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in Oxfordshire, 1720.
Who ne'er knew Joy, but Friendship might divide,
How vain is Reason, Eloquence how weak!
ET CONSILIIS SANCTIORIBUS,
VIXIT TITULIS ET INVIDIA MAJOR
OB. FEB. XVI. MDCCXX.
In Westminster Abbey 4.
Beneath a rudeó and nameless stone he lies,
To which thy Tomb shall guide enquiring eyes 6. 1 These were the very words used by Louis And prais'd unenvied by the Muse he lov'd.' XIV., when his Queen died, 1683; though it is
Roscoe (cf. p. 264). not to be imagined they were copied by Pope. 4 [As to Rowe, see note to Epil. to Jane Warton.
Shore, p. 94.] ? [As to Craggs, v. ante, p. 442. Horace 5 Beneath a rude] The Tomb of Mr Dryden Walpole sent to Sir Horace Mann a very ill- was erected upon this hint by the Duke of Bucknatured epitaph on the same Craggs, whose ingham; to which was originally intended this father had been a footman: 'Here lies the last, Epitaph, who died before the first of his family.' (Jesse.) This Sheffield rais'd. The sacred Dust below As Craggs's death alone arrested the enquiry into Was DRYDEN once: The rest who does not the charge of peculation brought against him in know? connexion wi the South Sea frauds (his father which the Author since changed into the plain committing suicide shortly afterwards) the praise inscription now upon it, being only the name of in the third line of Pope's Epitaph is singularly that great Poet. bold.)
J. DRYDEN. 3 These verses were originally the conclusion Natus Aug. 9, 1631. Mortuus Maij 1, 1700. of the Epistle to Mr Addison on his Dialogue JOANNES SHEFFIELD DUX BUCKINGHAMIENSIS on Medals, and were adopted as an Epitaph by
P. an alteration in the last line, which in the Epistle 6 [The above epitaph was subsequently altered stood
by Pope, the following lines being added:
Blest with plain Reason, and with sober Sense:
VII. ON THE MONUMENT OF THE HONOURABLE ROBERT DIGBY,
AND OF HIS SISTER MARY,
in Dorsetshire, 1727%.
Of modest wisdom, and pacific truth:
And thou, blest Maid ! attendant on his doom,
13 Go, where to love and to enjoy are one!
Yet take these Tears, Mortality's relief,
'Tis all a Father, all a Friend can give! *Peace to thy gentle shade, and endless rest! was the Mrs Corbet who was a sister of Pope's Blest in thy Genius, in thy Love too blest! mother. Carruthers. [Hunter enumerates Mrs One grateful Woman to thy fame supplies Corbet among the Roman Catholic members of
What a whole thankless land to his denies.' the Turner family; and as the notice preceding But further alterations and additions were made the epitaph on the monument speaks of her as in the inscription, until it read as it now stands the daughter of Sir Uvedale Corbett, Bart., it is on the monument in Westminster Abbey to irreconcileable with Hunter's statement.) Rowe and his daughter.]
? [Robert Digby was a frequent correspondThis epitaph is on a monument in St Mar- ent of Pope's during the years 1717 to 1724
He garet's Church, Westminster, where the date of died in 1726; and Pope laments his death in a Mrs Elizabeth Corbet's death is recorded as letter to his brother Edward Digby.)
Mr Hunter conceives that she
March ist, 1724.
In Westminster-Abbey, 17237.
Now for two ages having snatch'd from fate
Living, great Nature fear'd he might outvie?
In Westminster-Abbey, 17293.
Thy Country's friend, but more of human kind.
WITHERS, adieu! yet not with thee remove
1 Pope had made Sir Godfrey Kneller, on scended from a military stock, and bred in arms his death-bed, a promise to write his epitaph, in Britain, Dunkirk, and Tangier. Through the which he seems to have performed with relucts whole course of the two last wars of England ance.
He thought it 'the worst thing he ever with France, he served in Ireland, in the Low wrote in his life. (Spence.) Roscoe. [Sir Godfrey Countries, and in Germany: was present in every Kneller was born at Lübeck in 1648, and after battle and at every siege, and distinguished in being introduced by the Duke of Monmouth to all by an activity, a valour and a zeal which King Charles II., filled the office of State- nature gave and honour improved. A love of painter under that monarch and his successors glory and of his country animated and raised up to George I., in whose reign (in 1726) he died.) him above that spirit which the trade of war inX.
