fulness.)
for one that goes right, ten lose themselves in When Moral Evidence shall quite decay,] Mists, or ramble after Visions, which deprive Alluding to a ridiculous and absurd way of some them of all sight of their End, and mislead them Mathematicians, in calculating the gradual decay in the choice of wrong means. P. and Warburim. of Moral Evidence by mathematical proportions: An oblique censure of Dr S. Clarke's cele according to which calculation, in about fifty brated demonstration of the Being and Attributes years it will be no longer probable that Julius of God à priori. Wakefield. Cæsar was in Gaul, or died in the Senate-house. 3 Make Nature still] This relates to such as See Craig's Theologiæ Christiana Principia being ashamed to assert a mere Mechanic Cause Mathematica. But as it seems evident, that and yet unwilling to forsake it entirely, have tai facts of a thousand years old, for instance, are recourse to a certain Plastic Nature, Elastic now as probable as they were five hundred years Fluid, Subtile Matter, &c. P. and Warburtor. ago; it is plain that if in fifty more they quite 4 Thrust some Mechanic Cause into his place, disappear, it must be owing, not to their Argu- Or bind in Matter, or diffuse in Space.) ments, but to the extraordinary Power of our The first of these Follies is that of Des Cartes; Goddess; for whose help therefore they have the second of Hobbes; the third of some succeedreason to pray. P. and Warburton.
ing Philosophers. P. and Warburton. I am 2 the high Priori Road,] Those who, from afraid that Pope suffered himself so far to be the effects in this Visible world, deduce the misled by the malignity of Warburton, as to aim Eternal Power and Godhead of the First Cause, a secret stab at Newton and Clarke, by associar tho' they cannot attain to an adequate idea of thé ing their figurative, and not altogether unexcep Deity, yet discover so much of him, as enables tionable, language concerning space (which they them to see the End of their creation, and the called the sensorium of the Deity) with the Means of their Happiness: whereas they who opinion of Spinoza. Dugald Stewart, cited by take this high Priori Road (such as Hobbes, Roscoe.
Oh hide the God still more! and make us see
Rous’d at his name, up rose the bousy Sire,
With that, a WIZARD OLD his Cup extends;
Such as Lucretius drew,] Lib. i. vv. 57—60. pher, as appears from Virgil, Eclog. vi. where he SCRIBL. P. and Warburton ( part om.]. sings the principles of that Philosophy in his
2 Or that bright Image] Bright Image was drink. P. and Warburton. By Silenus he the title given by the later Platonists to that means Thos. Gordon, the translator of Tacitus, Vision of Nature, which they had formed out of who published the Independent Whig, and obtheir own fancy, so bright, that they called it tained a place under government. Warton. AŬTOTITOV 'Ayahua, or the Self-seen Image, i. e. 6 seeds of fire;] The Epicurean language, seen by its own light. Scribl.
Semina rerum, or Atoms, Virg. Eclog. vi. 3 [Explained in P. and Warburton's note by 'Semina ignis-semina flamma- P. quotations from The Moralists, a dialogue in ? smild on by a Queen?) i. e. This Queen or Shaftesbury's Characteristics, in which Theocles Goddess of Dulness. P. [Of course with an is an interlocutor. Warton truly observes that allusion to Queen Caroline.] an injustice is done by the insinuation to Shaftes- 8 [Carrruthers conjectures that K* may be bury, who was a consistent Deist.)
the Duke of Kent, who died in 1740. B** it is * That Nature our Society adores,] See the impossible, from the abundant choice offering Pantheisticon, with its liturgy and rubrics, com- itself, even conjecturally to identify.) posed by Toland. Warburton.
