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UCH were the notes thy once-lov'd Poet sung,
'Till Death untimely stopp'd his tuneful tongue.
For him, thou oft hast bid the World attend,
Absent or dead, still let a friend be dear
1 Epist. to Robert Earl of Oxford). This Chancellorship of the Exchequer by employing Epistle was sent to the Earl of Oxford with 'female intrigue and raising the cry of the Church Dr Parnell's Poems published by our Author, in danger.' (Macknight.) He subsequently was after the said Earl's Imprisonment in the Tower, created Earl of Oxford and made Lord Treasurer; and Retreat into the Country, in the Year 1721. and it was at this time that he principally availed P.
[As to Parnell v. ante p. 437.. Robert Har- himself of the services of Swift and his friends. ley, though descended from a Puritan family and The rivalry between himself and Bolingbroke in the early part of his career an extreme Whig, ended in his downfall immediately after the had, by a transition not unparalleled in political death of Queen Anne; in 1716, he was impeached history, become the leader of the Country Party; for treasonable intrigues with the Jacobites during and was chosen Speaker of the House of Com- his tenure of power; and confined in the Tower. mons in 1701. In 1704 he became Secretary of In 1717 the trial was abandoned; and he died in State in the Godolphin Ministry, and after being retirement in 1724.] expelled from office succeeded in obtaining the 2 [Verg. Æn. VI. 870.]
Recall those nights that clos'd thy toilsome days;
And sure, if aught below the seats divine
In vain to Deserts thy retreat is made;
EPISTLE TO JAMES CRAGGS , Esq.
SECRETARY OF STATE?,
SOUL as full of Worth, as void of Pride,
Which nothing seeks to shew, or needs to hide,
1 James Craggs was made Secretary at War but his death in 1721 saved him from the exposure in 1717, when the Earl of Sunderland and Mr with which he was threatened. He was a freAddison were appointed Secretaries of State. quent correspondent of Pope's during the years Bowles. (He succeeded Addison in the latter from 1711 to 1719; and is celebrated by Gay as office in 1720, and to him Addison dedicated his 'bold generous Craggs whose heart was ne'er disworks in the last letter which he ever composed. guised.' Compare Epitaph iv. infra.) Craggs was afterwards involved in the South Sea 2 Secretary of State.) In the Year 1720. P. speculations (concerning which he advised Pope);
Be not, exalted to whate'er degree,
EPISTLE TO MR JERVAS?, WITH MR DRYDEN'S TRANSLATION
OF FRESNOY'S ART OF PAINTING.
'HIS Verse be thine, my friend, nor thou refuse
This, from no venal or ungrateful Muse.
Smit with the love of Sister-Arts we came,
What flatt’ring scenes our wand'ring fancy wrought,
i Epist. to Mr Jervas.] This Epistle, and is spoken slightingly of by Horace Walpole. He the two following, were written some years be- is also, says Roscoe, well known by his excellent fore the rest, and originally printed in 1717. P. translation of Don Quixote.] (Charles Jervas was an early and intimate friend 2 [Du Fresnoy's Art of Painting, hastily of Pope's, and instructed him in painting about turned into English by Dryden as a piece of the year 1713. Three years later we find Pope hack work, was afterwards more elaborately occupying the painter's house during the absence translated by Mason, who was himself a proof the latter from London. As a painter, Jervas ficient in the art.]
Each heav'nly piece unwearied we compare,
How finish'd with illustrious toil appears
Muse! at that Name thy sacred sorrows shed,
Yet still her charms in breathing paint engage;
Oh lasting as those Colours may they shine,
1 [Guido Reni.)
four sisters. She died March 1714, aged 27. ? By Caracci's strength, Pope probably meant Bowles. (Pope in a letter to Gay, August 23rd to refer to Annibale Caracci only; the most dis- 1713, quoted in Carruthers' Life, speaking of his tinguished of the three brothers (A., Agostino own attempts, says that he has thrown away among and Ludovico) for his knowledge of the human other portraits, 'two Lady Bridgewaters and a figure. Roscoe
Duchess of Montagu.' In a fragment of Pope's 3 [Paolo Veronese.)
published in Roscoe's Supplement (1825) the fair 4 Fresnoy employed above twenty Years in Bridgewater and Jervas are compared to Camfinishing his Poem. P.
paspe and Apelles.] 5 (See next note.]
7 Frances Lady Worsley, wife of Sir Robert 6 Churchill's race were the four beautiful daugh- Worsley, Bart., mother of Lady Carteret, wife of: ters of John the great Duke of Marlborough: John Lord Carteret, afterwards Earl Granville
. Henrietta, Countess of Godolphin, afterwards Warton. This name originally stood Wortley: duchess of Marlborough; Anne Countess of Sun- but the compliment was transferred from her after derland; Elizabeth Countess of Bridgewater ; and her quarrel with Pope by the alteration of a single Mary, Duchess of Montagu. Their portraits are letter. Carruthers. at Blenheim. Lady Bridgewater, whom Jervas 8 (Martha Blount.) affected to be in love with, and who accused her- 9 Miss Arabella Fermor, the heroine of the self at his expense, was the most beautiful of the Rape of the Lock.]
Yet should the Graces all thy figures place,
EPISTLE TO MISS BLOUNT?, WITH THE WORKS OF VOITURE 3.
N these gay thoughts the Loves and Graces shine,
His easy Art may happy Nature seem,
Let the strict life of graver mortals be
30 Too much your Sex is by their forms confin’d,
Severe to all, but most to Womankind; 1 [See Windsor Forest, v. 298. ]
modern French critic (M. Masson), 'consists in 2 (Miss Teresa Blount. See Introductory the inexhaustible variety of forms which he apMemoir, p. xxx. This Epistle was first published plies to a monotonous sterility of ideas.'} in Lintot's Miscellany in 1712; so that Pope's 4 [Antonio. I hold the world but as the world, note (ante, p. 443) is not accurate.]
Gratiano; 3 ]Vincent Voiture (1598-1648), one of the A stage where every man must play a part, chief ornaments of the Hotel Rambouillet (the And mine a sad one. centre of the society of the so-called précieux Gratiano, Let me play the fool, &c. and précieuses at Paris under the regency of
Merchant of Venice, Act 1. Sc. 1.] Mary de' Medici). “His great merit,' says a