2 Imitated from the famous Epitaph on Ra- spires-a desire of acquiring riches and honours phael.
by the miseries of mankind. His temper was Raphael, timuit, quo sospite, vinci humane, his benevolence universal, and among Rerum magna parens, et moriente, mori. P. all those ancient virtues which he preserved in Much better translated by Mr W. Harrison, of practice and in credit none was more remarkable New College, Oxford, a favourite of Swift: than his hospitality. He died at the age of 78, • Here Raphael lies, by whose untimely end on the 11th of November, 1729, to whom this Nature both lost a rival and a friend.'
monument is erected by his companion in the
Warton. wars and his friend through life, Henry DISNEY.' 3 [The following is the prose inscription on Both Withers and Disney (who rests beside General Withers' monument in Westminster Ab- his comrade) are mentioned among Pope's friends bey, which is also believed to be by Pope: by Gay, who alludes to the hospitality panegyrized
Henry Withers, Lieutenant-General, de- in the above epitaph.]
ON MR ELIJAH FENTON,
THIS modest Stone, what few vain Marbles can?,
A Poet, blest beyond the Poet's fate,
ON MR GAY,
F Manners gentle, of Affections mild ;
* [Elijah Fenton was born in 1683. Fenton, (which Pope placed next in merit to Dryden's together with Broome, wrote part of the transla- St Cecilia) avoids the faults committed by Pope tion of the Odyssey in a style so similar to Pope's in his own 'Pindaric' essay; and his blank that most readers would fail to distinguish be- verse translation of the 11th book of the Odyssey tween the work of the latter and that of his is dignified without heaviness. Fenton's tragedy coadjutors. A survey of Fenton's works shows of Mariamne seems to have owed its success in a striking reproduction on his part of most of part to the judicious suggestions of the author of the species of poetry cultivated by Pope. Fenton Oroonoko.] has a pastoral (Florelio) to correspond to Pope's 2 The modest front of this small floor fourth and favourite Pastoral; a paraphrase of Believe me, reader, can say more the 14th chapter of Isaiah to correspond to Pope's Than many a braver marble can: Messiah; an epistle from Sappho to Phaon, Here lies a truly honest man. Epistles, Prologues, and Translations and Imita- Crashaw, Epitaph upon Mr Ashton. Foknson. tions of Horace. Fenton was a thorough master
3 Cf. 'Hor. Sat. Lib. I. 1. 117-119.
Wake of versification, and excelled Pope in his command field. of a variety of metres. His Ode to Lord Gower * [There is a very striking coincidence between
INTENDED FOR SIR ISAAC NEWTON,
Hoc marmor fatetur.
Bishop of Rochester, Who died in Exile at Paris, 1732, (his only Daughter having expired in his arms, immediately after she arrived in France to see him3.)
May Heav'n, dear Father! now have all thy Heart.
Dear Shade! I will:
He said, and died 5.
these four lines and the following in the Epitaph Atterbury, in relating that after his death his recently published by Prof. H. Morley, and be- body was brought to England and privately lieved by him to be Milton's :
buried under the nave of Westminster Abbey, In this little bed my dust
observes: That the epitaph with which Pope Incurtained round 1 here entrust,
honoured the memory of his friend does not apWhile my more pure and noble part pear on the walls of the great national cemeLies entomb'd in every heart.'
tery, is no subject of regret: for nothing worse This parallel passage at once explains the mean- was ever written by Colley Cibber.'] ing of Pope's last line, which he complained to ^ [Bowles has pointed out that many of our Warburton was not generally understood.') old epitaphs are written in dialogue.] 1 [Died, 1727.).
5 Cf. Moral Essays, Ep. 1. v. 265.
Atter9 and all was Light.] It had been better-and bury's letter to the Pretender, 'almost the last there was Light,--as more conformable to the expressions of this most eloquent man' (Lord reality of the fact, and to the allusion whereby Stanhope), may be compared with Pope's poetic it is celebrated. Warburton.
version, which was sarcastically annotated by 3 [As to Atterbury, see Epil. to Satires, Dial. Warburton, a safer kind of prelate.] 11. v. 82.) Macaulay, in his essay on Francis