9 Philip Duke of Wharton. Bowles. [v. 5 Silenus] Silenus was an Epicurean Philoso- Moral Essays, Ep. I, vv. 179 ff.]
Up to a Star, and like Endymion dies? :
Kind Self-conceit to some her glass applies,
On others’ Int’rest her gay liv'ry, flings,
Others the Syren Sisters warble round,
On some, a Priest succinct in amice white 4
1 [i.e. is immersed in perpetual slumber.) Daffy's Elixir. It is prepared by the Clerg,
Lost is his God, his Country“And nothing as appears from several places of this poem: And left but Homage to a King.) So strange as this by ver. 534, 535, it seems as if the Nobility bad must seem to a mere English reader, the famous it made up in their own houses. This, which Mons. de la Bruyère declares it to be the cha- Opera is here said to administer, is but a spuricos racter of every good Subject in a Monarchy: sort. See my Dissertation on the Silphium of “Where (says he) there is no such thing as
the Antients. BENTL.' Warburton. Love of our Country, the Interest, the Glory, 4 [amice (amictus), a coat, is a word used by and Service of the Prince supply its place.” De Spenser and Milton.] la République, chap. X. P.
s This good Scholiast (Scriblerus), not being 3. The balm of Dulness] The true Balm of acquainted with modern Luxury, was ignorant
that Dulness, called by the Greek Physicians Kora these were only the miracles of French Cookers, Keia, is a Sovereign remedy
against Inanity, and and that particularly Pigeons en crapeau were a has its poetic name from the Goddess herself. common dish. P. and Warburton. Its ancient Dispensators were her Poets; and 6 Sève and Verdeur] French Terms relating ior that reason" our Author, Book 11. ver. 207,
to Wines, which signify their flavour and por alls it, the Poet's healing 'balm: but now it is gnancy. P.
as many hands as Goddard's Drops or
What cannot copious Sacrifice atone?
Next, bidding all draw_near on bended knees,
, “Go, Children of my care !
Bladen-Hays] Names of Gamesters. Bla- on Mr Edwards is not of weight sufficient to den is a black man. Robert KNIGHT, Cashier weaken the effects of his excellent Canons of of the South-sea Company, who fled from Eng- Criticism. Warton. land in 1720 (afterwards pardoned in 1742) — 3 A line taken from Bramston's Men of Taste. These lived with the_utmost magnificence at Warton. Paris, and kept open Tables frequented by per- 4 a Gregorian, one a Gormogon.) A sort of sons of the first Quality of England,
and even by Lay-brothers, Slips from the Root of the FreePrinces of the Blood of France. P. and War. Masons. P. and Warburton. ['Gregorians' are burton. Colonel Martin Bladen was a man of mentioned as 'a convivial sect,' and 'a kind of some literature and translated Cæsar's Comment- Masons, but without their sign,' in Crabbe's aries. I never could learn that he had offended Borough, Letter x.] Pope. He was uncle to Wn. Collins, the poet, 5 Pope refused this degree when offered to whom he left an estate. Warton,
him on a visit undertaken to Oxford with War3 Her Children first of more distinguish'd burton, because the University would not confer sort, Who study Shakespeare at the Inns of the degree of D.D. upon Warburton, to whom Court.) Mr Thomas EDWARDS, a Gentleman, some of its members had proposed it. Roscoe. as he is pleased to call himself, of Lincoln's Inn; 6 each Privilege your own, &c.] This speech but, in reality, a Gentleman only of the Dunciad; of Dulness to her sons at parting may possibly or, to speak him better, in the plain language of fall short of the Reader's expectation; who may our honest Ancestors to such Mushrooms, A imagine the Goddess might give them a charge Gentleman of the last Edition: who, nobly elud- of more consequence, and, from such a Theory as ing the solicitude of his caresul Father, yery is before delivered, incite them to the practice of early retained himself in the cause of Dulness something more extraordinary, than to personate against Shakespear, and with the wit and learn- Running-Footmen, Jockeys, StageCoachmen, &c. ing of his Ancestor Tom Thimble in the Re- But if it be well considered, that whatever hearsal, and with the air of good nature and inclination they might have to do mischief, her politeness of Caliban in the Tempest, hath now sons are generally rendered harmless by their happily finished the Dunce's progress in personal Inability; and that it is the common effect of abuse. SCRIBL. [Part om.] P. This attack Dulness (even in her greatest efforts) to defeat